|TRUTH IS GOD |
By Dr. S. Balakrishna NASA
THE SUTAS (EXAMPLE- YADU, ADHIRATHA, KICHAKA & SANJAYA)
KARNA was a SUTI OR SAUTI, (Suta-putra,) the son of a Suta (ADHIRATHA), which meant he was inferior to a Suta. Karna was a suta-putra, the son of a Suta, which meant he was below the rank of Suta. Because, Suta was born to a Kashatriya and a Brahman; and the Suta-putra was the offspring of Suta parents. Karna, all his life endured taunts, insults and humiliation for being a Suta-putra. That hurt him grievously.
To mention some of the Sutas, Sanjaya (the son of Gavalgana who also was in the service of the kings of Hasthinapur) the charioteer who was temporarily bestowed long-distance-vision of the happenings on the battle fields of Kurukshetra; and who narrated the war events to his blind king Dhritarashtra was a Suta.
Ugrashrava (meaning one blessed with high or loud voice) was often addressed as Sauti (the son of a Suta). He was the son of a Suta Lomaharsha or Lomaharshana or Romaharshana(because of his delightful and thrilling manner of narration). Lomaharshana Suta is the one who narrated the Srimad Bhagavata purana to the sage Saunaka and other at Naimsaranya – a forest named after the king of the yore Nimi. His son Ugrashrava recited in verse the entire epic story of Mahabharata, also to the sages in Naimsaranya Ugrashrava was revered as one well versed in all puranas.
At the time of Mahabharat society was divided into four classes according to the occupation people followed: the learned ones the brahmins , the warriors, the craftsmen and the Shudras or Dalits.
In today's context Shudras would be equated to scavengers or people who did not fall in the above three classes.
Karna was Kunti's son born out of wedlock. It was never known as to who the father was. Hence Kunti abandoned him at the time of birth.
Karna was adopted by a charioteer and grew up as his son. Charioteers were considered to be people from lower rung of society. But Karna was a warrior by profession. But a person’s caste is determined by his father's. We can call Karna a Dalit. Even Draupadi out of ignorance had mocked him for that.