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Showing posts from January, 2018

Guru Ram Das

Guru Ram Das
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia Guru Ram Das
ਗੁਰੂ ਰਾਮਦਾਸ
Opaque watercolour on paper c 1800
Government Museum, Chandigarh BornBhai JethaDiedSeptember 1, 1581Other namesThe Fourth MasterOccupationGuruYears active1574–1581Known forFounded the city of Amritsar, composed the hymns of Anand KarajPredecessorGuru Amar DasSuccessorGuru ArjanSpouse(s)Bibi BhaniChildrenBaba Prithi Chand, Baba Mahan Dev, and Guru ArjanParent(s)Hari Das and Mata Anup Devi
His father-in-law,Guru Amar Das, was third of the Ten Gurus. Guru Ram Das became guru on 1 September and was guru for 7 years.Guru Ram Das ([ɡʊru ɾɑm dɑs]; 1534–1581) was the fourth of the Ten Gurus of Sikhism and was given the title of Sikh Guru on 30 August 1574. He was Guru for seven years. Guru Ram Das was born in Chuna Mandi Lahore, Punjab on 24 September 1534. His father was Hari Das and his mother Anup Devi(Daya Kaur). His wife was Bibi Bhani, the younger daughter of Guru Amar Das. They had three sons: Prithi Chand, Mahadev an…

Sant Sadna

Sant Sadna
सदना नाम का एक कसाई था, मांस बेचता था, पर उसकी भगवत भजन में बड़ी निष्ठा थी! एक दिन सदना एक नदी के किनारे से जा रहा था, तभी रास्ते में उसे एक पत्थर पड़ा मिल गया! उसे पत्थर अच्छा लगा, उसने सोचा की बड़ा ही अच्छा पत्थर है तो क्यों ना मैँ इसे मांस तौलने के लिए उपयोग करूं. सदना उस पत्थर को उठाकर ले आया और मांस तौलने में प्रयोग करने लगा. जब एक किलो मांस तौलता तो भी सही तुल जाता, जब दो किलो तौलता तब भी सही तुल जाता, इस प्रकार सदना चाहे जितना भी मांस तौलता , हर भार एक दम सही तुल जाता, अब तो वह एक ही पत्थर से सभी माप करता और अपने काम को करता जाता और भगवन नाम लेता जाता. एक दिन की बात है , उसकी दुकान के सामने से एक ब्राह्मण निकले ! ब्राह्मण बड़े ज्ञानी विद्वान थे, उनकी नजर जब उस पत्थर पर पड़ी तो वे तुरंत सदना के पास आये और गुस्से में बोले – ये तुम क्या कर रहे हो? क्या तुम जानते नहीं की जिसे पत्थर समझकर तुम मांस तौलने में प्रयोग कर रहे हो वे शालिग्राम भगवान हैं, इसे मुझे दो! जब सदना ने यह सुना तो उसे बड़ा दुःख हुआ और वह बोला – हे ब्राह्मण देव, मुझे पता नहीं था कि ये भगवान शालिग्राम हैं, मु…

Satyakam Jabali

Satyakam Jabali

Satyakam was the son of a woman named Jabal. He had a strong wish to study and so he left home in search of a guru. He went to the ashram of sage Gautam and requested him to make him his pupil. Gautam questioned him, "Before I make you my pupil, I need to know about your family." This puzzled Satyakam, as he had no idea about his family except his mother. But to join the ashram he would not lie. He told the sage that he would ask his mother. So he went to Jabal.

His mother told him, " Go to the sage and tell him 'I am the son of Jabal and my name is Satyakam Jabali'." Satyakam went to Gautam and told him what he knew. The sage was pleased with his love for truth and accepted him as his pupil. One day Gautam told him that before he could teach him, Satyakam should take the herd of 400 weak cows of the ashram and return only when it had multiplied to 1000. After that Gautam would impart him knowledge. Without uttering a single word Satyakam left …

Sarala Das

Sarala Das

Life The life of Sarala Dasa is obscure. He was born at Kanakavati Patana, known as Kanakapura, one of the Sidhikshetras in Jagatsinghpur District. Though the date of his birth cannot be accurately determined, he can safely be placed on the second half of the 15th century AD. Sarala Dasa had no systematic early education, and what he achieved through self-education was attributed to the grace of Sarala, goddess of devotion and inspiration. Though his early name wasSiddheswar Parida, he was later known as Sarala Dasa, or 'by the boon of Sarala'. (The titleDasa means a slave or a servant of a particular god or goddess: a long list of poets, preceding and succeeding Sarala Dasa, have names ending this way: for example, Vatra Dasa, Markanda Dasa, Sarala Dasa, Jagannatha Dasa, Balarama Dasa, and Yasovanta Dasa.) A story - similar to those told of other Indian poets, such as Kali Dasa, supposedly illiterate in early life until helped by the goddess Saraswati - tells that Sid…


Vishvayogi Svami MachindranathOther namesSwami Machindranath, Matsyendranath, MacchindranathKnown forFounder of Natha PanthaMatsyendranatha (Sanskrit: मत्स्येन्द्रनाथ) or Machindranath (9th-10th century) was one of the eighty-four Mahasiddhas. He was the guru of Gorakshanath, with whom he founded the school of Hatha yoga. He is considered as the author of the Kaulajñānanirṇaya ("Discussion of the Knowledge Pertaining to the Kaula Tradition"), one of the earliest texts on Hatha Yoga in Sanskrit. He is revered by both Hindus and Buddhists.Machindranath is believed to be the founder of the Natha Pantha. Machindranath is called "Vishwayogi" because his teachings are universal. According to the popular belief, Swami Machhindranath was created from a fish. But the fact is that neither was he created from a fish nor was he born from a womans' womb because Lord Shiva wanted to create him from absolute purity and absolute purity can be found in the five ele…

Saint Tukaram

Sant Tukaram (1608--1650) was a prominent Varkari Sant and spiritual poet during a Bhakti movement in India. He was born and lived most of his life in Dehu, a town close to Pune city in Mahārāshtra, India. He was born to a couple with the family name "More"//the descendent of the Mourya Clan (Āmbile) and first names Bolhobā and Kanakāi.Through a tradition in India in bygone days, Tukaram's family name is rarely used in identifying him. His real name is Tukaram Vhilhoba Aambe. Sant Tukaram's first wife, Rakhumābāi, died of starvation, during a period of severe famine . While, his second wife constantly nagged him for not being able to properly support his family.SantTukaram and his second wife, Jijābāi (also known as Āvali), had three sons: Santu or Mahādev, Vithobā, and Nārāyan. Tukaram went into a severe depression. By the age of twenty-one, he had lost all the hopes in life and was at the threshold of death. At this point of time, he had a dream, in which one…



This essay concentrate’s on the untouchable poor and explores their experience of caste distinctions in the towns of Uttar Pradesh, their urge for new forms of caste identities and the nature and significance of caste and religion based movements among them. In particular, the inter-connections and symbiosis between their identities based on caste, religion, status, labor, deprivation, inequality and domination are examined, that too particularly in reference to Uttar Pradesh.
Untouchable Poor in the urban milieu and Bhakti Resurgence From the late 19th century, untouchable caste groups from rural areas began to migrate to Allahabad, Benares, Kanpur and Lucknow, where demand for the menial services they performed was expanding. The nature of incorporation of untouchable rural migrants in the urban labor force marked a change from their past economic and social relations of work in the countryside. In the towns, the untouchables cease…