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Dalit in Cricket

क्रिकेट













लेख सूचना
क्रिकेट
पुस्तक नाम हिन्दी विश्वकोश खण्ड 3
पृष्ठ संख्या 200
भाषा हिन्दी देवनागरी
संपादक सुधाकर पांडेय
प्रकाशक नागरी प्रचारणी सभा वाराणसी
मुद्रक नागरी मुद्रण वाराणसी
संस्करण सन्‌ 1976 ईसवी
उपलब्ध भारतडिस्कवरी पुस्तकालय
कॉपीराइट सूचना नागरी प्रचारणी सभा वाराणसी
लेख सम्पादक परमेश्वरीलाल गुप्त
क्रिकेट एक अति प्रसिद्ध अंग्रेजी खेल। इस खेल का प्रचार 13 वीं शती में भी था, यह उस समय के एक चित्र को देखने से ज्ञात होता है। उसमें लड़के क्रिकेट खेल रहे हैं। 16वीं शताब्दी से तो निरंतर पुस्तकों में क्रिकेट की चर्चा प्राप्त होती है। कहा जाता है, इंग्लैंड का प्रसिद्ध शासक ऑलिवर क्रॉमवेल बचपन में क्रिकेट का खिलाड़ी था।
क्रिकेट का पुराना खेल आधुनिक खेल से भिन्न था। प्रारंभ में भेंड चरानेवाले लड़के क्रिकेट खेला करते थे। वे पेड़ की एक शाखा काटकर उसका बल्ला बना लेते थे, जो आजकल की हॉकी स्टिक से मिलता जुलता था। वे कटे हुए किसी पेड़ के तने (stump) के सामने खड़े होकर खेलते थे या अपने घर के छोटे फाटक (wicket gate) को आउट बना लेते थे। आजकल के क्रिकेट में न तो पेड़ के तने (stump) हैं और न कोई फाटक (wicket gate) है, किंतु ये दोनों शब्द स्टंप और विकेट अब भी प्रयुक्त होते हैं। गेंद उस समय भी चमड़े की होती थीं।

क्रिकेट का खेल दो दलों में मैदान में खेला जाता है। प्रत्येक दल में ग्यारह खिलाड़ी होते हैं। क्रिकेट के मैदान की लंबाई चौड़ाई निश्चित नहीं है, किंतु मैदान के बीच दो विकेट 22 गज की दूरी पर आमने सामने गड़े होते हैं। विकेटों की ऊँचाई 28 इंच और चौड़ाई नौ इंच होती है। एक विकेट में तीन ड़ंडे होते हैं और उनपर दो गुल्लियाँ रखी होती हैं। यदि गेंद विकेट में लग जाय, जिससे गुल्लियाँ गिर जाए तो खिलाड़ी आउट हो जाता है। खेल के मैदान के चारों ओर चूने की एक रेखा खिंची होती है, जिसको सीमा कहते हैं। यदि गेंद इस सीमा को पार कर जाए तो चार रन होते हैं और अगर हवा में उड़ती हुई सीमा के बाहर गिरे तो छह रन होते हैं। सीमारेखा पर विकेट की सीध में दो परदे लगे रहते हैं जिससे लोगों के चलने फिरने से खेल में अड़चन पैदा न हो।

खेल प्रारंभ होने से पूर्व, सफेद कोट पहने हुए, दो व्यक्ति निर्णेता (अंपायर) के रूप में मैदान में आते हैं और खेल की समाप्ति तक वहीं रहते हैं। खेल के प्रारंभ से कुछ मिनट पहले दोनों दलों के कप्तान रूपए या किसी और सिक्के से टॉस (Toss) करते हैं। टॉस जीतनेवाला यह निश्चय करता है कि उसका दल पहले खेलेगा या दूसरे दल को खिलाएगा। खिलानेवाले दल के खिलाड़ी मैदान में चले जाते हैं, फिर खेलनेवाली टीम के दो खिलाड़ी खेलने के लिये जाते हैं। क्रिकेट का खिलाड़ी दूसरे खेलों के खिलाड़ियों से भिन्न लगता है। उसके कपड़े और जूते सफेद होते हैं, पैर में पैड बँधे होते हैं, हाथ में दस्ताने होते हैं और वह खेलने का बल्ला लिए होता है। क्रिकेट का बल्ला ऐश (Ash) की लकड़ी का बना होता है जिसमें बेंत का हत्था लगा होता है। बल्ले की लंबाई 35 इंच और चौड़ाई 4.25 इंच से अधिक नहीं हो सकती।

1 बोलर (गेंद फेंकनेवाला, Bowler); 2 विकेट रक्षक ( Wicket keeper); 3 प्रथम स्लिप (Slip); 4 द्वितीय स्लिप; 4 क, तीसरा खिलाड़ी; 5 पॉइंट (Point); 6 कवर (Cover) पॉइंट; 6 क, अतिरिक्त कवर; 7 मिड ऑफ (Mid off); 8 लॉङ्‌ग ऑफ (Long off); 9 लॉङ्‌ग ऑन (Long on); 10 मिड ऑन (Mid on); 11 शॉर्ट लेग (Short Leg); 11 क, स्क्वायर लेग (Square Leg); ख लॉङ्‌ग लेग; ब, ब. बल्लेबाज (Batsmen) तथा नि, नि, निर्णेता (Umpires)

जब खिलाड़ी विकेट पर पहुँच जाता है तो वह निर्णेता से विकेट की सीध लेता है और गेंदबाज (Bowler) उसकी ओर गेंद फेंकना आरंभ करता है। क्रिकेट की गेंद लाल चमड़े की होती है। उसमें सुतली और कॉर्क भरा रहता है। उसकी तोल 5.5 औस होती है। एक गेंदबाज एक समय में एक ओर से छह बार गेंद फेंक सकता है। इसको एक ओवर (Over) कहते हैं। जब ओवर समाप्त हो जाता है तो दूसरा गेंदबाज दूसरी ओर से गेंद फेंकता है। आस्ट्रेलिया में छह के स्थान पर आठ गेंद का ओवर होता है।

गेंदबाज ओर मैदानरक्षक (Fielders) प्रयत्न करते है कि वे खिलाड़ी को आउट करें। खिलाड़ी कई प्रकार से आउट हो सकता है- (1) गेंद उसके विकेट में लग जाय; (2) वह विकेट के सामने खड़ा हो और गेंद उसके पैर में लग जाए; (3) वह हिट मारे और कोई फील्डर गेंद को रोक ले; (4) रन लेते समय वह विकेट तक न पहँुच सके और विकेटकीपर या कोई अन्य फील्डर गेंद को विकेट में मार दे। खिलाड़ी को आउट करने के लिये गेंदबाज अनेक विधियों का उपयोग करता है। कभी वह सीधी गेंद फेंकता है, कभी गेंद को ऐसे नचाकर फेंकता है कि गिरने के बाद वह मुड़ जाय और खिलाड़ी खेल न सके। गेंदबाज भी भिन्न भिन्न प्रकार के होते हैं। कुछ बहुत तेज फेंकते हैं और कुछ धीमे।

खिलाड़ी यही प्रयास करता है कि वह आउट न हो वरन्‌ हिट मार कर खूब रन बनाए। एक खिलाड़ी के आउट होने पर दूसरा उसका स्थान लेता है। इस प्रकार जब दस खिलाड़ी के आउट हो जाते हैं तो एक टीम की पाली (Innings) समाप्त हो जाती है। इस प्रकार सदा एक खिलाड़ी ऐसा रहता है जो आउट नहीं होता। फिर दूसरा दल अपनी बारी शुरू करता है। खेल की हार जीत रनों पर निर्भर है। जिस टीम के रन अधिक होते हैं वह जीत जाती है। प्रथम श्रेणी के मैचों में दो दो पालियां प्रत्येक दल खेलते हैं और खेल लगातर तीन दिन होता रहता है। टेस्ट मैचों में पाँच, छह या सात दिन तक खेल होता है। टेस्ट मैच वे होते है जिनमें एक देश की चुनी हुई टीम दूसरे देश की चुनी हई टीम से खेलती है। टेस्ट मैच प्राय: पाँच होते हैं, जिससे हार जीत का निर्णय आसानी से हो जाए।

क्रिकेट का सबसे प्रसिद्ध मैदान लंदन के निकट लॉर्ड्‌स क्रिकेट फील्ड है। इसको टामस लॉर्ड नामक एक खिलाड़ी ने 18 वीं शतब्दी के अंत में किराए पर लिया था। उसी के नाम पर इसका नामकरण हुआ है। लार्ड स्वयं गेंदबाज था। वह लोगों को क्रिकेट खिलाता और मैचों का प्रबंध करता था। 1788 ई. में यहाँ ‘मैरिलबोन क्रिकेट क्लब’ की स्थापना हुई जो आज तक एम. सी. सी. (M.C. C.) के नाम से प्रसिद्ध है। संसार में जहाँ कहीं भी क्रिकेट का खेल खेला जाता है वहाँ एम. सी. सी. के बनाए हुए नियमों का पालन होता है। ये नियम पहले पहल 1788 ई. में बनाए गए थे और समय समय पर उसमें परिवर्तन होता रहा है।
इंग्लैंड में क्रिकेट के विशेष प्रचार का श्रेय एम. सी. सी. को है। सन्‌ 1846 में इन लोगों ने सारे इंग्लैंड की एक टीम बनाई जिसने देश के बड़े बड़े नगरों में मैच खेले। इससे क्रिकेट का शौक बढ़ा और इंग्लैंड के प्रांतों (Counties) ने भी अपनी टीमें बनाई और आपस में मैच खेलना प्रारंभ किया। ये टीमें आजकल गरमी के पाँच छह महीनों में लगभग प्रतिदिन मैच खेलती हैं। इनके खिलाडी अधिकतर पेशेवर होते हैं। काउंटी मैचों के अतिरिक्त तीन ओर बड़े प्रसिद्ध क्रिकेट मैच होते हैं। ये हैं जेंटल मेन विरूद्ध प्लेअर्स ‘ऑक्सफोर्ड विरूद्ध केंब्रिज’ तथा ईटन विरूद्ध हैरो। जेंटलमेन और प्लेयर्स के दल इंग्लैंड भर के खिलाड़ियों में से चुने जाते हैं। जेंटलमेन में कोई पेशेवर खिलाड़ी नहीं खेल सकता। यह मैच पहली बार 1806 ई. में हुआ था। ऑसक्फोर्ड और केंब्रिज का पहला खेल 1827 ई. में हुआ। इंग्लैंड में क्रिकेट के अनेक प्रसिद्ध खिलाड़ी हुए हैं जिनमें डब्ल्यू. जी. ग्रेस., हॉब्स, डब्ल्यू. हैमंड, एल. हटन, डी., कॉम्पटन उल्लेखनीय हैं। डब्ल्यू. जी. ग्रेस (1848-1915 ई.) ने अपने पचास वर्षीय क्रिकेट के जीवन में बड़ी ख्याति प्राप्त की।

समय की गति के साथ क्रिकेट इंग्लैंड के बाहर भी फैला। अँग्रेजों के साथ ही खेल भी विदेशों में पहुँचा। इस प्रकार भारत, आस्ट्रेलिया, न्यूजीलैंड, दक्षिणी अफ्रीका और वेस्ट इंडीज़ में क्रिकेट का प्रचार हुआ। अमरीका में क्रिकेट बेसबाल के सामने जम न सका।

इग्लैंड से बाहर क्रिकेट की सर्वाधिक उन्नति आस्ट्रेलिया में हुई। क्रिकेट का पहला टेस्ट मैच 1877 ई. में इन्हीं दो देशों के बीच आस्ट्रेलिया में हुआ, जिसमें आस्ट्रेलिया की विजय हुई। सन्‌ 1880 में आस्ट्रेलिया की टीम इंग्लैंड आई और वहाँ भी टेस्ट जीती। सन 1882 में आस्ट्रेलिया के पुनर्विजयी होने पर एक अग्रेजी पत्र ने लिखा कि इंग्लिश क्रिकेट की मृत्यु हो गई और उसके शव का जला दिया गया; उसका राख आस्ट्रेलिया ले जायगा । तब से आस्ट्रेलिया ओर इग्लैंड के टेस्ट मैच ऐशेज़ की लड़ाई कहलाते है। आस्ट्रेलिया के खिलाड़ियों मे ग्रिमेट, मेक्कब, ब्रैडमैन, लिंडवाल तथा मिलर उल्लेख्य है। ब्रैडमैन इन सब में अधिक प्रसिद्ध थे और उन्हें संसार का सबसे बड़ा क्रिकेट का खिलाड़ी कहा जाता है। 1928 से 1948 ई. तक उनके खेल का स्वर्णयुग था।

वेस्ट इंडीज यद्यपि छोटा सा देश है, फिर भी वहाँ क्रिकेट के अच्छे खिलाड़ी हुए है। वहाँ के सर्वश्रेष्ठ खिलाड़ी एफ. हैडल थे। वेस्ट इंडीज के दूसरे खिलाड़ी एल. कॉन्स्टैंटाइन भी चिरस्मरणीय रहेंगे। कॉन्स्टेंटाइन बहुत तेज गेंद फेंकते थे। खूब छक्के मारते थे और मैदान रक्षा में भी बड़े निपुण थे। कैसा भी गेंद क्यों न हो, कोई उनसे बचकर नहीं जा सकता था। वेस्ट इंडीज के प्रसिद्ध खिलाड़ी वॉरल, वीकीज़ तथा वॉल्कॉट हुए हैं। ये तीन डब्ल्यू. (Ws) के नाम से प्रसिद्ध थे।

दक्षिणी अफ्रीका के प्रसिद्ध खिलाड़ी हैं-टेलर, मिचेल तथा मेलविल। (इ. अ.)

भारत में क्रिकेट-भारत में क्रिकेट अठारहवीं शती के अंतिम चरण में किसी समय आरंभ हुआ। 1792 ई. में कलकत्ता में एक क्रिकेट क्लब की स्थापना हुई थी। इस प्रकार कहा जा सकता है कि इंग्लैंड के बाद भारत में ही क्रिकेट का इतिहास सबसे प्राचीन है। आरंभ में इसका विकास बहुत कुछ साम्प्रदायिक आधार हुआ। विभिन्न सम्प्रदाय के लोगों की अपनी अपनी टीमें होती और वे एक दूसरे के विरूद्ध खेलते। इसके फलस्वरूप बंबई में ट्रायंगुलर टूर्नामेंट ने जन्म लिया। आगे चलकर इसने क्वाड्रेंगुलर ओर पेंटागुलर टूर्नामेंट का रूप धारण किया। इस प्रकार की टीमों और प्रतियोगिताओं से साम्प्रदायिकता को प्रश्रय मिलता देखकर महात्मा गांधी ने इस प्रकार के आयोजन का विरोध किया और 1945 ई. में टीमों के साम्प्रदायिक रूप समाप्त कराने में सफल हुए। अब प्राय: खेल प्राद्रेशिक अथवा विश्वविद्यालयीय आधार पर होते है और चुने हुए खिलाड़ियों की एक अखिल भारतीय टीम बनती है। भारतीय क्रिके ट को आरंभ में देशी रियासतों से बड़ा प्रश्रय मिला और आरंभ में अखिल भारतीय टीम के खिलाड़ियों तथा उनके कप्तान के चयन में उनका प्रमुख हाथ रहा। अब इसका नियंत्रण एक क्रिकेट कंट्रोल बोर्ड द्वारा होता है।

भारतीय क्रिकेट का अंतरराष्ट्रीय रूप 1886 ई. में ही उभरने लगा था। उस वर्ष बंबई की पारसी टीम इंग्लैंड गई थी। किंतु बहुत दिनों तक भारत को टेस्ट मैच के योग्य नहीं समझा जाता था। यह बात नहीं कि इस काल में अच्छे भारतीय खिलाड़ियों का अभाव रहा हो। रणजीत सिंह (जो रणजी के नाम से विशेष ख्यात हैं), दिलीप सिंह और इफ्तिखार अली खाँ (पटौदी के नवाब) ने अपने खेल की धाक अँगरेज खिलाड़ियों पर जमा रखी थीं। अस्तु 1926 ई. में पहली बार एम. सी. सी. की टीम भारत आई व और भारत की टीम के साथ उसके टेस्ट मैच हुए। उसके बाद 1936 ई. में सच्चे अर्थों में भारत की पहली टीम सी. के. नायडू के नायकत्व में गई और लार्ड्स के मैदान में इंग्लैंड की टीम के साथ खेली। इस खेल में यद्यपि भारतीय टीम विजयी नहीं हुई, उसकी 158 रनों से पराजय हुई; पर वह खेल चिरस्मरणीय था। इस खेल के संबंध में विश्वविख्यात क्रिकेट समीक्षक नेविल कार्ड्स ने लिखा था कि यदि भारत की टीम में दिलीप सिंह, पटौदी के नवाब (इफ्तिखार अली खाँ) सम्मिलित हुए होते तो इंग्लैंड कदापि जीत नहीं सकता था।

इसके बाद तो भारत टेस्ट मैच खेलनेवालों की श्रेणी में आ गया। अब तो प्राय: हर साल भारतीय टीम टेस्ट मैच खेलने या तो बाहर जाती है या अन्य देशों की टीम उसके साथ खेलने के लिये भारत आती है। भारत की टीम दक्षिण अफ्रीका का छोड़कर क्रिकेट खेलनेवाले हर देश के साथ टेस्ट मैच खेल चुकी है।

भारत के विख्यात खिलाड़ियों में रणजीत सिंह, दिलीप सिंह, इफ्तिखार अली खाँ (नवाब पटौदी), सी. के. नायडू, अमर सिंह, अमरनाथ मुहम्मद निसार, विजय मर्चेंट, वीनू मांकड, मुश्ताक अली, पाली उमरीगर, दिलीप सरदेसाई, सुभाष गुप्ते, ई. ए. एस. प्रसन्ना, अजित वाडेकर, फारूख इंजीनिजर, जासू पटेल, सुनील गावस्क, विजय हजारे, पंकज राय, बुद्धि कुंदरन्‌ हैं।

रणजीत सिंह की शिक्षा इंग्लैंड में हुई थी और वे इंग्लैंड की ओर से ही खेलते थे। 1955-56 ई. में न्यूजीलैंड के विरुद्ध टेस्ट श्रृंखला में मद्रास में हुए अंतिम टेस्ट मैच में पहले विकेट की साझादारी में वीनू मांकड़ और पंकज राय ने 413 रन बनाकर विश्व रिकार्ड स्थापित किया है। इस प्रकार पाँच टेस्ट मैचों की एक श्रृंखला में बुद्धि कुंदरन्‌ ने 1964 में 525 रन बनाए थे जो उस समय तक विश्व का रिकार्ड था जिसे बाद में दक्षिण अफ्रका के डेनिस लिंडये पे तोड़ा। विश्व के उल्लेखनीय खिलाड़ियों को सम्मानित करने के लिये प्रतिवर्ष विस्डन अलंकरण दिया जाता है। यह अलंकरण अब तक सात भारतीय खिलाड़ियों को प्राप्त हो चुका है। वे हैं- रणजीत सिंह (1896); दिलीप सिंह (1929); नवाब पटौदी (इफ्तिखार अली खाँ, 1932); सी. के. नायडू (1933); विजय मर्चेंट (1937); वीनू मांकड (1947) ; नवाब पटौदी (मंसूर अली खाँ,1964)।

देश में क्रिकेट के प्रचार प्रसार के निमित्त क्रिकेट कंट्रोल बोर्ड के तत्वावधान में प्रतिवर्ष विभिन्न प्रतियोगिताएँ होती है।

(1) रणजी ट्राफी----इसे रणजीत सिंह की स्मृति में पटियाला के महाराज भूपेंद्र सिंह ने 1934 में प्रदान किया था। इस प्रतियोगिता में प्रादेशिक टीमें भाग लेती हैं।

(2) ईरानी ट्राफी-----इसे जे. आर. ईरानी की स्मृति में स्पेंसर बंधुओं ने 1961 में प्रदान किया था। इस प्रतियोगिता में रणजी ट्राफी के विजेता और भारत की शेष टीमों के चुने खिलाड़ी भाग लेते हैं।

(3) दिलीप सिंह ट्राफी-------अंत:क्षेत्रीय आधार पर अखिल भारतीय क्रिकेट चैंपियनशिप के लिये यह ट्राफी 1961 ई. में दिलीप सिंह के नाम पर स्थापित की गई है।

(4) राहिंटन बारिया कप-----यह पुरस्कार विश्वविद्यालयों की टीमों के बीच प्रतियोगिता के निमित्त दी जाती है।

(5) कूच बिहार ट्राफी-------स्कूली बालकों में क्रिकेट के प्रसार के निमित्त इसका आयोजन 1950 ई. में किया गया था। इसमें 18 वर्ष से कम उम्र के खिलाड़ी भाग लेते हैं।

महिलाओं में क्रिकेट------क्रिकेट सामान्यत: पुरुषों का खेल है, पर इस खेल को महिलाएँ भी खेलती हैं। 1747 ई. में महिलाओं के दो दलों के बीच इंग्लैंड में क्रिकेट खेले जाने का उल्लेख मिलता है। 1778 ई. के छपे एकचित्र में एक महिला खिलाड़ी का अंकन मिलता है। वह दो स्टंपोंवाले विकेट पर खड़ी दिखाई गई है। 19 वीं शती तक महिलाएँ अपने स्थानीय उत्साह से क्रिकेट खेलती रहीं। 1890 ई. में पहली बार व्यावसायिक प्रशिक्षकों से प्रशिक्षित 11-11 खिलाड़ियों के दोे दलों के बीच प्रदर्शन के निमित्त खेल खेले गए। 1927 ई. में पहली बार इंगलिश वूमेंस क्रिकेट असोशिएशन की स्थापना हुई और धीरे धीरे देशभर में कई सौ की संख्या में क्रिकेट क्लबों की स्थापना हो गई। उसके बाद आस्ट्रेलिया में भी वूमेंस क्रिकेट काउंसिल बनी और दोनों देशों के खिलाड़ी एक दूसरे के देश में खिलाड़ी एक दूसरे देश में खेलने जाने लगे।

भारत में व्यवस्थित रूप से महिला क्रिकेट का आरंभ फरवरी, 1973 ई. में भारतीय महिला क्रिकेट संघ की स्थापना केे बाद हुआ । संघ की और से महिलाओं के प्रशिक्षण के लिये समय समय पर शिविरों का आयोजन किया जाने लगा। साथ ही क्षेत्रीय एवं राष्ट्रीय स्तर पर रानी झाँसी क्रिकेट प्रतियोगिता का भी आयोजन कि या अंतरक्षेत्रीय रानी झाँसी ट्राफी प्रतियोगिता प्रथम बार नवंबर, 1974 ई. में कानपुर में दूसरी बार अक्तूबर, 1975 ई. में इंदौर में हुई। प्रथम राष्ट्रीय महिला क्रिकेट प्रतियोगिता अप्रैल, 1976 ई. में पूना में आयोजित की गई जिसमें केवल बंबई, महाराष्ट्र और उत्तर प्रदेश के दलों ने भाग लिया। इसमें बंबई प्रथम और महाराष्ट्र द्वितीय रहा। द्वितीय राष्ट्रीय प्रतियोगिता 1973 ई. के दिसंबर में वाराणसी में हुई। इसमें बंगाल, बंबई, बुंदेलखंड, महाराष्ट्र, मध्यप्रदेश, तमिलनाडू, कर्नाटक तथा उत्तर प्रदेश ने भाग लिया। इसमें बंगाल विजयी रहा। तृतीय प्रतियोगिता जनवरी, 1975 ई. में कलकत्ता में हुई। इसमें विभिन्न राज्यों के 14 दलों ने भाग लिया। इस बार भी बंगाल विजयी रहा।

अंतरराष्ट्रीय स्तर पर भारतीय महिला टीम ने फरवरी, 1975 ई. में आस्ट्रेलिया की महिला टीम के साथ भारत में ही तीन टेस्ट मैच खेले और सभी में बराबर रही। इसके अतिरिक्त चार क्षेत्रीय मैच भी हुए जिनमें केवल एक में भारत की विजय हुई।

 

Mohammad Kaif critical of report on lack of SC/ST players in Indian Test cricket history

Former India cricket Mohammad Kaif slammed a media outlet for querying whether Indian cricket team needs a caste-based quota system.

By: Sports Desk | New Delhi | Updated: July 30, 2018 8:32:18 am
Mohammad Kaif Indian cricket team
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Mohammad Kaif recently announced his retirement from all forms of cricket. (Source: Express Archive)
Former India cricket Mohammad Kaif has slammed a report by a media outlet which carries analysis by a study which questions the number of SC/ST’s to have played for India since attainting Test status. In the report by The Wire, it says that since India started playing Test cricket, there have been only four capped players from Scheduled Castes (SC) and Scheduled Tribes (ST) out of the 290 players who have played for India where the number should have been 70 in accordance with the population. In reply to the tweet sharing the story, Kaif queried, “How many prime time journalists are SC or ST or for that matter how many senior editors in your organisation are SC or ST. Sports is perhaps one field which has successfully broken barriers of caste, players play with inclusiveness but then we have such journalism to spread hatred.”
The article also mentions how players coming from Dalit and Muslim communities have contributed as bowlers. “Three of the four Dalit Indian Test cricketers have been pace bowling all-rounders; five of the eight Muslims to have debuted for India in Tests in this millennium were pace bowlers; as many as 27 Muslims to have played in the IPL are also bowlers, while another 8 are all-rounders, as opposed to only 8 batsmen,” the study mentions.

The article also draws comparisons with South African cricket. They introduced a quota system where a minimum of six black cricketers must be included in South Africa’s national team to counter the under-representation of minority players across all levels of the game.

आप कितने दलित क्रिकेटरों को जानते हैं?

  • 16 अगस्त 2014
    बाएँ से दायें- विजय मर्चेंट, सीएस नायडू, विजय हजारे, सीटी सरवत, आरएस मोदी, वीनू माकंड.


तस्वीर में बाएँ से दायें- विजय मर्चेंट, सीएस नायडू, विजय हजारे, सीटी सरवत, आरएस मोदी, वीनू माकंड. 15 अगस्त 1946 को बीबीसी के एक टेलीविजन प्रोग्राम में शरीक होते वक्त की तस्वीर.

कहा जाता है कि क्रिकेट अमीरों का खेल है. शायद इसीलिए भारतीय क्रिकेट में जो गिने चुने दलित खिलाड़ी रहे, वे भी गुमनाम ही रहे.

इतिहासकार और लेखक रामचंद्र गुहा की क़िताब 'विदेशी खेल अपने मैदान पर' में उन्होंने क्रिकेट का एक समाजशास्त्रीय विश्लेषण करने की कोशिश की है.

इस क़िताब में, बकौल लेखक, भारतीय क्रिकेट के इतिहास के गुमनाम क्रिकेटरों के बारे में पड़ताल की गई है.
आज़ादी के बाद शायद तीन यार चार दलितों ने क्रिकेट खेला, लेकिन उन्हें वो शोहरत हासिल नहीं हुई जिसके वे हक़दार थे.

क्या भारतीय क्रिकेट में भी ऊंची जातियों और उच्च वर्गों का ही दबदबा है?

एक बार मैं मुंबई में, दलित गेंदबाज रहे पालवंकर बालू के भतीजे से मिला, जिन्होंने कुछ अनमोल पारिवारिक दस्तावेज मुझे सौंपे.

इसमें मराठी में छपा एक संस्मरण भी शामिल था. उन्होंने अपने चाचा और अपने पिता विट्ठल (बालू के छोटे भाई और एक प्रतिभाशाली बल्लेबाज) की यादें भी साझा कीं.

इसके बाद तब के एक अग्रणी राष्ट्रवादी अखबार 'बॉम्बे क्रॉनिकल' की माइक्रो फ़िल्में देखते हुए मैंने दोनों भाइयों के निजी संघर्षों पर दिलचस्प सामग्री पाई.

ये दोनों भाई अपने समय के अच्छे हिंदू क्रिकेटर थे, लेकिन दलित पृष्ठभूमि से होने के कारण उन्हें पर्याप्त स्वीकृति नहीं मिली.

ख्याति से महरूम

इसके बाद मैंने बीआर अंबेडकर के साथ बालू के क़रीबी और जटिल संबंध के बारे में नई और अब तक अनदेखी रिपोर्टें भी पाईं. आख़िरकार बालू इस किताब के केंद्रीय विषय बन गए.


वे एक शानदार क्रिकेटर और एक उल्लेखनीय इंसान के रूप में प्रतीक बन जाने वाले भारत के पहले खिलाड़ी थे और 1910 से 1930 के बीच पश्चिमी भारत में सर्वाधिक महत्वपूर्ण दलित हस्ती भी थे.

वंचित तबकों से कुछ बेहतरीन क्रिकेटर आए थे. 1947 के बाद शायद तीन या चार दलितों ने भारत के लिए टेस्ट क्रिकेट खेला, लेकिन कोई भी ख्याति नहीं हासिल कर सका.

मुझे यकीन है कि अब तक कोई आदिवासी या उत्तर-पूर्व से कोई भारत के लिए नहीं खेला है.

भारतीय टीम में खेल प्रशंसकों में सभी वर्गों और धर्मों के लोग हैं, लेकिन शीर्ष खिलाड़ी व्यापक रूप से शहरों और ऊंची जातियों से आते हैं.

समाज और क्रिकेट

मैंने 1912 से 1945 के बीच बंबई पंचकोणीय प्रतियोगिता (जो पहले चतुष्कोणीय थी) पर एक किताब लिखने की योजना बनाई थी. तब यह रणजी ट्रॉफी से भी अधिक महत्वपूर्ण थी.

पहले महान भारतीय टेस्ट क्रिकेटरों– सी.के. नायडू, विजय मर्चेंट, मुश्ताक़ अली, मुहम्मद निसार, अमर सिंह, विजय हजारे, वीनू मांकड़ ने इसमें अपनी निशानियां छोड़ी थीं.

मेरी किताब का उद्देश्य एक क्रिकेटीय इतिहास को समग्र रूप में पेश करना था. लेकिन मैं जितना अधिक शोध करता गया, उतना ही मैंने देखा कि चतुष्कोणीय तथा पंचकोणीय प्रतियोगिताएं राजनीति और समाज के साथ आपस में गुंथी हुई थी.

इसलिए आखिर में मैंने एक ऐसी किताब लिखी, जिसमें नस्ल, धर्म, जाति और राष्ट्रवाद खुद क्रिकेट जितने ही महत्वपूर्ण थे.

कपिल देव से भी महान वीनू मांकड़


मैंने जो क़िताब लिखी है वह भारतीय क्रिकेट का सामाजिक और राजनीतिक इतिहास है, जिसे नस्ल, जाति, धर्म और राष्ट्र की 'प्रधान श्रेणियों' के ज़रिए लिखा गया है.

मुझे अच्छा लगेगा अगर कोई बालू और विट्ठल की अवधि के बीतने के बाद खेल पर राज करने वाली चौकड़ी की एक जीवनी लिखे: सीके नायडू, विजय मर्चेंट, विजय हजारे और वीनू मांकड़.

ये सभी बेमिसाल क्रिकेटर थे, जिन्हें अंतरराष्ट्रीय मंच पर बहुत कम अवसर हासिल हुए. नायडू, वीरेंदर सहवाग जैसी महारथ से गेंदबाजों की धुलाई कर सकते थे.

मर्चेंट और हजारे, राहुल द्रविड़ के सांचे के श्रेष्ठतम बल्लेबाज थे और वीनू मांकड़ तर्कसंगत रूप से कपिल देव से भी महान हरफनमौला थे

ये प्रथम महान भारतीय क्रिकेटर थे और इस महानता का समुचित आकलन अभी बाकी है.
(पेंग्विन से साभार)
Vithal Palwankar (c.1886 – 26 November 1971), who belonged to a scheduled caste, was not only a star player, he was the first captain of the Hindus’ cricket team in the Bombay Quadrangular cricket competition.
This page became necessary because the SC contribution to India’s international cricket teams has not been adequately documented. You can help by sending additional information to the Facebook page,Indpaedia.com, including about great domestic players and about ST players. Information used will be duly acknowledged.

– Palwankar_Baloo“First Dalit Indian Cricketer & Politician”
 
Born on 19,March 1876 in Dharwad,Karnataka and his father was a sepoy in the 112th Infantry Regiment.His family name of Palwankar came from his native village of Palwan.His first job was tending the pitch at a cricket club for Parsis in Pune(Poona). He also occasionally bowled to the members, and was paid Rs.3 a month. Around 1892, he moved to the Poona Club,a cricket club for Europeans, where his duties included rolling and sweeping the pitch,erecting the practice nets and occasionally marking the tennis courts for Rs.4 a month.One of the Europeans,Mr Tross, encouraged Baloo to bowl to him in the nets. His skill at slow left-arm bowling was enough to encourage other members to bat against him for practice, in particular the fine batsman Captain J.G.Greig.In time,he was bowling to them regularly, his bowling important practice for the club members. Despite bowling for hundreds of hours, Baloo later lamented that not once did any of the club members offer to allow him to bat—a role then considered the preserve of the aristocratic classes.An undocumented story states that he was paid 8 annas by JG Greig every time he dismissed him. Baloo thus perfected his bowling, spending hours in the nets bowling to the Europeans.A Hindu club in Pune challenged the Europeans to a cricket match, creating a dilemma over whether or not to include the obviously talented Baloo in their side. The (high-caste) Brahmins in the Hindu side were against it, but some Telugu members argued for his inclusion, as did Captain Greig. This seemed to settle the matter, for Baloo was invited to play with the Hindu Club.On the field, Baloo played cricket as an equal, but off it he was segregated from the Europeans and the higher caste Hindus during rest and meal breaks. While his teammates dined inside the pavilion on fine china, Baloo was left outside to eat and drink out of disposable clay crockery. Despite this treatment, he bowled well and took plenty of wickets, leading his club to several victories almost single handedly.Over the next few years, Baloo slowly earned the respect of his Hindu club teammates. As his standing in the Poona cricket community grew due to his obvious talents, these barriers broke down and he was eventually accorded the right to gather with his fellow players off the field.

In 1896, Baloo chose to move to Bombay with his family – at least partly because of the severe plague which broke out in the region, but also because of the greater opportunities for cricket in the larger city. There he served with the Army and played for the newly formed Parmanandas Jivandas Hindu Gymkhana club. The captain of the Gymkhana cricket team wanted Baloo’s bowling skills, but had to overrule the protests of several other players who objected to Baloo’s caste. When he left the Army, Bombay Berar and Central Indian Railways gave him a job, allowing him to play for their corporate cricket team as well as the Gymkhana.He was regarded as best spinner of world at that time.In 1901 he played with team of Maharaja of Nelore in a professional match in Bengal.Baloo played for the Hindu side in the famous 1906 and 1907 matches against the Europeans of the Bombay Gymkhana, in which the Hindus defeated the Europeans by 109 runs and 238 runs respectively. These matches led to various newspaper commentaries, of two types: ones proclaiming a victory over caste prejudice as the united Hindu team triumphed, and others painting them in nationalist tones as a victory of the natives against European rule.Baloo was chosen for an all-Indian team of Maharaja of Patiala to tour England in 1911, consisting of Parsis, Hindus, and Muslims, captained by a Sikh. In results terms, the tour was a failure, but Baloo was the outstanding performer for the tourists, taking 114 wickets at an average of 18.84, 75 of which were in first class matches.From 1912 to 1919, Baloo was a regular player in the Bombay Quadrangular tournament, between the Hindu, Parsi, Muslim, and European Gymkhanas. Despite regular calls for him to be named captain of the Hindu team, there was still enough caste-based prejudice within the club to prevent it. Three of his brothers, Shivram, Ganpat and Vithal, also played in the Quadrangular, and Palwankar Vithal eventually captained the Hindu team.In 1920, Baloo was dropped from the side to play the Muslims.Rank and file members of the club were outraged and at a meeting after the match expressed their displeasure so vehemently that Deodhar was removed and Baloo invited to play again for the Hindu Gymkhana, as vice captain. During the next match against the Parsis, Deodhar’s replacement, M. D.Pai (also a Brahmin), deliberately left the field for an extended period, allowing Baloo to direct the team in his absence.In this manner, Baloo broke the barrier against members of his caste acting as leaders, at a time when Mahatma Gandhi was just beginning his campaign against the stigma of Untouchability.Baloo played 33 first class matches, from 1905/06 to 1920/21, taking 179 wickets at an average of 15.21 and considered as “first Dalit to put an impact on any sports in Indian history.”

Late in his cricket career, Baloo met and befriended B. R. Ambedkar, who went on to become the greatest leader of the Dalit and pre-eminent in the struggle to overturn the caste system. Ambedkar considered Baloo a hero of the Dalit, naming him as an inspiration to himself and others of their caste, but over the following years a rift was to grow between the men over the methods of dismantling the caste system.Baloo went on to become involved in politics, strongly supporting Gandhi’s efforts to bring home rule to India and to fully integrate Dalit into Indian society. Ambedkar campaigned for Dalit to be assigned special representation in the legislature. The British Government assented, creating a Communal Award under which Dalit would be elected from a separate electorate composed only of Dalit voters.Gandhi protested against this, arguing that full integration was the only way to remove the stigma of Untouchability, and special representation would lead only to resentment and civil war. Gandhi then announced his decision to fast until death in protest, beginning on 20 September 1932. Baloo released a press statement stating his admiration for “the spirit in which Mr. Gandhi has proclaimed his intention of sacrificing his life for the sake of the Depressed Classes.” Under pressure from Congress, Baloo told Ambedkar that he “was also a leader of the Untouchables and also had an equal right to express his views.” Ambedkar was opposed by M.C.Rajah and P.Baloo who joined hands with Congress and Hindu Mahasabha and signed a pact against the position of Ambedkar called ‘Rajah-Moonje Pact’. Ambedkar negotiated with Gandhi under pressure and signed ‘Poona Pact’, allowing Dalit more seats, but with all Hindus allowed to vote for them. The British Government quickly ratified the agreement and Gandhi ended his fast on 26 September.In October 1933, Baloo stood for election for a seat on the Bombay Municipality, on a Hindu Mahasabha ticket. His opponent was a high caste Hindu, well liked by many sections of the community. Baloo lost 2,179 votes to 3,030.In 1937, Baloo ran against Ambedkar for a designated “Scheduled Caste” seat in the Bombay Legislative Assembly. Ambedkar defeated Baloo by the close margin of 13,245 votes to 11,225.Baloo died in Bombay in July 1955. He was remembered most fondly for his great skill on the cricket field, but his passing was also marked by a large crowd including members of the Bombay Legislative Assembly at his cremation, recognising the role he played in overcoming the chains of Untouchability.
v

Doddanarasiah Ganesh


Dodda Ganesh, born June 30, 1973, was one of Karnataka’s finest bowlers, but only made a fleeting appearance on the international stage. Karthik Parimal looks back at the career of this domestic stalwart.
In the second half of the 1990s, Karnataka churned out more bowlers for India than any other region. The likes of Javagal Srinath, Venkatesh Prasad and Anil Kumble, to name a few, were mainstays in the Indian bowling line-up and, understandably, were first-choice bowlers for their state too, but there were others like Sunil Joshi, David Johnson, Vijay Bharadwaj and Dodda Ganesh. That attack explains Karnataka’s success in the Ranji Trophy during the aforesaid period — they were victorious in 1995-96, 1997-98 and 1998-99 seasons — and it left many other good bowlers on the fringes. However, some managed to make the cut despite the high level of standards set; Dodda Ganesh certainly belonged to that bracket.
The rise
Despite starting out as a wicket-keeper batsman, it didn’t take long for Ganesh to shine as a bowler, thanks to the legendary Gundappa Viswanath, who recognised his latent potential. His skills were further sharpened in First-Class cricketer-turned-umpire AV Jayaprakash‘s training camp and he was soon drafted into the Karnataka side thereafter, where he gained an opportunity to rub shoulders with the best in the world. Sharing a dressing room with some of India’s finest players quickly propelled him to the next level. But on hindsight, one feels that perhaps the transition should have been delayed a bit.
Running in with ball close to his chest and delivering it with an orthodox action that angled in towards the batsman, Ganesh caught the eye of many in the domestic circuit despite being surrounded by stalwarts himself. If his intentions were to try and impress his high-profile team-mates, he did a fine job of that. Soon, some of the other Indian batsmen would face Ganesh and witness his rise from close quarters.
A topsy-turvy ride
In the 1996 Irani Trophy, Ganesh bagged 11 wickets (six for 84 and five for 89), including some of India’s frontline batsmen like Navjot Sidhu and VVS Laxman (twice) which shot him to limelight. He was immediately on the radar of the national selectors and received a call up for India’s tour of South Africa in 1997. Despite the bowling line-up being stacked, Ganesh’s medium-pace was given priority. It was a moment he would have expected to meet a little later in his cricketing career, but the powers that otherwise.
Ganesh boarded the flight to wear the India cap. However, once there, the demands of international cricket swiftly brought him down to earth. In the two Tests, he bowled 43 overs and took one wicket at an average of 165. He was a novice with the bat and did little to prove otherwise in that department. Soon after the tour of South Africa, in what was to be his only One-Day International (ODI) against Zimbabwe, he conceded 20 runs for a wicket in his five overs.
Lacklustre performances notwithstanding, he was retained for the upcoming tour of West Indies. He played two of the five Tests, one of them featuring India’s collapse while chasing a modest total of 120, and tasted little success. He finished with match-figures of four for 98, but the outing was clearly insipid. After that, Ganesh donned the Indian cap just once, in the final Test at Georgetown, before being duly dropped. Thereafter, he never staged a comeback.













Dodda Ganesh… 365 First-Class wickets © Getty Images
Dodda Ganesh… 365 First-Class wickets © Getty Images
Perhaps, like Kumble had stated, Ganesh was too raw when he made his international debut. In an interview to ESPN Cricinfo, the latter concurred with the former’s observation. “Everything was new to me, the flight journey, the five-star hotels, the country [South Africa], and the whole touring. I was bit overwhelmed,” Ganesh said. But, the confidence he gained from being a part of an international unit was reflected when he went back to the domestic scene.
Karnataka’s stalwart
With a young breed of Indian bowlers emerging from other regions, Ganesh’s hopes of returning to the international fold slowly faded. However, the fact that Srinath, Prasad and Kumble were away on national duty for most part of the year meant that Ganesh took over the mantle for Karnataka. He delivered on a consistent basis, his 20 First-Class five-wicket hauls is a testimony to that fact, and stood up for the team. Although a mug with the bat, he scored an unbeaten 18 in a last-wicket stand that saw Karnataka trump Hyderabad in the semi-final of the 1998 Ranji Trophy. They went on to win the title that year.
By the time he called it quits from all forms of cricket in 2007, Ganesh had 365 First-Class wickets to his name. His contributions were rightfully applauded, by former and current greats, for his services were tireless. “I always put my state first and only then me. Karnataka cricket gave everything that I owe today and I am grateful for all the help from various quarters,” he stated in that interview.


Although politics managed to grab his attention, his love for cricket never vanished. He was roped in as Goa’s coach for the 2012 Ranji Trophy.

Full Name:Doddanarasiah Ganesh ODI Profile & Statistics     
Born:30/06/1973  


Matches:4 (1997-1997)
Bats:Right HandedView Video Clips featuring Doddanarasiah Ganesh
Bowls:Right Arm Medium


Batting
Innings:7
Not Outs:3
Aggregate:26
Highest Score:8
Average:6.50
50s:0
100s:0
200s:0
300s:0
Ducks:0
Pairs:0
4s:1
6s:0
Balls Faced:122
Scoring Rate21.31
Opened Batting:0
Bowling
Overs:76.5
Balls:461
Maidens:15
Runs Conceded:287
Wickets:5
Average:57.40
5 Wickets in Innings:0
10 Wickets in Match:0
Best - Innings:2/28
Best - Match:4/98
None for 1000
Economy Rate:3.74
Strike Rate:92.20
Graphs
Batting - Runs per InningsBowling - Wickets per Innings
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Breakdown of Runs ScoredAnalysis of Wickets Taken by Batting Order
Performance Analysis
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Performances by GroundBowling Dismissals - Breakdown showing Batsmen Dismissed
Performances by CountryCenturies and 5 Wicket Hauls
Performances by YearCareer Innings - Batting (Detailed)
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Performances by Batting PositionCareer Innings - Batting/Bowling/Fielding (Summary - with Age)
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Karsan Devjibhai Ghavri
 Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Karsan Ghavri
Personal information
Full nameKarsan Devjibhai Ghavri
Born28 February 1951 (age 66)
RajkotGujarat, India
Batting styleLeft-hand bat
Bowling styleLeft-arm medium
Career statistics
CompetitionTestsODIs
Matches3919
Runs scored913114
Batting average21.2311.40
100s/50s-/2-/-
Top score8620
Balls bowled70361033
Wickets10915
Bowling average33.5447.20
5 wickets in innings4-
10 wickets in match-n/a
Best bowling5/333/40
Catches/stumpings16/-2/-
Source: , 4 February 2006About this sound pronunciation  (born 28 February 1951, in Rajkot, Gujarat) is a former Indian cricketer who played in 39 Tests and 19 ODIs from 1974 to 1981. He played in the 1975 and 1979 World Cups.

Ghavri was a left-arm fast-medium pace bowler, with a long run-up and a high leaping action. He could also produce quickish but accurate left-arm finger spin. Altogether he took 109 Test wickets, including four five-wicket hauls. With the bat he was usually found in the lower order but managed a couple of Test half centuries including a career best 86 against Australia in Bombay. By the time he was dismissed he had made a record eighth-wicket partnership of 127 with Syed Kirmani. His 86 came of just 99 balls which contained 12 fours and 3 huge sixes. Syed Kirmani who was sent as a night watchman remained unbeaten with 101. India went on to win that Test match and also the series against Kim Hughes' Australian team.


Despite making his debut in 1975, it wasn't until the season of 1976–77 that he cemented his spot in the side after series against New Zealand and England. He remained a regular member of the side until 1981. His most successful series came against the West Indies in 1978–79 with 27 wickets. One of his memorable spell came during India's tour of Australia in 1981 during second innings of the 3rd Test match of the series. On the 4th day of that match he got rid of Australia's opening batsman John Dyson and captain Greg Chappell in 2 successive deliveries which set up the stage for India's victory on the final day.[1] India won that match by 59 runs with Kapil Dev doing rest of the damage on the final day of the match.


He was Kapil Dev's bowling partner when the future Indian great made his debut in 1978 against Pakistan at Faisalabad.
Ghavri was eventually replaced by Madan Lal during the 1982 tour of England to India.
(Ghavri: Karsan Devjibhai was a Gujarati. Google yields nothing about Gujarati Ghavris but in north India Gavri, Gawri, Ghawri and Ghavri are Aroras, an intermediate caste. Three sites indicate that Karsan belongs to a scheduled caste.)

Vinod Kambli




Vinod Kambli's sub-conscious mind has revealed that stunning truth.
"I always felt discriminated against by the cricket board because of my caste and colour"
Yes, Kambli was just another victim of a hidden social bias in Indian cricket.
Not at all a wonder, this is not just the story of Vinod Kambli, It is the fate of all dalits from the day cricket was born in India.
Indian cricket Board has always alienated the marginalised sections, the deprived, the lowered castes, the ethnic nationalities and dalits.
Believe it or not, the 4% Brahmin's in India have on an average more than 70 pc representation in the Indian cricket teams. Its not a a mere coincidence that Gavaskar, Dravid, Sourav Ganguly, Kumble, Tendulkar, Laxman and many other stalwarts of the Indian cricket are Brahmins.
As of my knowledge only two dalits have so far represented India in his 75 years of history (Balwanth Paloo from Karnataka and Vinod Kambli).
Balu Palwankar was the first Dalit to be chosen as a member of the Indian team which played in England in 1911.
Vinod Kambli , who created a world record with the Tendulkar was the second dalit member in Indian cricket member. But where is tendulkar now and Kambli is completely forgotten.
Kambli scored Bradmanesque in the first two Series While coming back with the good results in the first 4 series. He was the third Highest Scorer in the 1996 World Cup and had the second best average in the World Cup.
Vinod Kambli was forced retire with an over 50 average due to not being given enough chances. He was surely targeted by the elite BCCI bosses who promoted only elite players in Indian cricket.
This discrimination can be seen not only seen in cricket grounds, but also in the movies which made cricket as the major theme. One classic example is the movie Lagan itself, this is indeed a movie which insults Dalit cricketers.
The main actor Aamir Khan who is the upper caste Bhuvan is the leader of the team. The untouchable Kachra finds his place in the team because he is handicapped. Why should the dalits be portrayed as physically handicapped.
The reason is simple, upper cast directior Ashutoish Gowarikar wants to portray that Dalits  as a physically inferior race. Kachra"s talent comes only because of his handicap. In the climax of the movie they even make the upper caste Bhuvan to score the winning six.

On December 21st, 2003, two Dalit youths in Saharanpur, Uttar Pradesh were brutally murdered by Rajputs in the village. The major cause for this murder was the defeat in successive cricket matches that was considered an insult to Rajputs who considered themselves invincible and the least to be beaten by the 'dirty and good for nothing" dalits.

The village pradhan is suspected to be behind in these ghastly murders. For poor Dalits who dare to use cricket as a way to achieve empowerment, these are the responses of upper caste elites and their institutionally entrenched cohorts.

When can a dalit dream of playing in Indian tream ? When humanity is lost so terribly?
Legendary sports broadcaster John Arlott had once said sport reflected its society. It truly does in India. While the British used it Cricket as tool to maintain their imperialistic stranglehold, today it is being very well used by the corporate capitalists to maintain the great divide in India.



Full nameVinod Kambli (Vinod Kambli)
Date of Birth18 Jan 1972
Main teamsIndia,Boland,Mumbai
Batting StyleLeft-hand bat
Bowling styleRight-arm offbreak
Test Debut29 Jan 1993
ODI Debut18 Oct 1991



Average of Batting and Fielding


Mat
Inns
NO
Runs
HS
Ave
100
50
4s
6s
St
Ct
Test Match17211108422754.2431246057
ODI1049721247710632.592141872000


Average of Bowling


Mat
Inns
Balls
Runs
Wkts
BBI
BBM
Ave
Econ
SR
5w
10w
Test Match170--0-----00
ODI10414711/71/7717.5400


Career statistics


Test Debut
India v England, Calcutta, 29 Jan 1993  Scorecard
Last Test
India v New Zealand, Cuttack, 08 Nov 1995  Scorecard
ODI Debut
India v Pakistan, 18 Oct 1991  Scorecard
Last ODI
India v Sri Lanka, 29 Oct 2000  Scorecard

Sanjay Bangar      




MatInnsBallsRunsWktsBBIBBMAveEconSR4w5w10
Tests121476234372/232/2349.002.70108.8000
ODIs151444238472/392/3954.855.2163.1000
First-class150
1939684782666/41
31.872.6272.9
71
List A107
40543396874/354/3539.035.0246.5300
Twenty202825482575265/165/1622.117.1518.5010



Test debutIndia v England at Mohali, Dec 3-6, 2001 scorecard
Last TestNew Zealand v India at Hamilton, Dec 19-22, 2002 scorecard
Test statistics

ODI debutIndia v England at Chennai, Jan 25, 2002 scorecard
Last ODIIndia v Zimbabwe at Adelaide, Jan 24, 2004 scorecard
ODI statistics


First-class debut1993/94
Last First-classBaroda v Railways at Vadodara, Dec 24-27, 2010 scorecard
List A debut1993/94
Last List ARailways v Vidarbha at Kanpur, Feb 14, 2011 scorecard
Twenty20 debutRailways v Uttar Pradesh at Jaipur, Apr 3, 2007 scorecard
Last Twenty20Madhya Pradesh v Railways at Jaipur, Oct 25, 2010 scorecard



Bat & BowlTeamOppositionGroundMatch DateScorecard
139, 4/39Railwaysv VidarbhaKanpur14 Feb 2011List A
1/57, 23Railwaysv M. PradeshKanpur13 Feb 2011List A
2/24, 0Railwaysv RajasthanKanpur10 Feb 2011List A
2, 3/62, 1, 0/16Railwaysv BarodaVadodara24 Dec 2010First-class
1/4, 29, 0/11Railwaysv BengalDelhi15 Dec 2010First-class
8, 4/57, 67, 1/20Railwaysv DelhiDelhi8 Dec 2010First-class
104, 0/38, 9Railwaysv SaurashtraRajkot1 Dec 2010First-class
0/28, 8*Railwaysv Tamil NaduChennai24 Nov 2010First-class
4, 1/24, 62, 0/35Railwaysv MumbaiMumbai17 Nov 2010First-class
3/21, 15, 3/43Railwaysv AssamDelhi10 Nov 2010First-class

Wisden overview
A feisty allrounder who opens both the batting and the bowling for Railways in India's Ranji Trophy, Sanjay Bangar is an exciting prospect - and something of a lucky mascot for India, who won five and drew one of his first six Tests, including three rare overseas victories. Bangar bowls wicket-to-wicket at a lively pace, and can move the ball both ways. As a batsman, he has been a steady accumulator of runs at domestic level, but also has an impressive fourth gear: his lusty hitting at No. 6 helped the Board President's XI to a victory in the 1998 Wills Trophy. An untimely injury kept him out of cricket for a while, but he returned in style, with a fine hundred against Zimbabwe in only his second Test, batting at No. 7, before moving to the top of the order to play a crucial role in India's historic innings victory over England at Headingley in 2002.(Amit Varma)


Eknath Dhondu Solkar

 (18 March 1948 in Bombay – 26 June 2005 in Mumbai) was an Indian all-round cricketer who played 27 Tests and seven One Day Internationals for his country. He was born in Bombay, and died of heart attack in the same city at the age of 57.
Solkar was a capable bat with a Test century to his name, and he could bowl fast as well as slow, which earned him the distinction "Poor man's Sobers". Solkar was renowned for his excellent close fielding, of which he once remarked, "I only watch the ball." His catches helped India to victory against England at The Oval in 1971, the team's first Test win in England. Eknath's team-mate at Sussex Tony Greig once said, "He was the best forward short leg I've ever seen."
His 53 catches in only 27 matches is the best ratio for catches per test-match among non-wicket-keepers with 20 or more Tests. He is responsible for one of cricket's most celebrated quotes, directed at Geoffrey Boycott: "I will out you bloody."

Early life

Solkar's father was the head groundsman at Hindu Gymkhana, Mumbai. Solkar used to change the scoreboards for the matches played at that ground. Anant Solkar, Eknath's younger brother, also played cricket at first class level, representing Maharashtra in Ranji Trophy matches.
During his days as a school cricketer, he toured Sri Lanka in 1964 and captained the Indian schools team against London Schools in 1965-66. The team included future India players Sunil Gavaskar and Mohinder Amarnath. He played for Sussex Second XI in 1969 and 1970 and became eligible to play for the first XI, but represented them in only one match.

Career

Solkar made his Test debut against New Zealand at Hyderabad in 1969-70 and volunteered to field at short-leg. He became the first Indian Test Cricketer to be born post independence. He had a successful series against Australia the same season and against the West Indies in 1971. He was selected to open the bowling along with Abid Ali against England in England in 1971. In the first Test match of that series, he scored 67 and formed a 92-run partnership with Gundappa Viswanath which helped India take first innings lead. In the third Test at the Oval, he returned figures of 3/28 in the first innings, scored 44 runs, and took two catches, thereby played an important part in India's win. In the 1972-73 home series against England, he scored 75 in the first Test at Delhi. He took 12 catches in the five-Test series. He did not play well against England in the away series of 1974, but dismissed Geoffrey Boycott in three successive innings (India vs Yorkshire and India vs MCC - first class fixtures). He scored his only Test century against the West Indies in Mumbai in 1975. Apart from his 53 catches in 27 Tests, he made 1,068 runs at an average of 25.42 and claimed 18 wickets at an average of 59.44. In the 16 years of his first-class cricket career, he scored 6,851 runs at an average of 29.27, including eight centuries, took 276 wickets at an average of 30.01 and took 190 catches.[1] In Test Cricket, his job as bowler was to bowl 4-5 overs to take the shine off the new ball as much as possible before the Indian spinners took over. For Mumbai's Ranji team he formed an opening bowlers' tandem with Abdul Ismail. In the 1973 Ranji final, he bowled off-breaks on a notorious turner and took 5 wickets to help Mumbai to a famous victory in a match dominated by the spin bowling of Venkat, V. V. Kumar, and Shivalkar.

FULL NAMEEknath Solkar
BORNMarch 18, 1948
Bombay
AGE68 Years, 11 Months, 25 Days
BATTING STYLELeft Handed
BOWLINGLeft-arm medium
TEAMS PLAYEDIndia
MAN OF THE MATCHTest - 0ODI - 0,
CAREER SPAN[Test, 1969 - 1977], [ODI, 1974 - 1976],

EKNATH DHONDU SOLKAR OVERALL STATS

BATTING & FIELDING PERFORMANCE

MIN/ORHS100s50s4s6sAvgS/RCtSt
Test274861068102 v WI1674325.4272.80530
ODI7602713 v NZ00204.534.1720

BOWLING PERFORMANCE

IOMRWBest3w5wAvgE/RS/R
Test44377.3821070183/28 v ENG1059.442.83125.83
ODI631.4416942/31 v ENG0042.254.0263


Amarjit Kaypee

Full name Amarjit Kaypee
Born October 2, 1960, Jullundur (now Jalandhar), Punjab
Major teams Haryana, Punjab
Batting style Right-hand bat
Full name Amarjit Kaypee
Born October 2, 1960, Jullundur (now Jalandhar), Punjab
Current age 56 years 162 days
Major teams Haryana, Punjab
Batting style Right-hand bat
atting and fielding averages
MatInnsNORunsHSAve10050CtSt
First-class117175247894210*52.2727341060
List A323076827029.6505120
Bowling averages
MatBallsRunsWktsBBIBBMAveEconSR4w5w10
First-class117785411/1754.004.1578.000
List A32670---7.00-000
Career statistics
First-class span1980/81 - 1999/00
List A span1982/83 - 1999/00
Recent matches
Bat & BowlTeamOppositionGroundMatch DateScorecard
2India Snrsv Pakistan SnrSheikhupura27 Apr 2006Other OD
65India Snrsv Pakistan SnrSialkot25 Apr 2006Other OD
43India Snrsv Pakistan SnrKarachi23 Apr 2006Other OD
Latest Photos
Dec 22, 1998

Amarjit Kaypee, Portrait
© ESPNcricinfo Ltd

Country FixturesCountry Results
4th Quarter-final: Bengal v Maharashtra at Delhi 
Mar 15, 2017 (09:00 local | 03:30 GMT)
3rd Quarter-final: Vidarbha v Jharkhand at Delhi 
Mar 15, 2017 (09:00 local | 03:30 GMT)
1st Semi-final: Baroda v Tamil Nadu at Delhi 
Mar 16, 2017 (09:00 local | 03:30 GMT)
3rd Test: India v Australia at Ranchi 
Mar 16-20, 2017 (09:30 local | 04:00 GMT)
4th Test: India v Australia at Dharamsala 
Mar 25-29, 2017 (09:30 local | 04:00 GMT)
India A v India B in India (venue TBA) 
Mar 25, 2017 (09:00 GMT | 10:48 IST)








Vinoo Mankad
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Vinoo Mankad (right) and Pankaj Roy returning to the pavilion after their world record setting opening partnership of 413 runs, a record that stood for 52 years. Madras, 11 January 1956.
Personal information
Full nameMulvantrai Himmatlal Mankad
Born12 April 1917
Jamnagar, British India
Died21 August 1978 (aged 61)
Bombay
NicknameVinoo
Batting styleRight-handed
Bowling styleSlow left arm orthodox
RelationsAshok Mankad (son) Atul Mankadson
International information
National sideIndia
Test debut (cap 22 June 1946 v England
Last Test11 February 1959 v West Indies
Domestic team information
YearsTeam
1935–1936Western India
1936–1942Nawanagar
1936–1946Hindus
1943–1944Maharashtra
1944–1951Gujarat
1948–1949Bengal
1950–1951Saurashtra
1951–1956Bombay
1956–1962Rajasthan
Career statistics
CompetitionTestFirst-class
Matches44233
Runs scored2,10911,591
Batting average31.4734.70
100s/50s5/626/52
Top score231231
Balls bowled14,68650,122
Wickets162782
Bowling average32.3224.53
5 wickets in innings838
10 wickets in match29
Best bowling8/528/35
Catches/stumpings33/–190/–
Source: Cricinfo, 24 June 2009
Vinoo Mankad
Vinoo Mankad About this sound pronunciation (12 April 1917 – 21 August 1978), full name Mulvantrai Himmatlal Mankad, was an Indian cricketer who is best known for his world record setting opening partnership of 413 runs, with Pankaj Roy, in 1956, a record which stood for 52 years. An opening batsman and slow left arm orthodox bowler, he played in 44 Tests for India, and made 2109 runs at an average of 31.47 including five Test centuries with a top score of 231. He also took 162 wickets at the average of 32.32, including eight five-wicket hauls. He is one of the three cricketers to have batted in every position, from the first to the last, during his Test career.
His son Ashok Mankad also played Test Cricket for India. Rahul Mankad, another son, played first-class cricket.
Mankad's best performance was against England at Lord's in 1952. In the first innings he top-scored with 72. During England's first innings, he bowled 73 overs and took 5 wickets for 196 runs. In India's second innings in that Test match, he top-scored again with 184 runs out of India's total of 378. Though England won the game easily, Mankad's all-round performance salvaged India's pride in a series where they were heavily overmatched. Mankad was the first player in more than 30 years to score a 100 and take five wickets in the same Test and the first Indian to achieve this feat. As such, he is one of only three non-England 'away' players whose name appears on both batting and bowling honours boards at Lords. (The other two are Keith Miller and Sir Gary Sobers).
Also memorable was his role earlier in the same year against England in Madras. He took 8/52 in England's first innings and 4/53 in the second helping India beat England for the very first time in a Test match.
In 1956 he hit 231 against New Zealand at Chennai and together with Pankaj Roy established the world record opening partnership of 413 runs which stood for 52 years. His score was a Test record for India at the time and would remain so until it was broken in 1983 by Sunil Gavaskar.
Mankad caused controversy in 1947/48 on India's tour of Australia, when he ran out Bill Brown backing up in the second Test. In other words, he broke the wicket at the non-striker's end during his run-up while the batsman at that end was out of his ground. He had done the same thing to Brown in the game against an Australian XI earlier on the tour, but his running out of Brown infuriated the Australian media, and running someone out in this way is now referred to as "Mankading"

However, Don Bradman in his autobiography defended Mankad, saying:
For the life of me, I can't understand why [the press] questioned his sportsmanship. The laws of cricket make it quite clear that the nonstriker must keep within his ground until the ball has been delivered. If not, why is the provision there which enables the bowler to run him out? By backing up too far or too early, the nonstriker is very obviously gaining an unfair advantage.
While perfectly legal, some contend that by convention, a bowler should warn a batsman who persists in backing up before dismissing him in that fashion. It should be noted Mankad himself warned Brown before dismissing him in this fashion. Courtney Walsh likewise received praise for warning rather than dismissing Saleem Jaffar, who was backing up during the 1987 World Cup.

Three other instances of 'Mankading' have taken placed in Test matches. These involved Ian Redpath (Australia) by Charlie Griffith (West Indies) in 1968-69; Derek Randall (England) by Ewen Chatfield (New Zealand) in 1978-79; and Sikander Bakht (Pakistan) by Alan Hurst (Australia) in 1978-79.

M. P. Bajana
MP Bajana.jpg


Full name -Manek Pallon Bajana
Born - 14 September 1886 India
Died - 28 April 1927 (aged 40) London, England

Batting style Right-handed
Role Opening batsman

Source: CricketArch, 2 February 2010
Manek Pallon Bajana (14 September 1886 – 28 April 1927) was an Indian amateur crickete rwho played 55 first-class cricket matches between 1911 and 1920. Originally a member of the Indian team which toured England in 1911, he remained in the country and joined Somerset County Cricket Club, for which he played as anopening batsman until 1920. During his nine-year first-class cricket career, Bajana scored 1,975 runs at an average of 20.78. He scored three centuries, and made his highest score in 1920, scoring 115 runs against Cambridge University.
Early life and Indian tour

Manek Pallon Bajana was born on 14 September 1886 in India  Leading up to 1911, he was employed in India by Maharaja Nripendra Narayan of Cooch Behar and early that year, Bajana travelled as part of the Maharajah's retinue to England, where Narayan was attending the coronation of King George V. In England, he joined up with thetouring Indian cricket team, as one of sevenParsi players in the side. The 1911 tour was the first by a representative Indian team, and included a mix of Hindus, Parsis, Muslims, and two members of the untouchable Chamar caste. Bajana appeared in seven matches during the tour, of which four had first-class status The team did not fare very well in their contests; the captain of the side, Maharaja Bhupinder Singh of Patiala, only played three matches and spent the rest of his time socialising with the British high society, and there were rumours of sectarianism between the Parsi and Hindu members of the team. In twenty-three matches, they won six and lost fifteen, the remaining two being drawn. Bajana was one of four batsmen to score a first-class century for the Indians; he struck 108 against Somerset at Taunton. On his first-class debut, Bajana suffered the ignominy of a pair –dismissed without scoring in both innings. During the tour, Bajana made it known that he was looking to remain in England and play county cricket. His century against Somerset drew the attention of that county, and he joined them in 1912
County cricketer

At the time of Bajana's arrival in the Somerset team, the county were struggling to compete in the County Championship, and were making a financial loss. In three of the four years prior to 1912, Somerset had finished bottom of the championship table, and there was little improvement in the final three years before the First World War, each of which resulted in a bottom-three finish. The Somerset cricket historian, David Foot, records that at this time, the county's recruitment policy was "susceptible to exotic grandeur and haughty lineage," and suggested that a player's cricketing ability was often a secondary consideration to their social standing. Bajana made his debut for Somerset in May 1912,opening the batting for the county against Sussex. He scored twenty-two and seven in a six-wicket victory for his county. In the subsequent match, against Hampshire, Bajana scored his first half-century in county cricket, hitting 71 runs in the second innings; the highest score of any Somerset batsman in the match He passed 50 on three further occasions that year, and along with Len Braund and Ernie Robson, was ever-present in the Somerset team that season. His year's aggregate of 575 runs in the County Championship, and his score of 95, made against Worcestershire in August, were both the county's best that season, in a year in which no player scored a century for Somerset.

Bajana appeared less frequently for Somerset in 1913, playing ten matches for the county. He only scored one half-century, accruing 78 runs against Derbyshire. His batting average of 19.75 in 1913 placed him fourth in the Somerset batting averages. He did not play for Somerset in 1914, and the outbreak of the First World War suspended county cricket until 1919. During the war Bajana played, and captained, a number of matches for the Indian Gymkhana Cricket Club, and scored a century for the team against a New Zealand APS side in 1918.

In 1919, Bajana returned to the Somerset team, playing in six of their twelve County Championship matches. His batting average of 27.55 in that competition was the second-highest amongst his team, bettered only by Jack MacBryan. Bajana hit two half-centuries during the season, scoring 77 against Derbyshire, and 59 against Essex. The following 1920 season was Bajana's last with Somerset. He appeared fifteen times for the county in first-class cricket, averaging just over twenty. In a match against Cambridge University, he achieved his highest first-class score, hitting 14 fours on his way to a total of 115 runs in 135 minutes. In his next match, he scored a second century for Somerset, and his only one in the County Championship, scoring 106 runs against Warwickshire. Bajana played his final first-class match against Middlesex in August 1920, scoring six and a duck. In all, Bajana scored 1,975 first-class runs at an average of 20.78. He scored three centuries and seven half-centuries in 96 innings. He was rarely used as a bowler, and took four wickets at an average of 33.00.
Personal and later life

In his history of Somerset cricket, David Foot describes Bajana as a "smallish solidly built opening bat". During his time at Somerset, he was known as "Pyjamas", which sounds similar to his surname. He played for Shepherd's Bush Cricket Club from his arrival in England, and was part of a strong batting line-up for the club. For a time, he ran an antiques and art dealership in Bayswater, London with Constantine Diamandis, but they dissolved their partnership in early 1920. After the conclusion of his first-class cricket career, he continued to play for Indian Gymkhana, including matches at Lord's against the Marylebone Cricket Club in each of 1922, 1923 and 1924. He died in Bethnal Green, London on 28 April 1927 at the age of 40.


    Kedar Jadhav

    From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
    Image result for image Kedar Jadhav

    Personal information
    Full name Kedar Mahadev Jadhav
    Born 26 March 1985 (age 31) Pune, Maharashtra, India
    Batting style Right-handed
    Bowling style Right-arm off break
    Role Batsman; Occasional wicket-keeper
    International information
    National side
    • India
    ODI debut (cap 205) 16 November 2014 v Sri Lanka
    Last ODI 22 January 2017 v England
    ODI shirt no. 81
    T20I debut (cap ) 17 July 2015 v Zimbabwe
    Last T20I 22 June 2016 v Zimbabwe
    Domestic team information
    Years Team
    2007–present Maharashtra
    2010 Delhi Daredevils (squad no. 9)
    2011 Kochi Tuskers Kerala (squad no. 45)
    2013–2015 Delhi Daredevils (squad no. 18)
    2016–present Royal Challengers Bangalore (squad no. 99)
    Career statistics
    Competition ODI T20I LA T20
    Matches 14 5 91 84
    Runs scored 378 91 3,283 1,325
    Batting average 54.00 22.75 49 24.53
    100s/50s 2/1 -/1 7/20 0/7
    Top score 120 58 141 63*
    Balls bowled 162 - 180 60
    Wickets 6 - 7 4
    Bowling average 23.50 - 22.14 22.00
    5 wickets in innings 0 0 0 0
    10 wickets in match n/a 0 n/a n/a
    Best bowling 3/29 - 3/29 2/23
    Catches/stumpings 7/- 1/– 40/– 30/4
    Source: Cricinfo, 29 January 2017
    Kedar Mahadev Jadhav (born 26 March 1985) is an Indian cricketer who plays for Maharashtra in domestic cricket. He is a right-handed middle-order batsman and occasional off-break bowler. In the Indian Premier League, he plays for the Royal Challengers Bangalore, having previously played for Delhi Daredevils and Kochi Tuskers Kerala.
    He made his One Day International debut for India against Sri Lanka on 16 November 2014 and his Twenty20 International debut for India against Zimbabwe on 17 July 2015.

    Early life

    Jadhav was born on 26 March 1985 in Pune into a middle-class family which originally hails from Jadhavwadi in Madha, Solapur district He is the youngest of four children; his three elder sisters excelled in studies becoming a PhD in English literature, an engineer and an MBA in finance, while Jadhav switched to cricket after ninth grade. His father Mahadev Jadhav was employed as a clerk with the Maharashtra State Electricity Board until his retirement in 2003.

    Shubman Gill

    India

    Personal Information
    Born
    Sep 08, 1999 (18 years)
    Birth Place
    Firozpur, Punjab
    Height
    --
    Role
    Batsman
    Batting Style
    Right Handed Bat
    Bowling Style
    Right-arm offbreak
    ICC Rankings
    Test
    ODI
    T20
    Batting
    --
    --
    --
    Bowling
    --
    --
    --
    Career Information
    Teams
    Punjab, India U19, India U23, India A, Kolkata Knight Riders
    Shubman Gill is the latest prodigy of India's familial batting production line. He shot to fame with 418 runs at an average of 104.50 in the 2018 ICC U19 World Cup, where he served as Prithv...
    Batting Career Summary
    MInnNORunsHSAvgBFSR100200504s6s
    IPL7631225740.6789137.08001133
    Career Information
    IPL debut
    vs Sunrisers Hyderabad at Eden Gardens, Apr 14, 2018
    Last IPL
    vs Chennai Super Kings at Eden Gardens, May 03, 2018
    Profile
    Shubman Gill is the latest prodigy of India's familial batting production line. He shot to fame with 418 runs at an average of 104.50 in the 2018 ICC U19 World Cup, where he served as Prithvi Shaw's deputy and batted at No. 3 to play a crucial role in India's record fourth world title. Also the edition's Player of the Tournament, Gill was a favourite in the 2018 IPL auctions, and was picked by Kolkata Knight Riders for INR 1.8 crore (USD 280,000). 


    Born in Fazilka, Punjab, Gill's precocious talents found an early fan in his father, Lakhwinder Singh, who shifted base to Mohali and rented a place near the PCA Stadium so that his son could grow up with better access to cricket. And it wasn't long until Gill started grabbing headlines. He scored 351 in Punjab's Inter-District U16 tournament in 2014, racking up an opening stand of 587 with Nirmal Singh, and then went on to strike a double hundred in his U16 debut for Punjab at the 2016 Vijay Merchant Trophy. 



    Gill made his List A debut for Punjab in the 2016-17 Vijay Hazare Trophy, batting one-down, and went on to make his first-class debut in the 2017-18 Ranji Trophy against Bengal, where he batted as an opener to score his maiden half-century and stepped it up in just the next game with a maiden hundred against Services. 



    Gill won the BCCI award for the Best Junior Cricketer for consecutive years in 2013-14 and 2014-15, knocking hard on the doors of the U19 team. When picked, Gill starred in India's handsome 3-1 win at home over England in the Youth ODIs, scoring 351 runs in 4 innings and then went on to match up to his high standards in his first tour of England soon after. India whitewashed the hosts 5-0 and Gill top-scored again with 278 runs across 4 innings. 



    Gill easily looked the best batsman among his colleagues at the World Cup, comfortably overhauling even Prithvi Shaw, the 18-year-old Mumbai batsman who had the media houses buzzing with a whooping five first-class hundreds to his name. Gill's bottom-handed technique, made fashionably successful by Virat Kohli among many others, allowed him to play in a similar mould. He scored runs briskly, mixing quick singles and doubles with powerful hits across the ground, and stood out as much for his batting acumen as he did for his fielding prowess. 



    Once back from the World Cup in New Zealand, Gill soon found himself return to the unglamorous grind, representing Punjab in the Vijay Hazare Trophy. He started the tournament with modest scores of 25, 4 and 8 but soon recovered, flaying a match-winning 123 against a rampant Karnataka side. 



    Although it's still early days, Gill's heady mix of passion, hard work and genius promises to cultivate a career that should serve Indian cricket well in the times to come. Until then, it's a nervous wait time for Gill and the many observers of cricket. 
    Written by Pratyush Sinha

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Origins of the Chamar SurnameHistorically, surnames evolved as a way to sort people into groups - by occupation, place of origin, clan affiliation, patronage, parentage, adoption, and even physical characteristics (like red hair). Many of the modern surnames in the dictionary can be traced back to Britain and Ireland.There are no clear, concise answers to why or how one of your Chamar/Dalit ancestors took on the surname. It may have been based on their occupation or a distinguising physical trait. Keep in mind that it was not unusual for a last name to be altered as an ancestor entered a new country.Many of us still not bold enough to tell our caste to others, whereas most of our known are aware of our castes. I am one among them, many times I keep mum on the issue of castes. there are two reasons behind this , is  people attitude  towards chamar/dalit caste. Also, dalits are changing their surnames, so says a study by a senior official of Gujarat’s Social Welfare Department, highligh…

Origin of Chamar

चमारद्वीप यहाँ बहुत से लोग कहते है कि यह पेज जाति पर आधारित है.. सिर्फ चमारों के हित में सोचता है.. तो उन लोगों के लिए छोटी सी जानकारी यहाँ उपलब्ध करवाई जा रही है: सभी मूल निवासियों के इतिहास का अध्ययन करने से पता चलता है कि किसी समय एशिया महाद्वीप को चमारद्वीप कहा जाता था। जो बाद में जम्बारद्वीप के नाम से जाना गया और कालांतर में वही जम्बारद्वीप, जम्बूद्वीप के नाम से प्रसिद्ध हुआ था। चमारद्वीप की सीमाए बहुत विशाल थी। चमारद्वीप की सीमाए अफ्गानिस्तान से श्री लंका तक, ऑस्ट्रेलिया, प्रायदीप और दक्षिण अफ्रीका तक फैली हुई थी। 3200 ईसा पूर्व जब यूरेशियन चमारद्वीप पर आये तो देश का विघटन शुरू हुआ। क्योकि हर कोई अपने आप को युरेशियनों से बचाना चाहता था। जैसे जैसे देश का विघटन हुआ, बहुत से प्रदेश चमारद्वीप से अलग होते गए और चमारद्वीप का नाम बदलता गया। भारत के नामों का इतिहास कोई ज्यादा बड़ा नहीं है परन्तु हर मूल निवासी को इस इतिहास का पता होना बहुत जरुरी है, तो ईसा से 3200 साल पहले एशिया महाद्वीप का नाम चमारद्वीप था, यूरेशियन भारत में आये तो जम्बारद्वीप हो हो गया, 485 ईसवी तक भारत का नाम जम्बूद्वीप …