Dalit Political Parties

Ambedkar Makkal Katchi
Ambedkar Makkal Katchi (Ambedkar People's Party) is a political party in the Indian state of Tamil Nadu. It is led by Mazhameni Pandian. AMK has had electoral cooperation with the Dalit Panthers of India. AMK flag is :- 


Viduthalai Chiruthaigal Katchi
Viduthalai Chiruthaigal Katchi is a Dravidian political party in Tamil Nadu. Its chairman is Thol. Thirumavalavan, a lawyer from Chennai. The party's main principle is the uplift of scheduled castes and scheduled tribesOther Backward Classes, and minorities such as the Christians and Muslims of Tamil Nadu.
ChairpersonThol. Thirumavalavan
Founded1972
HeadquartersVelachery, Chennai
Flag is :-
File:Viduthalai Chiruthaigal Katchi banner.png

Kerala Dalit Federation
The Kerala Dalit Federation (KDF), is a political party in the Indian state of Kerala. KDF's President is Mr. P. Ramabhadran.
The women's wing of KDF is the Kerala Dalit Mahila Federation (KDMF). The general secretary of KDMF is P.K. Radha.

BAMCEF

All India Backward and Minority Communities Employees' Federation

Kanshiram
D.K. Khaparde
Founder(s)
KanshiramD.K. Khaparde
Type
Social organisation
Location
India
Website
http://www.bamcef.org/
All India Backward and Minority Communities Employees' Federation popularly known as BAMCEF is an organization of educated employees from scheduled castesscheduled tribesOther Backward Classes,and converted minority communities in India. In 1973, Kanshiram along with D.K. Khaparde, and their colleagues established the BAMCEF, which was relaunched on December 6, 1978 on the death anniversary of Dr. B. R. Ambedkar. BAMCEF celebrated its silver jubilee in the year 2008. BAMCEF has its mission to change the traditional Indian social system based on castes and varnas.

 History

As an employee in the Defence Research and Development Laboratory in Pune, Kanshiram realized that the formation of the dalit bureaucracy was important if dalits' interests were to be served. He set about forming the federation, through which he worked his way in the higher echelons of bureaucracy by identifying a few zealous officers, and through them, influencing the lower staff. The motto of the organization was Pay back to society, to inspire the dalit bureaucrats to do their bit for the dalit masses. In this way a continuous supply of brains, money, and talent was ensured. Kanshiram did not want to make the BAMCEF merely an employees' union, instead he wanted it to become the organisation of educated bahujan employees, "the think tank, talent bank, and financial bank of the bahujan samaj". BAMCEF undertook collection of funds for the purpose of supporting agitations and training; Kanshi Ram appointed state-level conveners as well as mandal conveners to act as links between state and district levels.
Knowing the limitations of BAMCEF, Kanshiram formed Dalith Soshit Samaj Sangharsh samithi (DS4) in 1981. In 1984 Kanshiram dissolved the DS4 and formed a completely political wing Bahujan Samaj Party (BSP). This caused major strains in BAMCEF Ranks. In early 1986 a major split took place. Kanshiram announced at that time that he was no longer willing to work for any organisation other than BSP. Without Kanshi Ram, D.K. Khaparde registered BAMCEF in the 1987 in consultation with other colleagues. Since then one group of BAMCEF which was associated with Kanshi Ram was converted into a shadow organization helping BSP in electoral mobilization for the party, on the other hand the group of employees which had parted ways from Kanshi Ram got itself registered and started mobilizing Dalits independently without the help of any political clout.

 Organization

BAMCEF is cader based organization and is engaged in missionary works. BAMCEF is determined to work for specific objective rather than work in the field in which many other organizations are engaged. Fear of enemy is one of the tools to built organization. However such an organization does not last longer. BAMCEF, therefore, shall never use such cheap way to built the organization. BAMCEF shall bring people in Its fold through motivation and shall conduct Its affair in a most disciplined manner. It will ensure that every cadre work under discipline.
Here we must understand that building organization is not our objective. It is a tool to achieve some specific objective. We must therefore create an organizational structure to meet the requirement of the objective. Functioning without a structure or wrong structure is bound to create chaos in the organization and even may destroy our mission. Due care has therefore been taken while creating a structure which would help to achieve the objective. Structure is also made to meet the geographical requirement. It is kept simple with clarity and result oriented. It is ensured that every cadre is faithful to the organization and dedicated to the objective. Higher responsibilities or posts are assigned to committed, competent, experienced cadre by observing democratic, norms. While framing the constitution of the organization care has been taken that any office bearer who does not discharge his responsibility with missionary zeal shall be thrown out of the organization howsoever great person he may be. As far as the working of the organization is concerned, it is structured at three different levels viz. Centre, State and District. At each levels General Body as well as an Executive Committee is constituted. The responsibility to spread the organization to the Taluka (Tahsil) as well as the village level is assigned to the District Executive Committee.
National General Body
The General Body (G. B.) is the supreme most body of BAMCEF. It includes members from various districts who are either elected or unanimously nominated. The President and Secretary of all the Tonsil (Taluka) Units are members of the National General Body. Apart from this, for every 100 members of the District Unit or part thereof, a representatives are sent to the National G. B.. Besides these, all the members of the C.E.C. and all the members of the State Executive committee are also members of the National G. B. The meeting of the National G. B. is held once in a year. The National G. B. takes unanimous decisions regarding the functioning of the organization. It directs the C.E.C. to prepare plans and programmes in the light of these decisions. If any extraordinary situation arises in the organization, a special G. B. meeting can be called to overcome the situation. The decisions taken by the National General Body in this regard are final.
Central Executive Committee of BAMCEF
The election and constitution of the C.E.C. is done unanimously by the National General Body. The C.E.C. so constituted has the tenure of two years. The members of C.E.C. are elected from the members of the National G. B. The C.E.C. elects and appoints the various office bearers from among its members. These include appointment of National President, National Vice-President, National General Secretary, and National Treasurer. Since the C.E.C. is basically a national body, there is no concept of State representation in it. Being the members of C:E.C, they are responsible for the growth and development of all the States, irrespective of the State to which they belong. This helps in developing a homogenous character of the organization.
Decision Making
CEC is the apex body for functioning of ‘BAMCEF. In order to call the meeting of CEC, its agenda has to be circulated to all the members, one month prior to the meeting. The members of CEC invite suggestions on the agenda from the State Units. The State Executive and the various District Units in the State can send their suggestions. After taking into consideration the various suggestions and discussing the issues from various angles, CEC takes its decisions. The decisions of the CEC are binding on all the members. The responsibility to comply with the decisions and their implementation lies with CEC, State Executive, District Units and the lower units within the districts. The State Executive, the District Units or the lower units do not have the power to change the decisions of the CEC. This power lies only with the National General Body and it is possible only by calling the meeting of the National General Body.
Primary Membership of BAMCEF
A person of the Mulnivasi Bahujan Samaj, who is an employee of the Central Government, State Government, Local Bodies, Public Undertaking, Private Institute or even a self employee, can become a primary member of BAMCEF by depositing an annual membership fee of Rupee One only with an Annual subscription of rupees twenty four only i.e. total of rupees twenty five only. The membership is valid for one year only. The membership has to be renewed every year.

Mission

BAMCEF derives an inspiration from the life and mission of our forefathers viz. Chhatrapati Shivaji Maharaj, Rashtrapita Jyotirao Phuley, Rashtranirmata Dr. Babasaheb Ambedkar, Periyar E. V. Ramasamy, Chhatrapati Shahu Maharaj and Jana Nayak Birsa Munda. The mission of BAMCEF is the mission of these forefathers. BAMCEF is working for the objective for which our fore-fathers have shed their life. The objective of our fore-fathers was to uproot Brahminism the spirit of inequality and to establish and preserve a new social system based on humanity and the principles of Equality, Liberty, Fraternity and Justice. Rashtrapita Jyotirao Phuley and Dr. Babasaheb Ambedkar were not interested in the changes in the existing social system but they wanted to change the system itself and preserve human dignity of the individual. ‘Self help and self respect’ was the slogan of their movement. The change of social system is the long term objective of BAMCEF. BAMCEF has decided to achieve this objective in stages and therefore designed some short term objectives. These are dealt with separately in this booklet. In order to achieve the objective, BAMCEF is determined to strengthen the sense of Social responsibility towards their brethren amongst Mulnivasi Bahujan Samaj.
BAMCEF does not believe in the welfare of few individuals but wanted to raise the level of Mulnivasi Bahujan Samaj as a whole. It is worth while to mention here that once Dr. Babasaheb Ambedkar wrote to Mr. Dadasaheb Gaikwad that there are two views of looking at the oppressed and exploited society. First is to develop individuals merit as some social thinkers are of the view that Individuals misdeeds and behavior is responsible for his oppression, exploitation and poverty. Such social thinkers then undertake to work for the personality development such as de-addiction from alcohol, health care programs, blood donation camp, co-operative movements, establish libraries and other programs to develop virtues in the individual person. Another view is to raise the social level of the oppressed and exploited society as a whole. The circumstances and limitation surrounding individual in which he leads his life, is responsible for the sorrow and poverty of the individual.
Dr. Ambedkar stated that if both the views are compared and analyzed carefully, it is the second view which appears to be more correct and justifiable. In the first case the status of few individuals .nay improve in the society but status of society as a whole shall not be raised and our objective is not to improve the status of few individuals but to raise the status of the entire society. BAMCEF is committed to the view taken by Dr. Ambedkar and does not want to use its energy for the improvement of few individuals.
Our fore-fathers Rashtrapita Jyotirao Phuley, Perilya E. V. Ramasamy and Rashtranirmata Dr. Babasaheb Ambedkar have set the objective of their movement as social revolution. They have tirelessly fought to achieve this objective and certainly succeeded to some extent but still objective is not realized. Therefore BAMCEF has dedicated itself to fulfill the objective set forth by our fore-fathers. This is the reason why BAMCEF is not engaged in the welfare activities and charitable work. However it may use these activities as a tool to accomplish objective if need be. Due care shall be taken while undertaking such activities whether they will be helpful in achieving the objectives.
The objective of social revolution is the most gigantic and tedious task. Our forefathers have made efforts for thousands of years and shed their life to achieve this objective but still it is not accomplished. Therefore it is mission for BAMCEF. Lakhs of people are required to be engaged to accomplish this mission. BAMCEF is dedicated to the mission of social revolution i.e. to bring about structural changes in the social system.


Bahujan Samaj Party

The Bahujan Samaj Party (BSP) ( बहुजन समाज पार्टी) is a national political party in India. It was formed mainly to represent Bahujans (literally meaning "People in majority"), referring to people from the Scheduled Castes, Scheduled Tribes and Other Backward Castes (OBC) as well as minorities. The party claims to be inspired by the philosophy of B. R. Ambedkar. The BSP was founded by a Dalit charismatic leader Kanshi Ram in 1984, who was succeeded by Mayawati in 2003. The party's political symbol is an Elephant. In the 15th Lok Sabha the party has 21 members, making it the 4th-largest party. The BSP has its main base in the Indian state of Uttar Pradesh.
Bahujan Samaj Party
ChairpersonMayawati
Secretary-GeneralSatish Chandra Mishra
Leader in Lok SabhaRajesh Verma
Leader in Rajya SabhaMayawati
Founded1984
Headquarters12, Gurudwara Rakabganj Road,
New Delhi - 110001
NewspaperAdil Jafri, Mayayug
Student wingBahujan Samaj Student's Forum
Youth wingBSP Yuva Morcha
IdeologyDalit Socialism
Secularism
Social Engineering
Political positionCentre-left
ColoursBlue
Seats in Lok Sabha
21 / 545
Seats in Rajya Sabha
15 / 245
Seats in UP Legislative Assembly
80 / 403

Origin of the word "Bahujan"

The Pali word Bahujan is popularly found in the literature of Buddhism. Lord Buddha used this word to guide his disciples to work for the "Bahujan Hitay Bahujan Sukhay" (Meaning: Benefit and prosperity of majority people). Another meaning of the word Bahujan is people in majority. The BSP has historically drawn a loyal base of voters from India's lowest caste (Dalit). It has attempted to grow nationally as well, but has met limited success so far. Its current majority government in Uttar Pradesh was in large part due to a reach-out towards other castes, even some members of the upper castes.

History


Bahujan Samaj Party claims to represent the low and lowly. A man carrying the BSP flag.

Flags of "Bahujan Samaj Party" at Shivaji Park.
The party was founded in 1983 by Kanshi Ram . Due to his deteriorating health in the 1990s, former school teacher Mayawati became the party's de facto leader. The party's power grew quickly with seats in the Uttar Pradesh Legislative Assembly and India's Lower House of Parliament. In 1993, following the assembly elections, Mayawati formed a coalition with Samajwadi Party President Mulayam Yadav as Chief Minister. In mid-1995, she withdrew support from his government, which led to a major incident where Mulayam Singh Yadav was accused of keeping her party legislators hostage to try to break her party. Since this, they have regarded each other publicly as chief rivals. Mayawati then sought the support of the Bharatiya Janata Party (BJP) to become Chief Minister on June 3, 1995. In October 1995 the BJP withdrew support to her and fresh elections were called after President's Rule.

2007 UP assembly elections

The May 11, 2007, the Uttar Pradesh state assembly election results saw the BSP emerge as a single majority party, the first to do so since 1991. The BSP President Ms. Mayawati began her fourth term as Chief Minister of UP and took her oath of office along with 50 ministers of cabinet and state rank on May 13, 2007, at Rajbhawan in the state capital of Lucknow. Most importantly, the majority achieved in large part was due to the party's ability to take away majority of upper castes votes from their traditional party, the BJP.
BSP is now the third largest national party of India in terms of vote percentages as per 2009 Lok Sabha Elections, having more than 10% vote share across the country.

2012 UP assembly elections

The party could manage only 80 seats as against 206 in 2007 assembly elections. BSP government was the first in the history of Uttar Pradesh to complete its full five-year term.On 11 July 2012, the party in a major revamp, replaced Swami Prasad Maurya by R A Rajbhar as President of UP Unit.

Secret successor of Mayawati

On 9 August 2009, Mayawati declared that she had chosen a successor from the 'jatav' community who is 18–20 years her junior. She has penned down his name in a sealed packet left in the safe custody of two of her close confidantes. The name of the successor will be disclosed on her death.

Lok Sabha (Lower House)

Lok Sabha TermIndian
General Election
Seats
Contested
Seats
won
 % of
Votes
 % of Votes in
seats contested
State ( seats )
09 th Lok Sabha1989245032.074.53Punjab ( 01 )
Uttar Pradesh ( 02 )
10 th Lok Sabha1991231021.613.64Madhya Pradesh ( 01 )
Uttar Pradesh ( 01 )
11 th Lok Sabha1996210114.0211.21Madhya Pradesh ( 02 )
Punjab ( 03 )
Uttar Pradesh ( 06 )
12 th Lok Sabha1998251054.679.84Haryana ( 01 )
Uttar Pradesh ( 04 )
13 th Lok Sabha1999225144.169.97Uttar Pradesh ( 14 )
14 th Lok Sabha2004435195.336.66Uttar Pradesh ( 19 )
15 th Lok Sabha2009500216.176.56Madhya Pradesh ( 01 )
Uttar Pradesh ( 20 )
Vidhan Sabha TermUP
Elections
Seats
Contested
Seats
won
 % of
Votes
 % of Votes in
seats contested
12 th Vidhan Sabha19931646711.1228.52
13 th Vidhan Sabha19962966719.6427.73
14 th Vidhan Sabha20024019823.0623.19
15 th Vidhan Sabha200740320330.4330.43
16 th Vidhan Sabha20124038025.9525.95

Other states where BSP has a presence

Bihar Vidhan Sabha

Vidhan Sabha TermBihar
General Election
Seats
Contested
Seats
won
 % of
Votes
 % of Votes in
seats contested
10 th Vidhan Sabha199016400.731.41
11 th Vidhan Sabha199516121.342.66
12 th Vidhan Sabha200024951.892.47
13 th Vidhan SabhaFeb. 200523824.414.50
14 th Vidhan SabhaOct. 200521244.174.75
15 th Vidhan Sabha201024303.213.27

Chhattisgarh Vidhan Sabha

Vidhan Sabha TermChhattisgarh
General Election
Seats
Contested
Seats
won
 % of
Votes
 % of Votes in
seats contested
2 nd Vidhan Sabha20035424.459.4
3 rd Vidhan Sabha20089026.116.11

Delhi Vidhan Sabha

Vidhan Sabha TermDelhi
General Election
Seats
Contested
Seats
won
 % of
Votes
 % of Votes in
seats contested
1 st Vidhan Sabha19935501.882.42
2 nd Vidhan Sabha19985803.093.63
3 rd Vidhan Sabha20034005.768.96
4 th Vidhan Sabha200869214.0514.05

Haryana Vidhan Sabha

Vidhan Sabha TermHaryana
General Election
Seats
Contested
Seats
won
 % of
Votes
 % of Votes in
seats contested
8 th Vidhan Sabha19912612.327.67
9 th Vidhan Sabha19966705.447.2
10 th Vidhan Sabha20008315.746.22
11 th Vidhan Sabha20058413.223.44
12 th Vidhan Sabha20098616.737.05

Himachal Pradesh Vidhan Sabha

Vidhan Sabha TermHimachal Pradesh
General Election
Seats
Contested
Seats
won
 % of
Votes
 % of Votes in
seats contested
7 th Vidhan Sabha19903500.941.76
8 th Vidhan Sabha19934902.253.0
9 th Vidhan Sabha19982801.413.28
10 th Vidhan Sabha20032300.72.02
11 th Vidhan Sabha20076717.407.37
12 th Vidhan Sabha20126701.72.02

Madhya Pradesh Vidhan Sabha

Vidhan Sabha TermMadhya Pradesh
General Election
Seats
Contested
Seats
won
 % of
Votes
 % of Votes in
seats contested
9 th Vidhan Sabha199018323.545.89
10 th Vidhan Sabha1993286117.057.86
11 th Vidhan Sabha1998170116.1511.39
12 th Vidhan Sabha200315727.2610.62
13 th Vidhan Sabha200823078.979.29
Maharashtra Vidhan Sabha
Vidhan Sabha TermMaharashtra
General Election
Seats
Contested
Seats
won
 % of
Votes
 % of Votes in
seats contested
8 th Vidhan Sabha199012200.420.98
9 th Vidhan Sabha199514501.492.82
10 th Vidhan Sabha19998300.391.24
11 th Vidhan Sabha200427204.04.18
12 th Vidhan Sabha200928702.352.42

Punjab Vidhan Sabha

Vidhan Sabha TermPunjab
General Election
Seats
Contested
Seats
won
 % of
Votes
 % of Votes in
seats contested
10 th Vidhan Sabha1992105916.3217.59
11 th Vidhan Sabha19976717.4813.28
12 th Vidhan Sabha200210005.696.61
13 th Vidhan Sabha200711504.134.17
14 th Vidhan Sabha201211704.284.28

Rajasthan Vidhan Sabha

Vidhan Sabha TermRajasthan
General Election
Seats
Contested
Seats
Won
 % of
Votes
 % of Votes in
seats contested
9 th Vidhan Sabha199020500.792.54
10 th Vidhan Sabha19935000.562.01
11 th Vidhan Sabha199810822.173.81
12 th Vidhan Sabha200312423.9719967.607.66

Uttarakhand Vidhan Sabha

Vidhan Sabha TermUttarakhand
General Election
Seats
Contested
Seats
Won
 % of
Votes
 % of Votes in
seats contested
1 st Vidhan Sabha200268710.9311.20
2 nd Vidhan Sabha200769811.7611.76
3 rd Vidhan Sabha201270312.1912.19

Telangana Praja Front

Telangana Praja Front
LeaderGaddar Devendra Veda Kumar
Secretary-GeneralNalla Masa Krishna
FounderGaddar
FoundedOctober 2010
HeadquartersHyderabad, Andhra Pradesh, India
IdeologySeparatism & Caste Upliftment in SeparateTelangana


Telangana Praja Front (TPF) is a regional political party founded by Balladeer Gaddar in the southernIndian state of Andhra Pradesh. It is formed as a Telangana separatist party, and makes a demand for quick introduction of bill in the parliament for separate statehood for Telangana. After the Gaddar's resignation, Akula Bhoomaiah took the position of President. In the wake of Telangana's declaration, Akula Bhoomaih,unlike, the other political parties, he had outspokenly criticized the centre's ambiguous decision on Hyderabad. The alleged political murder of Bhoomaih which is direct consequence of his staunch rejecting of Hyderabad as common capital of Andhara pradesh. He has been an occupying figure in the recent political Telangana scenario. He was an apostle of separate Telangana, launching Telangana Jana sabha in 1996, which posits his deliberation for a separate Telangana which culminated into present Telangana movement.

Objective

Its main aim is safeguarding of Dalit and Backward Caste peoples' interests and lives in theTelangana state.
Its founder popular balladeer, Gaddar was born in 1949 in the Toopran village of the Medak district. He came from a poor dalit. He attended his early schooling in Bodhan of Nizamabad district. After completing 12th standard from a government junior college in Hyderabad, he joined the [RECW]Regional Engineering College to pursue a Bachelors degree in civil engineering but dropped out after the first year to earn a living.

Gaddar - The revolutionary Balladeer


Gaddar in a meeting in Nizam College Grounds,Hyderabad - 2005

Gaddar (born as and also known as Gummadi Vittal Rao), is a pseudonym of a revolutionary Telugu balladeer and vocal Naxalite activist from the state of Andhra Pradesh, India. The name Gaddar was adopted as a tribute to the pre-independence Gadar party which opposed British colonial rule in Punjab during 1910s.

Early years


He was born in 1949 in Toofran village of Medak district. He comes from a poor dalit family and his parents Seshaiah and Lachumamma worked as labourers to earn a living. After completing PUC (then equivalent of 12th class) from a government junior college in Hyderabad he joined the Osmania University Engineering College to pursue a Bachelors degree in engineering but dropped out after the first year to earn a living.

Gaddar married a woman named Vimala. He has two sons, called Sureedu and Chandrudu as well as a daughter called Vennela.

Jana Natya Mandali(Peoples Dance Group)
He rose to prominence by singing highly emotional and stirring songs that were popular among the poor and the rural hinterland of the Telangana region notorious for the PWG (People's War Group) a Maoist organization that uses mainly violence to achieve its goals.

He established a song and dance troupe called Jana Natya Mandali which tours and performs in villages to gather support for the revolutionary ideologies. His style of singing involves use of high pitches in the local Telengana variant of Telugu, thus touching a chord among the locals as popular Telugu media and songs only show the fluent or neutral Telugu. His use of Urdu words is also seen to be a perfect fit since people from this region often mix a few Urdu words unlike the Telugu speakers from other parts of the state.

His songs were also used in many Telangana-centric movies enacted by various cine-persona from the Telugu film industry. Due to his affiliations with the previously banned party he was prevented from singing in public until recently. He is prominently visible on any stage by his trademark black shawl that is typical of the Telengana shepherd dress.

Republican Party of India (Khobragade)



Flag used by various Dalit parties of India
The Republican Party of India (Khobragade) is a political party in India, a splinter group of the old Ambedkarite Republican Party of India, named for its leader,
The Late president Mr.Br.Rajabhau Khobragade. Now the National President is Mr.Upendra Shende (Ex.MLA, Maharashtra). .
Recently, all factions of RPI except Prakash Ambedkar's Bharipa Bahujan Mahasangha reunited to form a united "Republican Party of India". RPI (Khobragade) is also took part in this united RPI.
Bharipa Bahujan Mahasangh
Bharipa Bahujan Mahasangh is a political party in India. The party was formed in 1999, through a split in the Republican Party of India. The party is led by Prakash Yashwant Ambedkar, the grandson of Dr. Ambedkar. The party fights for the rights of the Dalit bahujan community. BBM is primarily based in Maharashtra.
In the 13th Lok Sabha elections during 1999 Party President Mr Prakash Ambedkar was elected from the constituencyAkola. In the Lok Sabha election 2004 the party lost its parliamentary representation. In total the party had launched 16 candidates, all from Maharashtra. In Akola Ambedkar was defeated by a Bharatiya Janata Party (BJP) candidate.
In the elections to the Maharashtra state assembly 1999 BBM had put up 34 candidates. In total BBM got 606 827 votes, and won three seats.
The complete name of the party is Bharatia Republican Paksha - Bahujan Mahasangh (Indian Republican Party - Majority Grand Union). Bharatia Republican Paksha is abbreviated BhaRiPa. The official website is www.bharip.org


Viduthalai Chiruthaigal Katchi
Thirumavalavan or Thol. Thirumavalavan(born 17 August 1962), is Dalit activist, Member of Parliament in 15th Lok Sabha and the current President of the Viduthalai Chiruthaigal Katchi(Liberation Panthers Party), a Dalit political party in the state of Tamil Nadu in India. He rose to prominence in the 1990s as a Dalit leader, and entered politics in 1999. His political platform centres around ending the caste-based oppression of the Dalits, which he argues can best be achieved through reviving and reorienting Tamil nationalism. He has also expressed support for Tamil nationalist movements and groups elsewhere, including Sri Lanka.
He did his Bachelor's course in chemistry,masters degree in Criminology and completed law at Madras Law College. He worked in the government's Forensic Department as a scientific assistant, which he later resigned in 1999 to contest polls. He contested the 1999 and 2004 general elections unsuccessfully and won the 2009 general elections from the Chidambaram constituency. He won the 2001 state assembly elections in alliance with Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam (DMK), a post he resigned in 2004 quoting idealogical differences with DMK. He has written a few books and has acted in a few Tamil movies.
Thiruma, being the leader of a caste centred party, is often alleged to have instigated caste violence in Tamil Nadu. His confrontation with Vanniyar based caste Pattali Makkal Katchi and its leader Ramadoss has resulted in frequent clashes between Dalits and Vanniyars. Both parties accuse each other of instigating violence against the other community. Both Thiruma and Ramadoss reconciled and worked together during the period of 2004 to 2009, when they were part of the same electoral alliance. Several party men quoted strained relationship with Thirumaa and quit the party on account of the increased involvement of him in Katta Panchayat (kangaroo courts), bringing disrepute to the party. Thiruma was also in the centre of controversy when the party asked party cadres to donate weighing against Thiruma in 2012, on the occasion of his 50th birthday. In August 2013, Kavitha, a divorcee and mother of a girl child, accused Thiruma of reneging her on the promise of marrying her and she filed a complaint in police to similar effect.
Tbio.jpg

Early life

Thirumavalavan was the second child of Tholkappian (Ramasamy) and Periyammal, and was born in the village of Anganur in Ariyalur District in Tamil Nadu, India. His father had studied up to the grade, while his mother remained uneducated. He has a sister and three brothers, but he was the only member of his family who went on to higher education after completion of his schooling. He initially studied chemistry, and went on to do a masters degree in Criminology, before studying law at Madras Law College. He then began working in the government's Forensic Department as a scientific assistant. He began growing interested in politics in 1982, when he was still a student, in reaction to reports from refugees of Sri Lankan military atrocities against Tamils in Sri Lanka. He began holding rallies and organised boycotts and conferences to support the Sri Lankan cause. He ran around Madras Law College, but failed . This, he alleged, was due to his being a Dalit. The incident led to his meeting and becoming acquainted with politicians from the Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam(DMK), a major political party in Tamil Nadu.[1] Till 2002, he had his name as R. Thirumavalavan, with his father's name Ramaswamy as initial. He changed it to Thol. Thirumavalavan, "Thol" indicating the shorter version of Tholkappiyan.

Republican Party of India


Republican Party of India
Political parties
The Republican Party of India is a political party in India. It has its roots in the Scheduled Castes Federation led by Dr. Ambedkar. The main base of RPI has traditionally been in Maharashtra.
During the recent years RPI suffered severe internal strife. Several distinct parties claim the name of RPI. Splinter-groups of RPI include:
  • Republican Party of India (Athvale) of Ramdas Athvale
  • Republican Party of India (Gavai) of R.S. Gavai and Rajendra Gavai
  • Bharipa Bahujan Mahasangha of Prakash Ambedkar
  • Peoples Republican Party of Prof. Jogendra Kawade
  • Republican Party Of India (Democratic) of T.M. Kamble
  • Republican Party of India (B.C. Kamble) of B.C. Kamble
  • Republican Party Of India (Khobragade) of B.D. Khobragade
  • Republican Party Of India (Mogha) of Shivram Mogha
  • Republican Party Of India (Talwatkar) of Ghanshyam Talwatkar
  • Republican Party of India (Sivaraj)
  • Republican Party of India (Raja Dhale)
  • Indian Republican Party (Dalit Panther) of Namdeo Dhasal
  • Bahujan Mahasangh of Makhram Pawar
  •  Viduthalai Chiruthaigal Katchi (VCK), a Dalit political party
Recently, all factions of RPI except Prakash Ambedkar's Bharipa Bahujan Mahasangha reunited to form a united "Republican Party of India (United)". Later, Republican Party of India (Gavai) split again from the united party. In june 2011, Republican Party of India (Athawale) joined hands with right wing alliance of Shivsena and BJP.
Note: A splinter faction of RPI Haryana Republican Party merged with Congress in 2004 May.

Bharipa Bahujan Mahasangh

Bharipa Bahujan Mahasangh is a political party in India. The party was formed in 1999, through a split in the Republican Party of India. The party is led by Prakash Yashwant Ambedkar, the grandson of Dr. Ambedkar. The party fights for the rights of the Dalit bahujan community. BBM is primarily based in Maharashtra.
In the 13th Lok Sabha elections during 1999 Party President Mr Prakash Ambedkar was elected from the constituency Akola. In the Lok Sabha election 2004 the party lost its parliamentary representation. In total the party had launched 16 candidates, all from Maharashtra. In Akola Ambedkar was defeated by a Bharatiya Janata Party (BJP) candidate.
In the elections to the Maharashtra state assembly 1999 BBM had put up 34 candidates. In total BBM got 606 827 votes, and won three seats.
The complete name of the party is Bharatia Republican Paksha - Bahujan Mahasangh (Indian Republican Party - Majority Grand Union). Bharatia Republican Paksha is abbreviated BhaRiPa.


Dalit Panther

DALIT PANTHER
Founder(s)Namdev Dhasal
TypeVolunteer organisation
FoundedApril 1972 
LocationIndia
Volunteersestimated at 15 to 20 million
Dalit Panther is a social organization, founded by Namdev Dhasal in April 1972 in Mumbai. Later on many dalit activists joined this organization. But the Namdev Dhasal , Raja Dhale and Arun Kamble were the original leaders of Dalit Panther, which saw its heyday in 1970s and through the 80s.

History

Dalit Panther is inspired by Black Panther Party, a revolutionary movement amongst African-Americans, which emerged in the United States and functioned from 1966-1982. The initiative to form the Dalit Panther Movement was taken up by Namdeo Dhasal at Mumbai.The name of the organization was borrowed from the 'Black Panther' Movement of the USA. They called themselves "Panthers" because they were supposed to fight for their rights like panthers, and not get suppressed by the strength and might of their oppressors.
The US Black Panther Party always acknowledged and supported the Dalit Panther Party through the US Black Panther Newspaper which circulated weekly through out the world from 1967-1980.
Its organization was modeled after the Black Panther and Shiv Sena. The members were young men belonging to Neo-Buddhists and Scheduled Castes. Most of the leaders were literary figures whose age ranged between 20 to 30 and academic qualifications ranged from Non-matric to M.A. The controversy over the article "Kala Swatantrya Din"(Black Independence Day) by Dhale which was published in "Sadhana" (Special issue of the August 15, 1972) created a great sensation and publicised the Dalit Panthers through Maharashtra. The Panther's full support to Dhale during this controversy brought Dhale into the movement and made him a prominent leader. With the publicity of this issue through the media, Panther branches sprang up spontaneously in many parts of Maharashtra.
The Dalit Panther movement was a radical departure from earlier Dalit movements. Its initial thrust on militancy through the use of rustic arms and threats, gave the movement a revolutionary coloration

Events

Namantar Andolan

The strong protests against centuries-old caste discrimination included the rejection of the name “untouchable” because it carried the stigma of the Brahmanic caste hierarchy. Demanding equality, justice, and dignity, the leaders of the discriminated castes called their group Dalit (the Oppressed).

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