Chamar/Dalit in Politics

Krishna Kohli

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Krishna Kohli
Member of the Senate of Pakistan
Assumed office
12 March 2018
Personal details
Born1 February 1979 (age 39)
Political partyPakistan Peoples Party
Alma materUniversity of Sindh
Nickname(s)Kishoo Bai
Krishna Kumari Kohli (Sindhi: ڪرشن ڪماري ڪوهلي‎ Urdu: کرشنا کماری کوہلی‎; born 1 February 1979), also known by the nickname Kishoo Bai, is a Pakistani politician who has been the member of the Senate of Pakistan since March 2018. She is the first Hindu Dalit woman and the second Hindu woman to hold this position. She is known for her campaigns for women's rights and against bonded labour.

Early life and education

Kohli was born on 1 February 1979 to a poor family hailing from a village in Nagarparkar.When she was a child and a student of grade three, she and her family were held captive for three years as bonded labourers in a private jail allegedly owned by a landlord in Umerkot District. They were only released after a police raid on their employer's land. She received her early education initially from Umerkot district and then from Mirpurkhas District.
She got married at the age of 16 in 1994 while she was studying in grade nine. She continued her education after her marriage and in 2013 earned a master's degree in Sociology from the University of Sindh.
In 2007, she attended the third Mehergarh Human Rights Youth Leadership Training Camp in Islamabad in which she studied the government of Pakistan, international migration, strategic planning and learned about the tools that could be used to create social change.

Political career

Kohli joined the Pakistan Peoples Party (PPP) as a social activist to campaign for the rights of marginalised communities in the Thar region. She also campaigns for women's rights, against bonded labour, and against sexual harassment in the workplace. In 2018, she was elected to the Senate of Pakistan in the Pakistan Senate elections as a PPP candidate on a reserved seat for women from Sindh. She took oath as Senator on 12 March 2018. She became the first Hindu Dalit woman and the second Hindu woman elected to the Senate after Ratna Bhagwandas Chawla
  • Athawale Ramdas Bandu

  • Father's Name                 Shri Bandu Bapu Athawale
    Mother's Name                Smt. Honsabai Bandu Athawale
    Date of Birth                    25 December 1959
    Place of Birth                  Agalgaon, Distt. Sangli (Maharashtra)
    Marital Status                  Married
    Date of Marriage             16 May 1992
    Spouse's Name               Smt. Seema Athawale

    Educational                      Under Graduate 

    Qualifications                  Educated at Siddharth College, Mumbai (Maharashtra)

    Profession                   Artist, Political and Social Worker, Publisher and Religious Missionary

    Permanent Address          91, Lumbini, Sector-7, Charkop, 

                                              Kandiwali, Mumbai-400 067 


                                              Tel. (022) 8695532

    Present Address                8-A, Lodhi Estate, 

                                              New Delhi-110 003 

                                              Tels. (011) 4651149, 4695532

    Positions Held
    1990-96                            Member, Maharashtra Legislative Council

    1990-95                            Cabinet Minister, Social Welfare and Transport, Employment Guarantee 

                                             Scheme and Prohibition Propaganda, Maharashtra

    1998                                Elected to 12th Lok Sabha; 

                                            President, Republican Party of India

    1998-99                          Member, Committee on Transport and Tourism; 

                                            Member, Consultative Committee, Ministry of Industry

    1999                                Re-elected to 13th Lok Sabha (2nd term)
    1999-2000                     Member, Committee on Industry
    2000 onwards                Member, Consultative Committee, Ministry of Youth Affairs and Sports

    Literary, Artistic and Scientific Accomplishments

    Editor-Bhumika (Weekly Magazine), Mumbai;  
    Publisher, Parivartan Publications; and Founder Member, 
    Parivartan Sahitya Mahamandal

    Social and Cultural Activities

    President, (i) Dr. Babasaheb AmbedkarFoundation; (ii) Buddhist Kalawant Academy; and Founder President, Budh Dhamma Parishad

    Special Interests

    Upliftment of the handicapped, dalit, poor and weaker sections

    Favourite Pastime and Recreation

    Reading, travelling, music, discussion on social and  economic problems

    Sports and Clubs

    Cricket, volleyball, football, kho-khokabaddi and carrom

    Countries Visited

    France, Germany, Japan, Russia, U.K. and U.S.A. 

    Athawale Ramdas Bandu(Marathi:रामदास बंडू आठवले)  was a member of the 14th Lok Sabha of India. He represented the Pandharpur constituency of Maharashtra and is he president of the Republican Party of India (Athawale) political party. He also represented Mumbai North Central in 12th Lok Sabha during 1998-99. He left NCP-Congress alliance in 2011 after having lost 2009 Lok Sabha election. Though he politically separated from NCP, he still maintains relation with Sharad Pawar. Ramdas Athavale has his own speaking style. He is fond of writing poems. Sometimes he writes Shero-Shayari. Athavale led RPI party joined Shivsena-Bharatiya Janata Party alliance in 2011 and contested Bruhan Mumbai Corporation elections together. He is one of the mass leader in Maharashtra. He is a former Deputy Chief Minister of Maharashtra.

    Education Details:

    Phool Chand Mullana

    From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
    Phool Chand Mullana
    BornPhool Chand Mullana
    6 April 1941
    Milak Khas, Yamunanagar district, Haryana
    EducationB.A., LL.B.
    OccupationLawyer & politician
    Political partyCongress
    Spouse(s)Pushpa Devi (deceased)
    ChildrenOne son, one daughter
    Parent(s)Shanker Lal (father)
    Phool Chand Mullana (born 6 April 1941 in Milak Khas village of Yamunanagar district of Haryana) is an Indian lawyer and politician. He is a B.A., LL.B. by education. He was elected four times as MLA (in 1972, 1982, 1991 and 2005) from Ambala District to Mullana Assembly constituency. He was a cabinet minister in the Haryana government, handling the portfolios of Revenue, PWD, Education, Forest and Technical Education. He was president of the Haryana Pradesh Congress Committee from 2007 to 2014. He is chairman of the Haryana State Scheduled Caste Commission.
    He was awarded Haryana Ratan in 2005 for his contribution in the politics and social welfare of Haryana.

    · Prithivi Singh Azad

    From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
    Prithvi Singh Azad
    Born15 September 1892
    Raipurrani, Patiala district, Punjab, India
    Died5 March 1989 (aged 96)
    OccupationIndian independence activist
    Years active1907–1989
    Known forIndian independence movement
    Lahore Conspiracy Trial
    Partner(s)Late Prabhavati Prithvi Singh Azad
    ChildrenAjit Singh Bhati, Pragya Kumar
    AwardsPadma Bhushan
    Prithvi Singh Azad (1892–1989) was an Indian independence activist, revolutionary and one of the founder members of Ghadar Party. He came from a Rajput family and suffered incter the Indian independence, he served as the minister of labor and local self-government in the Bhim Sen Sachar ministry in the state of Punjab. He was also a member of the first Constituent Assembly of India.The Government of India awarded him the third highest civilian honour of the Padma Bhushan, in 1977, for his contributions to society.arceration several times during the pre-independence period, including a term in the Cellular Jail. Af


      Prithvi Singh Azad was born in a Bhati Rajput family on 15 September 1892 at Lalru, a small hamlet in Patiala district of the north Indian state of Punjab. He was attracted to the nationalist movement while he was still in his teens and was reported to have been influenced by the arrest of Lokmanya Tilak and Khudi Ram Bose by the British government in 1907–08. He visited the US in 1912 and it was during this time he met Lala Har Dayal, one of the founders of later-day Ghadar Party, a militant organization formed by Indians in North America for the liberation of India. He also assisted in the establishment of Hindustan Ghadar, the mouth piece of the party. Returning to India along with around 150 freedom fighters, he was captured by the British on 7 December 1914, tried, sentenced for 10 years' imprisonment and spent time in various jails, including Calcutta, Madras and the Cellular Jail. After the initial futile attempt, he escaped by jumping out of a running train while he was being transferred from one jail to another. Later, he became an associate of Chandra Shekhar Azad and reportedly received a Mauser pistol from him. It was reported that Azad was with Chandra Shekhar Azad just before the British forces surrounded him at Alfred Park on 27 February 1931, but the latter asked Prithvi Singh to escape while deciding to continue his battle with the forces; alternatively another contention was that the two Azads met at Alfred Park a few days before the death of Chandra Shekhar.
      Azad died on 5 March 1989, at the age of 96. The story of his life has been documented in two autobiographies; Kranti Path ka Pathik (A Traveler in the Revolutionary Path), was published in 1990 by Haryana Sahitya Akademi while Baba Prithvi Singh Azad, the Legendary Crusader was published by Bharatiya Vidya Bhavan three years earlier in 1987.[ A set of documents related his life has been preserved in Nehru Memorial Museum and Library, New Delhi as Baba Prithvi Singh Azad Papers. A local Hospital in Lalru, his native place, is being considered for renaming as Baba Prithvi Singh Azad Memorial Hospital. His daughter, Pragya Kumar, is a medical doctor and the chief medical officer at Panjab University, ChandigarhIt was Chandra Shekhar who advised Azad to visit Russia for further training; it was reported that the idea to send Azad to Russia in fact came from Bhagat Singh, another martyred revolutionary and Chandra Sekhar was conveying Bhagat Singh's request. He visited Russia to spend a few months there and his experiences in Russia were later published as a book, Lenin ke Desham Me, which was subsequently translated into English by Vijay Chauhan under the title, Prithvi Singh Azad In Lenin's land.On his return to India, he met several mainstream freedom fighters, including Mohandas Gandhi and joined the nationalist movement led by Gandhi. Between 1933 and the Indian independence in 1947, he was arrested several times which included the Lahore Conspiracy Case in which he was sentenced to death; the sentence was later commuted to life imprisonment in the Cellular Jail.After the Indian independence, he successfully contested the elections to the first Constituent Assembly of India from Punjab and was its member since the assembly met for the first time at Constitution Club Hall, New Delhi on 9 December 1946 After the Indian independence, he was selected as the Minister for Labor and Local Self-government, the only harijan member of the ministry, when Bhim Sen Sachar took over as the second Chief Minister of Punjab in 1949. The Government of India honored him with the civilian honor of Padma Bhushan in 1977.
      · Bhai Tej Singh 
      Born (1953) and brought up in a mediocre Jatav-Kisan (Scheduled Caste) family of a small village in Etah district of Uttar Pradesh.
       Established Dr. Ambedkar Rural Welfare Association in the village with the sole intention of doing something good for the villagers particularly the poor and persecuted.
       Served the Telecom Department (1973-1978), State Bank ofIndia(1978-1981) and thereafter Customs Department till resigned in April 2004 to dedicate himself as whole timer in the service of the poor and persecuted.
       While remaining in services, He had played an active role in social activities through non-political platforms and the departmental unions and Associations of the Scheduled Castes, the Scheduled Tribes and the other Backward Classes.  He was the founder President of the Customs & Central Excise ST/ST Employees Association.
          On being impressed upon with BSP leader Kanshi Ram in 1978 while on his visit to Aligarh (U.P.), he has decided to give him a helping hand in his endeavor of forging unity amongst the various factions and sections of Scheduled castes, the Scheduled Tribes, Other Backwards Classes and religious Minorities and didn’t turn back till the day Mayawati had joined hand with the reactionary forces (BJP) led by RSS. It may be noted that RSS has since been working to maintain status quo by suppressing the interests of the poor as such is detrimental to the very existence of these people in India.
            While remaining with Kanshi Ram he has not only extended his able helping hand (Money management) but also taken care of his entire affairs and played decisive role in building up Bahujan Samaj Party through his non-political front BAMCEF (Backward and Minority Communities Federation). He was such a trusted lieutenant of Kanshi Ram that has disburdened him almost in every aspect of his life and mission except of taking the stage. Because of his altruism, hard work, dedication and resolution, a second spot after Kanshi Ram was developed in the party circle.  And due to his proximity with Kanshi Ram, he was popularly called mini-Kanshi Ram in BSP circle.
           Taking cognizance of his growing influence, the lady used to play mischief and trying to dislodge him from Kanshi Ram but failed. It was the growing discontent (1994) against the boorish behavior of the lady in the party that almost entire party had espoused faith in him but he had very politely refused to accede to their request and continued with his helping hand to the leader. Having no political mention that there is no  ambition and personal desire but his of place to committed to the mission of Dr. Ambedkar which has faithfully been undertaken by Kanshi Ram, he remained undeterred by the mischief of Maya and continued with his job.
       But it was the inferiority complexes of this deprave lady which compelled her to manage the ouster of so many hard workers, leaders and trusted lieutenants of Kanshi Ram who had shouldered him in his hour of need in the past! It may not be out of place to mention that it was this inferiority complex which compelled the lady to think every upcoming leader in the party as of her competitor. Her sinister plots and evil designs has become her way of life in the party. Kanshi Ram being swayed by her undue influence and her seducing overtures kept on throwing away his loyal workers out of party-fold. And finally he too has fallen victim of her evil and fanciful designs. But in the case of Mr. Tej Singh, she could not be able to impress upon Kanshi Ram.
        The incident of the fateful night of 2nd June 1995 when Mayawati has joined hands with reactionary forces like BJP, RSS…and first time taken over as the Chief Minister of Uttar Pradesh with the ostensible support thereof whom the duo (Maya-Kanshi) used to call a Cobra till date has left a missionary worker like him stunned and compelled to part with the company of Kanshi Ram who maintained obnoxious silence at this crucial juncture. Bhai Tej Singh could not understand as to what has happened to the man who used to ask the people of Bahujan Samaj to keep distance with the Brahminical forces led by RSS and BJP with his open intention and utterances.  Having remained in dilemma for over a week, one early morning Bhai Tej Singh had called for his wife and his four kids and clearly told them, “I have almost spent half of my life caring for my parents and you people, now the burden of the mission of my Messiah has fallen on my shoulders. Being very dear and near to me, I hope you will co-operate me by extending your helping hand in my endeavor but please do not create obstacles in my way. I am going to dedicate rest of my life to thisMission.” At this having tears in their eyes, the wife and children of Bhai Tej Singh have promised him all sorts of help and cooperation even if compelled to go without food!
                After that Mr. Tej Singh has never looked back and built up a formidable force of the missionary workers from amongst the dalit and Muslims to take on the Hindutvawadi forces led by BJP, RSS and its ilk. This is not possible for him without dislodging Mayawati from the minds and heart of dalits who in absence of any viable political alternative are compelled to vote for her party. It may be out mention that there is no 
      reliable dalit leader in Congress Party to watch their interests! Thus, “O helplessness thy name is Mayawati” has become the slogan of the day for these unfortunate dalits.  Similarly in absence of a Muslim leader of grass root approach and understanding, Mulayam Singh Yadav has since been flourishing!

       In reaching to this day’s position (a well known hardcore activist & figure amongst dalit), Mr. Tej Singh has crossed over so many hurdles and achieved many milestones so far as the ‘Dalit Movement’ is concerned. His tremendous confidence, passion and patience for poor and persecuted are making him undisputed leader of the future and darling of this very section of Indian society. He has emerged as ‘Dalit leader’ in the Indian political horizon.

    Andimuthu Raja

    BornVelur, District Perambalur (Tamil Nadu)
    Alias(es)Spectrum Raja
    AllegianceDravida Munnetra Kazhagam (DMK)
    Charge(s)Criminal breach of trust by a public servant under section 409, criminal conspiracy under section 120-B, cheating under section 420 & forgery under sections 468 and 471. Booked under the Prevention of Corruption Act for accepting illegal gratification. 
    Conviction statusTaken into custody (arrested) by CBI on 2 February 2011 On 9 May 2012 he applied for bail for the first time since his arrest.and was granted bail on 15 May 2012As of May 2012, trial is being conducted in Special CBI Court.
    SpouseM.A. Parameshwari
    Children1 Daughter (Mayuri)

    Andimuthu Raja (born October 26, 1963, Perambalur, Tamil Nadu, India) is an Indian politician from the Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam(DMK) political party. He was a member of the 15th Lok Sabha representing the Nilgiris constituency of Tamil Nadu.
    In 2011, TIME magazine listed the 2G spectrum scam, in which Raja was allegedly involved, as number two on their “Top 10 Abuses of Power” list.

    Political career


    On October 17, 2008 he submitted his post-dated resignation to the DMK party chief, M. Karunanidhi, in protest of the killings of Tamil civilians in Sri Lanka. His resignation was a part of the mass resignation of all the DMK ministers forming a parts of the coalition United Progressive Alliance government (UPA) in Centre.

    Ajit Jogi

    Image result for ajit jogi biography

    Ex - Chief Minister of Chhatisgarh
    Personal details
    Born29 April 1946
    Bilaspur, Chhattisgarh
    Political partyINC
    Spouse(s)Dr. Renu Jogi
    ChildrenAmit Jogi
    As of January 25, 2009
    Ajit Jogi (born 29 April 1946) was the first chief minister of the state of Chhattisgarh, India. He currently represents the Marwahi Scheduled Tribe constituency in the state assembly and is a member of the Indian National Congress (INC) political party.
    Jogi studied Mechanical Engineering at the Maulana Azad College of Technology, Bhopal, winning the University Gold Medal in 1968. After having worked briefly as a lecturer at the Government Engineering College, Raipur, he was selected for the Indian Police Service and Indian Administrative Service.
    Ajit Jogi's son Amit Jogi was said to have been involved in an operation of bribing Dilip Singh Judeo in 2003. This is as per statement given by Central Bureau of Investigation in Supreme Court of India in 2005 Amit Jogi was later also sent to jail for being involved in a murder case.
    On April 20, 2004 Ajit Jogi was seriously injured in car accident at Gariabandh, 130 km from Raipur and had to be flown to Mumbai. He has become a wheelchair user since then. Although, he has not yet quit from active politics.

    Ashok Tanwar
    • NameShri Ashok Tanwar
      Constituency from which I am electedSirsa
      Father's NameShri Dilbag Singh
      Mother's NameSmt. Krishna Rathi
      Date of Birth12 Feb 1976
      Birth PlaceVill. Chimni, Distt. Jhajjar (Haryana)
      Maritial StatusMarried
      Date of Marriage30 Jun 2005
      Spouse NameSmt. Avantika Maken Tanwar
      No. of ChildrenNo.of Sons:2   No.of Daughters:1
      State NameHaryana
      Party NameIndian National Congress
      Permanent Address01, Sector 20,HUDA, Sirsa, HaryanaTels. (01666) 247533, 247534 09466933333 (M)
      Present Address59, North Avenue,New Delhi - 110 001Tels. (011) 23092045 9013180222, 9810559115 (M) Fax. (011) 23092045
      Email id(i) ashok[dot]tanwar[at]sansad[dot]nic[dot]in
      (ii) ashoktanwariyc[at]yahoo[dot]com
      Educational QualificationsM.A.(History), M.Phil (History), Ph.D. Educated at Jawahar Lal Nehru University, New Delhi

      Positions Held
      Jan. 2005 - Feb. 201President, Indian Youth Congress
      2009Elected to 15th Lok Sabha
      31 Aug. 2009Member, Standing Committee on Human Resource Development
      23 Sep. 2009Member, Library Committee
      Member, Consultative Committee, Ministry of Environment and Forest
      Member, Joint Parliamentary Committee on office of Profit
      25 Jan. 2010Convenor, Parliamentary Forum on Youth
      Special InterestsSocial work (especially in the field of education and health; environment and forest conservation issues )
      Other InformationFormer National President, National Students`s Union of India (NSUI)

    Bangaru Laxman

    Bangaru Laxman was born in a Madiga Dalit family in Andhra Pradesh. He did his BA and LLB. He was a minister of state for railways in Government of India from 1999 to 2000. Later he became President of Bharatiya Janata Party (BJP) but resigned soon after Tehelka corruption case.
    Bangaru Laxman joined politics at a young age. He was jailed during emergency in 1975. He was elected to Rajya Sabha in 1996. He has held many party positions including the party president.

    He was involved in a major controversy when a private TV network showed him taking bribes on a hidden camera while he was the president of the BJP. He was forced to resign as the party president and a criminal case was registered against him which has entered prosecution stage. However, he was never convicted .

    Sardar Buta Singh

    Sardar Buta Singh
    Personal details
    Born21 March 1934 (age 78)
    Mustafapur, Jalandhar district, Punjab
    Political partyIndian National Congress
    Spouse(s)Sardarni Beant Singh
    Buta Singh (born on 21 March 1934) was Chairman of National Commission for Scheduled Castes (NCSC). He is an Indian National Congress leader.

     Political career

    He has been eight times elected as a member of Lok Sabha in 3rd, 4th, 5th, 7th, 8th, 10th, 12th and 13th Lok Sabha. He is former Union Home Minister under Rajiv Gandhi's Government & more recently governor of Bihar state, India. He took office on November 5, 2004. He was the home minister of India during the early 1990s. He is a Sikh and was first elected to the Indian Parliament in sadhna. He has written a book "Punjabi Speaking State - A Critical Analysis" and a collection of articles on Punjabi Literature and Sikh History.


    In 2000, judge Ajit Bharihoke of a special court convicted the former Prime Minister P. V. Narasimha Rao and Buta Singh in the JMM bribery case.The Central Bureau of Investigation had charged Rao, Buta Singh and others with bribing MPs belonging to the Janata Dal (Ajit) and Jharkhand Mukti Morcha (JMM) for voting in favour of the minority Congress government during the no-confidence motion against it in Lok Sabha in 1993. The decision was later overturned and both Rao and Buta Singh were cleared of the charges in 2002. In the 2009 Lok Sabha elections Buta Singh was denied a ticket by the Congress Party to run for Lok Sabha. So he contested as an independent candidate from the Jalore constituency in Rajasthan although he was not successful.
    As the Governor of Bihar, Buta Singh's controversial decision to recommend the dissolution of the Bihar Assembly in 2005 was sharply criticised by the Supreme Court. The court ruled that Mr. Singh had acted in haste and misled the federal cabinet because he did not want a particular party claiming to form the government, to come to power. Mr. Singh however claimed that the party was resorting to unfair means (read horse trading) to secure support to form the government. On January 26, 2006 Singh sent a fax to President Abdul Kalam offering to resign his post. The next day he left office and was replaced by West Bengal governor Gopalkrishna Gandhi.
    In the latest controversy, his son Sarabjot Singh has been charged of demanding a hefty bribe — Rs 1 crore — exploiting the official position of his father Buta Singh, has put the focus on the Constitutional body NCSC, set up with the objective of serving the cause of the Scheduled Castes

    Brinda Karat

    Brinda Karat
    Member of the Rajya Sabha
    In office
    ConstituencyWest Bengal
    Personal details
    Born17 October 1947 (age 65)
    Calcutta, West Bengal, India
    Political partyCommunist Party of India (Marxist)
    Spouse(s)Prakash Karat
    Brinda Karat (Bengali: বৃন্দা কারাট) (born 17 October 1947) is a communist politician from India, elected to the Rajya Sabha as a Communist Party of India (Marxist) CPI(M) member, on 11 April 2005 for West Bengal.
    In 2005, she became the first woman member of the CPI(M) Politburo She has also been the general secretary of the All India Democratic Women's Association (AIDWA) from 1993 to 2004, and thereafter its Vice President.

    Childhood and educationBiography

    Brinda Karat was born in Calcutta, where she spent her early childhood in a family of four siblings, including one brother and three sisters. Her father, Sooraj Lal Das was from Lahore. She lost her mother Oshrukona Mitra, at the age of five. She has a sister, Radhika Roy who is married to Prannoy Roy.

    Brinda was educated at the elite Welham Girls School in Dehradun and, at 16, went on to do her diploma at Miranda House, a college affiliated to the University of Delhi. In 1971, she enrolled for her degree in History at the University of Dehradun

    Political career

    In 1967, she left for London, where she worked with Air India at Bond Street for four years. While working for Air India, she campaigned against the mandatory wearing of skirts in the airlines, after which she became an activist.

    In an interview, Karat says she returned to India motivated to work for the people While working in London, she became associated with the anti-imperialist, and anti-war movements during the Vietnam War and Marxist ideology. She also attributes many of her political ideals to the economist Devaki Jain, her professor at Miranda House
    In 1971, she decided to leave her job and return to Calcutta, where she joined the Communist Party of India (Marxist) CPI (M) in 1971, under the guidance of B.T. Ranadive. On the suggestion of the party to understand practical politics, she joined the Calcutta University. Initially she worked with students in the college campus and later during the Bangladesh war at refugee camps in the city.

    In 1975, she shifted to Delhi and started working as a trade union organiser with textile mill workers in North Delhi. She grew to be active with worker's movements and the Indian women's movements She gained prominence in the campaign for reform of rape laws in the 1980s. Karat resigned from the central committee of the CPI(M)protesting the lack of representation of women. Even today, Brinda stands out as a prominent campaigner for gender issues.
    On 11 April 2005, she was elected to the Indian Parliament, Rajya Sabha as a CPI(M) member, for West Bengal.
    In 2005, only after the inclusion of 5 women members to the Central Committee did Brinda Karat agree to be nominated to the exclusive 17 member Politburo.  The Politburo is the highest decision-making body of the party and Brinda Karat is its first woman member

    Recent controversies

    Remarks on Baba Ramdev

    Her remarks accusing Yoga Guru Swami Ramdevof violating labor laws, and publicising accusations about his workers mixing human body parts in potions, have drawn strong condemnation from some in North India, including reprimands from politicians like Sharad Pawar,Mulayam Singh Yadav, Ambika Soni, andNarayan Dutt Tiwari. Pawar noted that Baba Ramdev's 'scientific approach' to yoga was useful while Laloo Prasad Yadav denounced Karat's allegations Subsequently she received a legal notice on the behalf of a Bharatiya Janata Party(BJP) leader in Faridabad.


    She is married to Prakash Karat, a Keralite by origin and a prominent CPI(M) leader, holding the position of General Secretary currently. Her sister
    Radhika Roy is married to Prannoy Roy, founder and CEO of NDTV. In 2005, she acted inAmu a film made by her niece, Shonali Bose, on the Anti-Sikh riots in 1984. She is also related to the Marxist historian Vijay Prashad.

    Literary works

    Brinda is the author of Survival and Emancipation: Notes from Indian Women's Struggles. This is a comprehensive book on the wide ranging concerns of the women’s movements in India from a left perspective.

    Ch Dalbir Singh

    In these days of brazen and almost whole sale corruption of the political class across the political spectrum except perhaps some leftist parties and individuals, as evidenced by the acts of central cabinet minister Raja, MPs Kalmadi, Kanimozhi and many others & counting, the present generation of Indians would find it hard to believe that once such totally honest and incorruptible politicians walked on the Indian soil.

    Dalbir Singh was born in a Dalit family of landless agriculture laborers family of Kani Ram in village Prabhuwala in Hissar district of pre-partitioned Punjab, traditionally a neglected and backward region of the state. Youngest child in the family, Dalbir lost his mother early in childhood. His extended family including uncle Chandgiram were all very poor but were very keen that Dalbir, an intelligent and active child, should get the highest possible education and uplift the family fortunes .A family story goes that once when very seriously ill, a wise Sadhu (holy man) cured him and predicted that he would one day ride an elephant i.e. be a great man.

    Sensitive even as a child Dalbir Singh faced and suffered upper caste discrimination right from the very first day in primary school , a behavior he had to face , resist and fight all his life in schools and colleges .He finished his primary school education at Prabhuwala and a neighboring village .He was then shifted to Hissar for education in a charitable middle school and later government high school .Here he met with and forged a lifelong friendship with Mani Ram Godara , a Bishnoi, and both took plunge into politics at a very young age.

    During the closing decades of 19 century, Punjab, including the region around Hissar fell under the influence of Arya Samaj movement which had emerged to counter caste based discriminatory and obscurantist Hindu thought and practices .The movement also laid great emphasis on education and organized modern and science education at DAV schools and colleges .All members of Dalbir Singh family were imbued with, influenced and followed the precepts and teachings of Arya Samaj.

    The author born at Bhiwani, then a subdivision of Hissar district is aware of the backwardness of the desolate, waterless sandy district. During 1940s and 1950s, the region especially Bhiwani and Hissar areas were dusty and waterless towns, with sand dunes encroaching right inside Bhiwani’s western limits. There used to be perpetual water scarcity in the region. Summers brought in hot abrasive sand storms. There were many big ponds dug to store rainwater for drinking, washing and for the cattle.

    Arya Samaj teachings taught equality and opposition to caste and religious discrimination .It also forbade liquor and even meat eating .The author, a Rajput, took to meat eating only when he went over to Banaras for his engineering degree. But now, in the wake of prosperity following extension of irrigation to the region and the green revolution the situation has unfortunately changed to increased violence and alcoholism, a serious menace. 

    Adjoining Rajasthan ,Hissar district produced many rich Baniyas aka businessman who with others established many charitable educational institutes .Apart from many schools ,Bhiwani city boasted , a degree Vaish ( now Kirori Mal ) college and a Textile Engineering Institute attached to one of the two textile mills .Neighboring Rohtak city boasted , two degree colleges and a Medical college too.

    When in class X Dalbir Singh was married to Kalawati in 1946 , a marriage arranged through the good offices of a common Arya Samaj reformer .Such child marriages were common in those days .But the bride would stay home till puberty .Kalawati’s family was better off with its own lands , her brother Ram Singh ,the first Dalit graduate among Dalits of the region ,was a Panchayat Officer in Punjab state .It was a good match for her family since Dalbir Singh , a promising and intelligent student would do well in life . Ram Singh and his family, also Arya Samajis, had wholesome impact on young Dalbir. Since Ram Singh was once posted at Lahore, a major centre of education, it was felt that Dalbir Singh instead of studying at Hissar should pursue his college education at DAV College Lahore .Here apart from Godara, Ch Chand Ram, also a Dalit studied and they became good friends. Ch Chand Ram also emerged as a major political leader.

    In 1947, after India’s division into India and Pakistan and partition of the Punjab province Dalbir Singh was forced to shift to Rohtak to complete his graduation, which he duly did .It must be emphasized that, tall and wiry lad, he was an excellent athlete both in his school and college days .Till his terminal illness in mid 1980s he maintained excellent health and spirits.

    After graduation, at Ram Singh’s prodding Dalbir Singh did apply for the job of a Block Development Officer ,a very good job in those days, and received the appointment letter too .But he declined  to take up the appointment  , much to the consternation, anguish and distress of his family specially father Kani Ram .They had slogged and made extreme sacrifices so that he could complete his education, not that Dalbir Singh himself had not undergone many privations .The family expected him to take up the job and alleviate poverty ,bring some prosperity and happiness to the family .

    Finally one day Dalbir Singh told his father that he would not take up a job .He had endured too much caste, creed, regional, rich and poor discrimination so he was determined to devote his life to resist evils of the Indian society and help reform it. He remembered that while studying at Lahore he was constantly a victim of cruel and inhuman treatment at the hands of prince lings and rich students. His mind was made up and he would strive and try to eliminate various evils and ills of the Indian caste based society .Father Kani Ram agreed.

    Next day Kani Ram watched his son speaking for the first time at a Congress party public rally at Hissar and criticizing Punjab chief minister Kairon , whose achievements in the development of the state were eulogized and lauded by all and sundry . Dalbir Singh rightly proclaimed that ‘ yes, Punjab had progressed but only the Punjabi speaking part i.e. Jullundur division and not the backward Ambala division of which Hissar was a part  It remained so till the Sikhs after many agitations and Morchas got their Punjabi Suba and the backward region emerged from the shadow of under development and neglect in 1966 . The new state of Haryana led by some dynamic leaders, taking advantage of many inbuilt and inherent advantages including proximity to Delhi has emerged as a most dynamic and rich state of India. While a minister in Delhi for nearly two decades, Ch. Dalbir Singh assiduously helped out in pursuing the economic development of Haryana by taking up his state’s cause with the centre. I have a feeling that he cherished a deep desire to lead the Haryana government and implement his vision of his home state himself. But his opponents in the party in Haryana ganged up and kept him away from the state.

    Having watched the freedom movement from close quarters under the leadership of Mahatma Gandhi and Jawaharlal Nehru and Congress party’s ideology of secularism, equal rights for all religions and special incentives to uplift scheduled caste and tribes, neglected, humiliated and exploited since millennia attracted young and idealistic Dalbir Singh, since he had himself suffered at the hands of upper castes and rich all his life. But he rarely mentioned these hurts to me. He sometimes would relate how petty officials mistreated the public specially the poor and the downtrodden.

    Ch. Dalbir Singh remained steadfast and true in his loyalty to the Congress and its ideals and policies , in a state where many a politicians ideology is fickle and saleable ,which gave the name Gayaram Ayaaram politics i.e. of shifting and changing party affiliations for gain .I remember very vividly one evening in 1967 when I dropped at Ch Dalbir Singh‘s flat on South Avenue .A number of well known Haryana politicians , who did well for themselves had just visited him after having pledged loyalty to Moraji Desai who had challenged PM Indira Gandhi’s leadership.” How dare they even suggest such a thing, he fumed .He remained steadfast to the Congress and its ideology till the very end. He never wavered, never ever.

    Young, enthusiastic, wide eyed and idealistic when the 1952 elections were, he and Godara turned up at the Congress party office in Delhi .By luck Nehru arrived and was very impressed by Dalbir Singh, a young enthusiastic graduate, a rarity among Dalit aspirants .He and Godara, in spite of opposition from older and well established leader’s opposition like Devi Lal, were both allotted Congress party tickets. Dalbir Singh won from Tohana but his election was set aside on the pretext of being under age i.e. less than 25 years .By the time he won the election petition time had arrived for the 1957 elections.

    Kairon had returned to power by then .A down to earth politician and good administrator , he recognized the talented , idealistic Dalbir Singh’s dedication and gave him Congress ticket in 1957 . Not only that after the elections Dalbir Singh was inducted into the council of ministers as deputy minister .He was barely 30 years in age .The rest as they say is history. Chaudhary Saheb was soon a great favorite of Kairon because of his sincerity, hard work, sense of purpose and integrity. 

    First Meeting with Ch. Dalbir Singh and some Memories
    It was 1960, when I taught electrical engineering at Thapar institute, Patiala .I had just finished my written examination for IFS and was waiting for the UPSC personality test.  Around this time my wife’s college friend Basheshar Nath, a political worker of the Congress party from Karnal, turned up along with someone who had some problem to be redressed in the department of Irrigation and Power, then under Ch. Dalbir Singh. The young politician had made news in the Chandigarh's newspaper ‘The Tribune’ for being an unusual politician who attended law classes in the evenings to further educate himself.

    So Basheshar and a few others, we all travelled to Chandigarh. When we reached the Kothi (residence) of Chaudhary Saheb, we were told that he was out and would return soon.  So we sat down in his living room.  It so happened that Basheshar went to the bathroom when somebody looking like a politician, in Dhoti -Kurta and Nehru jacket and Gandhi cap entered the sitting-room, looked at us. Naturally he did not recognize us.  Nor did we. But we naturally stood up somewhat non-pulsed.  With a straight face he said that he was the younger brother of the minister who would be soon returning and climbed up the stairs. We had not seen his photograph or met him, but we were not convinced that he was the minister's younger brother.

    Of course soon Chaudhary Saheb came down by which time Basheshar had come back and we all had a good laugh.  Through out our long friendship we had a very easy and bantering relationship about babus and netas. We were young straight forward and perhaps came closer because of his coming from Sirsa and me from Bhiwani, both then subdivisions in the same Hissar district, a backward region of Punjab.

    Chaudhary Saheb had a tremendous sense of humor. He would relate stories with great aplomb and timing with a straight face He then joined with a hearty laughter which was very infectious.  With a slight crinkliness in his eyes, his smile was dazzling, which could have set many a heart aflutter. 

    Once a man from his constituency came to him, requesting that his transfer be stopped. Chaudhary Saheb knew that the man never voted for him and even worked against him during polls. But instead of ticking him off, Chaudhary Saheb laughed and narrated how he himself was transferred from one ministry to another in Delhi .If he could not stop his own transfer how he could help the constituent. This was his way of telling the constituent off, politely and with humor. He was a storehouse of Haryanvi jokes.

    Chaudhary Saheb was very happy when I qualified for the then coveted IFS in 1961, since none from our region had done so. When I was leaving for Cairo in end 1962, he came over to Delhi to wish me bon voyage and best of luck. We kept on meeting regularly whenever I was posted at the ministry of external affairs in New Delhi , since he had shifted to central politics in 1967 after being elected a member of the Lok Sabha .He was made a member of the council of  ministers soon after.  Some times we would play rummy with some of his political friends .It was perhaps the only way he would sometimes relax. He was totally devoted to political work for the party and for the people.

    He was a man of sterling qualities with a long term vision and devoted to the uplift of the downtrodden. He had unimpeachable honesty and integrity. This was evident from his very simple life style. Knowing his honest nature, he was never asked to collect funds for the party but quite often he headed the Congress party organization in Haryana. He spent all his time to ameliorate the conditions of the masses and for the Congress party.

    When barring two wins in north India , all Congress candidates ,including Indira Gandhi lost the post emergency 1977 elections , being not too well off , some friends suggested that why should he not supervise agriculture of some land he possessed .He replied that he was good only at solving poor peoples’ problems and laughing added ,and also being taken by one ambassador car or another from one public platform to another and do ‘ vichar pragat ‘i.e. express his views on various problems facing the country and the people.

    Quite often I would stay with him when I visited India from abroad for vacations and met with some of the political leaders from Haryana and elsewhere like Devi Lal, Bhajan Lal, Prof Sher Singh and others. Our friendship built on mutual respect and affection since 1960 meeting at Chandigarh never changed. He was very hospitable and would even get non-vegetarian dishes from outside for me, although he himself was a vegetarian.

    In 1985 before I took over as Chairman and Managing Director of Indian Drugs and Pharmaceuticals Ltd, I went over to him for advice since he was once minister of Fertilizers and Chemicals, the controlling ministry. Apart from other advice he told me how some of senior officers in the ministry had shares of Pharma companies which was a clear conflict of interest .His advice was very useful. During my tenure I found that ministry officials would increase drug prices for private sector units (which had perhaps allotted them shares) but dillydallied when I asked for increase for government owned IDPL’s drugs. Some big private Pharma companies had an MP or two almost on a retainer basis to promote their interests.
    Although I was very surprised and distressed when he told me that he had pleurisy, I was stunned when he passed away in 1987. Unfortunately I was not even in Delhi.

    Fortunately for his friends and admirers, his daughter Kumari Selja joined politics, encouraged by Rajiv Gandhi .A capable politician, she has been in the council of ministers when ever Congress has been in power, almost since she was elected to the Parliament in 1992, again at a very young age. She is MA, M. Phil and became a cabinet minister in 2009 .Her elder sister is also MA and a married housewife .Never in our discussions did Chaudhary Saheb ever express any unhappiness or regret at not having a son , a never failing male obsession in India. He gave the best possible education to his daughters.

    I have known Kumari Selja, same age as my daughter since she was a child. Like her father, tall and slim, always elegantly dressed in Salwar Kameez, she is his replica .In 1995 she came to Ankara, where I was then posted to sign Cultural Agreement with Turkey. Turkish ministers and others were very much impressed with her .Such a capable and likeable politician at such a young age, they told me .She has amply delivered on the promise shown then. 

    D. Raja

    D. Raja is a politician belonging to the Communist Party of India. He is a Rajya Sabha MP from Tamil Nadu. Raja has held the position of CPI National Secretary since 1994. 
    Full NameShri D. Raja
    Elected fromTamil Nadu
    DOBJune 3, 1949
    Place of BirthChithathoor, Distt. Vellore (Tamil Nadu)
    Political PartyCommunist Party of India
    Father's NameShri P. Doraisamy
    Mother's NameShrimati Nayagam
    Delhi Address303, 309 and 310, V.P. House, Rafi Marg, New Delhi - 110001
    Telephone No.23317230, Mobile: 98
    Permanent AddressBalan Illam, 19, Chevalier Sivaji Ganesan Road, South Boag Road, Theagaraya Nagar, Chennai - 600017
    Marital StatusMarried on 7 /01/1990
    SpouseShrimati Aniamma alias Annie Raja
    ChildrenOne daughter
    EducationB.Sc., B.Ed. Educated at G.T.M. College, Gudiyattam, Distt. Vellore, affiliated to University of Madras, Chennai and Government Teachers College, affiliated to University of Madras, Chennai
    Profession before joining politicsPolitical and Social Worker
    Positions HeldJuly 2007 Elected to Rajya Sabha Aug. 2007-May 2009 Member, Committee on Science and Technology, Environment and Forests Member, Consultative Committee for the Ministry of Human Resource Development May 2008 onwards Member, Joint Parliamentary Committee on Security Matters in Parliament House Complex Member, Committee on Rules June 2008 onwards Member, General Purposes Committee July 2008-May 2009 and Jan. 2010 onwards Member, Parliamentary Forum on Global Warming and Climate Change July 2009 - Sept. 2010 Member, Committee on Ethics Aug. 2009 onwards Member, Committee on Home Affairs Member, Committee on the Welfare of Scheduled Castes and Scheduled Tribes Member, Consultative Committee for the Ministry of External Affairs Permanent Special Invitee, Consultative Committee for the Ministry of Human Resource Development Oct. 2009 onwards Member, Joint Committee on Food Management in Parliament House Complex Dec. 2009- July 2010 Member, Select Committee to examine the Commercial Division of High Courts Bill, 2009 Nov. 2010-Aug. 2012 Member, Committee on Member of Parliament Local Area Development Scheme (MPLADS) April 2011 onwards Member, Sub-Committee to examine various provisions of the Enemy Property (Amendment & Validation) Second Bill, 2010 of the Committee on Home Affairs May 2012 onwards Member, Business Advisory Committee Aug. 2012 onwards Member, Committee on Health and Family Welfare July 2013 Re-elected to Rajya Sabha
    Book(s) Published(i) Dalit Question, 2007 and (ii) The Way Forward: Fight Against Unemployment, a booklet on unemployment; has written a number of articles (in Tamil and English) on various political and social issues in various journals
    Term25/07/2013 to 24/07/2019
    Member ofRajya Sabha
    Shri D. Raja

    Raja raised the issue of JNU students' protests in Parliament budget session. He sought immediate release of JNU Students Union president Kanhaiya Kumar. He also came in defence of his daughter, a student in the same university who joined the protests and sloganeering. A BJP leader in Tamil Nadu, H. Raja, proclaimed that D. Raja should shoot his daughter for shouting anti-national slogans to prove his patriotism. The BJP top brass, however, rejected H.Raja's statements. Moreover, a resident of Rai Bareilly petitioned to lodge an FIR against D. Raja and Congress vice-president Rahul Gandhi for supporting anti-national activities at JNU. 

    Damodaram Sanjivayya

    Damodaram Sanjivayya
    Chief Minister of Andhra Pradesh
    In office
    11 January 1960 – 12 March 1962
    Preceded byNeelam Sanjiva Reddy
    Succeeded byNeelam Sanjiva Reddy
    Personal details
    Born14 February 1921
    Peddapdu Village, Kurnool District, Madras State, British India
    Political partyIndian National Congress
    CabinetGovernment of India
    PortfolioMinister of Labour and Employment(9 June 1964 – 23 January 1966)
    Damodaram Sanjivayya (Telugu: దామోదరం సంజీవయ్య; 14 February 1921 – 8 May 1972) was the chief minister ofAndhra Pradesh, India from 11 January 1960 to 12 March 1962.

    [edit]Damodaram Sanjivayya was born in a poor dalit family in Peddapadu village in Kurnool district. He was a brilliant student at the Municipal school and he took a bachelor degree in law from Madras Law College. Even as a student, he actively participated in the Indian freedom movement.


    Damodaram Sanjivayya was Minister in the composite Madras State. He was the member of the provisional parliament 1950–52. In 1962, Sanjivayya also became the first dalit leader from Andhra Pradesh to become All India Congress Committee president.
    He was Minister of Labour and Employment under Lal Bahadur Shastry between 9 June 1964 and 23 January 1966.
    He had the distinction of being among the first Harijans to have shouldered such high responsibilities in the cause of service to the Nation. He was known for his administrative ability and for his uprightness of character.
    He wrote a book on Labour problems and industrial development in India, in 1970 published by Oxford and IBH Pub. Co., New Delhi.
    His statue was erected opposite Public Gardens in Nampally, Hyderabad.
    A beautiful park, Sanjeevaiah park along the banks of Hussain Sagar in Hyderabad was named in his honor.
    Damodaram Sanjivayya National Law University, Visakhaptnam one of the premier legal institutions has been named in his honour.
      Gurkamal Singh Kandhola – Fought legal battle against caste discrimination

      Harinder Singh Khalsa – Ex Ambessdor  Norway, Ex M.P Rajya Sabha, Ex Member of SC/ST commission

      Jagjivan Ram

      From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
      Jagjivan Ram
      जगजीवन राम
      Deputy Prime Minister of India
      In office
      24 March 1977 – 28 July 1979
      Serving with Charan Singh
      Prime MinisterMorarji Desai
      Preceded byMorarji Desai
      Succeeded byYashwantrao Chavan
      Minister of Defence
      In office
      24 March 1977 – 1 July 1978
      Prime MinisterMorarji Desai
      Preceded bySardar Swaran Singh
      Succeeded bySardar Swaran Singh
      In office
      27 June 1970 – 10 October 1974
      Prime MinisterIndira Gandhi
      Preceded byBansi Lal
      Succeeded byChidambaram Subramaniam

      Personal details
      Born5 April 1908
      ChandwaBritish Raj (now India)
      Died6 July 1986 (aged 78)
      Political partyIndian National Congress-Jagjivan (1981–1986)
      Other political
      Indian National Congress (Before 1977)Congress for Democracy (1977)Janata Party (1977–1981)
      Alma materBanaras Hindu University
      University of Calcutta
      Babu Jagjivan Ram ( जगजीवन राम) (5 April 1908 – 6 July 1986), known popularly as Babuji, was a freedom fighter and a social reformer hailing from the scheduled castes of Bihar in India. He was from the Chamar caste and was a leader for his community.  He was instrumental in foundation of the 'All-India Depressed Classes League', an organization dedicated to attaining equality for untouchables, in 1935 and was elected to Bihar Legislative Assembly in 1937, that is when he organized, rural labour movement.

      In 1946, he became the youngest minister in Jawaharlal Nehru's provisional government, the First Union Cabinet of India as a Labour minister, and also a member of Constituent Assembly of India, where he ensured that social justice was enshrined in the Constitution. He went on serve as a minister in the Indian parliament with various portfolios for more than forty years as a member of Indian National Congress (INC), most importantly he was the Defence Minister of India during the Indo-Pak war of 1971, which resulted in formation of Bangladesh. His contribution to the Green Revolution in India and modernising Indian agriculture, during his two tenures as Union Agriculture Minister are still remembered, especial during 1974 drought when he was asked to hold the additional portfolio to tide over the food crisis. Though he supported Indira Gandhi during the Emergency in India (1975–1977), he left Congress in 1977 and joined Janata Party alliance in 1977, along with his Congress for Democracy, he later served as the Deputy Prime Minister of India (1977–1979), then in 1980, he formed Congress (J). He is also famous for "forgetting to pay his taxes" during his years in power.

      Early life 

      Jagjivan Ram was born at Chandwa near Arrah in Bihar, to a family of five siblings, elder brother Sant Lal, and three sisters. His father Sobhi Ram was with British Indian Army, posted at Peshawar, but later resigned due to some differences and bought some farming land in his native village Chandwa, and settled there. He also became a Mahant of Shiv Narayani sect, skilled in calligraphy he illustrated many book of the sect and distributed locally.

      Young Jagjivan started going a local school in January 1914, but shortly afterward his father died prematurely, leaving him and his mother Vasanti Devi to economic hardships. He joined Aggrawal Middle School in Arrah in 1920, where the medium of instruction was English for the first time, and joined Arrah Town School in 1922, it was here that is faced caste discrimination for the first time, yet remained unfazed. An often cited incident occurred in the school, there was this tradition of having two water pots in the school, one for Hindus and another for Muslims, so when Jagjivan drank water from the Hindu pot, while being from an untouchable class, the matter was reported to the Principal, who placed a third pot for "untouchables" in the school, but this pot was broken by him twice, eventually the Principal decided against placing the third pot. An important turning point in his life came in 1925, when Pt. Madan Mohan Malviya visited his school, and impressed by his welcome address, invited him to join Banaras Hindu University.

      Jagjivan Ram passed his matriculation in the first division and joined the Banaras Hindu University (BHU) in 1927, where he was awarded the Birla scholarship, and passed his Inter Science Examination; while at BHU he organised the scheduled castes to protest against social discrimination. As a Dalit student, he would not be served meals in his hostel, denied haircut by local barbers, a Dalit barber would arrive from Ghazipur from occasionally to trim his hair, eventually he left BHU and pursued graduation from Calcutta University. In 2007, the BHU set up a Babu Jagjivan Ram Chair in its faculty of social sciences to study caste discrimination and economic backwardness.

      He received a B.Sc. degree from the University of Calcutta in 1931, here again he organized conferences to draw the attention towards issues of discrimination, and also participated in the anti-untouchability movement started by Mahatma Gandhi.


      Netaji Subhash Chandra Bose took notice of him at Kolkata, when in 1928 he organized a Mazdoor Rally at Wellington Square, in which approximately 50,000 people participated. When the devastating Bihar earthquake of 1934 occurred he got actively involved in the relief work and his efforts were appreciated his work. When popular rule was introduced under the 1935 Act and the scheduled castes were given representation in the legislatures, both the nationalists and the British loyalists sought him because of his first-hand knowledge of the social and economic situation in Bihar, Jagjivan Ram was nominated to the Bihar Council. He chose to go with the nationalists and joined Congress, which wanted him not only because he was valued as an able spokesperson for the depressed classes, but also that he could counter Ambedkar; he was elected to the Bihar assembly in 1937. However, he resigned his membership on the issue of irrigation .

      In 1935, he contributed to the establishment of the 'All-India Depressed Classes League', an organization dedicated to attaining equality for untouchables. He was also drawn into the Indian National Congress, in the same year he proposed a resolution in the 1935 session of the Hindu Mahasabha demanding that temples and drinking water wells be opened up to Dalits. and in the early 1940s was imprisoned twice for his active participation in the Satyagraha and the Quit India Movements. He was among the principal leaders who publicly denounced India's participation in the World War II between the European nations and for which he was imprisoned in 1940.

      Parliamentary career

      In 1946 he became the youngest minister in Jawaharlal Nehru's provisional government and also the subsequent First Indian Cabinet, as a Labour Minister, where he is credited for laying the foundation for several labour welfare policies in India. He was a part of the prestigious high profile Indian delegation that attended to attend the International Labour Organization (ILO)'s International Labour Conference on 16 August 1947 in Geneva along with the great Gandhian Bihar Bibhuti Dr. Anugrah Narayan Sinha his chief political mentor and also the then head of the delegation, and few days later he was elected President of the ILO.

       He served as Labour minister until 1952, later h

      In Indira Gandhi's government he worked as minister for Labour, employment, and rehabilitation (1966–67), and Union minister for Food and agriculture (1967–70), where he is best remembered for having successfully led the Green Revolution during his tenure. When the Congress Party split in 1969, Jagjivan Ram joined the camp led by Indira Gandhi, and became the president of that faction of Congress.

      He worked as the Minister of Defence (1970–74) making him the virtual No. 2 in the cabinet, minister for Agriculture and irrigation (1974–77).

      It was during his tenure as the minister of Defence that the Indo-Pakistani War of 1971 was fought, and Bangladesh achieved independence.

      While loyal to Prime Minister Indira Gandhi for most of the Indian Emergency, in 1977 he along with five other politicians resigned from the Cabinet and formed the Congress for Democracy party, within the Janata coalition.

      A few days before the elections,  Jagjivan Ram addressed an Opposition rally at the famous Ram Lila Grounds in Delhi. The national broadcaster Doordarshan allegedly attempted to stop crowds from participating in the demonstration by telecasting the blockbuster movie Bobby. The rally still drew large crowds, and a newspaper headline the next day ran "Babu beats Bobby" . He was the Deputy Prime Minister of India when Morarji Desai was the Prime Minister, from 1977 to 1979, though initially reluctant to join the cabinet, and was not present at the oath-taking ceremony on 27 March 1977; he eventually did so at the behest of Jai Prakash Narayan, who insisted that his presence for necessary, "not just as an individual but as a political and social force" and took oath later on. However, he was once again given the defence portfolio. Disillusioned with the Janata party he formed his own party, the Congress (J). He remained a member of Parliament till his death in 1986, after over forty years as a parliamentarian. He was elected from Sasaram parliament constituency in Bihar. His uninterrupted representation in the Parliament from 1936 to 1986 was a world record, until Tony Benn overtook him by serving 51 years (1950–2001) in the British parliament. .

      Positions held

      Union Minister of Labour, 1946-1952.
      Union Minister for Communications, 1952-1956.
      Union Minister for Transport and Railways, 1956-1962.
      Union Minister for Transport and Communications, 1962-1963.
      Union Minister for Labour, Employment and Rehabilitation, 1966-1967.
      Union Minister for Food and Agriculture, 1967-1970.
      Union Minister of Defence, 1970–1974, 1977-1979.
      Union Minister of Agriculture and Irrigation, 1974-1977.
      Founding Member, Congress for Democracy party (aligned with Janata Party), 1977.
      Deputy Prime Minister of India, March 23, 1977-August 22, 1979.
      Founder, Congress (J).
      He served as President of the Bharat Scouts and Guides from September 1976 to April 1983.[

      Personal life

      In August 1933 his first wife died after a brief illness, thereafter in June 1935 he married Indrani Devi, a daughter of Dr. Birbal, a well-known social worker of Kanpur, and the couple had two children, Suresh Kumar and Meira Kumar.


      The place he was cremated has been turned into the memorial Samatha Sthal, and his birth anniversary is observed as Samatha Diwas., (Equality Day) in India, his centenary celebrations were held all over the nation in 2008, especially at his statues at the Parliament and at Nizam College; demands for awarding him posthumous Bharat Ratna have being raised from time to time HyderabadAndhra University which had conferred an honorary doctorate on him in 1973, and in 2009 on the occasion of his 102nd birth anniversary, his statue was unveiled on the university premises .

      His daughter, Meira Kumar, is a prominent INC leader, who has won his former seat Sasaram, both 2004 and 2009 and was later the Minister for Social Justice in the Manmohan Singh government (2004 - '09), thereafter she became the Speaker of Lok Sabha in 2009. To propagate his ideologies, the 'Babu Jagjivan Ram National Foundation', has been set up by Ministry of Social JusticeGovt. of India in Delhi.

      • Ram, Jagjivan; Shachi Rani Gurtu (1951). Jagjivan Ram on labour problems. Ram.
      • Ram, Jagjivan (1980). Caste challenge in India. Vision Books.

      Kanshi Ram

      From Wikipedia
      Kanshi Ram
      Founder and National president of the Bahujan Samaj Party
      In office
      14 April 1984 – 18 September 2003
      Succeeded byMayawati
      Member of the Indian Parliament
      for Hoshiarpur
      In office
      Preceded byKamal Chaudhry
      Succeeded byKamal Chaudhry
      Member of the Indian Parliament
      for Etawah
      In office
      Preceded byRam Singh Shakya
      Succeeded byRam Singh Shakya
      Personal details
      Born15 March 1934
      Khawaspur village, Rupnagar districtPunjab, India
      Died9 October 2006 (aged 72)
      New Delhi
      Political partyBahujan Samaj Party
      Kanshi Ram (15 March 1934 – 9 October 2006), also known as Bahujan Nayak or Saheb, was an Indian politician and social reformer who worked for the upliftment and political mobilisation of the Bahujans, the untouchable groups at the bottom of the caste system in India. Towards this end, Kanshi Ram founded Dalit Shoshit Samaj Sangharsh Samiti (DS-4), the All India Backward and Minority Communities Employees' Federation (BAMCEF) in 1971 and the Bahujan Samaj Party (BSP) in 1984. He ceded leadership of the BSP to his protégé Mayawati who has served four terms as Chief Minister of Uttar Pradesh.

      Early life

      Kanshi Ram was born on 15 March 1934 in Khawaspur village, Ropar district, to a Ramdasia Chamar Sikh family. The Ramdasias are a Dalit sect but in Punjab at that time there was relatively little stigma attached to being an untouchable.


      Kanshi Ram joined the offices of the Explosive Research and Development Laboratory in Pune. In 1964 during his time there, he joined the agitation started by SCEWASTAMB (All India Federation of Scheduled Caste/Tribes Backward Class & Minorities Employees Welfare Associations) of Government of India to prevent the abolition of a holiday commemorating B. R. Ambedkar's birthday.
      In 1978, Ram formed BAMCEF, a non-political, non-religious and non-agitational organisation with wings like BVF, Brotherhood Center and Buddhist Research Center.
      Later, in 1981, Ram formed another social organisation known as Dalit Shoshit Samaj Sangharsh Samiti (DS4). He started his attempt of consolidating the Dalit vote and in 1984 he founded the Bahujan Samaj Party (BSP). The BSP found success in Uttar Pradesh, initially struggled to bridge the divide between Dalits and Other Backward Classes but later under leadership of Mayawati bridged this gap.
      In 1982 he wrote his book The Chamcha Age (an Era of the Stooges) and in it he used of the term chamcha (stooge) for Dalit leaders who for their selfish motives work for parties like the Indian National Congress (INC) such as Jagjivan Ram or Ram Vilas Paswan and for Bharatiya Janata Party (BJP)[ keeping in ethical context with Ambedkar's book What Gandhi and the Congress Have Done to the Untouchables to the politics of Dalit liberation.
      However, it was in 1986 when he declared his transition from a social worker to a politician by stating that he was not going to work for/with any other organization other than the BSP. During the meetings and seminars of the party, Ram stated to ruling classes that if they promised to do something, it would pay to keep the promise, or else just accept that they were not capable of fulfilling their promises.
      After forming BSP Ram said the party would fight first election to lose, next to get noticed and the third election to win. In 1988 he contested Allahabad seat up against a future Prime Minister V. P. Singh and performed impressively but lost polling close to 70,000 votes.
      He unsuccessfully contested from East Delhi (Lok Sabha constituency) in 1991 and came at fourth position. Then he represented the 11th Lok Sabha from Hoshiarpur,Kanshiram was also elected as member of Lok Sabha from Etawah in Uttar Pradesh. In 2001 he publicly announced Mayawati as his successor.
      In the late 1990s, Ram described the BJP as the most corrupt (mahabrasht) party in India and the INC, Samajwadi Party and Janata Dal as equally corrupt.

      Proposed conversion to Buddhis

      In 2002, Ram announced his intention to convert to Buddhism on 14 October 2006, the 50th anniversary of Ambedkar's conversion. He intended for 20,000,000 of his supporters to convert at the same time. Part of the significance of this plan was that Ram's followers include not only untouchables, but persons from a variety of castes, who could significantly broaden Buddhism's support. However, he died 9 October 2006.
      Mayawati his successor said "Saheb Kanshi Ram and I had decided that we will convert and adopt Buddhism when we will get "absolute majority" at the Centre. We wanted to do this because we can make a difference to the religion by taking along with us millions of people. If we convert without power then only we two will be converting. But when you have power you can really create a stir," she said.


      Ram was a diabetic. He suffered a heart attack in 1994, an arterial clot in his brain in 1995, and a stroke in 2003.
      He died in New Delhi on 9 October 2006 of a severe heart attack. He had been virtually bed-ridden for more than two years.
      According to his wishes, his funeral rites were performed as per Buddhist tradition, with Mayawati lighting the pyre. His ashes were placed in an urn and kept at Prerna Sthal, where many people paid their respects.
      In his condolence message, Indian Prime Minister Manmohan Singh described Ram as "one of the greatest social reformers of our time .. his political ideas and movements had a significant impact on our political evolution ... He had a larger understanding of social change and was able to unite various underprivileged sections of our society and provide a political platform where their voices would be heard." Under Ram's leadership, the BSP won 14 parliamentary seats in the 1999 federal elections.

      K. Pratibha Bharati

      K. Pratibha Bharati
      Speaker of Andhra Pradesh Legislative Assembly
      In office
      1999 - 2004
      Preceded byYanamala Rama Krishnudu
      Succeeded byK. R. Suresh Reddy
      Personal details
      Born6 February 1956
      Kavali, Srikakulam district
      Political partyTelugu Desam Party
      K. Pratibha Bharati (born 6 February 1956) is a politician from the Indian state of Andhra Pradesh.She is a former speaker of the Andhra Pradesh Legislative Assembly (1999-2004). She was the first woman speaker in Andhra Pradesh's history. She was Minister of Social Welfare 1983, 1985 and 1994 and 1998 of Higher Education. She is a member of India Regional party named Telugu Desam

      Pratibha Bharati was born into a politically active Dalit family in Kavali in the Srikakulam district. Her father (K. Punnaiah) and grandfather (K. Narayana) had previously served as Members of the Legislative Assembly

      Lahori RamEconomic Devolpment Commisioner, California

      NameKumari Selja
      Constituency from which I am electedAmbala
      Father's NameLate Choudhury Dalbir Singh
      Mother's Name
      Date of Birth9/24/1962
      Birth PlaceChandigarh
      Maritial StatusUnmarried
      Date of Marriage-NA-
      No. of ChildrenNo.of Sons:0   No.of Daughters:0
      State NameHaryana
      Party NameIndian National Congress
      Permanent Address87, Durrand Road,Ambala Cantt. HaryanaTel. (0171) 2631272
      Present Address7, Motilal Nehru Marg,New Delhi - 110 011Tels (011) 23061242, 23061928, 23384173 (O) Telefax: (011) 23018074, 23018269 (R), Fax: (011) 23061780 (O)
      Educational QualificationsM.A., M.Phil. Educated at Convent of Jesus & Mary, New Delhi, Graduation and Post-graduation from Panjab University, Chandigarh
      Positions Held
      1/1/1990Joint Secretary, All India Mahila Congress
      1/1/1991Elected to 10th Lok Sabha
      1/2/1991Member, Executive Commitee, Congress Parliamentary Party
      1/1/1992Union Deputy Minister, Deptt. of Education & Culture, Ministry of Human Resource Development
      1/1/1995Union Minister of State,Department of Education and Culture,Ministry of Human Resource Development
      1/1/1996Re-elected to 11th Lok Sabha (2nd term)
      3/3/1996Member, Executive Committee, Congress Parliamentary Party
      4/1/1996Secretary and Spokesperson, All India Congress Committee
      1/1/2004Re-elected to 14th Lok Sabha (3rd term)
      2/1/2004Union Minister of State (Independent Charge) Ministry of Housing and Urban Poverty Alleviation
      1/1/2005Elected Member of the Governing Board of Commonwealth Local Government Forum
      1/1/2007Elected President of 21st Governing Council of UN Habitat for a two year term
      1/1/2009Re-elected to 15th Lok Sabha (4th term)
      2/1/2009Union Cabinet Minister, Housing and Urban Proverty Alleviation and Tourism
      1/1/2011Union Cabinet Minister, Minister of Housing and Urban Poverty Alleviation
      1/2/2011Union Cabinet Minister, Culture
      Social and Cultural ActivitiesWorked for empowerment of Women and for upliftment of marginal and disadvantaged groups
      Special InterestsContemporary economic and political issues, inclusive growth and environmental concerns in the developing world and habitat and related issues facing the urban poor
      Sports and ClubsMember, (i) Army Golf Club; (ii) India Habitat Centre; and (iii) India International Centre
      Favourite Pastimes and RecreationReading on socio-economic, environmental and habitat related issues, travelling to untouched destinations, listen to all genres of music
      Countries VisitedWidely travelled
      Other InformationMember, Commonwealth Women Parliamentarian Steering Committee to represent India Region of Commonwealth Parliamentary Association; Elected Chairperson of the Commonwealth Consultative Group on Human Settlements (CCGHS)

      Selja Kumari was born in New Delhi to the Dalit leader Chaudhary Dalbir Singh. She studied at the Convent of Jesus and Mary, New Delhi and has a M.Phil from Punjab University

      Political career

      She began her political career in the Mahila Congress becoming its President in 1990. One of the seniormost dalit leaders within the Congress party, she was elected to the 10th Lok Sabha in 1991 from Sirsa in Haryana. She was Union Minister of State for Education and Culture in the Narasimha Rao-led Congress government. Despite the Congress debacle in Haryana in 1996, she was re-elected to the 11th Lok Sabha.

      In 2004, she was elected to the Lok Sabha representing the Ambala constituency of Haryana. She was Union Minister of State (Independent Charge) Ministry of Housing and Urban Poverty Alleviation in the Manmohan Singh-led UPA government.On 16 May 2009, she was once again re-elected from the same constituency, making this her second consecutive victory from Ambala and was given an elevation to Cabinet rank holding portfolios of Housing and Urban Poverty Alleviation and Culture.
      NameSmt. Meira Kumar
      Constituency from which I am electedSasaram
      Father's NameLate Shri Jagjivan Ram
      Mother's NameSmt. Indrani Devi
      Date of Birth3/31/1945
      Birth PlacePatna (Bihar)
      Maritial StatusMarried
      Date of Marriage11/29/1968
      Spouse NameShri Manjul Kumar
      No. of ChildrenNo.of Sons:1   No.of Daughters:2
      State NameBihar
      Party NameIndian National Congress
      Permanent Address
      Present Address(i) 20, Akbar Road, New Delhi - 110 011 Tels. (011) 23014011, 23014022 Fax. (011) 23016212
      Educational QualificationsM.A., LL.B, Advanced Diploma in Spanish Educated at Indraprastha College and Miranda House, University of Delhi (Delhi) and Madrid (Spain)
      Positions Held
      1/1/1985Elected to 8th Lok Sabha
      1/1/1990General-Secretary, All India Congress Committee (A.I.C.C.)
      1/1/1994Member, Congress Working Committee (C.W.C.)
      1/1/1996Re-elected to 11th Lok Sabha (2nd term)
      1/2/1996Member, Public Accounts Committee
      1/3/1996Member, Consultative Committee, Ministry of External Affairs
      1/3/1996Member, Joint committee on the Empowerment of Women and its Sub-Committee on Education and Health Programmes for Women
      1/4/1996Member, Committee on Home Affairs and its Sub-Committee on Personnel policy of Central Para- Military Forces (CPMFs)
      1/1/1998Re-elected to 12th Lok Sabha (3rd term)
      1/1/2004Re-elected to 14th Lok Sabha (4th term)
      1/3/2004Union Cabinet Minister, Social Justice and Empowerment
      1/4/2004Union Cabinet Minister, Water Resources
      1/5/2004Member, Inter-Parliamentary Union
      1/6/2004President, Executive Committee, Indian Parliamentary Group
      1/1/2009Re-elected to 15th Lok Sabha (5th term)
      1/2/2009Speaker, Lok Sabha
      1/3/2009Chairperson, Rules Committee
      1/1/2010Chairperson, Standing Committee, CSPOC
      Social and Cultural ActivitiesPresident (i) All India Samta Movement (also its Founder)1990 ; (ii) RVAKV Society (Institute of Blind Girls),1992-98; (iii) Ravidas Smarak Society, Varanasi, 2000; (iv) Jagjivan Seva Ashram, Sasaram, 2002;Chairperson(i) Meera Kala Mandir, Udaipur, 2000; and (ii) Jagjivan Ram Sanatorium, Dehri-on-Sone,2002; Vice-Chairperson, Rajendra Bhawan Trust, Delhi, 1987; Managing Trustee, Jagjivan Ashram Trust, Delhi, 1985-2004; Member (i) Senate, Bihar University, 1969-71; (ii)Supreme Court Bar Association, 1980; (iii) Senate, Punjab University, 1987-91; (iv) Governing Body, Indian Council of Cultural Relations (I.C.C.R.), 1987-92; (v) Central Advisory Board of Education, 1986-89 and 2004 onwards; (vi) Advisory Council, Delhi Development Authority, 1998-99; (vii) National Commission on Population (current); and (viii) National Integration Council (current)
      Special InterestsVisiting old Monuments, Indian Textiles and Craft
      Sports and ClubsRifle shooting and equestrian; Member (i) India International Centre, New Delhi; (ii) India Habitat Centre, New Delhi; and (iii) National Sports Club of India, New Delhi
      Favourite Pastimes and RecreationReading and Indian classical music
      Countries VisitedWidely travelled
      Other Information
      Leader, Indian Parliamentary Delegation to (i) Nairobi, Kenya, September, 2010; (ii) Berne and Geneva, July, 2010; (iii) Mongolia, June, 2010; (iv) Hungary and Luxembourg, June, 2010; (v) Bhutan, May, 2010; (vi) Swaziland, May, 2010; (vii) Bangkok, March-April, 2010; (viii) Mauritius, January, 2010; (ix) New York, November, 2009; (x) Geneva, October, 2009; (xi) Tanzania, September-October, 2009; (xii) Rome, September, 2009; (xiii) Austria, September 2009; ; and (xiv) Detroit, USA for Conference on Democracy; Head, Congress Party Delegation to (i) inaugurate Indian National Congress of America, San Francisco; (ii) World Conference on Solidarity with Cuba, Havana; (iii) POSSAC Conference, Athens, Greece; and (iv)Indian Non-Government Delegation to UN Preparatory Committee Conference against Racism, Racial Discrimination, Xenophobia and Related Intolerance, Geneva; Member (i) Congress Party Delegation to Mauritius for MMM Conference; (ii) Indian Delegation to the UN General Assembly; (iii) All Party Delegation of MPs to Conference on Towards Détente in the Sub-Continent, Pakistan; (iv) Official delegation accompanying the President of India on State visit to Mauritius; and (v) Indian Delegation to Peoples Democratic Republic of Yemen and Yemen Arab Republic; accompanied the then President of India, Dr. Abdul Kalam on State visit to Tanzania and South Africa; actively participating in movements pertaining to social reforms, human rights and democracy; as Chairperson, National Drought Relief Committee of the Congress Party during the century`s worst drought in 1967, launched a Family Adoption Scheme under which drought-affected families were adopted by affluent families; joined IFS in 1973 and resigned in 1985; served in Embassy of India, Madrid (Spain), 1976-77; High Commision of India, London, 1977-79 and Ministry of External Affairs, 1980-85; being committted to human rights and abolition of caste system, visited every place where atrocities were committed against Scheduled Castes and Scheduled Tribes during the last 20 years; held meetings/ demonstrations, courted arrest and filed Public Interest Litigation cases in Supreme Court to ensure justice to them; Member (i) Court of Jawaharlal Nehru University, 1998-99; (ii) Court of University of Delhi since 1996-98; and (iii) Rajghat Samadhi Committee, 1998-99; (iv) Inter-Parliamentary Group, 1985; (v) Telephone Advisory Committee, 1997-98; and (vi) ZRUCC (Main) Delhi, Ministry of Railways, 1998-99.

      Mayawati Kumari - President of Bahujan Samaj Party 
      .Mayawati Kumari
      • 23rd, 24th, 30th and 32nd
      • Chief Minister of Uttar Pradesh
      Assumed office
      13 May 2007
      Preceded byMulayam Singh Yadav
      In office
      3 May 2002 – 29 August 2003
      Preceded byPresident's rule
      Succeeded byMulayam Singh Yadav
      In office
      21 March 1997 – 21 September 1997
      Preceded byPresident's rule
      Succeeded byKalyan Singh
      In office
      3 June 1995 – 18 October 1995
      Preceded byMulayam Singh Yadav
      Succeeded byPresident's rule
      Personal details
      Born15 January 1956 (1956-01-15) (age 55)
      New Delhi
      Political partyBahujan Samaj Party
      RelationsSix brothers and two sisters
      Alma materUniversity of Delhi
      Meerut University
      Mayawati (Hindi: मायावती) (born 15 January 1956) is the Chief Minister of Uttar Pradesh, India. She heads the Bahujan Samaj Party, which represents the Bahujans or Dalits, the weakest strata of Indian society. This is her fourth term as Chief Minister of Uttar Pradesh. An icon and an inspiration for millions of India's Dalits, who were oppressed by the Hindu upper castes for centuries, she is often referred to as Behen-ji, which means sister.

      Mayawati's rise from humble beginnings has been called a "miracle of democracy" by P. V. Narasimha Rao, former Prime Minister of India. In 1993 she formed a coalition with the Samajwadi Party and emerged, at 39, the youngest chief minister of Uttar Pradesh and the first Dalit woman Chief Minister in India In 1997 and in 2002, she was Chief Minister in coalition with the Bharatiya Janata Party, the second time for a full term. In two of these coalitions, she withdrew her support halfway through the term.

      Mayawati's tenure has attracted considerable controversy. She is now India's richest Chief Minister The rise in her personal wealth and that of her party are described by critics as indicators of corruption. Acts such as pulling down a stadium to build a monument to leaders of her party, including herself, are seen as whimsical and arbitrary, and her style has been compared to "running a fiefdom".

      Personal life

      Personal life

      Mayawati was born in New Delhi at Shrimati Sucheta Kriplani Hospital, to Ram Rati and Prabhu Das. Mayawati's father Prabhu Das was a post office employee at BadalpurGautam Buddha NagarPrabhu Das, retired as section head from Postal department, Government of India. Badalpur, Gautam Buddha Nagar, Uttar Pradesh is her ancestral village.Her family belonged to the scheduled caste Hindu Jatav subcaste of the Chamar community.The "family's small income" was spent on sending the sons to private schools while the daughters went to "low-performing government schools".

      Mayawati was a good student and did two degrees – a Bachelors of Arts and an LL.B. (Law) from Kalindi Women's College under the University of Delhi. Subsequently, she did her B.Ed from VMLG College, GhaziabadShe was working as a teacher in Inderpuri JJ Colony, Delhi, and studying for the Indian Administrative Services exams, when Dalit politician Kanshi Ram came to their house in 1977. According to biographer Ajoy Bose, Kanshi Ram said, "I can make you such a big leader one day that not one but a whole row of IAS officers will line up for your orders." She was part of Kanshi Ram's team when he founded the Bahujan Samaj Party (BSP) in 1984. In 1989 she was elected to the parliament from Bijnor.

      At Kanshi Ram's funeral ceremonies in 2006, Mayawati said they had both been following Buddhist traditions and customs. Her act of performing the last rites of Kanshi Ram (Hindi: दाह-संस्कार, traditionally done by a male heir) was an instance of their views against gender discrimination. She has indicated that she may formally convert to Buddhism at some point.

      She worked as a teacher in Delhi (Inderpuri JJ Colony). In 1977, Dalit politician Kanshi Ram became very influential in her life resulting in her joining his core team when he founded the Bahujan Samaj Party (BSP) in 1984. Shortly after, she changed her career path and entered politics full time.

      At Kanshi Ram's funeral ceremonies in 2006, Mayawati said they had both been following Buddhist traditions and customs. Her act of performing the last rites (Hindi: दाह-संस्कार) of Kanshi Ram has set an example of her and Kanshi Ram's views against gender discrimination. She said that she will convert to Buddhism after getting an absolute majority at the Centre.

      Political career

      In 1984 Kanshi Ram founded the BSP as a party to represent the Dalits and Buddhists. Mayawati was a key member of this organization. BSP fielded Mayawati for its first election campaign from the Kairana Lok Sabha (Lower House) seat in the Muzaffarnagar district in 1984, and then again for the Lok Sabha seats of Bijnor in 1985 and Haridwar in 1987. In 1989 she was elected for Loksabha seat of Bijnor with a total of 1,83,189 votes.

      Although BSP did not win, the electoral experience led to considerable activity for Mayawati over the next five years, as she worked with Mahsood Ahmed and other organizers. In the 1989 election, the party won 9% of the popular vote and 13 seats. It won 11 seats in the 1991 election. Because the Dalits are widely spread over the state, Kanshi Ram and Mayawati then adopted a policy of attracting other groups, which continues today.

      Mayawati won for the first time in the Lok Sabha elections of 1989 from Bijnor. In 1995, while a member of the Rajya Sabha (Upper House), she became a Chief Minister in a short-lived coalition government, and validated her position by winning from two constituencies in 1996. She was again Chief Minister for a short period in 1997, and then for a somewhat longer term in coalition with the Bharatiya Janata Party from 2002 to 2003. Before that in 2001 her mentor, Bahujan Samaj Party (BSP) president Kanshi Ram named her as his successor. Mayawati has said in an interview that she has no time for family life or romantic relationships because she wants to focus on her political career and this is why she remains unmarried.

      2007 Uttar Pradesh Assembly elections

      Contrary to some poll predictions, BSP won a majority in the 2007 elections, the first such majority since 1991. Mayawati managed to attract support from Brahmins, Thakurs, Muslims and members of other backward classes. These people voted for a Dalit party for the first time, partly because BSP had offered seats to people from these communities. The campaign was accompanied by a colorful slogan: Haathi nahin, Ganesh hain, Brahma, Vishnu Mahesh Hain: "The elephant (BSP Logo) is really the Lord Ganesha, the trinity of gods rolled into one". Her new slogan invited everyone, including the higher castes, to "come ride the elephant", her party's election symbol.

      Chief Minister, 2007

      Mayawati was sworn in as Chief Minister of Uttar Pradesh for the fourth time on 13 May 2007. She announced an agenda that focused on providing social justice to the weaker sections of society and providing employment instead of distributing money to the unemployed. Her slogan is to make "Uttar Pradesh" ("Northern Province") into "Uttam Pradesh" ("Excellent Province").

      In 2007 Mayawati's government began a major crackdown on irregularities in the recruitment process of police officers recruited during the previous Mulayam Singh government. So far 17,868 policemen have lost their jobs for irregularities in the recruitment process and 25 IPS officers were suspended for their involvement in corruption while recruiting the police constables.Mayawati is instituting reforms to introduce transparency into the recruiting process, including posting results of selection exams online.

      As part of her social reform plans she advocates reservation for the poor among upper castes in addition to reservation for weaker sections of society. Reservation in India is a system whereby a percentage of government positions and seats in all universities are reserved for persons in backward classes and scheduled castes and tribes.

      2009 parliamentary elections

      Mayawati's BSP did not meet expectations[by whom?] in the 2009 general elections. The BSP, which was expected to win more than 35 seats[why?] in Lok Sabha from the state of Uttar Pradesh, succeeded in winning only 20 seats. The BSP obtained the highest percentage (27. 42%) of votes in Uttar Pradesh for any one political party. It was in third position in terms of national polling percentage (6.17%).

      Disproportionate assets case

      Mayawati's assets run into millions of dollars with several properties to her name. In 2007-08 assessment year, Mayawati paid an income tax of Rupees 26 crores, ranking among the top 20 taxpayers in the country. Earlier the CBI had filed a case against her for owning assets disproportionate to her known sources of income. Mayawati described the CBI investigation against her as illegal. Her party asserts that her income comes from gifts and small contributions made by party workers and supporters. Some of the assets uncovered by the CBI in 2003 were:

      1. 41 agricultural plots
      2. 16 residential plots
      3. 7 shops
      4. 3 orchards
      5. 2 shops-cum-residences located in and around Delhi
      6. 1 mansion in her ancestral village of Badalpur, built on a 30,000-square-yard (25,000 m2) estate.

      While the source of the funds was given as voluntary donations, CBI found at least 50 sweepers, hawkers, and rickshaw-pullers who had been asked to open bank accounts and sign blank cheques from which these funds eventually originated.

      Wikileaks allegations

      Diplomatic cables published in 2011 through Wikileaks detailing the opinions of American civil servants asserted that Mayawati ran all governmental decisions through her small group of advisors and that she employed food tasters for security.The diplomatic cables also alleged that Mayawati sent a private jet to Mumbai to retrieve some sandals. Mayawati responded to the cables by saying that the statements they presented were baseless.


      In her tenures as a Chief Minister, Mayawati erected number of statues of Buddhist and Dalit icons like Bhimrao Ambedkar, Shahuji Maharaj, Gautam Buddha, BSP founder Kanshi Ram, and of herself. The statues and the memorial parks in which they are erected are said to have cost the state Rs. 2000 crore. The Supreme Court of India admitted a Public Interest Litigation questioning this expenditure. She maintains that the statues are symbols of Dalit assertion and the expenditure was required because the past governments did not show respect towards Dalit icons, in whose memory nothing was ever built. In February 2010, Mayawati's government approved a plan for a special police force to protect the statues. She feared that her political opponents might demolish the statues. There are incidents of vandalis

      Mallikarjun Kharge

      Mallikarjun Kharge
      Minister for Labour and Employment
      Assumed office
      29 May 2009
      Prime MinisterManmohan Singh
      Preceded byOscar Fernandes

      Personal details
      Born21 July 1942 (age 70)
      Warwatti, Bidar, India
      Political partyINC
      Spouse(s)Radhabai Kharge
      Mallikarjun Kharge, (born 21 July 1942) is an Indian politician and currently the Union Minister of Labour and Employment of the Republic of India. He is a member of the 15th Lok Sabha of India. He represents the Gulbarga constituency of Karnataka and is a member of the Indian National Congress (INC) political party.
      He is a senior Karnataka politician and was the Leader of the Opposition in the Karnataka Legislative Assembly prior to contesting the 2009 General Elections. Prior to that he was the President of Karnataka Pradesh Congress Committee during the 2008 Karnataka State Assembly Elections.
      He has won elections for a record 10 consecutive times having won the Assembly elections for an unprecedented 9 consecutive times (1972, 1979, 1983, 1985, 1989, 1994, 1999, 2004, 2008) and the recent 2009 General Elections from Gulbarga. Kharge is considered a competent leader with a clean public image and well versed in the dynamics of politics, legislation and administration.

      Mallikarjun Kharge was born in Warwatti, Karnataka to Mapanna Kharge and Sabavva. He finished his schooling from Nutan Vidyalaya in Gulbarga and went on to obtain a Bachelor of Arts degree from the Government College, Gulbarga and his Law degree from the Seth Shankarlal Lahoti Law College in Gulbarga. He started his legal practise as a junior in Justice Shivraj Patil's office and fought cases for labour unions early in his legal career.Early life and background

      Early career

      Kharge started his political career as a student union leader while in the Government College, Gulbarga when he was elected as the General Secretary of the students' body. In 1969, he became the legal advisor to the MSK Mills Employees' Union. He was also an influential labour union leader of Samyukta Majdoor Sangha and led many agitations fighting for the rights of labourers. In 1969, he joined the Indian National Congress and became President of the Gulbarga City Congress Committee

      Political career

      He first contested for the Karnataka State Assembly elections in 1972 and won from Gurmitkal constituency.

      In 1973, he was appointed as the Chairman of the Octroi Abolition Committee which went into the question of revitalising the economy of the municipal and civic bodies in the state of Karnataka. Based on its report, the then Devaraj Urs Government abolished the levy of octroi at multiple points.

      In 1974, he was appointed as the Chairman of State owned Leather Development Corporation and worked to improve the living conditions of thousands of cobblers who were indulging in leather tanning industry. Work sheds cum residences were built across the state for their benefit during this time.

      In 1976, he was appointed as the Minister of State for Primary Education, during which time, over 16,000 backlog vacancies of SC/STs teachers were filled up by recruiting them directly into the service. Grants under Grant-in-aid code were given to schools run by SC/ST managements for the first time.

      In 1978, he was elected for the second time as MLA from Gurmitkal constituency and was appointed as Minister of State for Rural Development and Panchayat Raj in the Devaraj Urs ministry.

      In 1980, he became the Minister for Revenue in the Gundu Rao Cabinet. During this time, the focus was on effective Land Reforms resulting in giving occupancy rights to millions of land-less tillers and labourers. More than 400 land tribunals were constituted to expedite the transfer of land rights to the tillers.

      In 1983, he was elected for the third time to the Karnataka Assembly from Gurmitkal.

      In 1985, he was elected for the fourth time to the Karnataka Assembly from Gurmitkal and was appointed as the Deputy Leader of the Opposition in the Karnataka Assembly.

      In 1989, he was elected for the fifth time to the Karnataka Assembly from Gurmitkal.

      In 1990, he joined Bangarappa’s Cabinet as the Minister for Revenue, Rural Development and Panchayat Raj, portfolios he had held earlier and brought about significant change. Restarting the Land Reforms process that had stopped in the interim, resulted in hundreds of thousands of acres of land being registered in the name of the landless tillers.

      Between, 1992 and 1994, he was the Minister for Co-operation, Medium and Large Industries in the Veerappa Moily Cabinet.

      In 1994, he was elected for the sixth time to the Karnataka Assembly from Gurmitkal and became the Leader of the Opposition in the Assembly.

      In 1999, he was elected for the seventh time to the Karnataka Assembly and was a front runner to the post of Chief Minister of Karnataka. He became Minister for Home in the S. M. Krishna Cabinet during a particularly trying time for Karnataka especially the Rajkumar kidnap by the notorious poacher Veerappan and the Cauvery Riots.

      In 2004, he was elected for the eighth consecutive time to the Karnataka Assembly and was once again considered a front runner to the post of the Chief Minister of Karnataka. He became the Minister for Transport and Water Resources in the Dharam Singh led coalition government.

      In 2005, he was appointed as the President of the Karnataka Pradesh Congress Committee. In the Panchayat elections held soon after, Congress won the largest number of seats compared to BJP and JD(S) indicating a revival of the Congress fortunes in the rural areas of Karnataka. .

      In 2008, he was elected for the record ninth consecutive time to the Assembly from Chitapur. Though the Congress party put up a better show when compared to the 2004 elections, the Congress lost the elections with a majority of the senior leaders losing. He was appointed as the Leader of the Opposition for the second time in 2008. In 2009, Kharge contested the General Elections from Gulbarga Parliamentary constituency and won his tenth consecutive election.

       Union Minister

      In May, 2009, Kharge was appointed as the Minister for Labour and Employment in Manmohan Singh Cabinet.

       Philanthropic and Social Activities

      He is the Founder-Chairman of Siddharth Vihar Trust that has built the inspiring Buddha Vihar in Gulbarga, India. The Buddhist Temple was inaugurated by the President of India on January 7, 2009.

      The idol of Buddha was consecrated by The Dalai Lama on January 19, 2009 along with several religious leaders including the Sri Sri Ravi Shankar, Murugha Rajendra Sharanaru of Chitradurga, Chennamalla Swamiji of Manavdharma Peeta Nidumamidi, Robert Michel Miranda, the Bishop of Gulbarga, Sharanabasappa Appa of Sharanabasaveshwara Samsthana.

      He is the Patron of Chowdiah Memorial Hall which is one of the premier concert and theater venues in Bangalore and helped the centre get over its debts and aided the centre’s plans for renovation.

      Personal life

      Mallikarjun Kharge is married to Radhabai and has 5 children - 2 daughters and 3 sons.

      Dinanath Bhaskar 

      Dinanath Bhaskar (born 10 March 1963) has been a member of the Bahujan Samaj Party and a minister of Uttar Pradesh state in India. He is a and was a close associate of Kanshi Ram. He is currently in the Bhartiya Janata Party (BJP). He was the health minister during the Samajwadi Party-BSP coalition government of Uttar Pradesh in 1993 and later quit the BSP to join the Samajwadi Party in 1996.
      In the 2017 state elections, Bhaskar was elected as Member of the Legislative Assembly (MLA) for Aurai constituency as a BJP candidate. This was his third successful election to the Uttar Pradesh Legislative Assembly.

      Early life

      Dinanath Bhaskar delivering speech
      In Jan Sabha
      Dinanath Bhaskar was born on 10 March 1963 in Khetarpala village, Chandauli district. He began his political career as a member of the Bahujan Samaj Party (BSP). He won the Legislative Assembly elections from the Chandauli constituency in 1993 on a BSP ticket but left the party after Mayawati accused Mulayam Singh Yadav of trying to induce support from Bhaskar. He joined the Samajwadi Party in 1996 and successfully contested the 2002 Bhadohi elections to become a Member of the Legislative Assembly for a second time. He left the party after being denied a Vidhan Sabha ticket in a 2009 by-election. He then re-joined the BSP and was made Coordinator of Allahabad zone, Mirzapur zone and Varanasi Zone respectively.
      Bhaskar resigned from the BSP on 4 April 2015 and joined the BJP one month later. He has been named as a BJP candidatefor the Uttar Pradesh Legislative Assembly elections due to take place in February/March 2017.

      Offices held

      • 1993 to 1995: Member of Legislative Assembly Chandauli[7]
      • 2002 to 2007: Member of Legislative Assembly Bhadohi
      • 1993: Health Minister and Village Development Division (Uttar Pradesh)
      • 2003 to 2004: RES Minister
      • 2004 to 2007: Chairman Scheduled Castes and Scheduled Tribe (SC/ST) Commission, Uttar Pradesh
      • March 2017- present: BJP MLA for Aura

      Manda Krishna Madiga

      • Manda Krishna Madiga (birthname Daruvu Yellaiah; born 7 July 1965) is an Indian politician and activist fighting for the rights of the Madigas through the Madiga Reservation Porata Samiti.
        He added the Madiga surname in 1994.
        Manda Krishna Madiga is an Indian politician and activist fighting for the rights of the madigas. He heads the movement fighting for the rights of the madigas called MRPS. Manda Krishna Madiga leader of the oppressed was born on 7 July 1965 in Madiga family to Komramma and Komraiah in Shayampeta village of Warangal district. The daily experience of caste discrimination, feudal oppression and exploitation of the village life made him to associate with radical movements of the region. His active involvement as a gross root worker and fighter in the movement helped him to learn the role that he can play in the transformation the unequal society. Later his realization of the limitations of the radical movements which are dominated by upper caste pushed him to search for the new path of revolutionary agenda and practice. the post Karamchedu struggles made him to become an active full-time worker and leader in the "Ambedkar Yuvajana Sangam" and "Samatha Sainik Dal" activities across the state against caste atrocities, discrimination and humiliation on Dalits at gross root level

      Nandi Yellaiah

      From Wikipedia
      Nandi Yellaiah
      In office
      2014 - present
      Preceded byManda Jagannatham
      ConstituencyNagar Kurnool
      Personal details
      Born1 July 1942 (age 74)
      Hyderabad, Hyderabad State
      Political partyIndian National Congress
      Children2 sons, 2 daughters
      Nandi Yellaiah (born 1 July 1942) a politician from Indian National Congress party is a Member of the Parliament of Indiarepresenting Nagarkurnool constituency of telangana state in the lok Sabha, the lower house of the Indian Parliament.

      Early life

      He was born in Tajir nagar, Bholakpur, Musheerabad, Dist Hyderabad in Hyderabad State to Nandi Nagaiah. He finished his matriculation.


      He is a 6 term Member of lok sabha. he was elected to 6th,7th,9th,10th,11th lok sabha from siddipet(s.c) parliamentary constituency.He was elected to the 16th Lok Sabha from Nagar Kurnool defeating Manda Jagannatham. he also represented rajya sabha until 2014

      Phool Chand Mullana - President, Haryana Pradesh Congress Committee. Former Education Minister Haryana, India

      Udit Raj

      Udit Raj (born Ram Raj on 1 January 1958) was born in Ramnagar, Uttar Pradesh into a low caste Khatik Hindu family, and studied for BA at Allahabad University. He was selected for the Indian Revenue Service in 1988 and served as the Dy, Commissioner, Joint Commissioner and Addl. Commissioner of Income Tax at New Delhi. On 24 November 2003 he declared his resignation from the Indian government service and formed a political party namely Indian Justice Party. He is a prominent activist working on behalf of India's Dalits, also known as untouchables. After his conversion to Buddhism on November 4, 2001, he changed his name from Ram Raj to Udit Raj.


      He formed Indian Justice Party, The All India Confederation of SC/ST Organisations on 2 October 1997 and in 1996 founded the Lord Buddha Club.

      He is a strong advocate of increased Reservation in India for the Scheduled Castes, Scheduled Tribes and Other Backward Classes. Raj has formed partnerships with Christian organizations including the Indian Social Institute and the All India Christian Council. Raj has worked with prominent Christian leaders such as John Dayal and Ambrose Pinto and with Muslim leaders such as Maulana Mahmood Madani, general secretary of the Jamiat-e-Ulama-e-Hind. His Personal Secretary is C. L. Maurya.Besides,He is also a member of National Integretion Council (of the Indian Government).


       Mass Conversions

      On October 27, 2002 Udit Raj organized a controversial conversion ceremony in which thousands of Dalits 'converted' to Buddhism, Islam, and Christianity. He has organized other conversion events including one at Chennai on December 6, 2002. These conversion activities have been criticized by some journalists as "deceptive", "violent" and a "exercise in self-promotion" on the part of Udit Raj, Giriraj Kishore, senior vice president of the Vishwa Hindu Parishad, has been quoted as saying:
      The only purpose of the rally is to establish Ram Raj politically, but he will not be able to gain political mileage. The BJP vote bank is not threatened by this political drama.

      In particular, when he mocked Hindu deities during his conversion speech, as a gesture of how he did not appreciate the religion, his audience was not amused and reacted with hostility. Raj has worked with Christian groups to proselytize Christianity and convert away from Hinduism. Sometimes these prosetylizations are considered illegitimate. Critics have also pointed out that he is usually not coherent in his response to questions as to how conversion will help alleviate the status of the converted.He has organized other conversion events including one at Chennai on December 6, 2002. These conversion ceremonies aroused the ire of Hindu nationalist groups like the Vishwa Hindu Parishad Raj has replied, accusing of Togadia and other Hindu Nationalists fomenting violence against Dalits He reiterated:
      The Jhajjar conversions were a direct reaction to the lynching of Dalits in the region and the confederation will wage a concerted battle against the forces of communalism, especially the VHP.
      Reformist Hindu groups led by Swami Agnivesh, have expressed approval of the mass conversions, claiming that they are "an urgent and necessary cry for social justice".

      Krishna Tirath

      From Wikipedia,

      Krishna Tirath
      Smt. Krishna Tirath
      Constituency North West Delhi
      Personal details
      Born (1955-03-03) 3 March 1955 (age 57)
      Karol Bagh, New Delhi
      Political party INC
      Spouse(s) Vijay Kumar
      Children 3 daughters
      Residence New Delhi
      As of September 16, 2006

      Krishna Tirath (born 3 March 1955) is a member of the 15th Lok Sabha of India. She represents the North West Delhi constituency of Delhi and is a member of the Indian National Congress (INC) political party.

      She began her political career as a M.L.A in Delhi and was a member of the Delhi Legislative Assembly between 1984-2004. In 1998, she became the Minister for Social Welfare, SC & ST and Labour & Employment in the Sheila Dikshit led Delhi government. The Chief Minister saw her as a part of the dissident group and forced to resign from her post by dissolving her entire Cabinet. On her resignation in 2003, she became Deputy Speaker of the Delhi Assembly.

      In the 2004 elections she trounced Anita Arya of the Bharatiya Janata Party (BJP) and was elected to parliament. In 2009 elections, She again elected from North West Delhi by defeating Meera Kanwaria of BJP

      She has been inducted into Manmohan Singh's cabinet as the Minister for Women and Child Development.

       Minister of Women and Child Development

      As Minister for Women and Child Development, Tirath stated that the government's priorities would be to "support holistic empowerment of women, ensure adequate and universal availability of supplementary nutrition for children, adolescent girls and expectant mothers and build a protective environment for children where they can develop and flourish as responsible and happy citizens of the society."

      Tirath has proposed that working Indian husbands pay a portion of their income to their wives. The goal is to calculate the value of housework, and to socially empower women for the work they do at home.

      In a 2012 meeting with United States Secretary of Health and Human Services Kathleen Sebelius, Tirath stated her concern for malnutrition among children in India. She emphasized the importance of agencies like Integrated Child Development Services for implementing improvements in education, immunization and supplementary nutrition, in order to alleviate child mortality

      Mohinder Singh Kaypee

      From Wikipedia

      Mohinder Singh K.P. -Aug.2009
      Mohinder Singh Kaypee (born 7 November 1956) is an Indian politician and member of Indian National Congress. He was a member of the Indian Parliament during previous Congress Regime at Centre and represented Jalandhar (Lok Sabha constituency). But in 2014 Parliamentary elections he lost to BJP Candidate from Hoshiarpur. He also remained MLA and Minister in Captain Amarinder Singh Govt. During 2002-07. 

      Mayawati Kumari – President of Bahujan Samaj Party and Chief Minister UP
      Phool Chand Mullana – President, Haryana Pradesh Congress Committee. Former Education Minister Haryana, India
      Samsher Singh Dulon – Ex President of the Punjab Congress &Ex M.P

        Father's Name Shri Raman Elumalai Date of Birth 24 June 1945 Place of Birth Chengai, Distt. Chingelput (Tamil Nadu) Marital Status Married on 9 August 1967 Spouse's Name Smt. Munirdhinam Children Three daughters and one son Profession Political and Social Worker, Civil Servant Permanent Address 67, Devaraj Nagar P.O. Selaiyur Chennai-600073 (Tamil Nadu) Tels. 2375755(R), 451115(O) Present Address 4, Lodhi Estate, New Delhi-110003 Tels. (011) 4649299, 4649866
      • Positions Held 1989 Founder, General-Secretary, Pattali Makkal
      • Katchi        (P.M.K.)
        1998          Elected to 12th Lok Sabha
        1998          Union Minister of State, Health and Family
        onwards       Welfare (Independent Charge)
        Social and Cultural Activities  
        General-Secretary, Scheduled Castes and Scheduled Tribes
        Employees Association, Tamil Nadu and Pondicherry, 1974;
        Convenor, Dalit People's Front, 1974
        Special Interests  
        Social service
        Countries Visited  
        Japan and Libya; visited Japan to study the problems of the
        Burakumins, counterparts of Indian Dalits, 1985; and visited
        Libya to participate in Social Justice Conference, Tripoli,
        Other Information  
        Served in (i) Postal and Telegraph Department (P&T), 1963-
        87; and (ii) on deputation to Indian Army, 1969-74; awarded
        Sainik Sewa Medal with a Citation by the President of India
        for meritorious service; Secretary, Tamil Nadu Circle Union,
        National Federation of P&T Employees, 1974; participated and
        led various agitations launched by P.M.K., 1989; beaten up
        brutally by Tamil Nadu Police in a P.M.K. rally at Valluvar
        kottam, Chennai, 1995

      Shri D. Raja

      Name Shri D. Raja
      Father's Name Shri P. Doraisamy
      Mother's Name Shrimati Nayagam
      Date of Birth 03/06/1949
      Birth Place Chithathoor, Distt. Vellore (Tamil Nadu)
      Maritial Status Married On 7 January 1990
      Spouse Name Shrimati Aniamma alias Annie Raja
      No. of Children One Daughter
      State Name Tamil Nadu
      Party Name Communist Party of India
      Permanent Address Balan Illam, 19, Chevaliae Sivaji Ganesan Road, South Boag Road, Theagaraya Nagar, Chennai - 600017
      Telephone : {044} 24851616
      Present Address 303, 309 and 310, V.P. House, Rafi Marg, New Delhi - 110001
      Telephone : 23317230, 23752350, Mobile: 9868181991
      Email id
      Educational Qualifications B.Sc., B.Ed. Educated at G.T.M. College, Gudiyattam, Distt. Vellore, affiliated to University of Madras, Chennai and Government Teachers College, affiliated to University of Madras, Chennai

      Profession Political and Social Worker
      Positions Held July 2007 Elected to Rajya Sabha Aug. 2007-May 2009 Member, Committee on Science and Technology, Environment and Forests Member, Consultative Committee for the Ministry of Human Resource Development May 2008 onwards Member, Joint Parliamentary Committee on Security Matters in Parliament House Complex Member, Committee on Rules June 2008 onwards Member, General Purposes Committee July 2008-May 2009 and Jan. 2010 onwards Member, Parliamentary Forum on Global Warming and Climate Change July 2009 onwards Member, Committee on Ethics Aug. 2009 onwards Member, Committee on Home Affairs Member, Committee on the Welfare of Scheduled Castes and Scheduled Tribes Member, Consultative Committee for the Ministry of External Affairs Permanent Special Invitee, Consultative Committee for the Ministry of Human Resource Development Oct. 2009 onwards Member, Joint Committee on Food Management in Parliament House Complex Dec. 2009 onwards Member, Select Committee to examine the Commercial Division of High Courts Bill, 2009 Nov. 2010 onwards Member, Committee on Member of Parliament Local Area Development Scheme (MPLADS) April 2011 onwards Member, Sub-Committee to examine various provisions of the Enemy Property (Amendment & Validation) Second Bill, 2010 of the Committee on Home Affairs May 2011 onwards Member, Committee on the Welfare of Scheduled Castes and Scheduled Tribes Aug. 2012 onwards Member, Committee on Health and Family Welfare

      Freedom Fighter No
      Books Published (i) Dalit Question, 2007 and (ii) The Way Forward: Fight Against Unemployment, a booklet on unemployment; has written a number of articles (in Tamil and English) on various political and social issues in various journals

      Social and Cultural Activities, Literary, Artistic and Scientific Accomplishments and other Special Interests
      Sports, Clubs, Favourite Pastimes and Recreation Reading books
      Countries Visited Erstwhile Soviet Union, U.S.A., France, Portugal, Belgium, U.K., East Germany, Holland, erstwhile Czechoslovakia, Hungary, Poland, Mongolia, Pakistan, Sri Lanka, Nepal, Vietnam, Cuba, China, Democratic Peoples’ Republic of Korea (North Korea), Algeria, Greece, Cyprus, U.A.E., Kuwait and Syria

      Other Information National Secretary, Communist Party of India (CPI) since 1994; General Secretary, All India Youth Federation, 1985-90; was State Secretary (Tamil Nadu), All India Youth Federation, 1975-80; his parents were landless agricultural workers; he was the first graduate in his village

      Shibu Soren

      Chief Minister of Jharkhand
      In office
      30th December 2009 - 20th May 2010
      Preceded by President's Rule
      Constituency Dumka
      Personal details
      Born (1944-01-11) 11 January 1944 (age 68)
      Ramgarh, Jharkhand
      Political party JMM
      Spouse(s) Roopi Soren
      Children 3 sons and 1 daughter
      Residence Bokaro
      As of 25 September, 2006

      Shibu Soren (born 11 January 1944,in Nemra village of Ramgarh district ) is an Indian politician is a former Chief Minister of Jharkhand state in India. He was sworn in as the 7th Chief Minister of Jharkhand on December 30, 2009 after winning the Jharkhand Assembly elections.He resigned on May 30, 2010 after failing to obtain coalition support from the Bharatiya Janata Party, his national party partner. He previously represented the Dumka constituency of Jharkhand in the 14th Lok Sabha, and is the President of the Jharkhand Mukti Morcha (JMM) political party, a constituent of the UPA.

      On January 9, 2009, Soren was defeated in the by-election to the Tamar assembly constituency to political novice Gopal Krishan Patar alias Raja Peter of the Jharkhand Party by a margin of over 9,000 votes. Soren was earlier reappointed as Chief Minister of Jharkhand on August 27, 2008 after his life term in the Shashinath Jha murder case was set aside by the Delhi High Court in August, 2007 citing the CBI as "miserably failing" in proving Soren's involvement in the crime. After the Assembly elections Soren once again formed the Government along with the BJP, and was sworn in as chief minister of Jharkhand on 30 December 2009.

      He was the Minister for Coal in the Union Cabinet in November 2006, when a Delhi district court found him guilty in the murder of his private secretary Shashi Nath Jha in 1994. He has also been indicted in the past on other criminal charges.


      Soren was born in Nemra village of Ramgarh district, in what was, at the time, Bihar state, India. He completed his schooling in the same district.During his schooling his father, a school headmaster, was murdered causing him to leave school to support his family.He started selling wood as a small business.He got married to Roopi Kisku. He has three sons Durga, Hemant, and Basant and a daughter, Anjali.

      Mr. Soren began his political career in the early 1970s and quickly became known as a tribal leader. On 23 January 1975, he allegedly incited a campaign to drive away "outsiders", a term used to describe 'non-tribal'. At least eleven people were killed. However no one was found guilty. Mr. Soren and numerous others were charged with various crimes related to this incident. After extended legal proceedings, Soren was acquitted on March 6, 2008 However, possibly related incitement charges—dating from two yet earlier (1974) deaths—remain pending.

      He lost his first Lok Sabha election in 1977. He was first elected to the Lok Sabha in 1980. In 1986, an arrest warrant was issued against him. He was subsequently elected to the Lok Sabha in 1989, 1991 and 1996 as well. In 2002, he was elected to the Rajya Sabha with the help of the Bharatiya Janata Party. He won the Dumka Lok Sabha seat in a by-election the same year and resigned his Rajya Sabha seat. He was re-elected in 2004.

      He became the Union Coal Minister in the Manmohan Singh government, but was asked to resign following an arrest warrant in his name in the thirty-year old Chirudih case. After the warrant was issued, he initially went underground. He resigned on 24 July 2004. He was able to secure bail after spending over a month in judicial custody; released on bail on September 8, he was re-inducted into the Union Cabinet and given back the coal ministry on 27 November 2004, as part of a deal for a Congress-JMM alliance before assembly elections in Jharkhand in February/March 2005 .

      On 2 March 2005, after much political bargaining and quid pro quo he was invited to form the government in Jharkhand by the Governor of Jharkhand, Syed Sibtey Razi. He resigned as Chief Minister nine days later, on 11 March, following his failure to obtain a vote of confidence in the assembly.

      Life imprisonment and acquittal

      On 28 November 2006, Soren was found guilty in a twelve year old case involving the kidnapping and murder of his former personal secretary Shashinath Jha. It was claimed that Jha was abducted from the Dhaula Kuan area in Delhi on May 22, 1994 and taken to Piska Nagari village near Ranchi where he was killed. The CBI chargesheet stated that Jha's knowledge of the reported deal between the Congress and the JMM to save the then Narasimha Rao government during the July 1993 no-confidence motion and an act of sodomy was the motive behind the murder. The charge-sheet asserted that: "Jha was aware of the illegal transactions and also expected and demanded a substantial share out of this amount from Soren." 
      Soren has resigned from his post of Union Minister for Coal after Prime Minister Manmohan Singh demanded that he do so in the wake of the verdict. This is the first case of a Union Minister of the Government of India being found guilty of involvement in a murder. On 5 December 2006, Shibu Soren was sentenced to life imprisonment. A Delhi court rejected his bail plea, stating: 'We cannot overlook the fact that the appellant (Soren) has been convicted after a detailed and elaborate trial only in November 2006 and sentenced in December 2006.
      The bench also noted that he was also being tried in a number of other cases, including the case of mass murder in Jharkhand. 
      On June 25, 2007, Shibu Soren was being escorted to his jail in Dumka, Jharkhand when his convoy was attacked by bombs, but no one was hurt.
      Subsequently however, the court pulled up the prosecuting attorney, R M Tiwari of the (Central Bureau of Investigation), for "not doing its homework" and presenting weak evidence.
      The Delhi High Court on 23 Aug 2007 overruled the District Court and acquitted Soren, . stating that "the prosecution has miserably failed in bringing home the charge against the accused persons. The trial court's analysis is far from convincing and not sustainable."
      The five men convicted by the Tis Hazari court were held guilty of criminal conspiracy, abduction and murder primarily on the basis of forensic evidence provided by a post-mortem report of a body discovered in Jharkhand, namely a skull superimposition test and skull injury report. This was in addition to eyewitness accounts and some circumstantial evidence. But the DNA that had been extracted from the skeleton did not match Jha's immediate family: in its judgement overruling the district court, the High Court bench wondered how the trial judge could have "ignored the well-established fact that a DNA test is considered conclusive evidence while skull superimposition tests only allude to a probability", concluding that the skeleton was not Jha and that the case reduced to merely circumstantial evidence.

      Lahori Ram Bali – Republican Party Of India, Publisher of B. R. Ambedkar’s Books and Editor In Chief Bheem Patrika, Jalandhar
      R.Chennigaramaiah, Freedom Fighter, First Cabinet Minister in K.C.Reddy Cabinet in 1947(Mysore State)Karnataka
      Ram Lakha- Ex Lord Mayor of Coventry UK
      Late Ram Kishan Perdesi -Councillor southall

      Ram Vilas Paswan

      MP Rajya sabha
      In office
      Succeeded byRam Sundar Das
      Personal details
      Born5 July 1946 (age 66)
      Khagaria, Bihar
      Political partyLJP
      Spouse(s)Reena Paswan, Raj Kumari
      ChildrenChirag Paswan (son) and 3 daughters
      As of September 14, 2009
      Ram Vilas Paswan (born 5 July 1946) is the president of the Lok Janshakti Party and a Rajya Sabha MP.

      Early life and education

      Paswan was born to a Hindu Dusadh familyHe holds a Bachelor of Laws and a Master of Arts degrees from Kosi College, Khagaria and Patna University

      Political career

      Paswan was elected to the Bihar state legislative assembly in 1969 as a member of the Samyukta Socialist Party ("United Socialist Party") from a reserved constituency. In 1974, as an ardent follower of Raj Narayan and Jayaprakash Narayan Paswan became the general secretary of the Lok Dal. He was personally close to the prominent leaders of anti-emergency like Raj Narayan, Karpoori Thakur and Satyendra Narayan Sinha.
      In 1975, when emergency was proclaimed in India, he was arrested and spent the entire period in jail. On being released in 1977, he became a member of the Janata Party and won election to Parliament for the first time on its ticket, and he held the world record for winning election by highest margin. He was re-elected to the 7th Lok Sabha in 1980 and 1984 from Hajipur constituency. In 1983, he established the Dalit Sena, an organization for Dalit emancipation and welfare.
      Paswan was re-elected to the 9th Lok Sabha in 1989 and was appointed Union Minister of Labour and Welfare in the Vishwanath Pratap Singh government. In 1996 he even led the ruling alliance or Proposition in the Lok Sabha as the Prime Minister was a member of the Rajya Sabha. This was also the year when he first became the Union Railway Minister. He continued to hold that post till 1998. Thereafter, he was the Union Communications Minister from October 1999 to September 2001 when he was shifted to the Coal Ministry, the portfolio he held till April 2002.

      In 2000 Paswan broke from the Janata Dal (United), to form the Lok Janshakti Party (LJP). Following the 2004 Lok Sabha elections, Paswan joined the United Progressive Alliancegovernment and was made the Union Minister in Ministry of Chemicals and Fertilizers and Ministry of Steel.

      In the February 2005 Bihar State elections, Paswan's party LJP along with the Indian National Congress contested the election. The result was that no particular party or alliance could form a government by itself. However, Paswan consistently refused to support either Laloo Yadav, whom he accused of being extremely corrupt, or the right-wing National Democratic Alliance thereby creating a stalemate. This stalemate was broken when Nitish Kumar succeeded in persuading 12 members of Paswan's party to defect; to prevent the formation of a right-wing government supported by LJP defectors, the Governor of Bihar, Buta Singh dissolved the state legislature and called for fresh elections, keeping Bihar under President's Rule. In the November 2005 Bihar state elections, Paswan's third-alliance was utterly devastated; the Laloo Yadav-Congress alliance reduced to a minority and the NDA formed the new government.
      Paswan together with Lalu Prasad Yadav (center) and Amar Singh (left) at a party rally in Mumbai during the 2009 general elections.
      Paswan has declared that the Bihar state elections have no influence on the Central Government, which will continue with both him and Laloo Yadav as ministers. Paswan has served as a Union Minster under five different Prime Ministers and holds the distinction of continuously holding on to a cabinet berth in all the Council of Ministers formed since 1996 (as of 2009). He also holds the distinction of being part of all the national coalitions (the United Front, the National Democratic Alliance and the United Progressive Alliance), which have formed the Indian Government from 1996 to 2009.

      For the Indian general election, 2009 Paswan forged an alliance with Lalu Prasad Yadav and his Rashtriya Janata Dal, while dumping their erstwhile coalition partner and leader of the United Progressive Alliance, the Indian National Congress from the new alliance. The duo was later joined by Mulayam Singh's Samajwadi Party and were declared the Fourth Front. He lost the elections from Hajipur to the Janata Dal (United)'s Ram Sundar Das, a former Chief Minister of Bihar for the first time in 33 years. His party the Lok Janshakti Party was not able to win any seats in the 15th Lok Sabha, while his coalition partner Yadav and his party too failed to perform well and were reduced to 4 seats.

      Personal life

      Paswan spent his early years in Shaharbanni village in Khagaria district of Bihar. He was born to a scheduled-caste Dusadh, Dalit family.
      He is married to Reena Sharma-Paswan, an upper-caste Punjabi Brahmin from Amritsar, and they have a son and a daughter. He has two daughters from his first wife Raj Kumari. His son, Chirag Paswan is going to make his Bollywood film debut very soon. In an interview with NDTV, Paswan displayed confidence in the success of his son, he stated "Everybody wants to be the greatest man, but everybody also want that his son should be go on the higher place, and I have full confidence in Chirag that he will do whatever he will do he will be one of the best place"


      While campaigning for Bihar elections in 2005, both Ram Vilas Paswan and Lalu Prasad Yadav used a look-alike of Osama bin Laden to woo Muslim voters. The lookalike would dress like bin Laden, accompany them in their helicopter to various election meetings, share the stage with them and make speeches that attacked the United States for its alleged anti-Muslim activities. Pramod Mahajan, senior leader of the Bharatiya Janata Party, had criticized both leaders for this by saying that they were "glorifying the name of a man who is recognised as the most wanted terrorist in the world

      Ram Sundar Das

        Ram Sundar Das
        18th Chief Minister of Bihar
        In office
        21 April 1979 – 17 February 1980
        Preceded byKarpuri Thakur
        Succeeded byJagannath Mishra
        Personal details
        Born9 January 1921 (age 91)
        Gangajal, Saran district
        Political partyJanata Dal (United)
        Spouse(s)Savita Devi
        As of 18 May, 2010
        Ram Sundar Das (Hindi: राम सुंदर दास) (born 1921) is an Indian politician and a former Chief Minister of Bihar state. He is a leader of the Janata Dal (United) political party. He was the Chief Minister of Bihar from 21 April, 1979 to 17 February, 1980. In 1991, he was elected to the 10th Lok Sabha from Hajipur constituency in Bihar. In 2009, he was re-elected to the 15th Lok Sabha from the same constituency.As the Chief Minister of Bihar he enjoyed the trust and support of top Janata party leaders like Chandra Shekhar Singh and then Bihar Janata Party chief Satyendra Narain Sinha

        Satnam Singh Kainth-Ex M.P.
        Shri Sushil Kumar Sambhajirao Shinde

        Image result for Sushil Kumar Sambhajirao Shinde image

        Shri Sushil Kumar Sambhajirao Shinde
        Constituency from which I am elected
        Father's Name
        Shri Sambhaji Rao Shinde
        Mother's Name
        Smt. Sakhubai
        Date of Birth
        Birth Place
        Solapur (Maharashtra)
        Maritial Status
        Date of Marriage
        Spouse Name
        Smt. Ujwala Shinde
        No. of Children
        No.of Sons:0   No.of Daughters:3
        State Name
        Party Name
        Indian National Congress
        Permanent Address
        19, Ashok Nagar, Vijapur Road,Solapur, Maharashtra
        Present Address
        2, Krishna Menon Marg,New Delhi - 110 003Tels.(011) 23017957, 23017962 (R), 23710411, 23717474, 23719205 (O), 09810113777 (M) Fax. (011) 23710065 (O), 23017965 (R)
        Email id
        Educational Qualifications
        B.A. (Hons.), LL.B. Educated at Sangameshwar and Dayanand College, Solapur, Shivaji University, Kolhapur and New Law College, Mumbai University , Maharashtra
        Positions Held
        Member, Congress Working Committee
        Member, Maharashtra Legislative Assembly (five terms)
        Cabinet Minister, held important portfolios—Finance, Planning, Industry, Urban Development, Youth and Social Welfare, Sports, Transport, Health and Labour, Govt. of Maharashtra
        President, Pradesh Congress Committee (P.C.C.), Maharashtra
        General-Secretary, All India Congress Committee (Indira) [A.I.C.C. (I)]
        Member, Rajya Sabha
        Member, Committee of Privileges Member, Committee on Rules Member, Committee on Defence Member, Consultative Committee, Ministry of Defence
        President, P.C.C., Maharashtra
        Elected to 12th Lok Sabha
        Member, Committee on External Affairs Member, Consultative Committee, Ministry of Defence
        Re-elected to 13th Lok Sabha (2nd term)
        Member, Committee on External Affairs
        General-Secretary, A.I.C.C
        Member, Consultative Committee, Ministry of Information Technology
        Member, Maharashtra Legislative Assembly (6th term)
        1/18/2003Chief Minister, Govt. of Maharashtra
        1/1/2004Member, Maharashtra Legislative Assembly (seventh term)
        1/2/2004Governor, Andhra Pradesh
        1/2/2004Governor, Govt. of Andhra Pradesh
        1/1/2006Member, Rajya Sabha
        1/2/2006Union Cabinet Minister, Power
        1/1/2009Re-elected to 15th Lok Sabha (3rd term)
        2/1/2009Union Cabinet Minister, Power
        Social and Cultural ActivitiesConvenor, Congress Forum for Socialist Action
        Special InterestsReading, Writing and Poetry
        Favourite Pastimes and RecreationReading
        Countries VisitedWidely travelled (over 30 countries); Member,(i) Indian Delegation led by the then Prime Minister of India to the UNO, New York (U.S.A.), on the occasion of its 40th anniversary; (ii) Indian Parliamentary Delegation led by the then President of India to Romania and Bulgaria; (iii) Indian Parliamentary Delegation led by the then Speaker, Lok Sabha, to Israel; (iv) Indian Delegation to the Conference of International Labour Organisation, Geneva, (Switzerland), 1979; and (v) Indian Delegation to UNO, New York (U.S.A.), 1997; Attended and addressed (i) the Indo-American Unity Convention, California (U.S.A.), 1992; and (ii) the Annual Conference of the Labour Party of England, Brighton (U.K.), 1993; (iii) Led Indian delegation to Tajakistan for SCO Meet (India is a observer country), and Led the Indian Power Ministry official delegation to Australia, New Zealand, Canada, Brazil, Japan, North Korea, Sri Lanka, Bangladesh, Bhutan, Germany and Italy
        Recipient of National Citizens Award 1993 and 1994 for his Contribution in the field of Parliamentary Procedure and putting up maximum number of questions; as Finance Minister of Maharashtra, presented nine successive budgets; though belongs to reserved category, contested and won from General seat during the 12th, 13th & 15th Lok Sabha Elections with a margin of over one Lakh four thousand, seventy seven thousand and around one lakh votes respectively.

        Late S. Basant Singh Khalsa-Ex M.P. Ex Minister
        Smt. Santosh Chaudhari- M.P in Rajya Sabha
        Satnam Singh Kainth-Ex M.P.

        Samsher Singh Dulon - Ex President of the Punjab Congress &Ex M.P

        Seelam , Shri Jesudasu 

        Tej Ram Bagha- Councillor Southall

        Thawar Chand Gehlot

        Thawar Chand Gehlot.jpg

        NameShri Thaawar Chand Gehlot
        Father's NameShri Ramlalji Gehlot
        Mother's NameShrimati Suman Bai
        Date of Birth18/05/1948
        Birth PlaceVillage Rupeta (Nagda), Distt. Ujjain (Madhya Pradesh)
        Maritial StatusMarried On 1 May 1965
        Spouse NameShrimati Anita Gehlot
        No. of Childrenone Daughter Three Sons
        State NameMadhya Pradesh
        Party NameBharatiya Janata Party
        Permanent Address46/56 Block, Maharana Pratap Nagar, Nagda Junction, District Ujjain, Madhya Pradesh. 456335
        Telephone : {07366} 246635, Mobile : 09425091516
        Present Address11, Ashoka Road, New Delhi 110001
        Email idtc[dot]gehlot[at]sansad[dot]nic[dot]in
        Educational QualificationsB.A. Educated at Vikram University, Ujjain, Madhya Pradesh
        ProfessionAgriculturist and Business
        Positions Held1980-84, 1990-92 and 1993-96 Member, Madhya Pradesh Legislative Assembly (three terms) 1980-84 and 1990-92 Member, Committee on Estimates Member, Labour Advisory Committee 1990-92 Minister of State, Water Resources, Narmada Valley Development, Panchayat and Rural Development, Antyodaya Programme and Implementation of 20-Point Programme, Government of Madhya Pradesh 1996-97 Member, Eleventh Lok Sabha Member, Committee on Agriculture Member, Consultative Committee for the Ministry of Labour 1996-97, 1998-99, 1999-2000 and 2000-2001 Member, Committee on the Welfare of Scheduled Castes and Scheduled Tribes 1998-99 Member, Twelfth Lok Sabha (second term) Member, Committee on Labour and Welfare Member, Consultative Committee for the Ministry of Industry 1999 Whip, B.J.P. Parliamentary Party in Lok Sabha 1999-2004 Member, Thirteenth Lok Sabha (third term) 1999-2000 Member, Committee on Agriculture 2000-2001 Member, Committee on the Empowerment of Women 2000-2004 Member, Consultative Committee for the Ministry of External Affairs Member, Business Advisory Committee 2004-2009 Member, Fourteenth Lok Sabha (fourth term) Member, Committee on Official Language Member, Committee on Labour April 2012 Elected to Rajya Sabha May 2012 onwards Member, Committee on Labour Member, Committee on the Welfare of Scheduled Castes and Scheduled Tribes
        Freedom FighterNo
        Books Published
        Social and Cultural Activities, Literary, Artistic and Scientific Accomplishments and other Special Interests
        Sports, Clubs, Favourite Pastimes and RecreationSwimming, kabaddi, volleyball and gymnastics; Office bearer, (i) Kabaddi Association and (ii) Shivaji Kreeda Mandal, Nagda, Ujjain; cultural plays, songs and sports
        Countries VisitedU.S.A.; visited as a member of Indian Delegation to United Nations, 1998 and 2007 and Durban, South Africa, 2001
        Other InformationDetained several times in connection with workers' movement during 1968-71 and also remained in judicial custody for about ten months in Bhairavgarh, Distt. Ujjain; detained under the Maintenance of Internal Security Act (M.I.S.A.) in Bhairavgarh, district jail, Ujjain during Emergency, 1975-76; detained in connection with political agitations in Ujjain, Bhopal and Delhi; Conferred, Best Legislator Award by the Madhya Pradesh Legislative Assembly, 19 March 1996; Treasurer, Grasim Engineering Shramik Sangh affiliated to Bharatiya Mazdoor Sangh, 1967-75; Secretary, (i) Chemical Shramik Sangh affiliated to Bharatiya Mazdoor Sangh, 1967-75, (ii) R.S.S. Shakha, Nagda Junction, Distt. Ujjain, Madhya Pradesh and (iii) Bharatiya Janata Yuva Morcha, Madhya Pradesh, 1984-86; represented, Madhya Pradesh Legislative Assembly in Bureau of Parliamentary Studies and Training (B.P.S.T.), 1982; Chief Organiser, Rashtriya Swayamsevak Sangh (R.S.S.) Shakha, Nagda Junctions, Distt. Ujjain, Madhya Pradesh, 1972-77; Nagar Karyavahak, R.S.S. Shakha, Nagda Junction, Distt. Ujjain, Madhya Pradesh; General Secretary and Vice-President, Janata Party (J.P.), Distt. Ujjain (Rural), Madhya Pradesh, 1977-80; Vice-President and State Secretary, Bharatiya Janata Yuva Morcha, Madhya Pradesh, 1983-84 and 1985-86; President, Bharatiya Janata Party, Distt. Ratlam, Madhya Pradesh, 1986-87; National Secretary, B.J.P., 2002-May 2004; Vice-President, B.J.P. and in-charge of North East (excluding Assam); National General Secretary, B.J.P. since 2006 (in-charge of Karanataka and Delhi States) and National In-charge of B.J.P. SC Morcha; Member, (i) R.S.S. Shakha, Nagda Junction, Distt. Ujjain, Madhya Pradesh, 1962-77, (ii) Bharatiya Jana Sangh, 1962-77; (iii) Madhya Pradesh Sansadiya Sangh, 1996, (iv) Board of Patrons, Nagda Balai Samaj Sangathan Samiti, (v) Central Election Committee, B.J.P., since 2010 and (vi) Central Parliamentary Board, B.J.P., since 2010 (in-charge of Uttarakhand); also held various posts in several organisations of Madhya Pradesh Balai Samaj

        Source: Rajya Sabha

        Look back in hatred

        • Sagarika Ghose

        It’s all one skin and bone,

        one piss and shit,

        one blood, one meat.

        From one drop, a universe.

        Who’s a Brahmin? Who’s a shudra?

        So sang Kabir, the Bhakti saint in the 15th century. But Mayawati is not singing any songs. Instead, she’s angry again, raging again, on the warpath again. She has brought a fearsome Jat patriarch to his knees. Perhaps for the first time in the history of caste relations in Uttar Pradesh, an upper-caste senior man has had to fold his hands and apologise to a younger dalit woman. The sheer power of the Dalit political machine was in evidence when Mahendra Singh Tikait, chief of the rowdy Bharatiya Kisan Union, was arrested by Mayawati for daring to make a ‘casteist’ remark. Mayawati is the Dalit ‘virangana’, who swept to power last year, in the 100th year of the 1857 outbreak, as if to say, remember the Dalit warrior heroines or viranganas who fought in that ‘war of independence’ but were never recognised by Manuvadi historians.
        Now the Dalit virangana has another new target. Rahul Gandhi is nothing but an elite prince who has a bath in special soap and cleanse himself by lighting special incense after meeting a dalit, she shouted at a rally on Monday evening. “All he wants is the dalit vote.” Kabir sang songs of love, but is Mayawati becoming imprisoned in songs of hate and fighting a narrow-minded war?
        It is precisely these nasty diatribes that are contributing to the political isolation of a virangana with prime ministerial ambitions. Sonia Gandhi recently declared that Congress workers would all go to jail if need be, under the leadership of Rahul Gandhi, only to save UP from Mayawati. During the Tikait episode, both the Congress and the BJP lined up against Mayawati. Her actions have almost achieved the unthinkable: the Congress and the Samajwadi Party (SP) inching closer together in an attempt to dislodge a ‘common enemy’. The Congress knows that it can’t resurrect itself in UP without rediscovering the Dalit vote. The SP knows that Mayawati remains its nemesis. So, while an Amar Singh may still not be invited to Sonia Gandhi’s high table, the fear of Mayawati is enough to send them scurrying for options.
        But while her antagonists look to stitch up alliances, the fact remains that Mayawati is perhaps the only leader in the country today with a genuine political constituency. The Congress may question Mayawati’s arrest of Tikait, but the Congress forgets the social terror that used to hide in the green fields of UP for centuries. How on election day, Dalits, young and old, as recently as the 90s, would hide in the shadows of their huts in mortal fear of upper castes, and be prevented from voting. No law touched the UP Dalits in those days, no policeman would register an FIR if it was filed by a Dalit. It is this terrible age-old injustice that gives Mayawati her permanent unquestioned political constituency, a constituency which will die for Behenji, a constituency of which every other party is jealous.
        Yet in her fourth term as Chief Minister, as head of a majority BSP government, Mayawati seems in danger of squandering the gains of the last decade of mobilisation, which that great organiser Kanshi Ram, had so painstakingly achieved. The BSP cadres is a wonder to behold. Silent, committed and invisible, the BSP worker is an unseen engine, slipping between villages, cycling down dusty streets, staging little nukkad plays, mobilising every day, every night, talking softly to those considered ‘polluted’ that they are as clean and as dignified as any light-skinned Brahmin. This cadre has been unhappy over Mayawati’s social alliance forged before the assembly elections. The sarvajan samaj, the Brahmin jodo campaign, or samta mulak samaj or Brahmin-dalit alliance brought Mayawati her majority mandate in last year’s assembly elections, but disappointed the cadre. Perhaps it is to win back that wondrous cadre that Mayawati has once again embarked on the politics of rage.

        All her public utterances are now Dalit war cries. The film, Aaja Nach Le, was banned in some parts of UP because it has a song with the word mochi. Tikait was arrested for being ‘anti-dalit,’ Rahul Gandhi is ‘anti-Dalit’, Union minister Sriprakash Jaiswal is anti-Dalit, the Congress’s stand on Tikait shows that it too is anti-Dalit, the tag ‘anti-Dalit’ is almost like the paranoid Macarthy-era slogan of 1950s America, ‘anti-american’. By Mayawati’s decree, UP’s policemen will now have blue uniforms rather than white. It’s no coincidence that blue is the colour of the BSP and the Bahujan Volunteer Force or the private police of the BSP also wears blue. She reportedly plans to construct a 47-m-high statue of B.R. Ambedkar in Lucknow, higher even than the Statue of Liberty. She is about 

        to inaugurate the gigantic ‘Bheem Nagri’ festival in Agra to celebrate the birth centenary of Ambedkar to establish Agra as the Dalit capital of UP. The only forward-looking administrative measure seems to be the UPCOCA or the law on organised crime that has seen her government crack down on dons such as the recent arrest of Atiq Ahmad, MP from Phulpur.

        Yet, aside from the festivals, statues and war cries, Mayawati’s administration still lacks a transformative vision for UP’s Dalits. Under BSP rule, white-collar workers among SCs and STs increased from 6 per cent to only 8 per cent. The share of SC workers in administrative and executive jobs remain unchanged.
        The BSP’s impact on marginalised poor Dalits has been minimal. The Ambedkar Village Programme (AVP) started in Mayawati’s last government failed to uplift poor dalits as its benefits have been cornered by a small entrepreneurial section within the SC community and the schemes were badly implemented. As economist Ravi Srivastava writes, “During the periods that the BSP has been in power in UP, it has not put forward a transformative vision of UP’s development.”
        Identity politics in the 21st century, in times defined by economic change, mobility and the free flow of ideas and information, is a supreme condescension to the voter. Vote for me simply because I am a Dalit or a Hindu or a Muslim may work in the first election, to secure an initial mandate. But the mandate fritters away if the demagogue fails to grow up and become a bridge-builder between communities.
        Mayawati’s core vote-bank may be intact for the moment. But the miraculous promise of the last election when it looked as if she could transform the BSP from a party of the Dalits to a party of the poor from all castes, is suddenly looking as if it will not be fulfilled after all. Every upper-caste, however progressive and liberal, must never be allowed to forget his civilisational guilt.

        From Delhi, to Haryana to Maharashtra, her rallies outside UP are impressive. The blue elephant of the BSP is painted on walls across India as that indefatigable cadre mobilises voters every day and every night, constantly defining ‘the political’ not as drawing room power play like the Congress and the BJP but as a ceaseless process of mass contact.

        Yet her message is the same as it was a decade ago, her sarvajan samaj interregnum a mere interlude now because hatred has once again become her central theme. Last year Mayawati was the social reconciler, this year she is back to being the upper-caste hater, hater of everyone from Tikait to Rahul Gandhi. Alas, the dalit virangana has failed to learn the language of love from the Bhakti saint.
        Sagarika Ghose is Senior Editor, CNN-IBN

        Corruption And Dalit Politics
        By BR Haran from Chennai

        "Is there one justice for Sudras, and another one for Brahmins, who develop their belly without performing any work? In Tamil Nadu, there is no rebirth for 'Manu Dharma' which advocates one justice for self and another one for Sudras". These were the golden words uttered by Tamil Nadu Chief Minister M Karunanidhi in defence of spectrum killer Raja, in the aftermath of CAG reports, which confirmed the killing.

        On November 14, after the resignation of Raja, Karunanidhi, exhibiting his ‘passion’ for Democracy said, <"We have asked Raja to resign only to allow the functioning of parliament which we consider as the mother of democracy in India". He didn't stop with that! Showing his ‘concern and love’ for Dalit community, he said, "The stalling of parliamentary proceedings during the last one year was part of a pre-planned effort to get the ouster of Raja, a Dalit who had totally dedicated himself to the cause espoused by leaders like Dr BR Ambedkar. Raja is my affectionate brother."

        Earlier in May 2010 too, Karunanidhi played his usual "Dalit Card" to defend Raja. He said, "Raja is a Dalit. That is why dominant forces are levelling malicious charges against him."

        To remind the readers, way back in November 2008 too, Karunanidhi said, "Raja is being attacked for he is a Dalit!"

        This is the emblematic 'Dravidian' politics, which has been going on for more than six decades in Tamil Nadu. And Karunanidhi is adept in playing it!

        The Dravidian Racist leaders always have three "Aces" up their sleeves! (i)Aryan-Invasion Theory (ii) distorted Manu Dharma and (iii) Brahminical Oppression of Dalits, that is, Dravidian Card, Sudra Card and Dalit Card! The "Fourth Ace", which invariably turns out to be their "Trump Card" is Social Justice Card! They always claim that their actions have the sole objective of "Social Justice" and consistently their actions are of dubious nature. It is law of nature that dubious actions have devious objectives. 

        For the Dravidian leaders, self-interest is the sole objective. Holding the "Four Aces" they always win, for they play in the name of social justice. In due course of the game, while they emerge as winners, the Tamil people end up as "Jokers in the Pack"! The tragedy is Dalits are played as "Discards" in this game of cards.

        The Dravidian Movement was built on the foundation of "Anti-Brahminism", which was a mixture of Aryan-Invasion Theory, distortion of Manu Dharma and the myth of Dalit oppression by Brahmins. But in the history of Tamil Nadu, the Dalits have never had issues with Brahmins and it was always the BCs and OBCs, who indulged in unbridled oppression against Dalits. Many instances of caste wars between OBCs/BCs/MBCs and Dalits, violence committed by OBCs/BCs against Dalits are recorded in history.

        The Dravidian Parties have never promoted Dalit leadership and the Justice Party, which spearheaded the Dravidian Movement, was full of OBC leadership, who were rajas, zamindars, landlords, businessmen and financiers. They had hatred towards the oppressed classes and discriminated against them.

        Writer Subbu in his hot selling Tamil Book "Dravidian Maya" (Trisakthi Publications, Chennai) writes, "Sir PT Thiyagarayar, President of Justice Party, which was pioneer for the Dravidian organizations, requested the government to settle the oppressed classes outside the Madras city limits. MC Raja, who was the leader of the oppressed classes then, had protested against Sir PT Thiyagarayar."

        Subbu quotes another incident - Smt Sathyavanimuthu, a Scheduled Caste leader and politician, while speaking at the 'Untouchability Eradication Conference' at the 'Periyar Thidal' (Periyar grounds), told EV Ramasamy, "Your speech has empowered only those reformed cadres, who are sitting in front of you wearing black shirts. Brahmins never give any trouble to the oppressed classes. Information is that only the non-Brahmins cause sufferings to the oppressed classes."

        As Mr Karunanidhi has played the Dalit Card to defend spectrum killer Raja and attempted to project him as a Dalit icon ala Dr Ambedkar, it is imperative to know how Dalits are treated in Karunanidhi's administration. Here is an apt example:

        Mr Janarthanan now serves as a special sub collector of Kanyakumari district. He belongs to a scheduled caste listed in the constitutional order. On March 18, 2008, the ruling DMK organised a function to mark the distribution of free colour television sets in Nagercoil. DMK minister Suresh Rajaninsulted him by calling his caste name. Mr Sheik Dawood, who was the personal assistant to the minister, assaulted the sub collector.
        This incident happened right in front of the general public. (Page-19, Dravidian Maya, Author Subbu, Trisakthi Publications).

        In May 2002, two dalits were forced to eat human excreta by DMK functionaries in Thinniyam village in Tiruchi district. In September 2002, in Kaundampatti village in Dindukkal district, a dalit agricultural worker was forced to drink urine for having lodged a complaint of trespass with the police against a person from a dominant caste.

        Karunanidhi had said that Raja had totally dedicated himself to the cause espoused by leaders like Dr BR Ambedkar. While his contribution to the society in general and Dalit community in particular was absolutely nothing, his contribution to the party was immense, especially during the 2009 parliament elections, thanks to the Spectrum loot, which had allegedly played a vital role in "taking care" of the electorate resulting in DMK-Congress combine's victory. That was the main reason why DMK exerted pressure on the Congress to continue with Raja as the Telecom Minister in UPA's second term also. The Nira Radia Tapes have exposed the DMK shenanigans and the Dalit icon Raja's Machiavellian agenda.

        The readers should not jump to conclusion that the nation's wealth would not have been looted had the ministry gone to Dayanidhi Maran. Otherwise, why should Dayanidhi Maran lobby himself for the Telecom portfolio, or, why should he force the Prime Minister to remove the particular clause regarding "Pricing" from the Terms of Reference of the EGOM in 2006? What explanation does he have for the Rs 600 crore he allegedly gave to Karunanidhi's wife Dayalu Ammal, as exposed by Nira Radia Tapes?

        The events, which have unfolded and are still unfolding give a clear picture that the Dalit icon Raja had totally dedicated himself, not for the cause espoused by Dr Ambedkar, but only for the cause espoused by Karunanidhi and his third family, as exposed again by Nira Radia Tapes.

        By his statement on Raja, Karunanidhi has insulted Dr Ambedkar and the entire Dalit community. For Dravidian Leaders, politics is a game of cards, where Dalits are used as "Jokers" and "Discards", and Social Justice is a game of Chess, where Dalits are used as "Pawns". When compared with the magnificent contribution of Dr Ambedkar to Mother India, the contribution of Dravidian icons like Annadurai and EV Ramasami are not even peanuts. While Karunanidhi, Jayalalitha and their ilk use Annadurai and EVR as "Aces", they use Ambedkar as "Joker" to declare themselves as winners in the political game of cards. After causing a permanent injury to Dr Ambedkar by reducing him to the level of EVR and Annadurai, an insult is added to the injury now by equating him with the Spectrum Killer.

        A Raja is the latest addition to the list of Dalit politicians, who served the cause espoused by the OBC Dravidian leaders. A Dalit politician need not join any Dravidian party, either to indulge in corruption or to serve the cause espoused by Dravidian leaders like Karunanidhi or Jayalalitha. He can accomplish both even by staying out. The best and apt example is Thirumavalavan, President of VCK (Viduthalai Chriuththaigal Katchi). His party's Motto is "refuse (to submit), transgress; rise (from shackles), return (the blow)" (Adanga Maru; Aththu Meeru; Thimiri Ezhu, Thiruppi Adi), which is nothing but a straight call for violence. As implied by their motto, the party cadres quite often indulge in violence and hooliganism.

        Thirumavalavan, a self-styled Dalit leader, was brought into the limelight in the nineties by the Late Congressman GK Moopanar, who revolted against former prime minister Narasimha Rao's alliance with Jayalalitha and started his own Tamil Manila Congress. Since then, Thiruma has been having alliance either with Karuna or Jaya and in the bargain his fortunes have been on the rise and now his party functionaries are roaming around the state in Tatas and Toyotas, while their followers are still struggling to make ends meet. Following the footsteps of his Dravidian Masters, <b>Thirumavalavan also distorts Dr Ambedkar's writings, speeches and opinions and deliberately misleads his followers, thereby helping the Dravidian parties. For example, it is a well-known fact that Dr Ambedkar never supported the Aryan Invasion Theory, but Thiruma keeps peddling it along with his Dravidian racist counterparts to cheat the masses.

        Thiruma is not only skilful in cajoling the Dravidian leaders, but he also has a unique knack of flirting around with the leaders of minority (Muslim and Christian) communities. Though Dr Ambedkar's advocacy for Buddhism is well known, Thiruma on the one hand rejects it and on the other hand tacitly encourages his party cadres to convert to Christianity and Islam. He has a penchant for fighting for the causes of Muslims and Christians even at the cost of Dalit causes. At a time when Hindu Dalits were being persecuted by Christian Vanniyars in the district of Dindukkal, he was fighting for Muslims in Vellore district.

        In January 2010, a Hindu Dalit by name Andi was murdered by Christian Vanniyars while he was celebrating Pongal in an Amman Temple in Perumalkovilpatti village, in Dindukkal. At about the same time in January 2010, another Hindu Dalit Sadaiyandi was attacked and human excreta were thrust inside his mouth by Christian Vanniars in Meikovilpatti village near Dindukkal. Thirumavalavan didn't even bother to visit the villages, but went to Vellore on January 20, 2010 and fought for Muslims' entry into an unused mosque inside the fort, which is under the control of ASI.

        In another place called Eraiyur in Villupuram district, Christian Vanniars were discriminating against Dalit converts for years. Here again Thirumavalavan didn't act in support of his community, though he maintains a good relationship with Christian Clergy and Church leaders. In Kanthampatty village near Omalur, Salem district, Hindu Vanniars have been refusing entry for Hindu dalits inside the Draupathi Amman Temple for years. Thirumavalavan despite being closely acquainted with Vanniar leader and PMK (Pattali Makkal Katchi) Founder Dr Ramadoss, didn't bother to solve the problem there.

        Though he claims to work for Dalit causes, in reality he has done literally nothing for the community, which he represents. His party is allegedly funded by minority organisations, which throws light on his proximity with those leaders, his fighting for their causes and his tacit help for conversions. The sudden rise of Thirumavalavan in just over a decade shows, a politician need not be in power to get his fortunes increased and necessarily need not work for the causes espoused by Dr Ambedkar to attain the "status" of Dalit icon.

        Karunanidhi, a great stalwart and experienced politician, cleverly uses Thiruma as a "pawn" in his cold war against Congress. Recently, when some of the local Congress leaders went hammer and tongs against DMK regime, Karuna induced Thiruma to talk against Congress and Thiruma not only obeyed it by giving an interview to a weekly magazine, but also went to the extent of inducing his cadres to desecrate Rajiv Gandhi's statue. But when matters turned for the worse, he brazenly wrote an apologetic letter to Sonia confirming his "respect and admiration" for Nehru family, though he had spared nothing to take on Congress at every meet in support of LTTE earlier. And Thiruma doesn't feel shy of being used by Karuna as long as his personal interests are served.

        Tamil Nadu has another self styled Dalit leader Dr Krishnasamy, president of Puthiya Thamizhagam, who does nothing for the community. Though he doesn't have as much a following as Thirumavalavan, he too functions in a similar way, hobnobbing with Dravidian parties and flirting with minority leaders.

        Tamil Nadu has witnessed truly great Dalit leaders genuinely working for the poor and the downtrodden. True nationalists silently remembered the great Congressman, freedom fighter and Dalit leader Kakkan, who served as a member of the constituent assembly of India, member of parliament, president of the Tamil Nadu Congress Committee and in various ministerial posts in Congress governments in the erstwhile Madras State between 1957 and 1967. Immediately after retirement, Kakkanji traveled by bus and during his final years, he was seen lying on the floor of a hospital in Madurai like an orphan with no one nearby to attend to him. When he died, he had zero assets! When he was alive, he had worked for the education of untouchables and fought for the entry of Dalits in temples. He was encouraged, motivated and supported by Vaidyanatha Iyer, who led the Dalits into the Madurai Meenakshi Amman Temple and Rajaji passed an ordinance for the temple entry of Dalits, when he was the chief minister of the erstwhile Madras province.

        The Congress party, even while celebrating his birth centenary in June (delayed by a year), exposed only the factionalism within, and the sycophancy on Nehru family, but not an iota of respect to Kakkanji. Neither Thiruma nor Krishnasamy, nor any of the Dravidian leaders remembered him. The Dravidian government, which spent huge amount of taxpayers' money for the celebration of centenaries of Dravidian racist icons such as EVR and Annadurai, didn't spend even a fraction of it to observe the centenary of this great Dalit icon, who genuinely toiled for their upliftment.

        Apart from Kakkanji (1908- 1981), the state had witnessed an array of dalit leaders such as Pandit Ayothidasar (1845-1914), Rettaimalai Srinivasan (1860-1945), MC Raja (1883-1945) and N Sivaraj (1892-1964) and many others, who truly fought for the empowerment of oppressed classes and did yeomen service for dalit causes.

        After Independence both the Indian National Congress and the Dravidian Parties, have forgotten all these icons even while they were using Dr Ambedkar's name only to dupe the gullible masses. The dalit politicians, who associated themselves with these political parties, were all self-centered and they took care of only their personal and family interests. None of them bothered to espouse the dalit causes.

        Tamil Nadu has been under the clutches of the two major Dravidian parties alternatively since 1967. The state still has hundreds of worshipping places refusing entry to dalits, hundreds of manual scavengers, scores of caste walls separating dalits and OBCs/BCs/MBCs, two-tumbler system in hundreds of tea shops, separate burial grounds for dalits and refusal of entry even in saloons!

        In certain villages, the dalits are not allowed to walk on the public road, wear chappals, ride bicycles, wear dhotis folded, wear towels on shoulders, use common wells and get clothes washed or ironed. Laundaries have separate almirahs for dalits! But the Chief Minister is talking of the disgraced Raja dedicating himself for espousing the cause of dalit prajas.

        Karunanidhi has only used Raja as a pawn in typical Dravidian style. While the Dynasties have been hugely benefitted, the dalit king is likely to end up as a scapegoat. The dalits of this country must realise that they need only Ambedkars and Kakkans and not Rajas and Thirumas. Will they?

        Sanjay Raut

        From Wikipedia
        Sanjay Raut
        संजय राऊत
        Bappa Lahiri, Bappi Lahiri, Swapna Patker, Sanjay Raut (cropped).jpg
        MP of Rajya Sabha for Maharashtra
        Assumed office
        5th July 2010
        Personal details
        BornNovember 15, 1961 (age 55)
        Alibag, Dist.Raigad(Maharashtra)
        Nationality Indian
        Political partyShiv Sena
        Spouse(s)Varsha Raut
        RelationsSunil Raut
        ResidenceBhandup, Mumbai
        Sanjay Raut (Marathi: संजय राऊत) is a politician from Shiv Sena party who is a Member of the Parliament of India representing Maharashtra in the Rajya Sabha, the upper house of the Indian Parliament. He is also the Executive Editor of Marathi newspaper Samana (Marathi: सामना) which is published by Uddhav Thackeray, the Shivsena party leader.


        After the arrest of the two girls who posted and liked a comment on Facebook, he justified saying "We support the police's action, the Facebook comments could have led to a law and order situation."
        In April 2015, he made controversy by saying the voting rights of Muslims should be revoked for some years to ensure the community is not used for vote bank politics. In Shiv Sena mouthpiece Saamna he wrote in a column "Till Muslims are used as vote-banks, they have no future. This is why Bal Thackeray had demanded that Muslims' voting rights be taken away. This was right. The day voting rights of Muslims are taken away, the facade of people who claim to be 'secular' will be exposed".

        Positions held

        • 2004: Elected to Rajya Sabha
        • 2005: Leader, Shiv Sena[7]
        • Oct. 2005-May 2009: Member, Committee on Home Affairs Member, Consultative Committee for the Ministry of Civil Aviation
        • 2010: Re-elected to Rajya Sabha
        • 2010: Member, Committee on Food, Consumer Affairs and Public Distribution Member, Consultative Committee for the Ministry of Power

        Arjun Ram Meghwal
        Profile - Arjun Ram Meghwal
        I was born in a middle class family of Kismidesar Village (Bikaner) to Mr. Lakhu Ram Meghwal and Mrs. Heeradevi on 7 December 1954. I got my primary education from the Government school of our village and secondary education from the Jawahar Jain Secondary School at Bheenasar. I got married to Panadevi on 12 May 1968 in the village Nal Badi, when I was studying in the 8th standard. After marriage, I continued my studies further and got the graduation degree in Arts (B.A.) & Law (L.L.B.) from the Sri Dungar College, Bikaner (Rajasthan). After that, I did post graduation from the same college and got the Masters Degree in Arts (M.A). Later, I did Masters in Business Administration (M.B.A.) from the Philippines University.


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