Dalit in Cinema/TV
Politics of Cinema:Fans and Dalit Audiences
Dr. P. Kesava Kumar
IntroductionThe central theme of my paper is to understand what cinema means to Dalit audiences and how they negotiate their social identities in the context of cinema /star. I assume that watching cinema is a social activity located in its specific social, historical and political context. Broadly; the paper addresses three main points. Firstly, the entry of the Dalits into Public Space such as cinema hall and especially to the Balcony. The cinema hall is a site of Struggle between Dalits and the upper caste. Secondly, the responses of fan about cinema and its star, in terms of their specific caste/class identities. The complex process of the caste identity of the fans-both upper-castes and Dalits is negotiated in terms of their control over specific public places such as centers in a town, barber shop; 100 days celebrations, leadership in fans associations, and the visibility of a particular fans association/particular individual/social group into cinema hall and outside cinema hall. Thirdly, Dalit audience reception to the representation of them in cinema. This response is often contradictory , and very complex. Some Dalits are resent the way they portrayed in cinema, some others accept some roles as role models. I tried to analyze these responses.
Film as the text acquires meaning because of its viewers. The point is, film consumption seen as a site of cultural struggles in which variety of forms of power are exercised with different sorts of effects. This cultural struggle is, on going process over meaning and pleasure, which is central to construction of everyday life. The embeddedness of audience activity takes place a complex network of ongoing cultural practices and relationship.
Dalit audiences are not a unitary category. Within it there are men and women, urban and rural, old and young, rich and poor, and also differ with region. Because of these differences, there might be multiple meanings and multiple negotiations of film images. But at the same time all of them are victimized by the caste. It implies Dalit audiences how different they might be, heterogeneous seemingly free, but are related to the operations of forms of social power. Thus, watching film is also social and even collective practice rather individual. And the circulation and the reception of cinema situated in particular historical, social and political contexts of the audiences.
I am not discussing film and audiences as two separate categories. Film is located within society and audiences do exist prior to the institution of cinema or outside of it Audience may go on changing with time along with cinema. However, cinema acts as a mediating structure between hegemonic groups and subaltern groups. The conflict among ruling block and the subaltern groups trough various internal equations used to manifest in cinema. Cinema is one of the important cultural form is used to act as space to meet various social subjects of the society.
Political struggles and Cinema
The themes of films go on changing with the changing social circumstances. The early films of fifties (Mythology, fantasy, and folklore), reflect the general wish of Nehruvian reform of feudal structures. Later green revolution produces huge agrarian surpluses and wage labour, and this surplus turned into the capital for cinema. Around the same time, feudalism received serious blows from Naxalite movement (late sixties and seventies). The corresponding cultural form is depicting the crisis in feudalism through NTR films, followed by void of feudal patriarch. This was filled by Telugu nationalism. Later in eighties, rich peasant who also invested in cinema try to depict a situation of hero as an agent of condemning feudalism and assigning legitimacy to state. This can be seen as the popular expression of anti-feudal struggles. Green revolution in its dialectic, also had the seeds of assertion of dalits, which happen through wage labour, and state led developmental programmes. This culminates in massacre in Karamecbedu by upper castes over Dalits. An equally significant event disturbing the foundation of modern secular state is Mandal agitation. These incidents are symbols of increasing expression of dalits in public spaces from which they are hitherto excluded. In representing the turmoil, it has been increasingly difficult for dominant ideology to reproduce itself. The hero, usually representing the subaltern, has traveling through various routes, and in the climax used to resolve the crisis. Traveling through disturbed zones of social turmoil lower castes hero confronts upper caste female which had generated lot of anxiety among the middle class upper caste audiences. It has increasingly become difficult for film industry to produce a film acceptable to all audiences, which is posed as a crisis of mass film. This has met with several responses, one is increasing the importance of story line, and second one is the reshaping of star image.
Post nineties witnessed economic liberalization and the rise of Hindu fundamentalism. As a response to economic liberalization, reviving of local culture/ traditions has been shown as resolution of the problem, which can be seen in the films of S. V. Krisna Reddy and Krishna Vamsi in different form. At the same time, state in AP emerged as an agent of 'change', 'progress' and 'modernization’. There also emerged consumerist middle class audience totally devoid of any social concerns, as a propagators of the ideology of the state in the liberalization era, it can be seen m the films of Mani Ratnam and Ramgopal Varma. Surprisingly, there has also been large number of box office hit movies like Erra Synyam, Ose Ramulamma, a gap which is mass film, is left filled with it.
The composition of national modern is being continually challenged by the assertion of political identities based on caste and community. And the growth of cinema as a cultural phenomenon was coeval with series of political struggles by new constituency such as tribals, landless peasants, Dalits and women- altered the dominant political discourses in significant way.
Audience response: A case study of Coastal Andhra town, Tenali
This study basically depends on my interviews of Dalit audiences of Tenali, a coastal Andhra town and its surrounding villages namely Nelapadu an Amrutalur.
Tenali is a very important town of having 2 lakh population of Guntur district of coastal Andhra. Tenali has been an important center of education and cultural activities. Andhra Praja Natyamandali, the cultural organisation of the communist movement was strong in Tenali and surrounding villages. Most of the first generation Telugu film actors, producers, writers, musicians, came from Tenali town. Tenali town was known for its tradition of several theatre groups.
In recent times, Tenali in Particular and Guntur district in general became center of Dalit movement The emergence of a small section of very articulate educational middle class challenged the social oppression by the upper castes especially the Kammas. The Tsundur massacre(1991), of datits led to a long battle with the upper castes. Tsundar is a village very close to Tenali Town.. In brief, one can argue that the Guntnr district-especially places like Tenali and nearby villages have educated and politically conscious dalits. There is always a situation of tension between the upper caste kamma and dalits in Tenali and other villages. Politically active and conscious dalits have serious contradictions with the land owning dominant upper castes- kammas,
I interviewed old people, youth, students, woman, and Fans Association members of the town and its surrounding villages. In order to get the feed back for better understanding of the audiences I interviewed theatre/film personalities such as Andhra Praja Natya Mandali activitsts, civil liberties persons, student leaders, Dalit activist*, Recording dancers, theatre owners and even police.
Dalit audience's responses are very varied. We have diverse accounts- younger generations and older generation, rural urban audiences, fan association members and other dalit men and women on film stars and their preferences of themes/stars.
Dalits entry into Balcony
Cinema hall, being public place feciliate a meeting of all sections of the society. In the cinema halls of villages, entry / non-entry into chair class is a serious issue for dalits. The fellow from Dalit community who wishes to sit in the balcony has to face problems from upper-castes. It is no way comfortable and creates a psychologically tease situation.
G. Ravichandra of age 34 years agricultural coolie, of Amartahur village near Tenali says: " I never went to chair class (balcony). I always go to bench class. We are workers in their fields. Though I can afford money to go to that class, voluntarily I dropped that idea to sit with them. The upper caste fellow Junks that the fellow who works in my field everyday is sitting beside me. If it is in town nobody bothers".
I have already mentioned Tsundur massacre, in which eight Dalits were killed. This massacre was a result of an incident took place in a cinema hall. Ravi, a college going Dalit student and son of a teacher went to a cinema hall. Ho sat in the Balcony. The upper caste Reddy Youth reacted violently and further in the course of time the massacre took place. The upper caste alleges that Ravi kept his leg on the chair of upper '
caste boy. it seems to be a spontaneous attack but it is not Already, in the village, there was a charged atmosphere between Dalits and upper caste people. Three months before the incident, dalits were socially boycotted by the upper-cast© people and were not allowed to work in their fields. On various small issues, these are ten cases filed in the police station on both sides. The conflicts among dalits and upper caste people reached a flash point in the cinema hall. In recent years, not only in Tsundur, bat conflicts took place in many villages. Reasons may be different, but the already existing conflicts and contradictions in the villages simultaneously reflecting in the cinema halls. There are incidents in Amrutalur between Kapu-Muslims vs Dalits and in Bbattiprolu between Dalits vs Kapus. These took place on the pretext of touching or pushing at ticket counter or spitting the pan on other unnoticed.
Entry into a cinema hall is theoretically/democratically available to every body but in practice it is not Entry into balcony does not depend on the capacity to buy a ticket to that class.
Fans Associations and Dalits
In day to day struggles, cinema increasingly playing an important role from eighties onwards. Various social and political issues fought around cinema - in cinema halls and outside. At the individual level one's emotions and aspirations are negotiated by identifying with the cinema stars. When the individual becomes a fan /member of fans association, we have a small collectivity which uses their star as a symbol to negotiate their identity with the cinema
NT RamaRao's entry into the politics (1982) brings lot of changes in the composition of audiences of cinema- in terms of political affiliations with stars. In coastal Andhra, NTR's entry into politics helpful to Kamrnas for establishing their supremacy. In that situation, Dalits who bad already conflicts with kammas started' disowning NTR in politics. After the Karamchedu massacre (1985) in which upper caste kammas killed 5 Dalits, Dalits kept themselves away from NTR and his TOP.
As the recording dancer, Mohan Rao, Dalit aged 50 years, of Tenali who gave number of programmes in coastal area says:
"I danced as NTR as long as NTR continued to act in films. When NTR entered elections, Christians(Read Dalits) did not like NTR' songs. After Karamchedu & Nirukonda they are telling me directly not to play NTR. After that I played Krishna for sometime."
Dalits and students struggles
Before Karamchedu massacre, the violent conflicts between Kamma and non -kamma can be seen in the college campus. In Tenali VSR&NVR college, which has the strength of 6,500 (1980) is always in a tense situation .Winning the Students Union Elections, is prestigious not only to the students different communities, politicians and the area as a whole. Against the Kamma domination in the college, an anti kamma bloc was framed in 1978 in which Dalits (particularly Itanagar , a Dalit locality of town) were the key players. This bloc consisted of Dalits, Kapus, Reddy, Brahmins and some B.C.*. In 11198-0-81 Dalits Student Devasahayam of Itanagar elected as President from non-kamma bloc with huge majority. IN the same year, Kamma Students with the help of outsiders stabs a Dalit student named Kennedy under the pretext that he harassed upper caste women students. This was followed the retaliation from Dalits. They beat the kamma Students wherever they found either in college or in Town. This issue further triggered the conflict between Kamma and Dalit students in remaining colleges of the district-Pedanandipadu college, PBN college, Ponnur, JKC College, Guntur etc. The consequent years in the V.SJL College Kammas beat up other students belonging to Reddy and Kapu castes for supporting Dalits.
Community identity and Fans associations
In this context, NTR's son Balakrishna entered the cine-field and his fans association was formed immediately in Tenali. This mainly consists of Kammas with some fans of NTR's extended support to his son. We may find Dalits are in Krishna fans initially due to this affiliation with congress. Even some were continuing today. And later many of them started liking Chiranjeevi as non-kamma hero. Chiranjeevi being a Kapu, almost all the Kapus owned him. Chiranjeevi became a rallying point of not only Kapus but other non Kamma and Congress sympathizers.
Among the audiences, the members in fans association are visible by their activity. Many of them cause from the lower classes of different castes and are more vocal. As S.V. Srrinivas who worked on Fans and Stars' argues: “Fan are talking public based on the ability of members of FA's to talk back to the star, to media, to film industry and different social-strata Fans became a public by talking among themselves with others. Fans provide the institutional space to do so.”
Fan associations shall be read in the light of the crisis in national-modern resulting from pressure exerted by the political society. Theatre based activity of fans associations assume tremendous political significance, because it involves challenging established modes of reinforcing of social hierarchies in public spaces. The take over of the theatre as well as public spaces by fans need to be read at an attempt by non -elite to make these spaces more inhabitable by establishing their physical presence and visibility.
Fans are always competing with members of other associations in every aspect There has always been a battle among the fan groups to establish their supremacy over the other. In a sense, these are struggles/assertions of social groups one over the other.
For instance bi the film Vaarasudu, Krishna acted as a father of Nagarjuna. In one of the scenes Nagarjuna pulls the color of Krishna. Immediately the fans of Nagarjuna take it as a sign of supremacy over the fens of Krishna. For that Krishna fens reacted and beat up the fans of Nagarjuna and even succeeded in removing that scene from the film. As the fen of Krishna, Amrit Raj, electrical worker , aged 27 years of Itanagar of Dalit locality of the Town felt "When he ( Nagarjuna ) caught his shirt, Nagarjuna fans were in a dominant position, no ! So they had to beat them up. He (Nagarjuna) came only recently no, so these groups went and bashed those. It happened on a large scale. Krishna fans are sick of him because of his acceptance to that scene: What is this we are so sincere and this guy had to go and agree to such a role. This scene was cut because of the protest by the fans"
In the VSR college around the year 1986, the conflict among the students groups took place in other form, Le. of the student's identification with Film Heroes. One's Social and political identifications reflected in the preferences of star and the differences led to conflicts. Students who are fans of Balakrishna are used to tear up the notebook covers having the picture of Chiranjeevi and Krishna. The fans of Chiranjeevi and Krishna use d to do the same with the fans of Balakrishna
Gondi Bhaskar , fan of Balakrishna , President of Yuvaratna International, 27 years, kamma, and also active worker of Tetugu Desam who proudly says without any hesitation:"So far we have beaten up everybody- the followers of Krishna, Akkintm Nageswar Rao, and confronted with Chiranjeevi we have upperhand in every thing. Either it is because of our influence or other reasons. No body tries to fight with us even by mistake. Even we are advanced, others will not. Others never invite confrontation with us.
Mangamma gari Manavadu, a film of Bala Krishna was shifted to some other theatre to have Krishna's Kanchu Kagada when the banners of KanchuKagada are being put, in the theatre premise, Krishna fens made an insulting comment against Balakrishna fans. ' This fellow is a hero and those are his fans'. Those Balakrishna fans, we are passing by beat up Krishna fans. In the town, main confrontation is in between Chiranjeevi fans and Balakrishna fans. There is other hero a fan like Nagarjuna and Venkatesh- they are not in a competition for stardom. These stars nave no particular social group's support
The major confrontation of Balakreishna fans with Chinanjeevi fans took place at the time of Chiranjeevi's Attakuyamudu Ammayikimogudu-- Muddula Mamayya of Balakrishna. The conflict took place on streets under the pretext that fans of Chiranjeevi were circulated pamphlets and put banners. They indirectly wrote comments about Balakrishna and in insulting language -one bastard is there. For that Balakrishna fans also responded by using the artistic dolls- they also put banners by writing against Chiranjeevi-' one crook is surrounded by ten.’ This leads to conflicts and both are confronted on the streets.
Chiranjeevi had multi associations and there are conflicts within Chiranjeevi fan's associations on various issues— this was a significant feature in 1990. BY the time 1990s non-kamma bloc became weakened and their internal contradictions were exposed Dalits were on one side, the kammas were on other side. Carte groups like Kapu and B.C's and Reddys are oscillating between them. At the time V.M. Ranga's assassination incident, kapus took initiative against Kammas and damaged the shops of Kammas and burnt the college belongs to them, ft took place with the moral support of Dalits, And there are occasions; the Dalits had conflicts with kapus and Yadavas (BC.'s) in the town. After the Tsundur massacre, against Dalits all upper caste people formed as a group, named, 'Sarvajanabhyudaya samithi' includes all upper castes-kamma, kapu„ Reddy, Brahmans and some B.C. caste groups and campaign that dalits were harassing women.
In the same year, 200 kamma youth from the town and surrounding villages, without having any context, unexpectedly came to VSR college, and beat up whom ever seem to be black in colour. Having the impression of Black being the Dalit.
Among non-kammas yadavas were also emerging with their economic rise and they also tried to maintain/ assert (heir identity in public. This background helps in understanding the fans of Chiranjeevi.
There are five major Chiranjeevi fans associations in Tenali. Among them Chiranjeevi swachanda seva samstha mainly lead by the kapus of Ramalingeswarapct, Tenali. Town wide Chiranjeevi fans association lead by a Muslim youth with the support of yadavas (BC) . There were some conflicts between these two fan association s of Chiranjeevi over issues such as one's banner is covered by others banner, the blocking of the name of the one Association, sharing of tickets issued to fans on the release of a new film, and so on, what is important here is struggle between various social groups for prominence, public visibility and also to acquire tickets and to sell them in Black market in some cases. The controversies at the time of release of Alluda Majaka and Hitler, arc two examples to cite. The conflicts between the fan groups are continuing.
Most of the dalits are fens of Chiranjeevi. As Dalits were not given prominent positions, the Dalit youth of Mutyamsetty palem, Dalit locality in Tenali, formed a separate association. This is one way of asserting their right to lead an association and also to have an identity of their own. In another controversy, Dalits of Mutyalamsettypalem and Kapus of Ramalingeswarapeta, entered into a fight on the occasion of 100th day celebrations show at Baavagaru Baagunnara", at Veda Deluxe, on the occasion of 100th day celebrations, there was a exclusive show for chiranjeevi fans at Veda Deluxe. When the fans were watching the film a dalit boy happened to hit a kapu with hand(in a drunken state) during a group dance of the fans. This small incident led to serious fight between the Dalits and Kapus. It resulted in breaking the chairs, beating up each other, the existing social tensions and the struggle for dominance at the Veda deluxe center is at the root of the conflict between fan groups.
Caste is an important factor in several conflicts among the fan associations. Fans agree that caste has become an issue among the Chiranjeevi fans. A staunch Chiranjeevi fan, Y. Anil Kumar, a Brahmin aged 30, spent Rs. 12000 to put up a cut out of Chiranjeevi on the occasion of the release of Hitler. He is slowly withdrawing from fan activity. He says, "Caste feeling is there (in fans associations). We don't like it. And also felt, kammas, have lot of caste feeling here at Tenali.”
The result of the search for onefs own carte hero in that the dalits started looking up for their own hero in the cinema field. One can see the mood of dalit fans in the comment made by Amrita Raju, who is a staunch fan of Krishna He says, “Recently a Prabhu Deva came here in the field. tSoirie (Dalits) said, "Arey! Until now we never had some one who belonged to us. Now Prabbudeva came .Let us focus on him, let us all contribute. 1 also would have contriibute like our fellow Dalits. But when they told me it is at fan level, I said, I am sorry". “They (read Dalits) said , that guy is Nayudu. They say, this guy is karama it seems. Why some obscure guy? Now our Prahhudeva came - A Christian. Let us form a fan club". "I said, No, every one has his own feelings. For me, it is Krishna, Krishna, Krishna"
The result of this kind of a debate is the formation of a Prabhudeva’s Fans Association by the Dalits of all the localities of Tenali. The Dalits used blue banners, which are symbolic of Bhahujana Samaj Party. Prabhudeva is seen as a Dalit because he is a Christian. Most of Christians in coastal Andhra happened to be Dalits. The fans believe those Prabhudeva dances faster than Chiranjeevi.
Barber's community who happened to be OBC’s, one , a marginalised community in the town. They are fans of Kamal Hasan. Most of the discussions about stars among various Social groups in the saloons. As a barber, he can not enter into a discussion and support a particular star. So they have Kamal Hassan as their star who is seen as non-controversial". One of the reasons for their liking Kamal Hassan could be the fact that Kamal Hassan played the rote of Barber in Aakali Rajyam.
Representation of dalits in cinema
Cinema has seen by its audiences as the institution has the modernistic feature of Secular-democratic. We can not find explicit statements about caste and religion. The discourse about the dalits takes place in the guise of class. Identification of character’s caste is left to one's guesswork. But in recent days, with the rise of dalit movement, Mandal Agitation- it is inevitable situation to film Industry to speak about issues related to caste in their own way.
The representation of Dalits in films and their response is interesting to examine. Ravi Kumar, a dalit (Madiga) working in a courier Service, (at (iuntakal) is a Ian of Chiranjeevi. He says that he has seen Pasivadi Pranasn 42 Utncs. In response to a question he says
"The story of Swayam Krishi is good But I Ad not like the role played hy chirajeevi as a cobbler". Another dalit (Madiga) Ananta Rao. , a Dalit student of B.Ed says ' Chiranjeevi has become a model for them(Dalits)'
Swayam Krishi was a film made by K. Viswanadh. K. Viswanadh tries to reform Dalits by Brahminising them. The theme of swayam krishi, is that one can become a bigman by doing hard work as a cobbler.
I conclude my presentation with the comment made by Yelamanchi Venkateswarlu, a barber of Tenali aged 24 years. He says," whenever the scenes relating to our occupations are shown (in the films tike Mondi Mogadu- Penki Pellam, Hittlcr, Aavokkati Adakku); we feel insulted and ashamed at that moment We have to become so self-conscious and look around the audience. The barbers are shown as comedians and jokers played by minor actors. That moment is really painful. What right does the cine person have to ridicule our occupation?
Amrit Raj a Dalit boy responded, ‘since we (Malas and Madiga) are fighting against each other, we became cheap in the eyes of cine people. If we don’t, then there is scope for cine people to make film on them’.
Adarsh Shinde is a versatile man in M Town. He is a singer and actor in Marathi Movie world. He hails from Mumbai and comes from the prestigious family of Musicians. Both his father (AnandShinde) and grandfather (Pralad Shinde) are musicians and known in the M Town. He was born on 7th March 1988 in Mumbai doing his schooling from Mumbai itself and later went to Bhavan’s College, Andheri to do his graduation. Meanwhile, he got his training in classical music from his father and grandfather and the modern music from Suresh Wadkar the known singer of B Town and M Town.Adarsh Shinde first break in singing came when he was in 7th standard and of barely 12 years of age wherein he recorded his debut song giving him soon the recognition in the M Town and other circles in the entire state. Some of his popular songs include Kafirana (Joker), Aala Aala Re Baajir (Baaji), Pori Zara Jhopun Danda Dhar, Dhav Kasa Modla, Matter Jhala, and Ambe Krupa Kari to name a few. Recently he got married to his longtime girlfriend Neha Lele as per Buddhist rituals. He was joined by all the M Town stars making his marriage a star studded event.
Early life and career
Archana was born in Delta region of Andhra Pradesh into a Telugu speaking family. She is a graduate in acting from the Tamil Nadu Institute of Film Technology. She made her acting debut with the Hindi film Yaadon Ki Baaraat (1973).
She then acted in Telugu, Tamil, Kannada and Malayalam language films, under directors such as B. Narsing Rao, Balu Mahendra, P. N. Menon, Shankar Nag and Vamsi.
Awards and honors
- Filmfare Awards South
- Filmfare Award for Best Actress – Tamil - Veedu in 1988
- National Film Awards
- National Film Award for Best Actress, for Veedu in 1987
- National Film Award for Best Actress for Daasi in 1988
- Nandi Awards
- Nandi Special Jury Award - Nireekshana in 1987
- Tamil Nadu State Film Awards
- Tamil Nadu State Film Award for Best Character Artiste (Female) - Onbadhu Roobai Nottu
Amrita Virk ((Punjabi)) is a Panjabi singer fromIndian Panjab She entered the world of Punjabi music in 1998, releasing her first album,Kalli Beh Ke Ro Laini Aan.
Life and career
Virk was born on 11 June 1975. She started singing at very early age like in school functions. She statsed professional singing in 1997 when the industry was dominated by male singers. In July 1998, She released her first album, Kalli Beh Ke Ro Laini Aan, which made her a recognised singer in the industry.
11 December 1980 (age 36)
Trikaripur, Kasaragod, Kerala, India
|Residence||Chennai, Tamil Nadu, India|
|Height||5’9”, 175 cm, 1.75m|
Jamshad Cethirakath, known by his stage name Arya, is an Indian film actor and producer, who mainly appears in Tamil films besides appearing in a number of Malayalam productions. He made his breakthrough portraying rogue characters in Vishnuvardhan's Arinthum Ariyamalum (2005) and Pattiyal (2006). He later won critical acclaim for playing an Aghori in Bala's Naan Kadavul (2009). Arya gained further commercial success with the release of the period drama Madrasapattinam (2010), the comedy film Boss Engira Bhaskaran (2010), and family action film Vettai (2012). Arya has won the Filmfare Award for Best Male Debut – South and received two nominations each for Filmfare Awards and Vijay Awards. In 2011, he was awarded the Kalaimamani by the Tamil Nadu government.
He also produces the films under his production company The Show People and is a partner in production company August Cinema.
Arya was born in Trikaripur, Kerala to a Malayali family in 1980. He did his schooling in SBOA Matriculation and Higher Secondary School, Chennai and then graduated with an engineering degree from Crescent Engineering College in Vandalur, Chennai. His younger brother Sathya has also appeared in Tamil films.
Arya participated in the Vätternrundan Motala cycle race and won a medal.
While working as an assistant software engineer, Arya was approached by the cinematographer Jeeva to audition for his Ullam Ketkumae in 2003. The pair had lived in the same neighbourhood. Arya signed on for the project and was given the stage name by Jeeva. The film was delayed. Hence, Arya's first appearance was as Kutty, in Vishnuvardhan's Arinthum Ariyamalum, with the film becoming a commercial success and being termed a "super hit". The film featured Arya as the adopted rogue son of a gangster, and his portrayal won him acclaim leading to a Filmfare Award for Best Male Debut for 2005.Critics re ported that Arya in a supporting role "walks away with all the applause" and "has everything in him to make the big league". In an interview several years later, Arya also stated, "If people know Arya, it is because of the "Thee pidika" track", a song from the film's soundtrack, creditting and expressing gratitude to its composer Yuvan Shankar Raja. His next release, the delayed Ullam Ketkumae, portraying Arya as a college cricketer, also carried good reviews and was a successful venture at the box office. His third release in 2005, was the campus romance story, Oru Kalluriyin Kathai opposite Sonia Agarwal, took a strong opening but failed to find commercial acceptance. However, after also gaining favourable reviews for his performance, Arya was labelled as the new "pin-up" of Tamil cinema at the time and attracted offers for films.
His next, Igor's thriller Kalabha Kadhalan, where he played an engineer pursued romantically by an aggressive sister-in-law, won favourable reviews from critics but failed commercially. Arya collaborated with Vishnuvardhan again in the successful gangster flick, Pattiyal, where Bharath also played another leading role. The film, was shot across the slums of Chennai and told the story of two ruthless underworld hitmen, with Pooja and Padmapriya also playing major roles. Upon release, the film gained positive reports and the lead pair's performances were praised with a critic claiming that scenes between Arya and Bharath were "touching" while Arya's use of facial expressions and body language "fits exactly for the kind of role he plays". The film consequently became a big box office success and placed Arya as a leading actor in Tamil cinema. Arya subsequently appeared in the action film Vattaram as Burma, but the film's release coincided with bigger budgeted releases and the film was crowded out from box office success, despite gaining favourable reviews.In 2007, Arya played a guest appearance in Cheran's Maya Kannadi as himself before his long-delayed Oram Po, previously known as Auto, released in late 2007. Prior to release the film gained cult status for its innovative trailer, with Arya playing a Chennai-based auto driver who competes in races at nights, while Pooja was his pair again. The film directed by duo Pushkar-Gayathri opened to very positive reviews, with most critics claiming that the film was a "riot" and "entertaining", praising characterisations. Critics from the Hindu labelled Arya as "terrific as the cocky yet lovable Chandru" saying that his "good physique should cement his ‘heartthrob’ status".
Arya's next release was in 2009, with Bala's long delayed drama film on Aghoris, Naan Kadavul. The film was initially launched with Ajith Kumar in early 2005, but after he dropped out Arya signed on in mid 2006. The three previous films made by Bala were known notoriously for their dark themes, their rogue leads and their long delays in production but also that his two previous protagonists Vikram and Suriya had risen from obscurity to stardom after featuring in his films. As per, the film took three years to complete with Arya growing a full length beard for the production thus making him unable to sign other projects, while he often cited the intense pressure and the hardships of the shoot. Arya appeared as an Aghori in the film situated in Kasi but is forced to relocate to Tamil Nadu, where he duly encounters an underworld which gains collections through the torture of the handicapped, with Pooja, yet again playing a significant role. The film opened to positive reviews with unanimous praise on Arya's portrayal of Rudran, with a critic from Sify citing "Arya pumps life and blood and gets under the skin of Rudran, making his animal like character so convincing" while adding that "he has delivered a performance that is hard to forget even days after you've watched the film". Though he was highly expected to win several awards for the portrayal, he failed but garnered two nominations from notable award committees. After a guest role in Rajesh's Siva Manasula Sakthi, he then collaborated with Vishnuvardhan for the third time in his romantic-thriller, Sarvam, an anthology film also featuring Trisha Krishnan, J. D. Chakravarthy, Rohan Shiva and Indrajith. Arya played a carefree young architect who falls in love and pursues Trisha, before another thread in the film interlocks with his portions and changes his situation. The film however only went to gain average reviews from critics, and eventually became a surprise failure at the box office.
2010 became a career-defining year for Arya, with the widespread success of his films establishing him as a leading actor in South Indian films. His first release was his debut in Telugu films, where he played the antagonist in Varudu co-starring Allu Arjun. Despite opening to positive reviews, the film failed to match expectations at the box office, although Arya's performance was praised by critics, claiming that "powerful, menacing, quiet yet indomitably spirited" in his role while another reviewer claimed he outshone Allu Arjun. His next venture was the period film Madrasapattinam depicting a love story from the 1940s, co-starring newcomer Amy Jackson and directed by A. L. Vijay. The big budget film progressed with its schedules with little publicity for a year, with Arya portraying the role of Ilamparithi, a dhobi situated in a community of Washermanpet who falls in love with the daughter of a governor. The film gained mostly positive reviews from critics and became successful at the box office, although most reviewers agreed his performance was outshone by Jackson's. While a critic cited that Arya "looks stone-faced no matter what the situation", another cited the performance was "awe-inspiring". He then appeared in Rajesh's comedy film Boss Engira Bhaskaran, which Arya's production house, The Show People, also co-produced. The film portrayed Arya as a spoiled, carefree Kumbakonam youth and his comic timing in the film alongside Nayantara and Santhanam received positive responses from critics. Furthermore, the film went on to become his first blockbuster, running for over hundred days in multiplexes. His final release in 2010 was in a dual role in the romantic travelogue film, Chikku Bukku by Manikandan, featuring Shriya Saran and Preetika. The film, shot extensively in London and Karaikudi, received a mixed response and fared averagely at the box office, with Arya's performance being described by critics as from "watchable and dependable" to "morose and silent".
In 2010 Arya made a speech at an awards function in Dubai, organised by a Malayalam television channel. The Film Employees Federation of South India (FESFI) president V. C. Guhanathan, without directely referring to Arya by name, accused him of having "belittled the Tamil film industry". The South Indian Film Artistes Association (SIFAA), however, supported Arya, condemning Guhanathan "for making irresponsible and false statements" about an actor who "strives for the welfare of Tamil film industry."Arya eventually clarified in a letter, that he had "never made derogatory statements about the Tamil film industry", which was his "bread and butter", further quoting: "I can never forget such a support extended by my fans. If I had hurt anyone's feelings, I am really sorry about that."
Arya's first release in 2011 was an extended cameo appearance in Santhosh Sivan's Malayalam historical-fantasy film Urumi, where he played two characters. The film which also featured Prithviraj, Genelia D'Souza and Nithya Menen, won positive reviews with reviewers from Sify.com labelling it a "miniature masterpiece of moods". In March 2011, he was signed by director Mani Ratnam to essay the role of Arulmozhi Varman in his epic film Ponniyin Selvan, based on the same-titled novel by writer Kalki Krishnamurthy,which however did not materialize. Arya then appeared in his second film with Bala in Avan Ivan, where he portrayed the lead role of Kumbedran Sami alongside Vishal. The film opened to mixed reviews but the performance of the lead actors won acclaim with the critic from The Hindu citing that "Arya is a perfect foil for Vishal — his brash demeanour and genuine affection for his stepbrother come out well in many of the scenes" and that "he deserves appreciation for taking up a role that isn't as heroic as Vishal's and presenting it convincingly". Arya next appeared in Linguswamy's Vettai, an action entertainer featuring an ensemble cast of Madhavan, Amala Paul and Sameera Reddy. The film opened to positive reviews in January 2012 and went on to become a commercial success, with critics praising Arya's performance in the film as a rogue youngster who defends his timid police officer brother. He went on to appear in the promotional song for Kazhugu alongside several other actors and then played a cameo role in the climax of Rajesh's Oru Kal Oru Kannadi of a village chieftain.
In 2013 was seen in four Tamil films. He first appeared alongside Santhanam and Premji Amaren in R. Kannan's comedy film Settai, a remake of the 2011 Hindi film Delhi Belly. The film opened to mixed reviews and average collections, with a critic noting Arya looks "wooden, tired and disinterested". He had three more releases in the latter half of the year, Atlee's romantic comedy Raja Rani that had him acting amongst an ensemble cast of Nayantara, Jai and Nazriya Nazim, Vishnuvardhan's action thriller Arrambam which featured him alongside Ajith Kumar and Nayantara and Selvaraghavan's magnum opus fantasy film Irandam Ulagam with Anushka Shetty. He had worked out to build a huge frame and six-pack abs to fit the muscular lead role in Irandam Ulagam. Raja Rani and Arrambam were highly successful at box office.
He has signed up UTV Motion Pictures' Purampokku to be directed by S. P. Jananathan and the thriller Meagamann to be directed by Magizh Thirumeni. He will also be working with Rajesh in a romantic comedy which will be produced by his home production house The Show People. Apart from these, he also has three forthcoming films which will feature him in guest appearances, Madha Gaja Raja, Parimala Thiraiyarangam and Kadhal 2 Kalyanam, which features his brother, Sathya in the lead role In September 2014, he was named as the replacement for Fahadh Faasil in Lijo Jose Pellissery's Double Barrel .
In 2010, Arya ventured into film production in order to promote new talents and help funding small budget films. He established the banner "The Show People" and first produced the comedy film Boss Engira Bhaskaran he himself starred in, following which he produced Sukanth's Padithurai, which remains unreleased. He also ventured into film distribution in 2013, as he bought the FMS (Singapore and Malaysia) theatrical rights of his own film Irandaam Ulagam.
Arya is the ambassador of television and print marketing campaigns of Otto, the flagship brand of Pothys Clothing.
Mahakavi, Kalaa Prapoorna, Padmabhooshan Dr. Boyi Bhimanna (1911-2005)
“Beneath the rule of men entirely great, the Pen is mightier than the Sword”. More than the swords, it is the Pens that have brought about revolutions; brought about change, be it social or political. These Pens have also made a difference to us with words, enriching our lives and creating new worlds. Dr. Boyi Bhimanna possessed such a pen. His literature, especially works like “Paaleru”, “Dharmam kosam poratam” etc. have brought in a social revolution, especially among a generation of Dalits leading them towards upliftment and empowerment.
- He said “Nagna Satyam Vedantam, Alankrita Satyam Kavitvam” (Truth naked is philosophy; if clothed, poetry.) His literature reflected the Truth, in various forms.
- Rasaadvaiti… Modern Rishi… A Rebel… that’s how Dr. Bhimanna was known in literary circles. He was not confined to any isms or any schools of thought. He was not bound by any ideological chains. His was a free thought, on one side flowing in the direction of empowerment of Scheduled Castes (he did not like the word Dalit) and at the same time researching into their roots and feeling proud of his glorious heritage. He said all the famous Puranic personalities- Valmiki, Vedavyasa, Arundhati etc.- were either harijans (Scheduled Castes) or girijans (Scheduled Tribes). As per the Puranas, the first known poet was Matanga (again a harijan) and Goddess Saraswati was born as his daughter to learn Veena from him. That’s why Kalidasa hailed her as “Maatangi”. Having such a glorious lineage, he called upon the harijans to hold their heads high. Revival of the Vedic Socialistic Casteless Order was his vision and revitalizing it was his mission. He called his socialism as Siva Socialism.
- Born in a poor Harijan family in Mamidikuduru, East Godavari District a century ago on 19th September, 1911 he started his literary career at a very young age of 11. Dr. Bhimanna had to his credit about hundred of both published and unpublished literary works in different literary forms. There was no literary form he left untouched be it Poem, Lyric, Play, Ballet, Criticism, Satire, Treatise, Free Verse, Poetic Prose, Letteritts etc.
- His theory was Rasaadvaita; beauty, love and cosmic union flowing in a sublime manner all through.
- His national-award winning work “Gudiselu Kaalipotunnai” (Huts are on Fire) raised a myriad of social issues in which he also expounded his theory on the Tiger-Jackal-Sheep psyche of the humans. He said-
- “Hinduism says there are four varnas,
Communism says there are two classes,
I say there are only three classes-
Mine is Tiger-Jackal-Sheep-ism !
How is the psyche of today’s man different from Vedic Man?
Here are the same tiger, the same jackal and the same sheep !”
- His literature not only comprised of his thoughts about human and social issues, but also demonstrates his versatility. All his literary creation blooms around such theories that are evolved by him and also his political and philosophical thought. He said Salvation (Moksha) is the birthright of every being. He said there is no God with a frame and name. He visualized PARAMAATMA as a Universal Energy which can be shaped by the individual human mind into any form of its liking.
- Many of his poems are included in different Anthologies compiled by the Central Sahitya Academy and the Jnanpith. Most of his published works have been, prior to getting them in book form, serialized in different Journals, sung in AkashVani and Doordarshan, and were staged widely. Some of them are being prescribed for collegiate studies and Doctorate Researches. He himself has penned two works in English- “The Seventh Season” and the “Paramaatma”.
- “Paaleru”, a social drama penned by him about 70 years back brought about a social revolution among Harijans. It was staged widely and inspired by the message that every Harijan boy and girl should be educated and empowered, thousands of Paalerus i.e. farm boys working under bonded labour system left their homes to be educated and had become IAS officers, Academicians etc. This Drama still is relevant today.
- While “Paaleru” made a profound impact on one generation of Scheduled Caste youth, “Janapaduni Jabulu” and “Kooliraju” dwelled on the pathetic situation of wage labourers, advocating their organization into labour groups and fighting for their rights and entitlements. “Dharmam Kosam Poratam” called upon the Malas and Madigas to unite and fight for justice.
- He penned a series of works on Ambedkar, which even include “Ambedkar Suprabhatam”. His “Gudiselu Kalipotunnai”, “Panchama Swaram”, “Shankharavam” etc. were his take on social issues. Another of his unique works was “Deepa Sabha”, a parliament of lights, in which different lights from different backgrounds, come to the parliament and represent to the Mother of Lights, what all they have seen in human world. They talk about different lives, joys and sorrows of human world. While “Raga Vaisakhi” (which was adjudged as one of the top 100 books of the world) was a romantic kavyam with philosophical undertones, his commentary on Bhagavad Gita, “ Idigo, Idee Bhagavad Gita” was an attempt to bring out the real spirit of Gita. He was of the opinion that Gita, falling in the hands of Sanyasis, had lost its original flavor. This is only a peek into the ocean of his literature, his versatile and holistic personality.
- His Frankness, speaking out his mind without any hesitation, not getting bounded by any isms or schools of thought, his original and revolutionary thinking were the reasons for his earning name in the literary world as a “rebel”.
- Apart from his great literary contribution, he was a freedom fighter, actively participated in Quit India Movement and did lot of ground work during freedom struggle. He was a close associate of the great leaders of the State who lead the state during freedom struggle and shaped the state policies.
- When Dr. Ambedkar had visited Kakinada, Bhimanna was asked to read out his poetry. Dr. Ambedkar was so impressed by rendition of his poetry in English, he published Bhimanna’s poems as an editorial in his “National Herald” published from Calcutta in those days.
- Bhimanna was a recipient of numerous awards, felicitations and puraskarams which include Padmabhooshan (2000) and Padmasri (1973) from Govt. of India, many State Govt. Puraskarams, D. Litt from Kashi Vidya Peeth, Varanasi, Doctorates from Andhra and Nagarjuna Universities, Life time achievement awards etc. He was also nominated to the AP Legislative Council and was an MLC between 1978-84. His speeches in Council were very popular and he raised lot of issues that affected the poor.
- Till his last breathe in December, 2005 Bhimanna continued his literary activity with a zeal and enthusiasm that is unsurpassed.
- The Government of AP has established Boyi Bhimanna Sahitya Peetham in Sri Potti Sriramulu Telugu University in 2006 to disseminate his thoughts and literature. His writings are being reprinted and translated into other languages. 2010-11 is his Centenary Year and the plan is to bring out all his writings during his “Sata Jayanti” Celebrations.
|1911||Born in a poor HARIJAN family on 09-09-1911, at Mamidikuduru, East Godavari District, Andhra Pradesh.|
|1922||Sang his first poem.|
|1935||Graduated from P.R. College, Kakinada.|
|1936||Sub-Editor, Jana Vaani, a Telugu Daily.|
|1937||Edited Kusuma Dharmanna’s Jaya Bhesri, a Telugu Fortnightly, Rajahmundry (while Studying B.Ed.)|
|1938||Sub – Editor, Prajaa Mithra, a telugu weekly, Madras.|
|1940-45||1. Worked as Teacher, East Godavari District.|
2. Member, Senate, Andhra University, Visakhapatnam.
3. Activist, Quit India Movement.
|1946||1. Provincial Congress Organiser (Harijan Wing).|
2. Joint Secretary, State Harijan Sevak Sangh, Madras.
3. Edited Vyavasayakooli of Vemula, Kurmaiah, the then Minister, Madras.
|1950-55||1. Sub- Editor, Andhra Prabha, a Telugu Daily, Madras.|
2. Contested to the State Legislative Assembly as Congress Candidate from Razole Double Member Constituency, 1952
3. Honoured by the People with a Gold Anklet (Ganda Penderam) at Cherukupally, Guntur under the president ship of Sri Sanjeevaiah, the then Minister, Madras in 1953.
|1955||Appointed as Director, Department of Translation and as Registrar of Books, Government of Andhra Pradesh.|
|1959||Organised the First All India Telugu Writers Conference as President of Navya Saahiti Samithi.|
|1960||Continued as a Member, Executive Committee and Fellow of State Sahitya Academy.|
|1968||Public felicitation at Kakinada with the title of MAHA KAVI.|
|1971||Award of Honourary Doctorate of KALAA PRAPOORNA by the Andhra University ,|
|1973||Award of PADMA SRI by the President of India.|
|1975||NATIONAL AWARD by the Central Sahitya Academy for the poetry Volume GUDISELU KAALI POTHUNNAI (the Huts are on Fire).|
|1975||1. Honoured by the First Telugu Conferene for outstanding contribution to Telugu Literature.|
2. Represented Telugu Language in the Republic Day Poets Symposium, New Delhi.
|1975-76||Member, A.P. Film Awards Committee (for two terms).|
|1976||Award of Honourary Doctorate of D.Litt by the KASI VIDYA PEETH. Varanasi.|
|1978||1. Nominated by the Governor of Andhra Pradesh to the A.P Legislative Council (1978-84).|
2. Nominated by the Govt. of A.P to the Governing Board of International Telugu Institute.
|1983||Member, Syndicate, Sri Krishna Deva Raya University, Ananthapur.|
|1985||Chairman, Reception Committee, All India Dalit Writers Conference.|
|1988||KANAKAABHISHEKAM (Felicitation with Gold Flowers) at Vijayawada.|
|1989||PUSHPAABHISHEKAM at Hyderabad.|
|1990||KANAK PUSHPAABHISHEKAM at Visakhapatrnam.|
|1991||1. Tikkavarapu Rami Reddy Centenary Award by Dr.Bejawada.Gopal Reddy at Nellore.|
2. Felicitation by Dalit Open University of India, Guntur.
3. Raja- Lakshmi Literary Award.
|1991-92||Member, State Committee, Ambedkar Centenary Celebration.|
|1992||Telugu University Prathama Visishta Puraskaaram.|
|1993||Honourary Doctorate by Nagarjuna University, Guntur.|
|1995||Member, Programme Committee, South Central Zone Cultural Centre, Nagpur.|
|1996||TELUGU AATMA GOURAVA PURASKAARAM BY THE Govt. of A.P|
|1997||1. Member, State Committee on Golden Jubilee Celebrations of Indian Independence.|
2. Member, State Cultural Council, Govt. of A.P
|2000||NAVAYUGA KAVI SARVABHOUMA Title Conferred by Vijaya Bhavana, Vizianagaram on Ugaadi Day Celebrations.|
|2001||PADMA BHOOSHAN by the President of India.|
|2002||HAMSA AWARD by AP.Govt.|
|2002||MAHATMA GANDHI Harmony award by JayBharath|
|2003||JASHUVA PURSKAR by Jashuva foundation.|
|2004||NTR Life Time Achievement Award|
|2005||Ramineni Foundation Award|
|2005||Sanatana Dharma Trust Eminent citizen Award|
|2005||Lok Nayak Foundation Award.|
Babu Mohan’s son: The first Dalit hero in Tollywood
Though dalits form almost 20% of the state population, there is not even a single hero from the dalit community. Uday Babu, the son of Babu Mohan, is set to full fill the deficit with his debut as hero. Perhaps, he is the first dalit hero.
Earlier, Kalyan Rao, a naxalite leader from dalit community, tried to promote his son as hero. But, he could not succeed and his attempts became highly controversial in his party. Now, Babu Mohan is trying to promote his son as hero.
Brahmanandam in 2009
1 February 1956
Sattenapalli, Andhra State, India
(now in Andhra Pradesh, India)
|Awards||Padma Shri 2009|
Brahmanandam Kanneganti (born 1 February 1956) is an Indian film actor and comedianknown for his works predominantly in Telugu cinema. He currently holds the Guinness World Record for the most screen credits for a living actor. He was honoured with the Padma Shri, for his contribution to Indian cinema in 2009.Brahmanandam is regarded as one of the finest comic actors of India, noted particularly for his comic expressions. Brahmanandam has garnered five state Nandi Awards, one Filmfare Award South, six CineMAA Awards, and threeSouth Indian International Movie Awards for best comedy.
Brahmanandam was born in Chaganti Vari Palem village, Sattenapalli in Andhra Pradesh. Prior to films, he was a Telugu lecturer in Attili, a town in West Godavari district of Andhra Pradesh.
Brahmanandam was born in Chaganti Vari Palem village, Sattenapalli in Andhra Pradesh. Prior to films, he was a Telugu lecturer in Attili, a town in West Godavari district of Andhra Pradesh.
- Civilian Honors
- In January 2009, the government of India bestowed the title of [[Padma Shri]and oscar], the fourth highest civilian award, on Brahmanandam for his contributions to art.
- Filmfare Awards
- Filmfare Best Comedian Award (Telugu) - Manmadhudu (2002)
- Nandi Awards
- Nandi Award for Best Male Comedian - Money (1993)
- Nandi Award for Best Supporting Actor - Anna (1994)
- Nandi Award for Best Male Comedian - Anaganaga Oka Roju (1995)
- Nandi Award for Best Male Comedian - Vinodham (1996)
- Nandi Award for Best Male Comedian - Ready (2008)
- CineMAA Awards
- CineMAA Award for Best Comedian - Manmadhudu, Dhee, Konchem Ishtam Konchem Kashtam, Adhurs & Dookudu.
- Siima Award for Best Comedian - Dookudu, Baadshah & Race Gurram.
- Hyderabad Times Film Awards Best Actor in a Comic Role - Dookudu (2011)
- He earned a spot in the Guinness World Records in 2007 for acting in 867 Telugu films in 20 years
BIRENDRA PASWAN - DIALOGE WRITER Bhojpuri films
Bhagwan Dada (Marathi,1 August 1913 – 4 February 2002), also credited as Bhagwan, was an Indian actor and film director who worked in Hindi cinema. He is best known for his social film Albela (1951) and the song "Shola Jo Bhadke".
Bhagwan Dada was born in 1913 as Bhagwan Abhaji Palav in Sindhudurga, Maharashtra. He was the son of a textile mill worker, but was obsessed with films. He worked as a labourer, but dreamt of films. He got his break with bit roles in silent films and got totally involved with the studios. He learnt film making and at one stage used to make low-budget films (in which he arranged for everything including the design of costumes and arranging meals for the cast) for Rs. 65,000.
He co-directed his first film Bahadur Kisan with Pawar in 1938. From 1938 to 1949 he directed a string of low budget stunt and action films that were popular with the working classes. He usually played a naive simpleton. One of the notable films that he made during this period was the Tamil film Vana Mohini (1941) that starred M. K. Radha and Sri Lankan actress Thavamani Devi.
In 1942, as part of a scene, he had to slap actress Lalita Pawar hard. He accidentally slapped her very hard, which resulted in facial paralysis and a burst left eye vein. After three years of treatment, Pawar was left with a disabled left eye.
He turned producer in 1942 with Jagruti Pictures, and owned Jagriti Studios in Chembur in 1947. On advice from Raj Kapoor, he turned to making a social film called Albela, starring Bhagwan and Geeta Bali, and featuring music by his friend Chitalkar, or C. Ramchandra. The songs of the film, in particular "Shola jo bhadke" are still remembered. Albela was a huge hit. After Albela, Bhagwan got C. Ramchandra and Geeta Bali together again in Jhamela (1953), where he tried to recreate the formulaic success of Albela with little success. He also directed and acted in Bhagam Bhag in 1956.
After that, Bhagwan did not have any more hits and eventually had to give up producing and directing films, and sell his 25-room waterfront bungalow in Juhu and his fleet of seven cars (one for each day of the week). He took whatever roles he could get, but apart from Jhanak Jhanak Payal Baje and Chori Chori, none were roles of note, and he eventually took on bit parts in which he did his famous dance (made even more famous by Amitabh Bachchan using it as his default dance step).
Most of Bhagwan's associates left him in his time of need, apart from C. Ramchandra, Om Prakash and lyricist Rajinder Krishan, who continued to meet him even in his chawl. Bhagwan died of a massive heart attack at his residence in Dadar on 4 February 2002.
In popular culture
In 2016, a Marathi movie Ekk Albela released which was a biopic of the actor
(12 July 1900 – 11 June 1962) was a Bengali character actor, primarily known for his performances in Tapan Sinha'sKabuliwala and Satyajit Ray's filmsJalshaghar (The Music Room, 1958), Devi(The Goddess, 1960) and Kanchenjungha(1962).
He is the best remembered for his numerous roles as the quintessential aristocratic patriarch, was himself the scion of a rich and cultured North Kolkata family. He was born on 12 July 1900. His father Bhupatinath Biswas was well known for his charitable works. He was christened Sachindranath but his mother nicknamed her handsome son Chhabi (a beautiful picture!) and the name stuck throughout his life and career. His portrayal of the formidable father figure, though often typecast, yet was powerful and convincing enough to earn both popular and critical accolades. That portrayal was culturally significant too as in the British Raj, enlightened Bengali used to combined both the hoary tradition and the Anglicised urbanity.
Life and film career
Passing his matriculation examinations from the Hindu School, Chhabi Biswas enrolled at the Presidency College and later at the Vidyasagar College. It was during this time he got into amateur theatrics and got in touch with Sisir Kumar Bhaduri, the legendary star of Bengali theatre. The young actor was deeply impressed by Sisir Kumar’s histrionic abilities and he got heavily involved with several amateur theatrical clubs. His powerful performance as Sri Gouranga in the play Nader Nimai sealed Biswas's popularity among the theatre lovers of the day.
He then took a break from acting and joined an insurance company, and later started a business dealing in jute products. But soon, unable to resist the temptations of the stage, Biswas rejoined the theatre circuit and made his debut as a professional actor in a social-melodrama Samaj. Even after his success as a film actor Biswas continued his association with the professional stage and Jatra circuit. His performance in major roles in hit plays like Shoroshi (1940), Sita (1940), Kedar Roy (1941), and Shahjehan (1941), made him a much admired figure both among the audience and his peers.
In 1936, Biswas made his cinematic debut in a film called Annapurnar Mandir. The film was directed by Tinkari Chakraborty and Biswas played the role of Bishu, the husband of the heroine. Trained in the over-melodramatic acting style of the contemporary Bengali stage, Biswas soon grasped the finer nuances of acting for cinema. He became a regular in films produced by the New Theatres and had major roles in Chokker Bali (1937), Nimai Sannyas (1940) and Pratisruti (1941). He was absolutely marvellous as a 90 year old ascetic in Debaki Bose's film Nartaki (1940). Ironically, it was the success of his acting in Nartaki that limited his opportunities in lead roles but his reputation as a character actor par excellence was by now firmly in place. Biswas's second innings as an actor began with this film and he almost became an automatic choice as the paterfamilias or the suave noble. Using his perfect English diction to the hilt Biswas (along with Pahadi Sanyal and Bikash Roy to a certain extent) developed a unique way of delivering a dramatic dialogue, first in English, and then after a pause repeating the same in Bengali. Films such asAshok (1942), Parineeta (1942), Dwanda (1943), Matir Ghar (1944), Dui Purush (1945), Biraj Bou(1946) and Mandana (1950) showcased his talents as an actor of great quality.
Chhabi Biswas died in an automobile accident on 11 June 1962. After Biswas's demise in 1962, Satyajit Ray admitted that he did not write a single male middle-aged part that called for a high degree of professional talent.
Awards and recognitions
- Sangeet Natak Akademi Award in 1960
12 Dec 1970
|Occupation||film director, film producer, actor|
Cheran is an Indian film director known for his works in Tamil cinema. He is a four time National Film Award winner for Vetri Kodi Kattu (2000), Autograph (2004) and Thavamai Thavamirundhu (2005). He has also won four Tamil Nadu State Film Awards and five South Filmfare Awards
Cheran was born in Pazhaiyurpatty near Madurai. His father Pandian was a Projector Operator in Vellalur touring theatre. His mother Kamala was a primary school teacher. He has two sisters. His childhood dreams were all about the celluloid world. During his school days he acted in dramas.
He came to Chennai to pursue his career in films. Initially he started career as a Production manager in some movies. In the film Puriyaadha Pudhir, he worked as an assistant director to Director K. S. Ravikumar. He was promoted as an associate director from Cheran Pandiyan to Nattamai. He also associated with Kamal Haasan in the movie Mahanadi as an associate director. He made his directorial debut in Bharathi Kannamma a break to his film career through Producer Henry. The film met many controversies. In spite of it, the film was a big box office hit and gave a break to the sinking career of actor Parthiban. With Porkkaalam, Pandavar Bhoomi, and Vetri Kodi Kattu, he gave a hat trick of successful films. He turned actor in director Thangar Bachan's film Solla Marandha Kadhai.
Cheran first began work on a film titled Autograph in 2001, with actor Vikram revealing he had signed on to portray the lead role in the project; though, he later opted out as a result of scheduling problems. Then in early 2002, Cheran announced that he was going to make a film titled Pokkisham and Kanika would star alongside him. However he failed to find a financier and instead moved back to making Autograph. Cheran said that the film was partly autobiographical. Four different cinematographers worked on the film; Ravi Varman had shot the school episode in Senthil’s early life with a 35 mm lens, Vijay Milton shot the Kerala scenes, Dwaraknath shot the Chennai episode with a steady cam and Shanky Mahendran shot the "'live' part" of the film when the camera uses the point of view of Senthil's character.
2004 he produced and directed the film Autograph besides enacting the lead role in it. The film was screened four times at the Montreal World Film Festival, Canada, an honour which he shares with Kamal Haasan and Maniratnam. With Thavamai Thavamirundhu, he has also proved his acting versatility.
Cheran then prepared to work on Pokkisham in 2004, after the release of Autograph but postponed the film after falling out with the new lead actress Meera Jasmine. He re-started work on the film in December 2005, after completing Thavamai Thavamirundhu (2005), and approached Sandhya to play the lead role.
Cheran turned publisher with the Tamil novel Porum Valiyum (War & Pain). The novel is an emotional account of a war-torn Sri Lanka. The author Savitri Advithanandhan account was so touching that he decided that the book should reach all people. And as a first step, he launched the publishing house Cheran Noolagam.
During an audio launch event of Tamil film, Cheran has said 'I feel ashamed that I fought for Sri Lankan Tamils'. His speech was accusing Sri Lankan Tamils for making unauthorized copies of Tamil films. It raised criticism against him. Later, he said he did not mention all Sri Lankan Tamils. However, Sri Lankan Tamils responded that he should not have connected the copyright infringement issue with their revolution and requested not to connect revolution with business, otherwise he should have said that 'I feel ashamed that I fought for some or particular Sri Lankan Tamils'.
|Born||25 February 1974|
Tapri, Himachal Pradesh
|Died||5 April 1993 (aged 19)|
Divya Bharti (25 February 1974 – 5 April 1993) was an Indian film actress, whose acting variety hailed her as "the most interesting young actress of her generation" starring in a number of commercially successful Hindi, Telugu and Tamil films in the early 1990s. Bharti played a variety of character types; her film roles along with her screen persona contributed to a change in the concept of a Hindi film heroine.
After spending much of her childhood in Tapri, Bharti began a career as an actress in Telugu films with the 1990 Telugu film Bobbili Raja. Her early film appearances had her play little more than love interest of the leading actors, but she drew attention when she progressed to Hindi films of Bollywood in 1992 with Vishwatma. Bharti went onto have commercial success with films like Shola Aur Shabnam and Deewana that same year for which she garnered a Filmfare Award for Best Female Debut. Bharti had acted in over 14 Hindi films between 1992 and 1993. Throughout her brief career, she often played strong female characters and, apart from mainstream cinema. Though her career went through certain periods of decline, she reinvented herself numerous times and was credited for her ability to sustain her status. The final years of Bharti's life were marked by personal problems, and a reputation for unreliability and difficulty to work with.
Bharti's career was cut short by her death on 5 April 1993 at the age of 19. The circumstances of her death, falling from the window ledge of her five-storey Versova apartment have been the subject of dispute over the years. Bharti's last completed films were Rang, co-starring Kamal Sadanah and Shatranj with Jackie Shroff, both released posthumously.
Family and early life
Divya Bharti was born on February 25, 1974, in Mumbai, India, the eldest child of Omprakash Bharti, an insurance officer and Meeta Bharti. Meeta Bharti was the second wife of Omprakash Bharti. She had a younger brother named Kunal. Bharti Studied at Maneckji Cooper High School in Juhu, Mumbai, in same era as actors Farhan Akhtar and Rani Mukherji attended. She was average in studies and completed grade 9th.
1988-1990: Early work and career beginnings
In 1988, Bharti met film-maker Nandu Tolani when she accompanied a friend. Upon seeing her, Nandu Tolani insisted that she become an actress. At that time Bharti was in the ninth standard. She was originally scheduled to make her screen debut in Gunahon Ka Devta in 1988, but her role was cancelled later. Kirti Kumar (Govinda's brother) noticed Divya at a video library, was eager to sign up Divya for Radha Ka Sangam opposite Govinda. Weeks later Kirti went personally to meet Dilip Shankar and managed to release Divya from their contract. Before the first shot was taken, Bharti was out of the film after being groomed for two years and replaced by Juhi Chawla.
Bharti's career was on end until D. Ramanaidu, one of the biggest producers of Telugu cinema offered Bobbili Raja opposite his son Daggubati Venkatesh. She commenced shooting for her first release. The film was released in the summer of 1990 and became a colossal hit.She was introduced as Rani, daughter of the minister who has had all the comforts of life. The film was considered a usual launch for a newcomer, However, she was eventually noticed for her role, particularly for the forthright character she played.
Although highly regarded for her acting abilities, Bharti acted in only one Tamil film titled Nila Penne opposite Anand Babu, the son of legendary actor, Nagesh who was most widely known for several leading roles in the early 1990s and his dancing exploits. The film was critically and financially unsuccessful.
1990–1992:Rise to stardom in Telugu cinema
With more hits, Bharti became a bigger name in Telugu cinema. In box-office ratings, she figured next to Vijayshanti. In 1991, Bharti gave back-to-back hits, including Rowdy Alludu and Assembly Rowdy opposite Chiranjeevi and Mohan Babu
Later that year, A Kodandarami Reddy's action romantic Dharma Kshetram under Sri Rajeev Productions released. Bharti essayed the role of beautiful girl along with a prominent Telugu film actor Nandamuri Balakrishna, who then starred in many critical and commercial films with the highest number of dual roles (Thirteen). The film went on to become one of the biggest hits of Telugu cinema of its time. Nandamuri Balakrishna said about her performance, "This is an exceptional position reflecting an exceptional role she has played for us."
1992–1993:Rise to stardom in Bollywood
Bharti's first Bollywood film was Vishwatma opposite Sunny Deol, directed by Rajiv Rai which released on January 2, 1992. The film was an average grosser at the box office but gained Bharti wider recognition from the public as well as film critics. the film was only declared an average grosser. Notably, the music of the film was very successful especially the song "Saat Samundar" which became a favorite and gave Bharti the limelight into Bollywood.
Seven days later, Bharti's next film, Lawrence D'Souza's romantic drama Dil Ka Kya Kasoor alongside Prithvi and Sanam released but failed at the box office. Bharti's role was that of a girl by the name of Seema, who is secretly in love with a guy who wants to be a singer. She secretly helps him become a successful singer by writing songs for him but keeps her identity a secret from him. Through her songs he becomes popular and wealthy virtually overnight. The music of this film from duo Nadeem-Shravan was an instant hit due to its catchy melodies. But the film didn't do well at the box office. However, Filmfare magazines started including Bharti in the list of 1992 "Top Ten Best Actress Performances". After Bharti's flops, she was quoted as saying, "I wanted to prove myself. But I've fallen flat on my face. Now, I have to begin my climb all over again. Yet, I'm positive that one day, success will be mine." (Stardust, March 1992).
In March 1992, David Dhawan's Shola Aur Shabnam was released. Bharti starred as Divya, the love interest of Karan (Govinda). In the film, Karan and Divya both plan to marry each other. Circumstances act against them, and they flee together, with Kali Baba's (Gulshan Grover) men after them. Shola Aur Shabnam was popular with critics and was a box office hit in India,establishing Bharti once again. She received a Lux Face of the Year title. It also gave a big boost to Govinda's career, as well as launching David Dhawan as an established director.
Four months later, Bharti received further success in Raj Kanwar's Filmfare award winning love story Deewana. starred veteran actor Rishi Kapoor, and newcomer Shahrukh Khan. Bharti essayed the role of Kajal who falls in love and marries a famous singer named Ravi (Rishi Kapoor). After Ravi is presumed dead after falling off a cliff, the widowed and depressed Kajal meets a young man named Raja (Shahrukh Khan). Deewana grossed 14 crore, and Boxoffice India declared it a hit..Her performance in Deewana was highly appreciated. Critics reported that Bharti belonged to a new breed of Hindi film actors that breaks away from character stereotypes. Bharti and Shahrukh Khan both were awarded with Filmfare Award for Best Female Debut and Filmfare Award for Best Male Debut respectively.
By July 1992, Bharti's work in Deewana was said to have earned her more acknowledge. She was listed as one of the "Most Valuable Young Stars". She had several other releases that year like Jaan Se Pyaara, Geet and Balwaan with another debutant Sunil Shetty. Out of these, only Balwaan was a modest success, establishing Sunil Shetty as an action hero. Bharti's role was small, and was not well received. She was mostly criticised for taking a role of minimal importance. Although she explained that the decision was significant, so even when characters are being unkind it's hard not to like.
By the end of the year, she starred in Hema Malini's Dil Aashna Hai again co-starring Shahrukh Khan. The film tells the story of a young girl brought up in a brothel, who is a cabaret dancer in Digvijay Singh's (Kabir Bedi) five-star hotel. Digvijay's son Karan (Shahrukh Khan) falls in love with Laila. Laila is aided by Karan in the search for her birth mother and is determined to seek answers and find acceptance from her real mother. The film garnered negative reviews and poor box office returns.She described the role as an attempt to pretext her cursorial public image. Hema Malini labelled her role by stating that "The lady has not just looked glamorous but she has walked with symmetry, smiled with austerity and spoke with sangfroid"
Bharti's last film release while she was alive was the ensemble film Kshatriya, released just 10 days before her death. Her last completed films were Rang and Shatranj which were released months after her death and dedicated to her memory. At the time of her death she had completed 80% shooting of the film Laadla before her role was recast with Sridevi. She was also set to star in films like Mohra, Vijaypath and Andolan before her role was recast with other actresses.
Bharti married film producer Sajid Nadiadwala in 1992. They had met in 1990 at Film City, when Sajid dropped by the sets to meet Govinda on the sets of Shola Aur Shabnam.
Death and aftermath
Around midnight of 5 April 1993, Bharti fell to her death from a five-stories Versova apartmental building in Mumbai. There was much speculation by the media regarding Bharti's sudden demise, including the possibility of suicide, accidental death, well planned conspiracy or even murder. Mumbai Police failed to find evidences and closed the investigation in 1998. Some conspiracy theories involved her husband Sajid Nadiadwala, while other theories suggested Mafia complicity. But the circumstances of her death still remain a mystery.
Bharti's body was released to her family, who had arranged for a cremation ceremony. On 7 April 1993, Bharti was cremated in a Hindu fashion.
(See detail picture/video on http://www.facebook.com/fb.divyabhartiportal)
Dhumal (29 March 1914 – 13 February 1987) was an actor in Bollywood films known for playing character roles. He acted in many movies and was active from the mid 1940s till the late 1980s. He started his acting career from Marathi theatre, which paved way for Marathi cinema and later he moved to Hindi cinema, where he mostly played comedy roles and later in his career, character roles.He worked in notable films such as Howrah Bridge (1958), Bombai Ka Babu (1960), Kashmir Ki Kali (1964), Gumnaam(1965), Do Badan (1966), Love in Tokyo (1966) and Benaam (1974).
His career in acting began when he joined a drama company, where he served drinks and washed utensils. There would be occasions when artistes playing minor roles failed to turn up; this would give the spot boys an opportunity to fill in for them. This was how Dhumal landed up with bit roles in plays.
During this period, he met P. K. Atre and Nanasaheb Phatak, both big names in the drama world. Soon, he started getting recognised and bigger roles came his way. Although he eventually became famous as a comedian in films, he was more well known as a villain. He played major roles in famous plays such as Lagna Chi Bedi and Ghara Baher.
From the stage, he shifted his focus to the silver screen. He worked in big movies such as Woh Kaun Thi, Ankhen, Gumnaam, Arzoo and Sasural. His first movie was a Marathi filmcalled Pedgaonche Shahane (1952) in which he played the role of a South Indian.
He paired with fellow comedians Mehmood and Shobha Khote in numerous Hindi films, such as Sasural (1961).
Devanesan Chokkalingam, popularly known as Deva, is an Indian film composer and singer. He has composed songs and provided background music for Tamil, Telugu, Malayalam and Kannada films in a career spanning about 20 years. Many know his gaana songs, written mostly using Madras Tamil. He is known as the "Father of Gaana Genre" in the Tamil film industry.
Deva has composed music for many films within a very short period. He debuted as a film music director in the film Manasukkeththa Maharaasa in 1989. In the intervening years he has composed music for a total of more than 400 films.
Deva was born to M. C. Chokkalingam and M. C. Krishnaveni. Even in his childhood, Deva was attracted to the world of music. Teaming up with Chandra Bose, he staged many musical programmes. He started learning classical music under Dhanraj and completed a course in Western music at Trinity College of Music in London. His son Srikanth Deva is also a music director, as are his brothers, who have formed the duo Sabesh-Murali. His nephew Jai is an actor.
Before coming to cinema, Deva worked for some time in the television field. In those days Deva's brothers were working in the musical troupes of Illayaraja and other music directors as instrumentalists. His first film, Manasukketha Maharasa, was released in 1989. He was then called to work on the movie Vaigasi Poranthachu. After the release of Vaikaasi Poranthaachu, his name became known throughout the Tamil community.
So far he has composed music for more than 400 films, which include Tamil, Telugu and Malayalam films. He is also famous for his compositions for religious films. He was widely acclaimed for his scores for Rajinikanth starrer Basha. His other famous compositions include Annamalai and Baasha, both starring Super Star Rajnikanth.
In 2014, Anirudh Ravichander chose Deva to sing a gaana song in his album Maan Karate and labelled Deva as the "father of the Gaana genre".
Veteran music director M. S. Viswanathan conferred the title Thenisai Thendral upon Deva for his contributions.
In 1990, he received his first Tamil Nadu State Film Award for Best Music Director. He received the Tamil Nadu Government's Kalaimamani Award in the year 1992. In 1995, the film Aasai brought him another state film award. For Baasha, he got the Tamil Nadu Arts and Cultural Academy Award. Award by Guinness world records for Sivappu Mazhai world fastest movie from script to screening. He has also been honoured by awards from popular journals like Dinakaran, Cinema Express and Screen.He won Filmfare Award for Best Music Director - Kannada film Amrutha Varshini
One of the major criticisms against Deva is plagiarism. He is known for lifting snippets and sometimes even the full song from famous old and recent English pop songs and using them as his own. Some of his lifts include the title track of Baashha being lifted from the theme of Terminator 2: Judgment Day, "O Nenje" from Mugavaree being lifted from Backstreet Boys' "Get Down" and "Oh Sona" from Vaali being lifted from "Susanna" by The Art Company.
DEV DEEWANA -PUNJABI FILM
|Birth name||Ganesh Kumar Gangai Amaran|
|Born||8 December 1947 |
Pannaipuram, Theni, Tamil Nadu
|Occupation(s)||Actor, Director, Producer, Screenwriter, Film score composer, lyricist, music director, songwriter, singer, conductor, instrumentalist|
|Instruments||Vocals, (playback singing), guitar|
|Associated acts||Ilayaraaja, Karthik Raja, Yuvan Shankar Raja, Venkat Prabhu, Premgi Amaren|
Gangai Amaran is a music director, singer, lyricist, script writer, film director and actor in Tamil films.
Amaran was born in Pannaipuram in Theni district, Tamil Nadu in December 1947, as the youngest son of Ramaswamy and Chinnathayi. He is the younger brother of noted music director Ilayaraaja and father of director and actor Venkat Prabhu and actor, composer and singer Premji Amaren. He had two more elder brothers, R. D. Bhaskar and Pavalar Varadharajan, both who died long back. Composers Karthik Raja, Yuvan Shankar Raja, singer Bhavatharini and costume designer Vasuki Bhaskar are his relations.
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
"Jaya Sudha" redirects here. For the Tamil Nadu politician, see L. Jaya Sudha.
|Telugu Desam Party|
|Member, Legislative Assembly, Andhra Pradesh, India|
|Constituency||Secunderabad, Andhra Pradesh, India|
17 December 1958
Madras, Madras State, India
(now Chennai, Tamil Nadu)
|Children||Nihar (b. 1986)|
Jayasudha Kapoor (born Sujatha Nidudavolu) is an Indian film actress predominantly in Telugu cinema and a former MLA for the Congress in Secunderabad. She has also worked in Tamil, Kannada, Malayalam, and three Hindi films. She has received five state Nandi Awards, and six Filmfare Awards South.
Jayasudha was born as Sujatha in Madras, Tamil Nadu on 17 December 1958 to a Telugu-speaking family. Her aunt is Telugu cinema actress and director Vijaya Nirmala . Jayasudha made her film debut when she was twelve years old as Jamuna's daughter in the Telugu film Pandanti Kapuram (1972). Director K. Balachander gave her a small role in the Tamil film Arangetram where she shared space with Kamal Haasan. She acted in a number of films in Telugu and Tamil mostly under Balachander's direction—Sollathaan Ninaikkiren (1973), Naan Avanillai (1974) and Apoorva Raagangal and in Idi Katha Kaadu with Chiranjeevi . She also changed her name to Jayasudha, since there was already another actress named Sujatha. Her fame quickly spread, where Telugu film producers were offering her good film roles.
While her debut role as heroine in the Telugu film Lakshmana Rekha (1975) got her attention, it was really the title role in Jyothi (remake of the Hindi film Mili starring Jaya Bhaduri) that made her a big star in Telugu films. She was now called a successor to the great Telugu actress Savitri and performed many strong roles and showed excellent range. She is given the title "Sahaja Nati" which means "natural/realistic actress."
Her roles varied from the cute looking teeny bopper who wore minis in Nomu (1974), to that of a tortured wife of a sadist husband in K. Balachander's film Idi Katha Kaadu (1979) to that of a comedian who discovers that her husband wants to murder her for her wealth in Money (1993). She performed showy roles in Telugu remakes of Hindi films, such as Yugandhar (1979) (the fighter role that Zeenat Aman originated in Don), Illalu (Reena Roy's dark-shaded role from Apnapan (1977)).
In commercial cinema, she received a huge break when she starred in Adavi Ramudu (1977), which broke box office records. She also showed innovativeness and lack of vanity in original Telugu films like Premabhishekam (1981) where she played a supporting role as a deglamorised prostitute, while Sridevi played the female lead.
She has acted in 225 Telugu films, and in one year, she had 24 film releases. She accomplished all this, despite her illiteracy in Telugu, by having people read lines to her and she would remember and deliver her lines. Noted filmmaker Dasari Narayana Rao repeatedly cast her in his films. In the film "Idekkadi Nyayam" (1977), he used her name in the song "Andalanni Neelone Dagunnayi. . .Jayasudha," that was picturised on her. By 1982, she became such a famous actress that Dasari titled a film that she starred in, Jayasudha (1982), named after her. Her fame also allowed producers to cast her sister Subhashini in supporting roles in some of the films that she starred in, such as Sivaranjani(1978), "Doctor Cine-actor" and Meghasandesam (1983). Subhashini's daughter Pooja is now a budding actress.
Jayasudha is a granddaughter of eminent scholar and literary historian, Nidudavolu Venkatarao and Gidugu Krishna Murthy. She first married Vadde Ramesh in Vijayawada. Dasari Narayana Rao was instrumental for this marriage. Some how it has not worked and later she married producer Nitin Kapoor, cousin to actor Jeetendra in 1985 and have two children, sons Nihar (born in 1986) and Shreayan (born in 1990). While she has friends in the industry, such as Raadhika and Revati, her closest friend is Jayaprada, with whom she had acted in a number of films such as Adavi Ramudu and Meghasandesam. She was elected as MLA for Congress from the Secunderabad constituency in 2009 Andhra Pradesh Assembly elections  but lost election and was placed 3rd in the 2014 Telangana assembly elections.
- Filmfare Best Actress Award (Telugu) – Jyothi (1976)
- Filmfare Best Actress Award (Telugu) – Aame Katha (1977)
- Filmfare Best Actress Award (Telugu) – Grihapravesam (1982)
- Filmfare Best Supporting Actress Award (Telugu) – Amma Nanna O Tamila Ammayi (2004)
- Filmfare Best Supporting Actress Award (Telugu) – Kotha Bangaru Lokam (2008)
- Filmfare Lifetime Achievement Award - South (2010)
- Nandi Award for Best Actress – Jyothi (1976)
- Nandi Award for Best Actress – Idi Katha Kaadu (1979)
- Nandi Award for Best Actress – Premabhishekam (1981)
- Nandi Award for Best Actress – Meghasandesam (1982)
- Nandi Award for Best Actress – Dharmaatmudu (1983)
- Other Awards
- Kalasagar Award for Best Actress – Meghasandesam (1982)
- Pride of Indian Cinema Award (2007)
- Andhra Pradesh Cinegoer's Association – Lifetime Achievement Award (2008)
- ANR National Award (2008)
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jai Sampath, known mononymously as Jai, is an Indian actor working in Tamil films. Nephew of music composer Deva, Jai had worked as a keyboardist in films and had made his acting debut in a supporting role in Bagavathi (2002). In 2007, he successfully auditioned for a leading role in Venkat Prabhu's sports film Chennai 600028. The film emerged as a cult classic, as did his next role of an unemployed 1980s Madurai lad in Sasikumar's Subramaniapuram (2008).
Jai subsequently garnered praise for diverse roles, including a villager on holiday in Goa (2010), a timid working factory worker in Engaeyum Eppothum (2011) and a customer care executive in the romantic drama Raja Rani (2013), which became his biggest commercial success.
Born into a family of musicians, Jai has stated that music was close to his heart and that it influenced him in his "growing years", particularly crediting his uncle, composer Deva. He completed his schooling in Lamech School, Valasaravakkam.He has completed fifth grade in keyboard from Trinity College London and has said that he likes to be involved in the music compositions of his films. He has called himself a "huge fan" of Yuvan Shankar Raja’s work, saying that he has "often dreamt of surpassing his work as a composer someday".
2002–2007: Debut and breakthrough
Jai made his film debut at age 16 as Vijay's younger brother in the 2002 film Bhagavathi, with director A. Venkatesh choosing Jai as a result of his striking similarity of looks with Vijay. Jai was then set to make his debut in the lead roles in a remake of the Telugu film, 6 Teens, but the film never took off, as did not Nambiraj's Touch. Several other offers came his way including role in Alai (2003) and Devathayai Kanden (2005), but Jai was insistent that he earned his place in the film rather than being chosen on the basis that he was music composer Deva's nephew. He instead chose to concentrate on a career in music, often working for Deva's films a keyboardist alongside his cousins, music composers Srikanth Deva and Bobo Shashi.
His friend, the singer Yugendran, recommended Jai to audition for a role in Venkat Prabhu's directorial debut Chennai 600028 (2007), based on gully cricket, and he was the only actor to be auditioned amongst the eleven lead roles and was the final selection in the film. The venture was described as a cult classic shortly after release, with Jai winning plaudits for his portrayal of the fast bowler Raghu, whose transfer between teams moves the film forward. The success of the film began an association with Venkat Prabhu and Jai has repeatedly collaborated in Prabhu's ventures through leading or cameo roles. He was then selected to play a leading role by debutant director Sasikumar in Subramaniapuram (2008), after he had seen him at Deva's residence and Jai signed up for the film without hearing the script under the basis that it was to be produced by director Ameer. The film, set in a Madurai village of the 1980s, told the story of a series of violent happenings on the backdrop of a love story and Jai grew a long beard to reflect the 1980s look for the project. Upon release, the film also went on to become a cult classic and triggered off a series of similar ventures from Tamil film makers, while it also became a blockbuster at the box office. Critics raved about Jai's performance in the film with a reviewer noting "Jai as the romantic killer is the pick of the lot" and that he "lives the role". After finding himself unable to appear in a role in Venkat Prabhu's Saroja due to his long beard, he organised and helped plan a scene that would feature cameo appearances from several actors from their first film. Jai subsequently chose to make a switch from acting in off-beat films and attempted to make a career as an actor in commercial films.
In March 2009, Jai ran into for making controversial comments about the potential box office fare of his future films that he had signed in the period. The actor, who was filming for Vaamanan, Aval Peyar Thamizharasi, Adhe Neram Adhe Idam and Arjunan Kadhali at the time, revealed that only Vaamanan would do well and the rest would become financial failures. The producer of his films also revealed they wanted to take action against Jai for "making such irresponsible and damaging statements about his own films."Initially, the Nadigar Sangam council had asked him to complete his pending assignments before he could start work on any other project, beginning with Venkat Prabhu's Goa. The film's producer, Soundarya Rajinikanth, intervened and bailed Jai out of the ban. His next release Ahmed's Vaamanan (2009), an action thriller featuring Priya Anand, Lakshmi Rai and Rahman, marked his first commercial role with a critic noting "from swift stunts to rapid dance movements, Jai has got it all". The film did not replicate the commercial success of his previous ventures, though his performance was described as "commendable". Meanwhile, Adhe Neram Adhe Idam opened to unanimous negative reviews, with a reviewer noting Jai "with his sleepy eyes looks like he really doesn't want to be in this film at all".
He was then seen in Venkat Prabhu's romantic comedy Goa (2010), where he played a villager on a coming-of-age trip to Goa alongside Vaibhav Reddy and Premgi Amaren. Jai's temporary ban from films had delayed the project and he once again grew a beard to portray his character of Ramarajan. Despite a positive hype surrounding the film prior to release, it only won average reviews and collections at the box office. He appeared in Aval Peyar Thamizharasi with different looks throughout the film to reflect his character's growth, with the main ones being that of an eighteen-year-old boy and a twenty-eight-year-old man. He shed weight to sport the school boy look and later added weight and muscle to look a matured man in his late twenties for the film. Critics lauded Jai's performance citing "he shows that he is in the process of grooming himself to become a well-rounded actor" and "that he can bring in complex emotions on his face at the drop of a hat", but the film did not fare well at the box office. Similarly his performance in the romantic film Kanimozhi was described "as endearingly likeable" that "he had come out with a natural performance", but the film failed commercially. Discussing his five consecutive failure films, Jai accepted that during the period in his career that he had chosen to feature in films without considering the true scope of its potential success only for the reason of not having a long gap in between releases. Since then he has actively chosen to associate himself with big banner films rather than ventures by debut production houses in order to ensure his films are well publicized prior to release.
2011–present: Recent work
After his string of failures, Jai signed up to play a role in AR Murugadoss's debut production Engaeyum Eppothum (2011) after being impressed by Saravanan's script. Portraying a timid working class professional, his role was well received and the film performed well at the box office. A critic noted "the highlight of the film is it lead actors Anjali, Ananya, Jai and Sharwanand who live the role of the characters they play". Jai then accepted to play a secondary role in Atlee's Raja Rani (2013) and admitted he was initially apprehensive about accepting the offer, only choosing to do so after being convinced by the film's climax. He mentioned he wanted to portray a memorable guest role like that of Karthik in Mani Ratnam's Mouna Raagam, and worked hard to get in to the skin of his character, Surya, taking close to ten takes in certain scenes. Featuring Jai alongside an ensemble cast of Arya, Nayantara and Nazriya Nazim, Raja Rani opened to positive reviews and became a blockbuster at the box office, with Jai's role being well received by critics. His second release of the year was the fantasy comedy Naveena Saraswathi Sabatham (2013), where Jai played a Siddha doctor who becomes deserted on an island after a bachelor party with his three friends. The film opened to mixed reviews and became an average grosser at the box office, with critics noting that Jai was "disappointing" and that he "hams it up".
Jai carried on featuring as the lead actor, opposed to multi-starrer films, between 2014 and 2016 albeit to limited success. His first release in the period, the comedy film Vadacurry (2014) opened to positive reviews from critics and performed well at the box office, with a critic noting "Jai is good with romance and comedy, so the role is perfect for him". His subsequent releases including Aascar Films' romantic-comedy Thirumanam Ennum Nikkah (2014) alongside Nazriya and Valiyavan (2015) co-starring Andrea Jeremiah did not perform well at the box office, while also receiving negative reviews. Likewise, his two releases in 2016, Manimaran's social drama Pughazh (2016) and Gautham Menon's long-delayed production Tamilselvanum Thaniyar Anjalum (2016), where he portrayed a mail carrier, also failed at the box office. During the period, producer T. Siva spoke out against Jai for failing to promote his films despite his lack of stardom. Following a string of unsuccessful films, Jai experienced critical and commercial acclaim with his role in Venkat Prabhu's sequel Chennai 600028 II (2016), where he reprised his role of Raghu from the original film. The story revolved around the reunion of the old cricket team for the wedding of Jai's character, and opened to positive reviews in December 2016, with critics stating Jai made "a good comeback".
In 2017, Jai appeared in the romantic comedy film Enakku Vaaitha Adimaigal portraying an IT worker who is unlucky in love. He has several films scheduled for release in 2017, including the horror film Balloon and the long-delayed venture Arjunan Kadhali, which he began work on in 2008.
Jai is also a car racer. "Crazy about racing" since his childhood, he said he was inspired by Tamil actor Ajith Kumar to get into racing. In June 2014, he participated in his first car racing tournament, the JK Tyre National Racing Championship at the Irungattukottai Race Track in Sriperumbudur, Chennai.
Johnny in 2013
|Birth name||John Rao Prakash Rao Janumala|
|Born||14 August 1957 |
Kanigiri, Andhra Pradesh, India
|Spouse||Sujatha Johnrao Janumala|
Jesse Johnrao Janumala
|Parent(s)||Prakash Rao Janumala (father)|
Karunamma Janumala (mother)
|Relative(s)||Jimmy Moses (brother)|
Johnny Lever (born 14 August 1957 as John Rao) is an Indian film actor and one of the most noted comedians in Hindi cinema. Lever is one of the first stand up comedians in India. Lever has received thirteen Filmfare Awards nominations in Filmfare Award for Best Performance in a Comic Role, and has won the award twice, for his works in Deewana Mastana (1997), and Dulhe Raja (1998). He began his career in 1984, and has acted in more than three hundred Bollywood films.
Lever is one of India's highly respected actors and has a huge fan following that includes many big celebrities. He has been given many awards for his contribution to Indian Cinema.
Lever was born in a Telugu Christian family, to Prakash Rao Janumala, an operator in Hindustan Lever Ltd (HLL) plant and Karunamma Janumala in Prakasam, Andhra Pradesh, India. He was brought up in Mumbai's King's Circle area (Dharavi). His mother tongue is Telugu. He is the eldest in the family consisting of three sisters and two brothers (including his younger brother Jimmy Moses).
Education and early jobs
Lever studied in Andhra education society English high school till the seventh grade but couldn't study further because of financial problems in his family. He decided to leave school and started working odd jobs, such as selling pens on the streets of Mumbai by imitating Bollywood stars and dancing to the songs of Bollywood stars. He also spent his early years in Yakutpura, an old city of Hyderabad where he learnt the unique style of comedy acting.
Coining of his stage name - Johny Lever
During a Hindustan Lever Ltd company function, he mimicked a few senior officers, and from that day on, the workers said he was not John Rao (his real name), he was Johny Lever. When he later joined the industry, he decided to keep the name.
He started to perform stand-up comedy in musical shows (orchestras), Tabassum Hit Parade and after earning fame, joined the group of Kalyanji-Anandji, a legendary music direction duo. Even before joining Hindustan Lever, he was giving stage performances. As because of his growing absenteeisms and since he was earning well from stage shows, he quit HLL in the year 1981. He did a lot of shows and world tours with them, one of his first big tours being with Amitabh Bachchan in 1982. At one of his shows, actor Sunil Dutt noticed his talent and potential and offered him his first movie Dard Ka Rishta.
During this period, he also did few commercials for Kachua chhap incense, directed by Shekhar Kapoor. In 1986, he performed in a charity show called "Hope 86", in front of members of the Hindi film industry as a filler and was loved by audience. His talent was recognised, which resulted in producer Gul Anand offering him a film called Jalwa alongside Naseeruddin Shah.
Lever got his first break in Tum Par Hum Qurban in which the famous TV and stage compère and yesteryears actress Baby Tabassum launched her son Hoshang Govil as the leading man, and then with the film Dard Ka Rishta, thanks to Tabassum and the late Sunil Dutt. Since then, he has acted in more than 350 films including films like Tezaab, Kasam, Khatarnak and Kishen Kanhaiya . After Dard Ka Rishta, he was seen in Jalwa with Naseeruddin Shah.
His first major success came with Baazigar, and after that he was seen in movies as a supporting actor/comedian. Despite being busy with his movie roles, he continued to do live shows. One of his most memorable live performances was an impersonation of Michael Jackson at the 1999 Filmfare Awards. His most acclaimed performance was the character of "Babulal" in the film, Baazigar, directed by Abbas-Mustan. He is also remembered for some of his other famous characters, like "Chotta Chattri", "Aslam Bhai", etc. His performance in the film, Judaai and his dialogue in the movie, Abba Dabba Jabba are also notable.
He also acted in a Tulu movie, Rang. He also speaks Tulu fluently, influenced by his neighbours in Mumbai. His first Tamil feature film was Anbirkku Alavillai produced by SIMPL (Shepherd India Media Pvt. Ltd.), released in 2011. He also had a special appearance in one Telugu feature film, Criminal directed by Bollywood director Mahesh Bhatt.
Lever also appeared on Zee TV in his own show, Johny Aala Re. In 2007, he appeared as a judge on the stand-up reality show Comedy Circus.
He is the president of Cine And T.V. Artist Association (CINTAA), which has its own television show called Superstars ka Jalwa on Star Plus. He is also the president of MAAM (Mimicry Artist Association Mumbai), and has done thousands of live shows all over the world. His younger brother, Jimmy Moses, is also a comedian and mimicry artist.
He is married to Sujatha and has two children, a daughter Jamie who is a stand-up comedian too and a son Jesse.
Lever is a practicing Christian. When asked about his transition, Lever replied:
In 1998, Lever was convicted and sentenced to seven days imprisonment for disrespecting the Indian National Anthem, constitution and the flag at a private function hosted by Anees Ibrahim Kaskar, brother of global terrorist Dawood Ibrahim, head of the infamous D-Company. However, he was relieved of all charges subsequently.
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
|Member of Tamil Nadu Legislative Assembly from Thiruvadanai constituency|
19 May 2016
|President of Mukkulathor PuliPadai|
21 February 1970
Peravurani, Thanjavur, Tamil Nadu, India
|Occupation||Actor, comedian, musician, Singer ,Politician|
Karunas (born 21 February 1970 as Karunanidhi Sethu) is an Indian actor, politician and comedian in the Tamil film industry. Appearing mostly in supporting roles, he has also played lead roles in films including Dindigul Sarathy (2008) and Ambasamudram Ambani (2008). Apart from acting, Karunas has also been credited in films as a producer, music composer and a singer, while he continues to serve as the Vice-President of the Nadigar Sangam, after being elected in October 2015.
Karunas was born as Karunanidhi in Tirunelveli Tamil Nadu, India. He did his schooling at Palangudi Bharathi School and later studied at Nandanam Arts, Presidency College. Karunas began his career as pop singer and dancer, working extensively on Tamil folk music. He then gradually appeared in films as a comedian.
Karunas began work as a gaana singer aged 12, earning the moniker "Gaana" Karunas, and made his television debut through Yuhi Sethu's Naiyaandi Darbar show in the late 1990s as a musician. Director Bala heard one of his songs and subsequently signed Karunas on for an acting role in his second directorial venture, the drama film Nandha (2001). He was cast as the comedian and his role as 'Lodukku' Pandi won him critical acclaim, prompting him to accept further film offers. He subsequently went on to appear in notable films including Baba (2002), Pithamagan (2003), Vasool Raja MBBS (2004) and Polladhavan (2007) in supporting comedy roles. Karunas has also distributed two films, Pori (2007) and Kattradhu Thamizh (2007), but the failure of both films has prompted him to stay away from distributing any further ventures.
Karunas first appeared in the lead role in the comedy drama, Dindigul Sarathy (2008), portraying an insecure man with an inferior complex. With heavy promotions by Sun Pictures, the film became a surprise success at the box office and prompted Karunas to appear in further lead roles in the comedy films Ambasamudram Ambani (2010), Chandhamama (2013), Ragalaipuram (2013) and Lodukku Pandi (2015). In between the films, he also trialled serious performances, and was briefly involved in the making of Thanga Meengal (2013) before it underwent a change of cast, while he won acclaim for his role in Santosh Sivan's war drama film, Ceylon (2014). His films as the lead hero, gradually had lower key promotions than the previous ones, and in 2015, Karunas announced he would not appear in any further lead roles. He subsequently made a return to starring supporting roles thereafter, winning critical acclaim for his performance of a suicidal man in Darling (2015) and as a villager in Komban (2015), which became his hundredth film. He subsequently changed his mind about not appearing in leading roles, and began work on the sequel to Dindigul Sarathy in September 2016.
He is the leader of "Mukkulathor PuliPadai", a state political party. He contested for the Tamil Nadu State Legislative Assembly from Thiruvadanai assembly in the Tamil Nadu Legislative Assembly election 2016 with AIADMK's Twin Leaf (Irratai Ilai) as his election symbol. He won it with a margin of over 10,000 votes.
On 25 February 2017, an unidentified person threw footwear at Karunas' car while out to garland a statue of freedom fighter U. Muthuramalingam Thevar. It is believed that the incident could be connected to his support of AIADMK leader V. K. Sasikala.
Karunas is married to Grace, a playback singer in the Tamil film industry. The pair had met when Karunas was the guest judge at an inter-collegiate singing competition, and after being impressed, Karunas asked her to sing in his personal music album.
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
|Directed by||Balaji Sakthivel|
|Produced by||S. Shankar|
|Written by||Balaji Sakthivel|
|Music by||Joshua Sridhar|
|Edited by||G. Sasikumar|
|Distributed by||S Pictures|
Kadhal (English: Love) is a 2004 Tamil romantic drama tragedy film based on a true story, directed by Balaji Sakthivel, starring Bharath and Sandhya in her feature film debut. It was produced by S. Shankar and featured music composed by Joshua Sridhar. The film opened to critical acclaim and was a high commercial success. Upon release, the film was dubbed into Telugu as Premisthe. It was remade in Kannada as Cheluvina Chittara in 2007, in Bengali as Chirodini Tumi Je Amar in 2008, in Marathi as Ved Laavi Jeeva in 2010, in Nepali as Manjari in 2013 and in Punjabi as Ramta Jogi in 2015.
Murugan (Bharath) is a diligent scooter mechanic in Madurai and life goes on smoothly for the young man until a rich student Aishwarya (Sandhya) sets an eye on him. The infatuation reaches a dangerous level when she coaxes Murugan to take her from the constraint of her family, who have other plans about her future. Initially Murugan hesitates to love her as she belongs to a rich family but later understands her true love and reciprocates. The couple knows that Aishwarya's family will not agree for the wedding and decide to run away to Chennai. Murugan's friend Stephen (Sukumar) helps them in their hour of crisis and the lovers unite in marriage. But Sandhya's family dotes on her and is not going to give up so easily. The family tracks down the couple and reaches Chennai to meet them. But the family members pretend as if they had agreed for the wedding and convince them to return to Madurai along with them. On the way back to Madurai, the family members take the couple to their farmland where Aishwarya's relatives have gathered. They all beat Murugan and Aishwarya's father wants her to remove the mangalyam tied by Murugan. Aishwarya fears that if she does not obey her father, then Murugan will be killed and also Aishwarya agrees to marry another man to save Murugan's life. Murugan is heavily beaten and let go from the place. After a few years, Aishwarya while travelling with her husband and her child, comes across Murugan where she finds him as a mentally deranged beggar roaming near a traffic signal. Aishwarya faints realizing it is Murugan and gets admitted to the nearby hospital. At night she runs from the hospital to the same signal in search of Murugan and she finds him sitting over there. Aishwarys cries to Murugan and feels bad that she was responsible for his pathetic situation. Aishwarya's husband also comes to the spot and understands his wife's situation. He admits Murugan in a mental health center and also takes care of him.
The movie ends with title cards mentioning that this is a true incident narrated by the girl's husband to the director during a train journey which prompted him to a make a movie.
- Bharath as Murugan
- Sandhya as Aishwarya
- Sukumar as Stephen
- Dhandapani as Rajendran
- Soori as Mansion mate
- S. Krishna Murthy as Aishwarya's Uncle
- Arun Kumar as Murugan's assistant
- Saranya as Sathya
After the average response of his debut film Samurai (2002), Balaji was supposed to direct again Vikram in a new venture which however got shelved. During the shoot of Anniyan (2005), Balaji narrated the plot of Kaadhal to his mentor Shankar who agreed to produce the film after hearing the script.
The film was initially turned down by actors Dhanush and Shanthanu Bhagyaraj, before Balaji Sakthivel consulted Shankar's advice for the lead role. After considering both Manikandan and Bharath, Shankar chose the latter to star in his production. Saranya Nag was in Class IX, when cinematographer Vijay Milton referred her on to Balaji Sakthivel who had subsequently cast her in Kaadhal. She was initially considered to play the heroine in the film, but the role was later handed to Sandhya, after the director felt she looked too young. She thus made her debut in a supporting role in the film as Sandhya's friend. Balaji initially wanted Ileana as a lead actress since she couldn't spare the dates he opted for a newcomer Sandhya. Dhandapani from Madurai was selected to play Sandhya's father. He became popular with this film and adopted the film's title as prefix.
Produced on a budget of $100,000, the film was a surprise blockbuster grossing almost $1 million at the box office.
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
|Origin||Tamil Nadu, India|
|Occupation(s)||Film composer, musician, Music Director, Singer, Piano Artist, Keyboard Artist|
Karthik Raja is an Indian composer based in Chennai, India. He made his debut as film composer in the Tamil film Alexander (1996) and went on to score music for many critically and commercially acclaimed feature films.
Karthik Raja is the eldest son of musician Maestro Ilaiyaraaja. His brother Yuvan Shankar Raja and sister Bhavatharini, who are also Tamil film music directors and playback singers, have worked with him on notable projects. He did his schooling at St. Bede's School and Boston Matriculation higher secondary school in Chennai and graduated from Loyola College, Chennai. On 8 June 2000, Karthik Raja married Raja Rajeswari at Tirupati, Andhra Pradesh, India.
Born to a family of musicians, he had exposure to various kinds of music at a very early age. He had his formal training in Western classical music from the Trinity School of Music, mainly in piano (affiliated with Jacob John). He also had training in Carnatic music from T. V. Gopalakrishnan and Malayalam composer V. Dakshinamoorthy.
As a child, he often used to accompany his father to the recording studios. At the age of 13, Karthik Raja played the keyboard for the song Kannukkum from the Tamil movie Ninaikka Therinda Manam (1987). Many such outings followed including playing keyboard for the soundtrack of the movie Nayagan. Karthik also arranged many recordings for his father and composed his first song "Pandianin Rajiyathil" for the movie Pandiyan (1992) and "Ninaikindra" for the movie Athma (1993). Around this time, he also composed some background scores for the TV series Bible.
He debuted as a full-fledged composer in 1996 through the Tamil movie Alexander, soon followed by Manikyam. Then came many chart-busters that included Ullaasam, Naam Iruvar Nammaku Iruvar, Kadhala Kadhala and Dumm Dumm Dumm among others. He also debuted in Hindi films with Grahan which won him the R.D. Burman award for the best new talent.
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Leena Manimekalai is an independent filmmaker, poet and an actor. Her works include five published poetry anthologies and a dozen films in genres, documentary, fiction and experimental poem films.
She has been recognised with participation, mentions and best film awards in many international and national film festivals. After a brief period as an Assistant Director with mainstream filmmakers and an intensive experience as a Television Producer and Anchor, she debuted in 2002 with the short documenatary film Mathamma. The 20-minute-long docu-fiction is about devoting girl children to the deity, a practice prevalent among the Arundhatiyar community in Mangattucheri village near Arakkonam, Chennai. Her other films too deal with the issues of the marginalised. Parai is a film on violence against Dalit women. She is road with her films across hundreds of villages serving her videos a tool for participatory dialogue with the masses on compelling issues. Break the Shackles is about the effects of globalisation on rural Tamil villages. Love Lost is about changing relationships in urban space. It is an experimental five-minute video poem from her anthology. Connecting Lines, which she did soon after she changed her style of film-making from "activistic" to "artistic", is about student politics in India and Germany. The documentary weaves through the student lives of four protagonists, two each in India and Germany. Waves After Waves explores how art rejuvenates the lives of children, devastated by the 2004 tsunami at the coastal villages of Tamil Nadu. Leena was inspired to do this project while she was serving as a volunteer in tsunami-hit regions of Tamil Nadu doing art therapy workshops for children. Altar is a documentary intervention on child marriage customs prevailing in the Kambalathu Naicker community in the central parts of Tamil Nadu. A Hole In The Bucket takes a look at the dynamics of water crisis in the city of Chennai in the context of families with different income levels. A Hole in the Bucket was showcased at International Water Symposium, Stockholm, 2007.Goddesses follows the lives of three extraordinary women who go against norms to succeed in usually male-oriented careers: a fisherwoman, a gravedigger and a funeral singer and it won her the prestigious Golden Conch at the Mumbai International Film Festival, 2008.
She has taken up a visual art fellowship with PSBT on Tamil Women Poetry and Desire through the ages of Sangam, Medieval and Modern periods."My Mirror is the Door" is her visual quest into the Sangam Age Tamil Women Poetry in which she traces her roots as a modern Tamil Poet. IAWRT[International Association of Women in Radio and Television] awarded her with a fellowship to make a video portrait "Still I Rise" on Dayamani Barla, the first Indigenous Adivasi Woman Journalist who turned into a dynamic political leader in Jharkhand. Her specialisation is on "Media and Conflict resolution" and she had been a European Union Scholar in art practice. She has Commonwealth Fellowship to her credits for "Woman in Cinema" and been a Charles Wallace Scholar with School of Oriental and African Studies, University of London.
Sengadal (The Dead Sea)
Main article: Sengadal
Leena's first feature film Sengadal completed production in 2011. The film shows how the ethnic war in Sri Lanka had affected the lives of fishermen in Dhanushkodi. The censor board has initially refused clearance certificate to the film, stating that it made denigrating political remarks about the governments of Sri Lanka and India, and uses unparliamentary words.She had appealed to the Appellate Tribunal authorities and contested the case legally for several months and finally got it cleared by July 2011 without any cuts.
White Van Stories
Leena Manimekalai's White Van Stories is a 70 minutes documentary feature on enforced disappearances in Sri Lanka inspired by voices of those in search of their loved ones. Leena has a fresh set of challenges at her hand. She is now trying to get across the documentary, shot undercover in parts evading the constant gaze of the military, to a global audience. Leena was inspired to work on the subject of enforced disappearances when she visited Sri Lanka for a literary festival (41st Ilakkiya Santhippu) in July, and stayed back to travel. The stories she heard of people searching for their loved ones, thousands of whom vanished in the last stage of war in 2009, moved her to make the film.
Leena filmed the historical protests of the families of the disappeared in Jaffna and Colombo who were asking for justice, truth and reparation, declaring "No Peace" until their loved ones return. And She followed seven women who shared their stories across the east, south and north provinces. Access was incredibly challenging. North of Sri Lanka is heavily militarised and this is a story that had been largely impenetrable to the media as enforced disappearances also include journalists who are considered even slightly critical of state and its policies.Ultimately the film had to be made under severe vigilance and intimidation by the Lankan military.On one occasion Leena was asked to leave the country and on another detained for hours of questioning at a check post where they confiscated her tapes and denied her permission to film.
Support for LGBT and Genderqueer
Leena Manimekalai along with Anjali Gopalan supported the Asia's first Genderqueer Pride Parade organised by Gopi Shankar of Srishti Madurai on July 2012. Leena is the author of Antharakanni, the first poetry collection in Tamil on lesbian love. Springing from Tamil folklore, her twilight poems are enchanting with lesbian sensuality. Along with her poems, it has free hand translations of 'balaclave' poems of Pussy Riot, the feminist punk band of Russia whose rioters are right now in prison on 'sedition' charges which adds a guerrilla status to the anthology. A Tamil version of openly bisexual Afro American poet June Jordan's cult verse 'About my rights' is another highlight of Antharakanni.
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
|Born||21 August 1957|
|Occupation||Film actor, comedian, screenwriter|
Livingston (born August 21, 1957) is a Tamil film actor, comedian and screenwriter who usually plays in supporting and comedy roles in Tamil movies. He is credited as Ranjan in his earlier films such as Captain Prabhakaran and Sundara Purushan and is well known for playing the role of Natraj in the Tamil movie Sollamale (1998), where he was paired with actress Kousalya.
His first starring role was in Poonthotta Kaavalkaaran (1988). He started out playing villains and graduated to playing lead roles with Sundara Purushan (1996), Sollamale (1998), En Purushan Kuzhandhai Maadhiri (2001) and Engalukkum Kaalam Varum (2001) are other films in which he has appeared in lead roles. He also wrote the screenplay for the movies Kanni Rasi (1985) and Kaakki Sattai (1985) along with G.M Kumar.
|Birth name||Manmohan Singh Heer|
|Born||3 August 1967 |
|Origin||Surrey, British Columbia, Canada|
|Genres||Punjabi, Pop, Sad, Bhangra and Folk|
|Instruments||Vocals and Tumbi|
|Labels||Plasma Records (India)|
Kiss Records (UK)
|Associated acts||Sangtar, Kamal Heer|
Manmohan Waris (born 3 August 1967) is an Indian Punjabi folk/pop singer. Manmohan Waris was born in Halluwal, District Hoshiarpur, Punjab, India. He is the elder brother of Sangtar (a renowned Punjabi record producer, musician and poet) and Kamal Heer (a renowned Punjabi folk/pop singer). Waris is considered one of the best in Punjabi music and is known as The King Of Bhangra.
Waris is married to Pritpal Kaur Heer and father to two children.
Manmohan Waris was born in the Village of Halluwal, Punjab, India on 3 August 1967. He started to learn music at a very young age from Ustaad Jaswant Bhanwra.He started his formal music training at the age of 11. Everything he learned from his music teachers, he taught his younger brothers (Sangtar and Kamal Heer). So all three brothers got seriously involved in music at a very early age. He got his music degree from Punjab University. Soon, his family moved to Canada in 1990 where in 1993 he released his debut album, Gaairan Naal Penghan Jhotdiye. It became a colossal hit and Waris became a huge star with more huge hit albums after his debut. These included Sohniya De Laare, Hasdi De Phul Kirde, Sajjre Challe Muklave and Gali Gali Vich Hokay. In 1998 Manmohan Waris released the song Kite Kalli Beh Ke Sochi which is considered one of the biggest hits in the history of Punjabi music. Waris soon signed with Tips Music and released the album Husn Da Jadu on it in 2000. After the success of this album Tips released Manmohan Waris's Gajray Gori De and Dil Vatte Dil. Manmohan Waris then started his own record label, Plasma Records with Kamal Heer and Sangtar. He has released the majority of his music on the label since then. In 2004 Waris released "Nachiye Majajne" on Plasma Records. The album furthered his success and in the same year he toured in the "Punjabi Virsa 2004" tour. The tours success lead to "Punjabi Virsa" tours to happen every year. Some of the tours have had a concert recorded live and released. Following his studio album "Dil Nachda" in 2007, Waris's latest album, "Dil Te Na Laeen" released in Canada, United States and UK on 16 January 2010 and released in India on 23 January 2010. Waris is currently touring around the world with Punjabi virsa 2010.
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
14 September 1962
|Spouse(s)||Ralph Sharma (m. 1996)|
Madhavi is an Indian film actress known for her works in Telugu, Malayalam, Hindi, Tamil, Kannada,and Oriya cinema. In a career spanning seventeen years, she has acted in three hundred films. She was one of the top lead actresses in the 1980s and 1990s.
Madhavi was born in Hyderabad, India to Sasirekha and Govinda Swamy, on 14 September 1962. She grew up with a sister and a brother, named Keerthi Kumari and Dhananjai respectively. She learnt Bharat Natyam from Uma Maheswari and folk dance from Mr. Bhatt from an early age and gave more than a thousand dance performances. She attended Stanley Girls High School in Hyderabad, Abids Branch.
Director Dasari Narayana Rao gave her a starring role in the Telugu film Thoorupu Padamara when she was a teenager. The film became a huge hit. K. Balachander then cast her in a supporting role in his Telugu film Maro Charithra (1978). She reprised her role in its Hindi remake Ek Duuje Ke Liye (1981), which became the top-grossing film of 1981. In both films, she showed remarkable sensitivity as a lonely wealthy woman who falls in love with Kamal Haasan's character. She earned a Filmfare Award nomination as Best Supporting Actress. K. Balachander was so impressed with her performance in both films that he introduced her to the Tamil film industry with Thillu Mullu (1981) opposite Rajinikanth. By the end of the decade, she was starred opposite Amitabh Bachchan in the Hindi film Agneepath (1990).
Madhavi acted alongside Kamal Haasan in Raja Paarvai, Tik Tik Tik, Kaakki Sattai and Mangamma Sabadham appearing in a swimsuit in all the films. Her films with Rajinikanth include Garjanai, Thambikku Entha Ooru, Un Kannil Neer Vazhindal and Viduthalai. She showed her ability in movies like Enga Oor Kannagi, and Nirabaraadhi. She also played Zeenat Aman's role from the Hindi hit film Insaf Ka Tarazu) (1980) in the Telugu remake "Edi Dharmam Edi Nyayam" (1982) and the Tamil remake Needhi Dhevan Mayakkam (1982).
She appeared in many Malayalam films especially in those starring superstars Mammootty and Mohanlal. She played the Zeenat Aman role from the Hindi hit film Don in the Malayalam remake titled Shobaraj (1986). Her portrayal of Unniyarcha in the National Award-winning movie Oru Vadakkan Veeragadha was critically appreciated and is often recognised as one of the best roles in her career. Her portrayal as a mother who met her end with leukaemia in Akashadoothu won her the Kerala State Film Award for Second Best Actress and Filmfare Award for Best Actress for 1993. Other notable films include Ormakkayi, Changatham, Novemberinte Nashtam and Nombarathi Poovu. She was later seen in supporting roles in films such as Aksharam and Aayiram Naavulla Ananthan. Most of her author-backed roles were in Malayalam films. She has won three Kerala State Film Awards, one for Best Actress and two for Second Best Actress.
She acted in a number of films with Telugu star Chiranjeevi. Her first movie with Chiranjeevi was Intlo Ramaiah Veedhilo Krishnaiah in 1982. She acted again with Chiranjeevi in the movie Khaidi. Her last movie in Telugu was Big Boss (another Chiranjeevi film).
She also acted in a number of Kannada movies alongside popular Kannada actors including Rajkumar, Vishnuvardhan, Anant Nag and Ambareesh.With Rajkumar she acted in many commercially successful and critically acclaimed movies like Haalu Jenu, Bhagyada Lakshmi Baramma, Anuraga Aralithu, Shruthi Seridaaga, Jeevana Chaitra, Aakasmika, Odahuttidavaru, etc. Her performance in Haalu Jenu and Malaya Marutha was widely acclaimed.
In 1996, her spiritual teacher Swami Rama arranged her marriage to one of his followers, a pharmaceutical businessman named Ralph Sharma, who is half-Indian and half-German. Ralph first met his Guru, Swami Rama at the age of 23 at the Himalayan Institute of Yoga Science and Philosophy., whereas Madhavi first met Guru Swami Rama, in 1995. She married within a few weeks on 14 February 1996 of their introduction. They have three daughters and live in New Jersey.
MILIND SINDE -MUSIC DIRECTOR
Milind Shinde (Marathi:मिलिंद शिंदे) is an Indian film, Serials and stage actor, director who works in Marathi, kannada & Hindi films. He started his career with Girish Karnad's Hindi serials and kannada films. He is well known for his grey shade character in marathi movie Natrang. He has acted, directed and produced Marathi films, making him one of the successful actor/director in Marathi films and television.
S. L. Puram Sadanandan
Miss Pooja performing in August 2009
|Birth name||Gurinder Kaur Kainth|
|Born||4 December 1980 |
Rajpura, Punjab, India
|Genres||Bhangra, Pop, Folk|
Religious, Hip Hop, Dance
Miss Pooja (born 4 December 1980 as Gurinder Kaur Kainth) is an Indian singer and is widely regarded as having revived Punjabi duet songs. She has become the largest-selling female bhangra artist in India and overseas. A partial reason for her success is the rapid increase in the number of songs that she continues to record. She has released duets with more than 70 different male singers.
Pooja has a Master's degree in music. She worked as a music teacher in Patel Public School in Rajpura, India before she embarked on her musical career.
In 2006, Miss Pooja debuted with her first duet song "Jaan Ton Piyari". In 2009, her debut solo album was "Romantic Jatt" and the music video of her song "Do Nain" from that album was shot in Toronto, Canada. In 2010, her first two films were "Panjaban" and "Channa Sachi Muchi". In 2012, the music video of her song "Shona Shona" from her third solo album "Jattitude" was shot in Hong Kong and she also made a debut in the Bollywood Industry with the song "Second Hand Jawani" from the film "Cocktail". In 2013, her third film was "Pooja Kiven Aa" and fourth film was "Ishq Garaari". As of 2013, she has recorded over 3000 songs, released over 300 music albums (including religious music albums), shot over 800 music videos and acted in five Punjabi films.
Prachee Adhikari (प्राची अधिकारी) (born Rajput Deepika on 16 March 1988) is an Indian actress working in the South Indian film industry. Before starting as an actress, she worked as a product model and has appeared in several music videos.
Prachee was contacted by Doordarshan for a political documentary. Following this, she worked on an educational industry brand campaign for "D.A.V. Management College" and "Galghotia College of Engineering". Prachee began career in 2006 with the music company T-Series for the Bhojpuri albumBeer Kunwar Ke Dharti and was sung Bhojpuri singer Kavita.
Prachee did promotional work for several commercial brands.
Prachee made her movie debut in S.R.Production's Telugu filmDoshi in 2008 as a female lead Opposite Ali. Prachee appeared in the Telugu music album SWASA (2007) for the song Samayam, debut album of "Sa re ga ma pa" winner Hemachandra.
Prachee played the female lead in the 2012 movie Arakkonam. The Times of India criticized the "pedestrian acting" in that movie and said: "Sriman is wasted as Prachi's lover Anand."Same time Prachee's efforts were noticed as an actress by southern directors and got numerous offers in films.
Prachee also worked as a lead actress in 2013 released Telugu film Veeda of Sri Vijaya Movie Makers Banner Opposite Sudheer. Prachee has another film Hyderabad Lo released was also in 2013 Telugu and did average collections. The film was a story of five girls, and Prachee played lead.
P K Rosy
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
|P. K. Rosy|
P K Rosy (Rosamma) is considered as the first ever actress of a Malayalam cinema. She played the character "Sarojini" in the movie Vigathakumaran ("The Lost Child") directed by J.C. Daniel.
The Kerala government plans to revive her memories and honour her work by instating a film award sponsored by the state government in her name.
In 2013, Kamal wrote and directed a biopic on J.C. Daniel, titled Celluloid. The film is partially based on the novel Nashta Naayika by Vinu Abraham, also deals with the life of Rosy, the lead actress in Vigathakumaran. Newcomer Chandni portrays Rosy.
She was born to Paulose and Kunji, as Rosamma, in 1903 at Nandankode, Trivandrum. She was married to Kesava Pillai. Padma and Nagappa are their children. Janamma David who became famous for song Ellarum Chollanu of movie Neelakuyil is P.K. Rosy's close relative from father's side. Rosy died in 1988, without the world knowing she was the first actress of Malayalam cinema.
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
K. Raghava Lawrence is an Indian choreographer who has also appeared in films as an actor, director, composer and playback singer. After making his debut as a choreographer in 1993, he began looking for acting opportunities. He began his career as an actor in 1998, in a Telugu film, aged 22. Most of his films are dubbed into his native language Telugu. He adopted the name "Lawrence" in 2001, and worked for many prominent actors and directors in Tamil cinema throughout his career. He got his breakthrough with Telugu film Style and then Muni. Lawrence is also known for his intricate hip-hop and westernised dance moves and has won four Filmfare Awards and three Nandi Awards for best choreography. In 2015, after the death of former Indian president A. P. J. Abdul Kalam, Lawrence set up a charity trust in his name and donated 1 crore to it.
Lawrence had brain tumor when he was a child and rarely went to school. He got cured after his mother went to a temple of Raghavendra Swami and Lawrence strongly believes that it was Raghavendra Swami who cured him of his tumour. He became an ardent devotee of the deity and added its name to his name. He built the Raghavendra Swamy Brindavanam Temple at Thirumullaivayal on the Avadi-Ambattur route, which opened from 1 January 2010.
He was working as a car cleaner for fight master Super Subbarayan. Rajinikanth saw him dancing and helped him to join the Dancers Union. Chiranjeevi offered him the job of choreographing the dances for Hitler. Pleased with Lawrence's work, Chiranjeevi asked him to choreograph dances for Master, his next film too.
Lawrence first appeared in a song in "Samsara Sangeetham" a Tamil film in 1989 directed by T. Rajendran. Then he appeared in Donga Police in 1991, also doing some dances with Prabhu Deva. He was a background dancer in the song Chikku Bukku Chikku Bukku Railey in Gentleman. He also appeared in dance sequences in Muta Mesthri, Rakshana and Allari Priyudu. Producer T V D Prasad offered him the role of a hero in his venture Speed Dancer. That film was a flop. After that he acted in 2 Tamil films as hero and those films also flopped.Director K. Balachander invited him to act in his 100th film Parthale Paravasam. He got his breakthrough with the Muni film series.
Lawrence is currently to do Shivalinga with Irudhi Suttru heroine Ritika Singh.
He did many social service activities in which he has aided many heart surgeries for babies. He was also one among the supporters for the Jallikattu protest in Tamil Nadu in January 2017, who provided food, medicine and basic needs to the protesters and also promised to them that he will support them till the protests are over.
His speeches after the Jallikattu protest started inviting criticism from Jallikattu protesters and students community. Jallikattu Protesters opposed the claim of Lawrence that he spent 1 crore rupee for Jallikattu protest. Marina Beach protesters requested for proof of bills for 1 crore spent for which Lawrence couldn't provide. He was heavily criticized and trolled by online community for his claim that he pawned his wife's jewels which turned to be false claim.
A reference to Raghava Lawrence as the "Makkal Superstar" (People's Superstar) in the credits of Motta Shiva Ketta Shiva (2017) was also widely criticised, prompting the actor to release a statement distancing himself from the director's decision to apply such a moniker upon him.
Sudam Waghmare, Hindi film director
Shradha Arya is an Indian actress prominently working in the Telugu language film industry. She debuted in Tamil films through the film Kalvanin Kadhali and also played in Godava opposite Vaibhav Reddy. She is the female model in the Shael Oswal's album song named "Soniye Hiriye". Recently she was seen playing the female lead in Shashi Sumeet Mittal's show Main Laxmi Tere Aangan Ki on the TV channel LifeOK, opposite Sudeep Sahi
Early Life and Career
Shraddha originally hails from Delhi. She started her career as a model. She appeared in few music albums before acting in films. In 2005 she debuted with a Tamil film named Kalvanin Kadhali (2006 film) and then she got a dream debut in Ram Gopal Varma's Nishabd which also starred Amitabh Bachchan and Revathi.
Shilpa Shinde is an Indian actress popular on television. She made her acting debut with the serial "Kabhi Aaye Na Judaai" in 2001. She has also acted in two Telugu films. She came into limelight with the role of Sanjana in the Serial "Miss India" in 2002. She gained much popularity for the role of Shakila in an Indian television serial "Hatim". Now, She is mainly recognised for playing the role of Angoori in &tv's comedy show "Bhabhi Ji Ghar Par Hai".
Shilpa Shinde was born on 28 August in Mumbai, Maharashtra. She came from a healthy and disciplined family. She is passionate about acting since her school and college days and was motivated by her friends and family. She has a brother who pursues photography. Shilpa is very much close to her parents and always takes advice from them regarding any important decision.
Name : Shilpa Shinde
Calling Name : Shilpa
Date of Birth : 28 August
Age : Unknown
Height : 5'4"(approx)
Birth Place : Mumbai, Maharashtra
Religion : Hinduism
Occupation : Actress
Ethnicity : Marathi
Zodiac Sign : Leo
Years active : 2000-present
Language : Hindi, English, Marathi
In Bhaabi Ji Ghar Par Hai
Bhaabi Ji Ghar Par Hai is a comedy television serial on &TV. Shilpa Shinde is playing the role of Mrs. Angoori Manmohan Tiwari in the show. As per the reports, Shilpa Shinde has quit the show alleging that the makers "mentally tortured" her, which has prompted the production house to send a legal notice accusing her of breach of contract.
Shilpa has said she is ready to return to the show, but only if Binaifer is shown the door. She said, "I will return if Binaifer is replaced and the location is changed. I am not mad to leave a good show, but can't work with a producer who wants to control me. Also, my health is not very good and there are no good medical facilities in Naigaon."
Shilpa has dated actor Romit Raj but they broke off. Currently, she is single and is not dating anyone.
SANT RAM UDASI
SANT RAM UDASI
SHAILLENDRA - HINDI LYRICS
T. N. Seetharam
|T. N. Seetharam|
|Born||6 December 1948 |
Talagavara, Doddaballapura Taluk Bangalore Rural district
Mysore State, (now Karnataka)
|Occupation||Director, Producer, Actor, Screenwriter|
Thalagavara Narayanarao Seetharam (born 6 December 1948) is a prominent Kannada film and TV serial director, actor and screenwriter. He has become a cultural icon in Karnataka, India, through his work in several art mediums. Seetharam has written, directed, and produced plays, movies, and top-rated television series which have attracted millions of viewers.
Seetharam was born on 6 December 1948 in Thalagavara village near the Doddaballapura town in the erstwhile Mysore State. He was the third child to his parents Narayanrao and Sundaramma. He completed his high school education in Doddaballapur Municipal School, Doddaballapura, and pre-university course in National College, Bangalore. He then obtained his degree in Bachelor of Science before obtaining his Bachelor's degree in Law. This was when he decided to take keen interest in plays, having worked with playwright P. Lankesh during the time. Seetharam decided to stay in Bangalore after completing his education, by participating in plays. He rejected his father's request to return to his village and involve himself in agriculture and to practice as a lawyer. Having been influenced by Lankesh and U. R. Ananthamurthy, he believed owning a piece of land is a sin. Saddened by his decision, his father, a patient, stopped consuming medicine and died shortly thereafter leaving Seetharam with guilt. In 2014, during his appearance in the talk show Weekend with Ramesh, Seetharam said that many of his plays were made as tributes to his father and his television serials were made as tributes to women, inspired mainly by his deceased sister, Padma.
Seetharam began his career as an associate to playwright and film director, P. Lankesh. He played a pivotal role in the Lankesh directed National Award winning film Pallavi (1976). He was also associated with the famous director Puttanna Kanagal and had written scripts for his movies. He also made appearances as an actor in some movies. He was noticed when he started directing TV serials for Doordarshan. Fame and recognition came when he directed Mayamruga, a daily Kannada serial which stood apart for its take on reality. Mayamruga has seen a DVD avatar, probably a first for a Kannada serial. He then went on to direct Kamanabillu which was the first serial on a satellite TV to be watched widely His association with ETV Kannada resulted in famous serials like Manvantara and Muktha. He has acted in most of his serials and he likes to play the character of a lawyer who comes to the rescue of the oppressed.
He developed a concept of Samvada, wherein he held organised meetings with his audience throughout Karnataka. These became so popular that ETV Kannada telecast these interactions as well.
He was the president of Karnataka State Film Awards jury for the year 2006.
- 2001 - National Film Award for Best Feature Film in Kannada – Mathadana (2001)
- 2005 - Karnataka State Government's 'Aryabhata Awards': 'Best Director' award for the direction of the teleserial Muktha.
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
|Tun tun (Uma Devi Khatri)|
11 July 1923
Uttar Pradesh, India
|Died||24 November 2003 (aged 80)|
Tun Tun (11 July 1923 – 24 November 2003) was the screen name of Indian playback singer and actress-comedian, Uma Devi Khatri, who was called "Hindi cinema's first-ever comedienne".
Uma Devi was born in a conservative North Indian family in a small village in Uttar Pradesh. After the untimely death of her parents while she was in her teens, she was raised by her brother and later by her uncle.
She arrived in Bombay (Mumbai) at the age of 23, having run away from home, and knocked on composer Naushad Ali's door. She told him that she could sing and that she would throw herself in the ocean if he didn't give her a chance. He auditioned her, and hired her on the spot. She made her debut as a solo playback singer, in Nazir's Wamiq Azra (1946). Soon she signed a contract with the producer-director A.R. Kardar, who used Naushad as music director, and went on make a place for herself amidst music stalwarts like Noor Jehan, Rajkumari, Khursheed and Zohrabai Ambalewali.
In 1947, she had huge hits with "Afsana Likh Rahi Hoon Dil-e-beqarar ka", "Yeh Kaun Chala Meri Aankhon Mein Sama Kar", and "Aaj Machi Hai Dhoom Jhoom Khushi Se Jhoom", which she sang for actress Munawar Sultana in A.R. Kardar's Dard (1947), again under the music direction of Naushad; she also sang a duet, "Betaab Hai Dil Dard-e-Mohabat Ke Asar Se", with Suraiya In fact, a gentleman from Delhi was so enamoured by her song, "Afsana Likh Rahi Hoon", that he stayed with her in Bombay. They got married, and the couple had two daughters and two sons; her husband, whom she called Mohan, died in 1992.
Success of Dard meant that she next received Mehboob Khan's Anokhi Ada (1948), which again had two hit numbers, "Kahe jiya dole" and "Dil ko lagake humne kuch bhi na paya". This brought her into the league of highly rated playback singers. She reached her peak as a vocalist in director S.S. Vasan's "Chandralekha" (1948) made by Gemini Studios, Chennai. Her seven songs, which include hits like, "Saanjh ki bela", remain her most accomplished work in her singing career; though signing the film also meant a breach of contract with producer-director Kardar, which led to her dwindling fortunes in the industry.
Moreover, in following years, owing to her older style of singing and limited vocal range, she found it difficult to compete with the rising singing stars, Lata Mangeshkar and Asha Bhosle. Eventually Naushad suggested that she take up acting, because she had a very bubbly personality and wonderful comic timing. He asked his friend Dilip Kumar to cast her in one of his films, and she appeared in Babul (1950) with him, which had Nargis as the lead actress; it is he who renamed her as 'Tun Tun' to suit her comic persona, the name stayed with her, and a comedic legend was born.
She went on to act in Guru Dutt's classics like Aar Paar (1954), Mr. & Mrs. '55 (1955) and Pyaasa (1957). In the 1960s and 1970s, she was a permanent comic relief in numerous Bollywood films, a few years down the line, she most notably starred in Amitabh Bachchan starrer, Namak Halaal (1982), a Prakash Mehra's blockbuster.
In her career spanning five decades, she acted in around 198 films in Hindi/Urdu and other languages like Punjabi etc., pairing with top comedy actors of her times like Bhagwan Dada, Agha, Sunder, Mukri, Dhumal, Johnny Walker and Keshto Mukherjee. She was last seen in Hindi film in 'Kasam Dhande Ki' (1990).
Owing to her popularity, the name Tun Tun has become synonymous with fat women in India.
Usha Jadhav is an Indian actress who has worked in feature films, short films, television and theater. She is best known for her role in the 2012 Marathi film Dhag for which she is announced the winner of Best Actress Award at the 60th National Film Awards. She has also played various small roles in Bollywood films and commercial advertisements.
Born and brought up in Kolhapur, Maharashtra, Jadhav moved to Pune for her job. She started her career in theater at Pune, while still continuing in her job. Following her passion for the art, she moved to Mumbai in search of various roles.
Jadhav got various opportunities in commercial advertisements like that for Tata DoCoMo, Fevicol, Head & Shoulders, ICICI Bank and more. Her first break in films came with the 2007 Hindi film Traffic Signal, directed by Madhur Bhandarkar, where she was cast in a small role of a girl selling goods at the traffic signal. She also played another small role in the 2009 film Do Paise Ki Dhoop, Chaar Aane Ki Baarish, which was the directorial debut of film actress Deepti Naval starring Manisha Koirala and Rajit Kapur in lead roles.
In 2012, Jadhav was seen alongside Amitabh Bachchan in the advertisements of the 6th season of Kaun Banega Crorepati.She also played the lead role in one episode of the television show Lakhon Mein Ek that aired on Star Plus. The show narrated inspirational fictional stories of common people who brought change in the society. Guest-directed by Anant Mahadevan, the episode featured Jadhav as a young bride who is discriminated for her dark complexion by her in-laws.
Later same year, her film Dhag was released, where Jadhav played the lead role of Yashoda. Mother of a teenager, Yashoda wishes that her son should get good education and not fall in the traditional job of her family, of running the local crematorium. This role of a poor mother fighting the social norms laid on them for their lower caste status, got Jadhav various appreciations. The film featured in many film festivals and she was compared with the actress Smita Patil for her acting. Jadhav said that she admired Patil, but refused to admit that she had emulated her. She won the National Film Award for Best Actress for this role.
- 2012 — National Film Award (60th National Film Awards) as "Best Actress" for Dhag
- Official citation: "As a rustic housewife in an unlikely setting of a cremation ground, the actor is excellent in doing full justice to her character."
- 2012 — Maharashtra Times Sanmaan Award as "Best Actress (film)" for Dhag :
Vijaya Nirmala is an Indian film actress, producer and director known for her works predominantly in Telugu cinema. She has directed 44 films in Telugu, and In 2002, entered the Guinness Book of Records as the female director to direct the highest number of films. In 2008, she received the Raghupathi Venkaiah Award for her contributions to Telugu cinema.
Vijaya Nirmala was born in Tamil Nadu to a Telugu family from Andhra. Her father has worked in film production. She has a son Naresh who is also an actor, from her first marriage, after divorcing with her first husband, she started living together with actor Krishna who was already married and got married to him. .
Vijaya Nirmala entered cinema at the age of eleven, as a child artist with Panduranga Mahatmyam (1957). In 1964, she starred opposite Prem Nazir and rose to stardom with Malayalam hit Bhargavi Nilayam. And in 1967, she starred again opposite Prem Nazir in Udhyogastha by P. Venu. She debuted in Telugu industry through the film Rangula Ratnam.
Her debut film in Tamil was Engaveettu Penn, which was followed by movies including Panama Paasama, En Annan, Gnanaoli, and Uyira Maanama. She met her second husband Krishna on the sets of Saakshi (1967), her second film in Telugu, and they starred together in 47 films. It was Saakshi that kindled her interest in direction. To date, she has acted in over 200 films with 25 each in Malayalam and Tamil, and the remaining in Telugu.
Her small screen debut came with Balaji Telefilms' Pelli Kanuka. Soon after, she launched her own banner Vijaya Krishna Movies and produced 15 films. She made her directorial debut with a Malayalam film on a budget of 3 lakhs. She made her directorial debut in Telugu with Meena and directed 40 films in Telugu and one film each in Malayalam (directorial debut film) and Tamil (Kungumachimizh). Currently the actress-director is based in Hyderabad and is managing Padmalaya Studios and Padmalaya Telefilms Ltd.
Ved Prakash Sagar - Bhojpuri
Yuvan Shankar Raja