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Benificial Schemes for SC/ST

Dalit Human Rights
NCDHR is preparing a study on the situation of Dalits in India on different issues affecting Dalit's life. This report would be submitted to the Special Rapporteurs appointed by the UN Commission on Human Rights in the month of March this year.

We seek your support in this exercise and request you to send any report/study which you have done in recent times regarding the situation of Dalits in your state. We assure you that we would acknowledge your contribution in this report. Any study undertaken by you and your organization concerning some/any of the areas we have identified for including in this proposed report would be useful for us:

Land Rights
Housing Rights
Manual Scavenging
Right to Food: Discrimination faced in Food Security Programmes
Special Component Plan
Reservation in Private Sector
Dalits and Education
Political Participation
Criminal Justice System: PCRA, POA- Untouchability & Atrocities
Extra Judicial Violence: Torture, Cruel, Inhuman & Degrading treatment
Dalit Human Rights Defender
Dalit Bonded Labour
Jogini/Devadasi System
Wages: Discriminatory Practices
Violence against Dalit Women
Dalit Child Labour
Access to Health Care Services
Discrimination faced in Tsunami and other Natural Disasters

Please Respond

With Regards
Umakant, Ph.D
National Campaign on Dalit Human Rights (NCDHR)
8/1, 2nd Floor, South Patel Nagar
New Delhi-110008
Tel: 011-25842249, Tel/Fax: 011-25842250
Mobile: 093501-83804

Central aids to SC/ST

National Commission for Scheduled Castes and Scheduled  Tribes

Government of Delhi

Aid for 10,000 SC families to buy land, build houses

THIRUVANANTHAPURAM: The SC/ST Development Department has drawn up a scheme to provide financial support to 10,000 landless Scheduled Caste families to purchase land and construct houses. Rs.70,000 for housing scheme and Rs.19,500 for buying land Rs. 35 crores earmarked for scheme Beneficiaries to be identified by January 20 Land for 1,000 tribal families by month-end Scheduled and Backward Communities Welfare Minister A.P. Anil Kumar told a news conference here on Wednesday that 5,000 SC families would be given Rs.70,000 each to construct houses and another 5,000 families Rs.19,500 each to purchase land. The Government has earmarked Rs.35 crores for the scheme and the selection of beneficiaries would be completed by January 20, he said. Mr. Anil Kumar said the financial assistance would be available for purchase of up to three cents of land in panchayat areas and up to two cents in municipal and corporation areas. Persons with not less than three cents of land in their possession can apply for the housing assistance. The Minister said steps have been taken to simplify the procedures for extending assistance under the scheme. Persons applying for assistance under the scheme would not be required to submit the relevant documents. Only the select beneficiaries would be required to submit the documents. The Government had provided housing assistance to 5,000 SC families and assistance for purchase of land to 3,000 families under the same scheme. In addition, Rs.2 crores were disbursed to enable past beneficiaries under the scheme to complete construction of their houses. Mr. Anil Kumar said the Kerala State Development Corporation for Christian Converts from Scheduled Castes and the Recommended Communities has also given shape to 15 schemes to mark its silver jubilee. Under the scheme, the financial assistance for purchase of land by landless and shelterless persons covered by the Corporation would be increased from Rs.50,000 to Rs.1 lakh, he said. Hindu, Jan 5,2006

Diploma Course on Dalit Studies

Booshakthi Kendra, the Dalit Ashram
Nelahal P O
Tumkur Taluk 572128
Tumkur Dist. Karnataka


Two Full Years

(Confirm Date and Month of Commencing Course on Phone)


The Booshakthi Kendra, Nelahal
The Training Center of REDS, Tumkur
The Villages of Tumkur District for Field Studies

                           Course Philosophy

Dalit Communities all over India have an unexplored and unasserted wealth of knowledge that has been submerged by the shenanigans of dominant caste forces in India. It is time such knowledge is given an international visibility so that it becomes a focal point for International communities to engage Dalitism as an equal partner in discourses of governance. In order to do this it is necessary to evolve scientific forms and expressions of this knowledge system.

                          Course Objective

To provide the necessary learning ambience to genuinely searching young Dalit women and men from all over India so that either during the Diploma Course or after that they become part of a recognized Dalit Intelligentsia capable of standing up to any level of intellectual engagement with the rest of the world.

                              Course Aims

The Diploma Course aims at providing a learning space for young Dalit women and men for a limited period of two years.
It is the aim of the Course that such young women and men will transform themselves into effective instruments in the hands of the Dalit people for their holistic liberation.

It is aimed through this Diploma Course to create a critical intellectual mass of Dalit  community which will look at its assumptions of realities as well as help the larger society to look at 
its assumptions and will constantly remain a challenge to dominance of any kind in society.

It is aimed to create a Dalit community resource through this Diploma Course that will go back and remain with the community in all its struggles of life at all levels.

The Diploma Course aims to create a new Dalit Intelligentsia that will give national and international visibility to the aspirations and values of the Dalit people all over the world.

The Course Methodology

The Diploma Course on Dalit Studies will be twin based. It will be Field Based and Center Based.

1.      The Field Based Studies will enable the young intellectuals to gather enormous data that lays buried within the Dalit community through systematic explorations. Adequate instruments will be provided to unearth the almost submerged worldview, value premises, philosophies, paradigms, spirituality etc. of the Dalit community. During the Field based studies the young intellectuals will stay in Dalit families in the villages and share all the comforts that the Dalit people enjoy in their homes. The generation of data will be done at the individual, family, Dalit community and village people's levels. The field based study will take place at different stretches in different areas of Tumkur District.

2.      The Center Based studies will enable the young intellectuals pool their data, analysis and learning together. Necessary input will be given to the intellectuals to constantly refer their empirical data to the theoretical and paradigmatic frameworks placed before them and create a cycle of learning. The data they generate in their field studies will enhance their theoretical understanding and the theories they learn will further push them into the villages for more learning.

The Center Based Studies will have four major streams for their systematic and productive learning. These Streams are:

1.      Culture, Religion, Spirituality Stream
2.      Cognitive Stream
3.      Personality Development Stream
4.      Capacity Building Stream

Stream No 1 aims at making available to the young intellectuals dimensions of different cultures, religions and spiritualities both at a cognitive and analytical level as well as at an emotive, experiential level. The intellectuals will be enabled to challenge themselves on their cultural, religious and spiritual assumptions and check the validity of their assumptions with the experience and knowledge of other intellectuals in the Course. The intellectuals will also have ample space to explore new methods and practices congruent to their new learning in the course of their group life.

Stream No 2 aims at consolidating the cognitive dimension of the personality of the young intellectuals. In order to do this a Course Content has been prepared and is given below.

Stream No 3 aims at providing different packages and methods for dealing with the self, with the other, with the group and with the society. In a mutually supporting atmosphere the intellectuals will
challenge one another in their value congruence with their life style, assumptions of truth and realities of life, attitudes towards one another etc.

Stream No 4 aims at providing necessary space and material support to develop individual, group and community capacities and different skills.

All the four streams will be organically linked so that Internalization and Integration takes place during the course of everyday learning.

Course Content 

Ambedkar's Writings

Course I

Castes in India
Annihilation of Caste
Ranade, Gandhi and Jinnah – Federation vesus Freedom
States and Minorities
Russel and Resonstruction of Soceity
Communal Deadlock and a Way to solve it.

Course II

Philosophy of Hinduism
The Hindu social order: Its essential Principles; The Hindu Social Order: Its Unique Features; Symbols of Hinduism; Ancient India or Exhumation; The Ancient Regime-The State of the Aryan Society; A Sunken Priesthood; Reformers and Their Fate; The Decline and the Fall
of Buddhism; The Literature of Brahminism; The Triumph of Brahminism; The Morals of the House- Manusmriti or the Gospel of Counter-Revolution; The Philosophic Defense of Counter Revolution: Krishna and His Gita; Brahmins Vs Kshatriyas; Shudras and the Counter-Revolution; The Woman and the Counter-Revolution; Buddha or Karl Marx.

India and Pre-requisites of Communism Revolution and Counter Revolution Buddha or Karl Marx

Course III

Riddles of Hinduism
There are 24 riddles that Ambedkar deals with.

Course IV

Untouchables or Children of India's Ghetto; The House the Hindus have built; The Rock on which it is Built; Why Lawlessness is Lawful?; Touchables Vs Untouchables; Hinduism and the Legacy of  Brahminism; Civilization or Felony; The Origin of Untouchability; The Curse of Caste; From Millions to Fractions; The Revolt of untouchables; Held at Bay; Away from the

Hindus; A Warning to the Untouchables; Caste and Conversion; Christianizing the Untouchables; The Condition of the Convert; Under the Providence of Gandhi; Gandhi and His Fast.

Course V

The Shudras. How they came to be the Fourth Varna in the Indo-Aryan Society The Untouchables. Who were they and Why they Became Untouchables?

Course VI

The Buddha and His Dhamma

Buddha as Ambedkar sees him. Hid Kula; His ancestry; His birth; Visit by Asita; Death of Mahamaya; Childhood and Education; Early Traits; Marriage; Father's Plans to save his son; The failure of the Women to win the prince; Prime Minister's Admonition to the Prince; The
Prince's Reply to the Prime Minister; Initiation into the Sakya Sangh; Conflict with the Sangh; Offer of Exile; Parivraja – the Way Out; Parting Words; Leaving Home; The Prince and the Servant; The Return of Channa; The Family in Mourning.

A Critical Study of Buddhism.

Course VII

The Partition of India

Muslim Case for Pakistan; 

Hindu Case against Pakistan; 
What if not Pakistan?; 
Pakistan and the Malaise; 
Must there be Pakistan?

India Pakistan Relations in the changing global scenario.

Course VIII

What Congress and Gandhi have done to the Untouchables

A Strange Event; 

A Shabby Show; 
A Mean Deal; 
An Abject Surrender; 
A Political Charity;
A False Claim; 
A False Charge; 
The Real Issue; 
A Plea to the Foreigners; 
What do the Untouchables Say?; 
Gandhism, the
Doom of the Untouchables.

A Critical Review of Gandhi and His Views on India.

Course IX

Isms of the World. Feudalism vis-à-vis Dalits; 

Capitalism vis-à-vis Dalits; 
Marxism vis-à-vis Dalits; 
Communism vis-à-vis Dalits;
Brahminism vis-à-vis Dalits;

Communalism vis-à-vis Dalits;
Feminism vis-à-vis Dalits;
Lohiaism vis-à-vis Dalits;
Naxalism vis-à-vis Dalits; 
Gandhism vis-à-vis Dalits; 
Ambedkarism vis-à-vis Dalits.

Towards Dalitism as global alternative

Course X

Religions of the World – Instruments of Dominance or Instruments of Equality?

Quran Vs Islam;

 Bible Vs Churches; 
Tripitaka Vs Buddhism;
Vedas and Hinduism;
Protest Dimensions of Dominant religions; 
Dominant Dimensions of Protest Religions; 
Trajectory of Sikhism; 
Trajectories of Jainism; 
Trajectories of Veerashivism; Bakthi Movements;

Course XI


The Beginnings; 

The Brahminic Social Order; 
Dalit Communicative
Interaction; The Dalit Community;

Dalit Identity; A Protesting People;
Dalit Education; Dalit Elders;

 Dalit Politics; Dalit Human Rights.

Course XII

Cosmosity – Dalit Spirituality.

Dalit Philosophical Traditions;
Dalit Self; 
Dalit Psyche;
Primacy of Dalit Women; Dalit Body; 
Dalit Ancestors – Mythical Ancestors, Historical Ancestors, Our Foremothers
and Forefathers; 
Cosmo-centrism; Boocentrism. Earth as Dalit Spirituality.

Course XIII

Dalits as a Protesting People. History of Dalit Protest and Resistance; Dalit Resistance in Hindu Mythology; Resistance through different stages of Indian History; Resistance in the 20 and 21 Centuries. Contemporary Resistance. A Critical Analysis of Resistance in General and Dalit Resistance in Particular.

Dalit Movements – Protest or Proactive?

Future Course of Dalit Movements.

Literature as Dalit Resistance. Dalit Intelligentsia.

Course XIV

Projects of Dalitization

The Project of Land Distribution        Vs      The Project of Land Grabbing
The Project of Boocentrism              Vs      The Project of Heaven Centrism
The Project of Unbroken Identity        Vs      The Project of Ascriptive Identity
The Project of Brightening Horizons     Vs      The Project of Darkening Horizons
The Project of Unlimited Space  Vs      The Project of Graded Inequality
The Project of Don't Touchability       Vs      The Project of Untouchability
The Project of Freedom of Labor Vs      The Projects of Free Labor
The Project of Political Nationalism    Vs      The Project of
Cultural Nationalism
The Project of Participation            Vs      The Project of Dominanace
The Project of Internationalism Vs      The Project of Parochialism

Course XV

Global Alliances for Dalit Liberation


Terrorism of States and Ethnic Groups; 
 Indigenous Peoples of the World; 
Evolution of Indigenous Alternatives; 
UN and D lit Liberation; International Donors and Dalits; 
International Dalit
Solidarity Networks and Dalit Liberation; Alliances with Empowering People of the Earth.

Course Resource
The Diploma Course firmly believes that the young intellectuals are the primary resource persons during the entire period of two years. The methodology of the Course will be to rely heavily on the strengths of the learners as a basic resource and provide external input only
when the learning community requires it. There will be a pool of external faculty of teaching from different parts of India. Though not on a regular basis, some of them will come for short duration to interact with the young intellectuals to share their cognitive and emotive resources. The external faculty will be chosen from the following pool.

1.      Prof. Vimal Thorat
2.      Mrs. Kumud Pavade
3.      Prof. Waman Nimbalkar
4.      Dr. S.K. Thorat
5.      Mrs. Sivagami IAS
6.      Dr. Kancha Ilaiah
7.      Dr. Nalini Arles
8.      Dr. James Massey
9.      Dr. Ruth Manorama
10.     Dr. Manohar Yadav
11.     Mr. Thirumavalavan
12.     Mr. Ambujakshan
13.     Dr. Mohanrazu
14.     Dr. C.S. Dwarakanath
15.     Fr. Aloysius SJ
16.     Ms. Jayashree Mangubhai
17.     Mr. Martin Macwan
18.     Ms. Manjula Pradeep
19.     Mrs. Leelakumari

(Other faculty will be added to the pool in the course time) 
 Course Responsibilities

M C Raj is the Dean of Studies for the Diploma Course on behalf of the Booshakthi Kendra.

                           Support Systems

The different Departments of REDS, Tumkur headed by Mrs Jyothi will provide all necessary support for the successful completion of the Diploma Course.

The Group of Dalit Panchayat Leaders in Tumkur District will provide all support for field based studies.

The Course provides boarding, lodging facilities for the young intellectuals together with a monthly pocket money allowance of Rs.300/-


The Diploma Course is open to all Dalit Graduates. Preference will be given to young Dalit women graduates. Applicants may be citizens of any country in the world. Only those who come successfully through a selection process will be eligible.


The young intellectuals will have a lot of opportunity to directly interaction with many Indian and international intellectuals, academicians, Human Rights Activists, Theologians, Donors etc.

Negotiations are underway for recognition from a University in Europe as well as an Indian University. Certificates will be given from such universities at the successful completion of the entire course.


Formal application for the Diploma Course on Dalit Studies may be submitted to:

Dean of Studies
Diploma Course on Dalit Studies
Booshakthi Kendra
Nelahal P.O.
Tumkur Taluk – 572128
Karnataka – India

Phones:   0816-5533809          Mobile: (0) 9845144893
Deadline for Applications  (Please Call for Details)

Application Form


Date of Birth:

Place of Birth:



Marital Status:



Proficiency in English:


Organizations Affiliated to:



Recognized Skills:

Permanent Address:

Residential Address:

Two References with Telephone Numbers:

Why do you want to take up this Diploma Course?

In what way can you contribute to the learning of others in the Course?

What are your apprehensions about the Course?

What Difficulties do you foresee in completing the entire course?

Do you have any health needs such as food, medical care etc.?

How do you plan to contribute to the Dalit community after the completion of the Diploma Course?

How do you plan to make use of the Course to building a career for you?

If selected for the Diploma Course on Dalit Studies, I promise to complete the course abiding by the group ethics of the Diploma Course.


Date……….                                                Place……………

SC/ST grants for higher studies get CCEA nod 
NEW DELHI, JANUARY 19: The Cabinet Committee on Economic Affairs today approved a fellowship scheme for providing financial help to Scheduled Caste and Scheduled Tribe students wanting to pursue higher studies.

The scheme, called the Rajiv Gandhi National Fellowship, is expected to benefit 667 Scheduled Tribe students and 1,333 Scheduled Caste students in 2005-06. The University Grants Commission (UGC) will be the nodal agency implementing the scheme.. 

Are Dalits Getting the Resources Due to Them?

By the Centre for Budgets & Governance Accountability (CBGA)

According to Census 2001, the Scheduled Castes constitute 16.2% of the total population of India.

However, this social group has historically suffered from caste and untouchability based exclusion and discrimination. In spite of decades of planning and a sizeable amount of public resources being channeled in the name of welfare of SCs, actual benefits have hardly reached these groups. In relation to all major socio-economic indicators (such as, access to income generating assets, poverty, employment, education, health etc.) they have been far below the national average.

Recognizing this fact, the Government of India under the directive of the then Prime Minister, Ms. Indira Gandhi, formulated the Special Component Plan (SCP) (now being renamed as - Scheduled Caste Sub Plan or SCSP) during the 6 Five Year Plan, in the year 1979. The SCP for SCs expected “to facilitate easy convergence and pooling of resources from all the other development sectors in proportion to the population of SCs and monitoring of various development programmes for the benefit of SCs”. This strategy was made mandatory for all the State governments’ departments as well as Central Government

The SCSP is not meant to be an isolated programme / scheme. Instead it’s purpose was to serve as an umbrella strategy for overall development of Scheduled Castes. The strategy entails the targeted flow of funds and associated benefits from the Annual Plan of States/ Union Territories, at least in proportion to the Scheduled Caste population in total population of the States/ Union Territories.

While the central objective of the SCP is the economic development of Scheduled Castes, it also intends to promote their educational and social development along with the fulfillment of their minimum needs and human resources development. The objective of SCP is to ensure that not only are sufficient funds allocated for the welfare of Dalits, but also that the funds are properly used and that effective and practical programmes with clear goals and targets are initiated.

Key Components of the SCP

The main elements of SCP are the following:

1. Out of the total plan outlay, funds allocated for the welfare of Dalits should be at least as much as the percentage of their population representation in the particular state.

2. Every department of the state government should initiate concrete steps to evolve separate
programmes, in accordance with specific needs and priorities of Dalits, under the SCP. Notional allocations under SCP (especially in sectors like Power, Irrigation, Education, and Health)

This part of the paper has been drawn from Social Watch - Tamil Nadu (2004), “Special Component Plan: Dalit Hopes Betrayed?” Second (Revised) Edition, Chennai, July 2004.

3. Only those programmes specially meant for Dalits and the percentage amount of funds allocated, as

per specific Government Orders, can be included in the SCP.

4. Separate budget heads have to be shown in the “Plan-Budget Link” Book clearly mentioning the receipts and expenditures details of the SCP (in order to prevent diversion, underutilization and mis-utilization of funds earmarked for Dalits).

5. The Department concerned with Dalit Welfare in the State should act as the Nodal Agency for the formulation and implementation of SCP in the state.

The three important instruments devised as vehicles for the implementation of the SCP strategy are:

1. The SCP of the states and central ministries: the targets fixed under SCP are disaggregated into district-wise and sector-wise targets. At the district level, the district collectors are responsible for coordinating the implementation of the schemes under SCP.

2. The Special Central Assistance (SCA) for the SCPs of the States: SCA is given as 100% grant by the

Ministry of Social Justice and Empowerment to various States, to make up for any deficiency towards the implementation of the SCP in the respective State.

3. Scheduled castes Development Corporations (SCDCs) in the States or the State Departments, which will play the role of Nodal Agencies, in the implementation of SCP in the States.

Nature of Allocations

The allocations for SCs fall under two categories:

1. Actual Allocations: This refers to allocations for SCs under those schemes, which are either meant exclusively for SCs or those in which there are clear guidelines/instructions regarding the proportion of SC beneficiaries being a certain minimum level within the total beneficiaries of the scheme.

2. Notional Allocations: In contrast to Actual Allocations for SCs, Notional Allocations for SCs refer to allocations that are shown by the Government Ministry/ Department as directly benefiting the SCs from within the total allocations for a Scheme. These benefits, even if they really reach the SCs in the proportions shown by the Ministry/Department, are at best incidental benefits derived by SCs, for which there were no binding policy guidelines or instructions within the scheme.

The Scheduled Castes and Scheduled Tribes coming from deprived homes and disadvantaged environment find it difficult to complete with those coming from socially and economically advantageous positions.
Hence the Ministry of Welfare is implementing the Scheme of Coaching and Allied for SCs/STs under which funds are released for Pre-Examination training Centers (PETCs) in various party of the country for preparing SC/ST candidates for competitive examinations to improve their representation in various posts and services by providing them coaching for appearing for various competitive examinations held by UPSC, SSC, Recruitment Board, Commission, Public Sector Undertakings and other recruiting bodies.
The Pre-Examination Training Centres for SC/ST run by the State Governments/ Universities/Private Coaching Institutes will be eligible. The centres importing coaching to SC/ST candidates for competitive examinations having All India Recruitment Character such as Civil Services Examination, Banking Recruit- ment Services, Central Excise Inspector, Railway Board etc. will be covered under the scheme. The State Government Services Examination and other Subordinate Services Examination and other Subordinate Services Examination limited to State Government jobs will not be covered under the Scheme. Private organization will also be given financial assistance for conducting coaching for competitive examinations of all India nature for admission in Engineering, Medical and Management Courses, but not for Technical Courses as this is already covered under this Ministry/s NGO Scheme of Aid to Voluntary Organizations for the benefit of SCs/STs.
The distribution of coaching centers should be equitable and linked to SC/ST population of the area. The privately run centers will be sponsored only in areas where there are no good coaching centers run either by State Government or by Universities in that particular region. All existing private run centers in such areas which are not doing well or not showing reasonable results will be weeded out on the basis of performance review.
A candidate should have at least 50% marks in the qualifying examination. Thereafter, selection will be done on the basis of an interview by a Selection Committee comprising of the following members :
(a)Secretary of Social Welfare Department in the State Government.
(b)Two representatives of SC/ST community to be nominated by the State Government
(c)Director of the Institution as Convener.
The coaching centre should not have more that 40 students in each class including non-SC/ST students so that students can get adequate attention and coaching. Grant-in-aid will be given only for SC/ST students under this scheme. The total number of students may preferably consist of 30% women SC/ST candidates and 5% disabled SC/ST candidate
Candidates receiving coaching under the scheme of avail of the facilities only two times provided he/she is selected by/the Selection Committee. This limit is irrespective of the number of chances he/she may be entitled to in a particular competitive examination
The income ceiling of candidates (income of self if employed, and income of parents if dependent on them)
The Pre-Examination Coaching centre (PETCs) may conduct any number of courses but the courses conducted by them should preferably be of comparable level. In respect of the courses for which coaching can be imported, the PETCs should send their application in the prescribed proforma as at Annexure I along with proforma to be submitted by State Government / UT Administration in respect of grantee NGO/Institutions to Ministry of Welfare as per Annexure II and Annexure III. Applications by the various PETCs should accompany initial inspection report and recommendation of State Government in the proforma prescribed under this scheme.
A high-level committee chaired by Secretary (W) will review the performance of the Centres. The performance will be reviewed after every 3 years by the Committee in the Ministry without recourse to SFC on the basis of actual record maintained by the PETCs. Physical achievement in respect of each course should be finished by all PETCs as per proforma at Annexure VII every year while submitting the proposals.
The inclusion/deletion of Centres, including private centres under the scheme will be determined Committee consisting of the following members:
Secretary (Tribal Affairs) or NomineeChairman
Financial Advisor (Tribal Affairs)Member
Secretary, UGCMember
JS, Dept. of EducationMember
JS (TA),Member
Dir. (SCH)Mem. Convenor.
Chairman may coopt. Any other professionals as Member/Members as and when required
There will be no bench-mark level in respect of each course in the scheme. The high level committed chaired by Secretary (W) as proposed above may evolve its own performance indicators. The performance will be reviewed after every 3 years by committee mentioned above without recourse to SFC on the basis of actual record maintained by the PETCs. The Selection Committee will also function as Advisory Committee for monitoring performance of coaching Institutes by evolving its own performance indicators
Will regard to private institutes the following norms will be adopted for inclusion/deletion :
The Institution should be a Registered Trust or Society and/or recognised by the concerned States/UTs Education/Social Welfare Department or affiliated to the nearest university.
The institution should have at least 3 years successful experience of importing coaching in the course(s) for which inclusion under the scheme is proposed or in analogous courses/degrees. However, in such districts where there are no coaching facilities, new institution could be considered.
Private Institutes so selected should be included under the scheme for a period of 3 years at a time. Continuance for a further period would depend on its standard.
The Institute should have adequate accommodation and teaching equipment.
The faculty should be adequately qualified and competent.
Institutions which have been started or managed by the SC/ST themselves should be considered on priority.
The rates of coaching should be on contract basis as provided for in the scheme
The institution should provide an undertaking to abide by the terms and conditions as given in Annexure. Furnishing of performance report is a pre-requisite for further grants to PETCs.

Poor Dalits defrauded financially by Christian Welfare Trust

 May 5, 2012 News updates 
Poor Dalits defrauded financially by Christian Welfare Trust

Hundreds of backward caste Christians in Nellore report being defrauded by fake finance schemes, all in the name of their faith

Conmen defrauded poor Dalit Christian villagers of more than Rs.450 crore in the name of religion. As many as 18 cases have been filed in various districts of Andhra Pradesh since November 2011 against 111 people for misappropriation of funds, cheating and conspiracy.
The faith cashiers, who are now on the run, initially enlisted the support of local church pastors for their monetary schemes. The pastors then, perhaps unwittingly, canvassed the programmes among poor Christians, mostly Dalits residing in the colonies for Scheduled Castes and Tribes in Nellore district. The agents made unrealistic promises that their deposits would multiply.
On the face of it, the schemes were different but they all had the same underlying modus operandi. One such scheme collected Rs.11,000 from a depositor and paid Rs.3,000 for the first two months and Rs.6,000 from the third till the eighth month. At the end of it, the investor got a cumulative Rs.54,000 inclusive of the initial deposit. Fake trusts and societies in Chennai, Hyderabad and Nagaland collected large sums. Eight trusts and societies lured more than 1,50,000 people across 13 of the 23 districts of Andhra Pradesh.
“Money was collected under the cover of Christian welfare in order to win over the poor investors,” said B.V. Ramana Kumar, superintendent of police, Nellore district where more people have been hoodwinked than in any other. In the most popular scheme, agents promised returns as high as six times within six to 10 months, say police sources.
The state Criminal Investigation Department has begun a probe. The agency has, so far, found that about Rs.450 crore had been deposited by the people. The final tally is expected to go up. Even after six months of the probe, only 26 of the 111 accused have been arrested, while Rs.18.67 crore has been recovered or frozen.

Government funding allowing reservations in colleges/universities
There is a University Grants Commission (UGC) set up that provides financial assistance to universities for the establishment of Special Cells for SC/STs. Their purpose is to help universities implement the reservation policy in the student admissions and staff recruitment processes at teaching and non teaching levels. They also help the SC/ST categories integrate with the university community and remove the difficulties which they may have experienced. SC/ST cells like these have been set up in 109 universities. The UCG provides financial assistance to universities and affiliated colleges for implementation of the Special Cells. It provides the universities with assistance worth "Rs.1, 00,000/- per annum for:
  1. Travelling Allowances & Dearness Allowances for field work
  2. Data Collection
  3. Analysis and evaluation of statistical data
  4. New Computer and Printer (once in a plan period)"
The UGC provides financial assistance only up to the end of the Xth Plan period ending on 31 March 2007. The work undertaken by the SC/ST Cells is reviewed at the end of Xth plan. The Xth plan is proposed to ensure that there is an effective implementation of the reservation policy in admissionsrecruitment, allotment of staff quarters, hostels, etc. Essentially, its goal is to ensure that the SC/ST Cells are established in the universities.
Excluded from the reservation system
The following people are not entitled to reserved seats. Meaning that people cannot take advantage of the reservation system if they fall under the following categories:
Categories for Rule of ExclusionRule of Exclusion Applies to the following:
Constitutional Posts
The sons and daughters of the President of India, the Vice-President of IndiaJudges of the Supreme Court, the High Courts Chairman, the members of Union Public Service Commission, members of the State Public Service Commission, Chief Election Commissioner, Comptroller Auditor-General of India or any person holding positions of a constitutional nature.
Service Category: Those who are considered Group ‘A’/Class I officers of the All India Central and State Services (Direct Recruits) or those who are considered Group 'B'/ Class II officers of The Central and State Services (Direct Recruitment) or those who are employees in the Public Sector.
Those who have parent(s) that are Class I or Class II officers, or both parents are Class I or Class II officers but one of them dies or suffers permanent incapacitation. The criteria used for sons and daughters of Group A and B are the same for the employees of the Public sector
Armed forces including Paramilitary Forces (Persons holding civil posts are not included).
The sons and daughters of parents either or both of whom is or are in the rank of colonel and above in the army or in equivalent posts in the Navy, the Air Force, and the Paramilitary Force. But that will hold true provided that-
  1. "the wife of an armed forces officer is herself in the Armed forces (i.e., the category under consideration) the rule of exclusion will apply only when she herself has reached the rank of Colonel."
  2. "the service ranks below Colonel of husband and wife shall not be clubbed together"
  3. "if the wife of an officer in the armed forces is in civil employment, this will not be taken into account for applying the rule of exclusion unless she falls in the service category under item No.II in which case the criteria and conditions"
Professional class and those engaged in Trade and Industry
If a person has a high paying job such as physicianlawyerchartered accountant, income tax consultant, financial or management consultantdental surgeonengineerarchitectcomputer specialist, film artist or other film professional, authorplaywrightsports person, sports professional, media professional or any other vocations of like status. If the husband holds one of the above jobs and the wife doesn't then the husband's income will be taken into consideration and if the wife holds one of the above jobs then the wife's income will be taken into consideration.The income of the family as a whole will be taken into account because the whole point of the reservation system is to raise the social status of the people that belong to the SC's, ST's and OBC's and if a family's income is high already it is considered that it raises their social status as well.
Property owners- Agricultural, Plantations (Coffee,tea,rubber,etc.), Vacant land and/or buildings in urban areas
Sons and daughters of those who have irrigated land area which is equal to or more than 85% of the statutory ceiling area will be excluded from reservation. They would only be under reservation if the land is exclusively unirrigated. Those with vacant buildings can use them for residential, industrial or commercial purposes, hence they are not covered under reservations.
Creamy layer
Son(s)/daughter(s) of those who earn 4.5 lakh Rs. or more annually for three consecutive years are excluded from reservation.

The creamy layer is only applicable in the case of Other Backward Castes and not applicable on other group like SC or ST. Though the efforts are also being made to do so. In some state the reservation within reservation has been made but creamy layer as such is applicable in OBCs only.

Institutions kept out of the purview of reservation
The following institutions have been kept out of the purview of Central Educational Institutions (Reservation in Admission) Act, 2006:,

Homi Bhabha National Institute, Mumbai and its ten constituent units, namely:
    1. Bhabha Atomic Research Centre, Trombay
    2. Indira Gandhi Centre for Atomic Research, Kalpakkam
    3. Raja Ramanna Centre for Advanced Technology, Indore
    4. Institute for Plasma Research, Gandhinagar
    5. Variable Energy Cyclotron Centre, Kolkata
    6. Saha Institute of Nuclear Physics, Kolkata;
    7. Institute of Physics, Bhubaneshwar
    8. Institute of Mathematical Sciences, Chennai
    9. Harish-Chandra Research Institute, Allahabad
    10. Tata Memorial Centre, Mumbai
  1. Tata Institute of Fundamental Research, Mumbai
  2. North Eastern Indira Gandhi Regional Institute of Health and Medical Sciences, Shillong
  3. National Brain Research Centre, Manesar, Gurgaon
  4. Jawaharlal Nehru Centre for Advanced Scientific Research, Bangalore
  5. Physical Research Laboratory, Ahmedabad
  6. Space Physics Laboratory, Thiruvananthapuram
  7. Indian Institute of Remote Sensing, Dehradun


History of the Reservations System
The social reservation in Indian continent is an age-old traditional system sometimes mentioned as equivalent to apartheid. Every person's occupation or job status was fixed by birth.Not only that even who will get education or not, who will live where, who will be allowed to avail social amenities or not was also determined by birth.The British understood their psyche very well and gave it a legal and constitutional acknowledgement.
Present Reservation system has a long history and has been debated before and after Indian Independence from the British in 1947.
Reservations in favor of Backward Classes (BCs) were introduced long before independence in a large area, comprising the Presidency areas and the Princely states south of the Vindhyas. In 1882, Hunter Commission was appointed. Mahatma Jyotirao Phule made a demand of free and compulsory education for everyone along with proportionate representation in government jobs. In 1891, there was a demand for reservation of government jobs with an agitation (in the princely State of Travancore) against the recruitment of non-natives into public service overlooking qualified native people In 1901,reservations were introduced in Maharashtra (in the Princely State of Kolhapur) by Shahu Maharaj. Chatrapati Sahuji Maharaj, Maharaja of Kolhapur in Maharashtra introduced reservation in favour of non-Brahmin and backward classes as early as 1902. He provided free education to everyone and opened several hostels in Kolhapur to make it easier for everyone to receive the education. He also made sure everyone got suitable employment no matter what social class they belonged. He also appealed for a class-free India and the abolition of untouchability. The notification of 1902 created 50% reservation in services for backward classes/communities in the State of Kolhapur. This is the first official instance (Government Order) providing for reservation for depressed classes in India.
In 1908, reservations were introduced in favour of a number of castes and communities that had little share in the administration by the British There were many other reforms in favor of and against reservations before the Indian Independence itself.
Even after the Indian Independence there were some major changes in favor of the STs, SCs and OBCs. One of the most important occurred in 1979 when the Mandal Commission was established to assess the situation of the socially and educationally backward classes. The commission did not have exact figures for a sub-caste, known as the Other Backward Class(OBC), and used the 1930 census data, further classifying 1,257 communities as backward, to estimate the OBC population at 52%. In 1980 the commission submitted a report, and recommended changes to the existing quotas, increasing them from 22% to 49.5% As of 2006 number of castes in Backward class list went up to 2297 which is the increase of 60% from community list prepared by Mandal commission. But it wasn't until the 1990s that the recommendations of the Mandala Commission were implemented in Government Jobs by Vishwanath Pratap Singh.The concept of untouchability was not practiced uniformly throughout the country; therefore the identification of oppressed classes was difficult to carry out. Allegedly, the practice of segregation and untouchability prevailed more in the southern parts of India as opposed to in Northern India. Furthermore, certain castes or communities, considered "untouchable" in one province were not in other provinces.
Continuous efforts of some of the social reformers of the country like Rettamalai Srinivasa Paraiyar, Ayothidas Pandithar, Jyotiba PhuleBabasaheb AmbedkarChhatrapati Shahu ji Maharaj and others, helped in eradicating "casteism".

Advances under the Reservations System

The public sector jobs are divided into 4 categories: Class I (or Group A), Class II (or Group B), Class III (or Group C) and Class IV (or Group D). The Class I employees take up 2.2% of the public sector workforce, the Class II employees take up 3.3% of the public sector workforce, the Class III employees take up 66.8% of the public sector workforce, and the Class IV employees take up 27.2% of the public sector workforce. Below are the percentages of the SC employees in the Central government:
IV17.24 (excludes sweepers)17.7518.620.221.26 (excludes sweepers)
The above table shows that over time as the new laws for the reservation systems were passed employment of SC's in Class I,II,III, and IV public sectors increased substantially.

Critiques of the Reservations System

Though the concept is reasonable yet its irrational formulation makes the whole principle of ‘reservation’ a serious drain on extremely scarce National resources. For example:
Certain Universities have sub-divided the ‘vacancies’ under each PhD Guide also into ‘open’ and ‘reserved’ categories (the reserved category is again split into, at least, two sub-parts). Hence, in a University with 20 Teachers as ‘approved’ Guides (having a total of 20x8=160 ‘vacancies’) about 50% are earmarked for the candidates from the ‘reserved’ category—incidentally, these reserved seats are not inter-changeable between the sub-categories of the ‘reserved’ category!
Recently (year 2012) it was noticed from the official website of a reputed University that there were only about 10 candidates who had qualified the Written Tests and, hence, all of them were allotted Research Centres and Guides—without appearing for any Interview at all. Hence, there are no competitors, from the reserved categories, for the balance 70 vacancies {(160/2)-10=70}. On the other hand, 150 candidates (from the ‘open’ category) qualified the Written Exams, and 70 of them will have to be rejected admission—because the total number of vacancies in the ‘open’ category is only 80.
Secondly, every Guide is paid the same Pay and Perks even if he/she has no student allotted to him against the 50% ‘reservation’ quota under him.
Thirdly, the students who, under the aforesaid misconceived or irrational implementation of an otherwise reasonable concept, fail to get admission locally, obtain loans from the ‘public’ sector banks in order to pay hefty fees abroad for a PhD programme—whereas within India highly paid National resources (College Teachers who are approved PhD Guides) remain underutilized!
This anomaly can be rectified, to some extent, by pooling the ‘reserved’ vacancies at the level of each Research Centre—rather than under each Guide individually, and reviewing the number of ‘reserved’ seats downwards on the basis of past 5 years’ intake of candidates from the ‘reserved’ category (the tenure of a PhD student normally ends after 5 years).
According to the 2001 census, the SCs represented 16.20 per cent of the population and the STs were 8.10 per cent.Some of the arguments/ counter-arguments put forth by Anti-Reservationists and Pro-Reservationists, are:
Lower castes no longer accept that their lower economic status, lower position in the social hierarchy and lack of respect from members of higher castes are a “given” in their social existence
'Men should remain in the same occupation and station of their life as their forefathers' was a part of religious precepts and social customs long ago, in India
Opponents are unhappy because they believe that an arbitrary socio-economic injustice is being committed against them and in favour of those who have already reached (or even gone beyond) a 'level' playing field, and equality of opportunity is being eroded from the point such 'level' ground was reached by individual members of a community that is only collectively labelled as 'underprivileged'. They are against the reservations because not only appointments are made on the basis of membership in a caste, but further promotions are also made on the basis of mere membership of a community – not considering the fact that the individual is, upon being appointed to the aforesaid 'public' post, no longer "socially or economically handicapped".
They also believe that reservations are used for political benefits (caste-based politics) rather than social benefits.
The OBCs, on the other hand, argue that they should get a greater share in administrative positions because political power resides in India’s administrative positions. They view political power as a way to get economic benefits, of which they have been deprived [We need a thorough, funded research on the quantum of change in the economic condition of 'dalits' during the 5-year tenure of a dalit leader in Uttar Pradesh, in order to find out whether the above argument is supported by facts.]
They believe that reservations do not take into account merits and achievements; and those who do not deserve, hold certain positions or get those positions because of reservations—this could lead to deterioration in the efficiency of public services.
The 'pro-reservationists' believe that they should get reservations because they had been victims of the Brahmin-dominated caste system, and look up to reservations as a part of the struggle against this oppression—towards changing India’s social structure.
"India will remain trapped in the caste paradigm." The Reservation Policy is helping less, while harming more
Supporters of quotas have argued that reservations have been successful in Southern states, where they have been used extensively. [The percentage of reservation under each category is being constantly reviewed in these States (supra).]

Madhyahn Bhojan Karyakram Yojna

Sponsored By:
  • ChhattisgarhTribal Welfare Department
This scheme has been introduced to increase enrollment in Primary Schools and to maintain regular attendance in classes. Mid Day Meals is provided to the children studying in Govt. and Govt. aided Primary schools. Under this scheme, 100 grams of cooked meal is provided to each student.
Benefit Type:
Eligibility Criteria:
Students studying in Govt. and Govt. aided primary schools.
How to Avail:
Through Block Education Officer.
Introduced On:
Wednesday, March 31, 2004
Valid Upto:
Monday, June 29, 2020


What is required to be done in case any practice of Untouchability is noticed?

Ans: Person affected by the practice of untouchability may approach the Police Station covering the area of such incidence and register First Information Report(FIR) as per provision under Sections 3 to 7 of the Protection of Civil Rights Act, 1955.

What are the provisions of the relevant act?
Ans: Provisions of the Protection of Civil Rights Act, 1955 relating to Untouchability are as under:
Section 3- Preventing on the ground of untouchability
  1. from entering any place of public worship, which is open to other persons professing the same religion of any section thereof, or
  2. from worshipping or offering prayers or performing any religious service in any place of public worship, or bathing in, or using the waters of, any sacred tank, well, spring or water - course,(river or lake or bathing at any ghat of such tank, water-course, river of lake).
Section 4 - Enforcing on the ground of untouchability, any disability with regard to-
  1. access to any shop, public restaurant, hotel or place of public entertainment; or
  2. the use of any untensils and other articles kept in any public restaurant, hotel, dharm shala, sarai or musafirkhana for the use of the general public or
  3. the practice of any profession or the carrying on of any occupation, trade or business (or employment in any job) or
  4. the use of, or access to, any river, stream, spring, well, tank, cistern, water-tap or other watering place, or any bathing ghat, burial or cremation ground, any sanitary convenience, any road, or (passage, or any other place of public resort which other members of the public, or, have a right to use or have access to; or
  5. the use of, or access to, any place used for charitable or a public purpose maintained wholly or partly out of State funds or dedicated to the use of general public or
  6. the enjoyment of any benefit under a charitable trust created for the benefit of the general public ; or
  7. the use of, or access to, any public conveyance; or
  8. the construction, acquisition, or occupation of any residential premises in any locality, whatsoever; or
  9. the use of any dharmshala, sarai or musafirkhana which is open to the general public, or
  10. the observance of any social or religious custom, usage or ceremony or
  11. the use of jewellery and finery;
Section 5 - Refusingr on the ground of 'untouchability'-
  1. admission to any person to any hospital, dispensary, educational institution or any hostel if such hospitaldispensary, educational institution or hostel is established or maintained for the benefit of the general public or any section thereof;or
  2. discriminates against any such person after admission to any of the aforesaid institutions;
Section 6 -Refusing on the ground of 'untouchability' to sell any goods or refuses to render any service to any person at the same time and place and on the same terms and conditions at or which such goods are sold or services are rendered to other persons in the ordinary course of business.
Section 7 (1)
  1. Acting, on the gound of untouchability leading to prevention of any person from exercising any right accruing to him by reason of the abolition of 'untouchability' under Article 17 of the Constitution;or
  2. molests, injures, annoys, obstructs or causes or attempts to cause obstruction to any person in the exercise of any such right or molests, injures, annoys or boycotts any person by reason of his having exercised any such rights; or
  3. by words, either spoken or written, or by signs or by visible representations or otherwise, incites or encourages any person or class of persons or the public generally to practise "untouchability" in any form whatsoever; or
  4. insults or attempts to insult, on the ground of "untouchability" a member of a Scheduled Castes.


What is required to be done in case any atrocities is committed on any person belonging to Scheduled Caste and the Scheduled Tribe by any person other than SC/ST?
Ans: The affected person may file an First Information Report (FIR) in the Police Station of the area as per provision under Section 3 of the Scheduled Castes and the Scheduled Tribes (Prevention of Atrocities) Act, 1989.

What is covered under atrocities against SC & ST?
Ans: In case a person, not being a member of a Scheduled Caste or a Scheduled Tribe, forces a member of SC/ST
  1. to drink or eat any inedible or obnoxious substance;
  2. to cause injury, insult or annoyance by dumping excreta, waste matter, carcasses or any other obnoxious substance in his premises or neighbourhood;
  3. forcibly removes clothes or parades him naked or with painted face or body or commits any similar act which is derogatory to human dignity;
  4. wrongfully occupies or cultivates any land owned by, or allotted to, or notified by any competent authority to be allotted to him transferred;
  5. wrongfully dispossesses from his land or premises or interferes with the enjoyment of his rights over any land, premises or water;
  6. compels or entices to do "begar" or other similar forms of forced or bonded labour other than any compulsory service for public purposes imposed by Government;
  7. forces or intimidates not to vote or to vote a particular candidate or to vote in a manner other than that provided by law;
  8. institutes false, malicious or vexatious suit or criminal or other legal proceedings;
  9. gives any false or frivolous information to any public servant and thereby causes such as public servant to use his lawful power to the injury or annoyance;
  10. intentionally insults or intimidates with intent to humiliate any place with in public view;
  11. assaults or uses force to any woman with intent to dishonour or outrage her modesty;
  12. being in a position to dominate the will of a woman and uses that position to exploit her sexually to which she would not have otherwise agreed;
  13. corrupts or fouls the water of any spring, reservoir or any other source ordinarily used so as to render it less fit for the purpose for which it is ordinarily used ;
  14. denies any customary right of passage to place of public resort or obstructs such member so as to prevent him from using or having access to a place of public resort to which other members of public or any section thereof have a right to use or access to;
  15. forces or causes to leave his house, village or other place of residence.
What is the maximum punishment provided for commission of such offences under the act?
Ans: The offenders of such offences shall be punishable with imprisonment for a term which shall not be less than six months but which may extend to five years and with fine.

What relief is provided to a SC/ST person affected by atrocities?
Ans: Relief is provided as under
  1. Murder of earning member- Rs. 2 lakhs
  2. Murder of non - earning member - Rs. 1 lakhs
  3. 100% incapacitation - Rs.1 lakh
  4. Sexual exploitation of a woman - Rs.50,000/-
For further details please contact Sub-Divisional Magistrate, District Magistrate, Director of Scheduled Castes and Scheduled Tribes Development of State Government and Ministry of Social Justice & Empowerment

Stand Up India scheme to help women and SC/ST entrepreneurs: All about it

Government approves scheme to promote entrepreneurship among women and SC/ST.

The Union government has approved a groundbreaking scheme called 'Stand Up India' dedicated to women and the members of scheduled castes (SC) and scheduled tribes (ST). The Stand Up India scheme will promote entrepreneurship among female aspirants and the people from SC and ST communities.
This decision was taken at a Union Cabinet meeting chaired by Prime Minister Narendra Modi.
Here are some features of the Stand Up India scheme that you should know:
  • The scheme is a part of Start-up India, Stand up India slogan, spread by the Department of Financial Services (DFS) to encourage entrepreneurial projects

  • The Stand Up India scheme will facilitate two entrepreneurial projects on an average of one for each category (Women and SC/ST) of entrepreneurs per bank branch

  • The scheme will provide financial aid through the Small Industries Development Bank of India (SIDBI) with an initial amount of Rs 10,000 crore

  • A credit guarantee system would also be implemented under the scheme through the National Credit Guarantee Trustee Company (NCGTC), which will act as the operating agency for financial aids

  • The system will personally guide each entrepreneur through the pre-loan and operational phases

  • The margin money for the composite loan will be up to 25 percent to help the credit system reach out to the entrepreneurs

  • Loan amounts from Rs 10 lakh to Rs 1 crore will be given to female and SC/ST entrepreneurs that will be repayable up to seven years

  • The scheme will also familiarise the entrepreneurs with factoring services, e-market places and registration with online platforms and other aspects of web entrepreneurship.
Welfare schemes for Scheduled Tribes

Jan 16, 2015
In the Indian context, the Commissioner for Scheduled Castes and Scheduled Tribes in his report for the year 1952 had listed some common features. These are that the tribes: 
(i) live away from the civilised world in the inaccessible parts lying in the forest hills, 

(ii) they belong to either one of the three stocks–Negrito, Australoid or Mongoloids, 

they speak the same tribal dialect, 

they profess ‘primitive’ religion known as ‘Animism’ in which the worship of ghosts and spirits is the most important element, 

they follow ‘primitive’ occupations such as gleaning, hunting and gathering of forest products; and 

They are largely meat eaters. 

The list also includes their love for food and drink.
Politically, tribal societies are relatively simple and egalitarian. Lineage, clan and kinship tend to overlap with their political organisations.
Scheduled Tribes:

The Government of India Act 1933 incorporated some provisions and the policy of reservation for the tribes notified in the Schedule. The concept of Scheduled Tribe emerged henceforth and was included in the Constitution of independent India. A list of tribes was incorporated in the Eighth Schedule of the constitution. In 1971, the list contained names of 527 tribes. The reservation policy or the policy of protecting discrimination for the notified or Scheduled Tribes has been made a constitutional obligation.
Constitutional Safeguards:
  • Article 15(4) - special provisions are made for educational advancement of the Scheduled Tribes. These provisions are like reservation of seats and relaxation in marks in admission to educational institutions, scholarships, etc.
  • Article 46 - the State is enjoined upon to promote with special care to education and economic interests of SC and ST and protect them from social injustice and all forms of exploitation. 
  • Articles 330 and 332 - seats are reserved for SC and ST in Lok Sabha State Vidhan Sabhas. 
  • Article 339(1) - the President may at anytime appoint a Commission to report on the administration of the Scheduled Area and the welfare of the Scheduled Castes and Tribes in the State.
The majority of the tribes depend on land and forest to make a living. Their social life is also interwoven around the land they live on. They have thus a physical and emotional attachment and dependence on land and forest. In this context, launch of Van Bandhu Kalyan Yojana, Single Window System for Obtaining Market Information on Minor Forest Produces, Setting up of 184 Eklavya Model Residential Schools, Preparation of Tribal Map of India and Launch of MFPNET Portal of TRIFED were some of the important Initiatives for Tribal welfare during the year 2014.
Role of the Ministry of Tribal Affairs:

It is the nodal Ministry for the overall policy, planning and coordination of programmes for the development of the Scheduled Tribes (STs). The programmes and schemes of the Ministry are intended to support and supplement, through financial assistance, the efforts of other Central Ministries, the State Governments and voluntary organizations, and to fill critical gaps taking into account the needs of ST.
Recent tribal welfare schemes:
Van Bandhu Kalyan Yojana (VKY):
  • Introduced by the Central government in 2014 as a Central Sector Scheme with an allocation of Rs. 100 crore. 
  • The Central Government proposes to replicate the intervention with special focus on o the qualitative and sustainable employment for tribal families; o bridging infrastructure gaps with focus on quality; o Improving the quality of education and health and improving the quality of life in tribal areas.
  • The scheme been launched on pilot basis in one block each of the (10 Schedule V) States of AP, MP, HP, Telangana, Orissa, Jharkhand, Chattisgarh, Rajasthan, Maharashtra and Gujarat. 
  • Under the scheme centre will provide Rs. 10 crore for each block (total Rs. 100 crores for 10 blocks) for the development of various facilities for the Tribals. These blocks have been selected on the recommendations of the concerned States and have very low literacy rate.
Model Blocks:
  • There are about 350 Blocks in the Schedule V areas where population to STs compared to total population of the Block is 50% or above. Despite several interventions in the past, these Blocks are still reeling under various facets of deprivation in so far as Human Development Indices are concerned. Through VKY, it is envisaged to develop these Blocks as model Blocks over the period of next five years with qualitative and visible infrastructural facilities.
  • The selection of block will be made in consultation with the respective State Governments while taking into account the human development indices.

Approach of VKY: 

The proposed intervention is aimed at adopting a holistic approach to create an enabling environment while ensuring 
  • qualitative and sustainable employment; 
  • emphasis on quality education & higher education; 
  • accelerated economic development of tribal areas; 
  • health for all; 
  • housing for all; 
  • safe drinking water for all at doorsteps; 
  • irrigation facilities suited to the terrain; 
  • all weather roads with connectivity to the nearby town/cities; 
  • universal availability of electricity; 
  • urban development;
  • robust institutional mechanism to roll the vehicle of development with sustainability;
  • Promotion and conservation of tribal cultural heritage and promotion of Sports in tribal areas.
Scheme as a Mission Mode:
  • The scheme is being implemented through robust institutional mechanism in a mission mode
  • The scheme equips these institutions with proper infrastructure and well capacitated manpower to gear up the process of monitoring and implementation of activities translating into tangible outcomes. 
  • For the purpose, a Project Implementation Cell manned with 26 professionals will be set up at the Tribal Welfare Department of each State.
Single Window System For Obtaining Market Information On Minor Forest Produces:
  • A Single Window System for obtaining information on Minor Forest Produces (MFPS) through Toll Free Call Service number 1800-180-1551 has been inaugurated where market rates information can be provided over phone to tribals and others on asking.
Synergy between two government bodies for infrastructure:
  • Establishing Toll Free Call Centre’s would have entailed major capital and recurring manpower expenses. Hence, TRIFED initiated a dialogue with Ministry of Agriculture (MOA) which is already running Kisan Call Centres (KCC) for disseminating market information about agricultural products. So it was decided that instead of establishing a parallel infrastructure for similar service, TRIFED should leverage the existing infrastructure of Kisan Call Centres (KCC). Ministry of Agriculture agreed to provide the necessary linkage of “MFP net” with KCC. This is a commendable initiative of convergence between two bodies which has created synergy and optimum utilisation of Govt. resources which will prove to be a trend setter for others. All the stakeholders of this service are benefitted with this convergence between two Ministries.
With the operationalisation of this service, tribals can call from anywhere and enquire about:
  • MSP of different items,
  • State Implementing Agencies for MSP for MFP,
  • Market price of MFPs in different Markets
Dual advantage of KCC:
Since most of the tribal communities are also engaged in farming apart from MFP collection, they can also enquire about market related information about agricultural commodities.
The other benefits to tribals include:
  • Tribals get market information about MFPs and Minimum Support Price (MSP) free of cost.
  • Tribals also get information about Agro commodities.
  • TRIFED is able to create a network for collection and dissemination of information without any extra cost.
  • TRIFED has saved its precious and scarce resources which would have otherwise gone into creating a parallel system.
  • Inclusion of MFPs has expanded the ambit of “Farmer’s Portal”
  • A database of tribals using telephony gets created which can be used for spreading multiple social messages and general awareness about various Government programmes. 
  • The new MFPnet portal of Tribal Co-operative Marketing Development Federation of India (TRIFED) is designed to act as an adjunct and a catalyst for implementing the scheme of Minimum Support Price (MSP) for Minor Forest Produce (MFP).
  • It is a one stop destination for all information needs on MFPs and facilitates stakeholders in MFP trade and users to take decisions backed by requisite information. It is a platform to collect and disseminate MFP trade related information and latest developments in this field. The information shall be available commodity wise and state wise for different markets.
  • The main objective is to ensure fair price to MFP gatherers who are mainly tribals, enhance their income level and ensure sustainable harvesting of MFPs. 
  • It is initially implemented for 10 main identified MFPs in 102 districts of 8 States. 
  • It is expected to increase quantum of MFP procurement substantially thereby benefitting tribal people. 
  • The Scheme also envisages training of 1,00,000 MFP gatherers of tribal origin on sustainable harvesting and value addition activities. 
  • This portal provides information about TRIFED, MFP trade in India, marketing prospects for MFPs, MSP for MFP, its current status, MFP development training beside its retail marketing activities.
  • Moreover, the portal is a network of stakeholders in the trade of MFP which includes individuals, agencies and institutions. Emails & SMSes about daily market prices shall be sent to all those interested in knowing the market prices and registered with the MFPnet. 
  • In addition, MFPnet also has the provision to upload information on buying and selling. Buyers and sellers can upload the trade leads about the MFP stock they want to sell or buy directly and the same shall be visible to all other visitors on the site. The buyer/seller interested to pursue these trade leads can get in touch with each other directly.
184 Eklavya Model Residential Schools:
  • To facilitate infrastructure and conducive environment for provision of quality education to the tribals, the Government has sanctioned 184 Eklavya Model Residential Schools.
  • Holding of this consultation is part of the process of sensitizing the State Government towards the bigger goal of tribal development at par with mainstream fellow population of the country. 
Tribal Map of India:
The Central government has issued orders to prepare detailed Tribal Map of India utilizing the technology of Geographical Information System (GIS) which will help the government while implementing different programmes and introducing new schemes and projects for tribal people.
Scheduled Tribes Girls and Student Welfare gets Rs. 473 Lakh:
  • The welfare of tribal girls and student welfare is one of the focus areas of the Government.
  • An outlay of Rs 473 lakh has been proposed for 2014-15 for various tribal welfare programmes which include for assistance of ST girls to reduce the burden of marriage expenses and Financial Assistance to Traditional Tribal Healers.
  • Educational assistance to scheduled tribe children has also been given high priority. It includes assistance for study tour to school & college going students, supply of study material to all students studying in high school, higher secondary school & colleges and assistance to provide laptop to ST students studying professional courses in approved University/institutes.
Other initiatives:
  • The government has given in-principle approval for recognizing the Vishva Bharati, Shanti Niketan as the other centre of excellence in the field of Tribal language and literature.
  • A proposal to establish a National Research Centre in the Tribal Research Institute, Bhubansehwar to promote research activities on subjects/issues for socio-economic development and culture of States has also been approved by the Government.

- See more at:

National Overseas Scholarships for

 SCs and STs Candidates

Who can apply for the award?
Ans: Students belonging to Scheduled Castes, Denotified, Nomadic and Semi-Nomadic Tribes, Scheduled Caste converts to other religion, Landless Agricultural Labourers and Traditional Artisans who are below 35 years of age, having monthly income (self or that of parents/guardians) not exceeding Rs. 12,000/- and are desirous of pursuing any of the following courses at Masters/Doctoral/Post Doctoral level in a foreign university/institution:-
  1. Automation Robotics including Artificial Intelligence, Mechatronics and Manufacturing Technology.
  2. Laser Technology.
  3. Paper Technology.
  4. Naval Architecture/Offshore structures.
  5. Information Technology including Computer Engineering, Software, Software Quality Assurance, Networking/Connectivity Engineering, Communication System under Hazardous or Post-disaster conditions, Multi-media Communication.
  6. Low Temperature Thermal Dynamics.
  7. Optometry.
  8. Art Restoration Technology.
  9. Ceramic amp; Glass Technology.
  10. Dock and Harbour Engineering.
  11. Industrial Safety.
  12. Bio-technology/Genetic Engineering.
  13. Petroleum Technology.
  14. Aircraft/Space Engineering.
  15. Imaging System Technology.
  16. Graphic Engineering.
  17. Composite Materials Engineering including Decentralised Power Distribution (for solar heat) system, Energy Storage Engineering, Energy Conservation, Energy Efficient Habitat Engineering.
  18. Satellite/Remote Sensing.
  19. Packaging Engg./Technology.
  20. Nuclear Engineering.
Students belonging to Scheduled Tribe may contact M/o Tribal Affairs for details on the similar Scheme implemented by them.

Other conditions for eligibility are
  1. Minimum Qualification
    1. For Post Doctoral: - 1st class or 60% marks or equivalent grade in relevant Masters Degree, Ph.D and 5 Years'/Teaching/Professional experience in the concerned field.
    2. For Ph.D.:- 1st class or 60% marks or equivalent grade in relevant Masters' degree, and 2 years' Teaching/Research/Professional experience/M.Phil degree in the concerned field.
    3. For Masters' Degree: - 1st Class or 60% marks or equivalent grade in relevant Bachelors' degree and 2 years work experience in the concerned field.
  2. One Child in a family and one time award
    Not more than one child of the same parents/guardians will be eligible and to this effect a self-certification will be required from the candidate. The awardee cannot be considered for the award for second or subsequent times as the individual can be awarded for once.
How many awards are available?
Ans: Twenty one awards per year are available under the existing Scheme, with following distribution:
  1. Scheduled Castes - 17
  2. Denotified, Nomadic and Semi-Nomadic Tribes - 1
  3. Scheduled Caste converts to other religion - 2
  4. Landless Agricultural Labourers and Traditional Artisans - 1
Total - 21

When and where to apply?
Ans: Desirous candidates should apply to the Ministry of Social Justice and Empowerment in response to the detailed advertisement when issued by the Ministry. This advertisement is usually published in leading newspapers in Hindi/English and other regional languages and the Employment News.

How to apply?
Ans: Candidates should apply in the application form prescribed and made available by this Ministry subsequent to release of advertisement in respect of selection of candidates for awards under the scheme. This application form is provided on request, in person or by post. The application form as filled in by the applicant should be complete in all respects and also accompanied with proofs of caste/ category, income, age, educational qualifications attained, experience acquired etc.
How much financial assistance is available?
Ans: Existing financial assistance
  1. Value of maintenance allowance
    The annual maintenance allowance of US Dollars 7,700/- has been prescribed for all levels of courses covered under the Scheme. The annual maintenance allowance for candidates in United Kingdom will be Pound Sterling 5,000/- for all levels of courses covered under the Scheme.
  2. Earnings from research/teaching assistanceship
    The awardees are permitted to supplement their prescribed allowances by undertaking Research/Teaching Assistantship upto US Dollars 2400/- per annum and for awardees in United Kingdom, Pound Sterling 1560/- per annum and beyond these prescribed ceilings, their maintenance allowance under the scheme will be correspondingly reduced by the Indian Missions abroad.
  3. Contingency allowance
    Contingency allowance for books/essential apparatus/study tour/typing and binding of thesis etc. will be US Dollars 500/- per annum and for candidates in United Kingdom, it will be Pound Sterling 325/- per annum.
  4. Poll Tax
    Actual will be paid, wherever applicable.
  5. Visa fees
    Actual visa fees in Indian Rupees will be paid.
  6. Equipment allowance and incidential journey expenses
    Equipment Allowance of Rs.1,100/- and incidental journey expenses upto US Dollars 15/- or its equivalent in Indian Rupees are permissible.
  7. Fees and medical insurance premium
    Actual as charged
  8. Air Passage
    Air passage from India to the nearest place to the educational institution and back to India, by economy class and shortest route in arrangements with the national carrier, will be provided.
  9. Local Travel
    Second or Coach class railway fare from the port of disembarkation to the place of study and back In case of far flung places not connected by rail, bus fare(s) from the place of residence to the nearest railway station, actual charge of crossing by ferry, air fare to the nearest rail-cum-air Station and/or II class railway fare by the shortest route to the port of embarkation and back will be permissible.
  10. For attending interviews by the candidates at the place decided by the Government of India, the second-class fare/ordinary class bus fare from the city of their place of residence to the city in which the interviews for selection have been decided by the Government of India will be permissible.The mode of disbursement of above listed financial assistance will be decided by Government of India and Indian Missions abroad.
The mode of disbursement of above listed financial assistance will be decided by Government of India and Indian Missions abroad.
Duration of award with financial assistance
The prescribed financial assistance is provided upto completion of the course/research or the following period, whichever is earlier:-
  1. For Post Doctoral Research - 1 1/2 years (One and a half year)
  2. Ph.D. - 4 years (four years)
  3. Master Degree - 3 years (three years)
The extension of stay beyond prescribed period for levels of courses as mentioned above, may be considered without financial assistance of any kind except the air passage to return to India, if and only if recommendation of the competent concerned authority in the educational institution/ university as well as the Indian Mission abroad is received certifying that such an overstay for a specified period, is absolutely essential for facilitating the candidate to complete the course. The final decision in this regard will, however, rest with the Government of India alone.

Who gives the assistance?
Ans: Ministry of Social Justice and Empowerment provides financial assistance for the admissible expenditure incurred in India and the expenditure incurred abroad on the awardees is met by the concerned Indian Missions. Consequent upon final selection of a candidate for award under the scheme, the candidate is issued a provisional award letter by this Ministry, which also includes a certificate giving therein the details of financial entitlements under the scheme.

Within how much period a candidate can avail the award?
Ans: A selected candidate is required to avail the award within three years of receipt of intimation from this Ministry regarding selection for the award. On expiry of this specified period of time, the award automatically gets cancelled.

How to seek admission abroad?
Ans: Selected candidates are required to themselves arrange for their admission in foreign accredited educational institutions/ universities. In this regard the details may, however, be obtainable at embassies, consulates, missions of foreign countries in India.

What to do after getting admission?
Ans: After a candidate has obtained confirmed admission in a foreign educational institution, the candidate is required to intimate the same to this Ministry which in turn may get it verified through the Indian Missions abroad. After receipt of the confirmation of the admission, this Ministry will issue the 'confirmed award letter' to the concerned candidate, wherein the details of the course, educational institution etc. will be also mentioned.
How to get visa?
Ans: Consequent upon confirmed admission of a candidate for a specific course in an educational institution abroad, the concerned candidate may contact the embassy, consulate, mission of the foreign country in India. The candidates should, however, apply for only such type of visa which requires them to return to India after pursuing their course abroad. The Government of India does not render any assistance to a candidate for obtaining visa.

What are the formalities to be completed before proceeding for studies abroad?
Ans: The selected candidates are required to furnish all such legal documents and other agreements before their departure abroad, as decided by Government of India from time to time. The candidates on reaching abroad are also required to immediately contact the concerned Indian Mission abroad and execute such necessary legal documents and other agreements, as decided by the Mission. In case of employed candidates, they are also required to executive such bonds, agreements etc. as may be required by the employer.

Whom to contact for further clarifications?
Ans: The concerned candidates while in India may in this regard contact the Ministry of Social Justice and Empowerment. The candidates who have already reached abroad with award under the scheme may approach the concerned Indian Mission abroad in this regard.
Centrally Sponsored Scheme of Post Matric Scholarship to students belonging to Scheduled Castes and Scheduled Tribes
Who can apply for the award?
Ans: All Scheduled Caste students pursuing recognised post matriculation courses in India in recognised institutions can get the scholarship provided their parents/guardian income is not more than Rs. 1 lakh per year.

Where to apply?
Ans: Eligible students are required to apply to the respective sanctioning and disbursement authority in their respective States/UTs i.e. where a candidate is permanently settled. Different States/UTs have designated different authorities viz., Heads of the educational institutions/District Social Welfare Officers/Directorate of Social Welfare/District Education Officers etc. for this purpose.

When to apply?
Ans: A students has to apply for scholarship immediately after he/she has obtained admission in the educational institution.

How to apply?
Ans: A student should apply for scholarship in the proforma prescribed by the concerned State Govt./UT Administration for this purpose. The prescribed application forms, which vary from State to State, are available with the concerned Sanctioning and Disbursement Authorities/Educational Institutions. The complete application form as duly forwarded by the head of concerned educational institution should be sent to the concerned sanctioning and disbursement authority within the stipulated time. Students studying out of their State/UT, should send their application to the Director of Social Welfare (or State/UT level sanctioning and disbursement authority) of their State to which they belong i.e. permanently settled.

How much assistance is available?
Ans: The value of scholarship has been given in the website.

Whom to contact in case of any difficulty?
Ans: In case of any difficulty, a student should contact concerned Sanctioning and Disbursement Authority and/or any of the following:
  1. District Social Welfare Officer.
  2. Director of Social Welfare of the concerned State.
For further details, please contact:
Director (SCD) Ministry of Social Justice and Empowerment,
Shastri Bhavan, New Delhi (India)

Phone: 91-11-23387430

Centrally Sponsored Scheme of Pre Matric Scholarship to the children of those engaged in unclean occupations

Who can apply for the award?
Answer: The children of scavengers of dry latrines, tanners, flayers and sweepers who have traditional link with scavenging and pursuing recognised pre matriculation courses in India in recognised institutions, can apply for scholarship. There is no restriction as to the number of children of the same parents who would be eligible for award of scholarship upto class VIII subject, however, to the condition that if a third or subsequent child is born after 1.4.1993 a total of any two children in the family would be eligible for such scholarship awards. In respect of classes IX & X, only two children of the same parents would be eligible for the award of scholarship. There is no income ceiling under the Scheme.

Where to apply?
Answer: Eligible students are required to apply to the head of the educational institution where one is enrolled.

All eligible students are coverable under the Scheme.

When to apply?
Answer: A students has to apply for scholarship immediately after he/she has obtained admission in the educational institution.

How to apply?
Answer: A student should apply for scholarship in the proforma prescribed by the concerned State Govt./UT Administration for this purpose. The prescribed application forms, which vary from State to State, are available with the concerned Sanctioning and Disbursement Authorities/Educational Institutions.

How much assistance is available?
Ans: The value of scholarship under the Scheme is as under :

Value of Scholarship and Adhoc grant
  1. Hostellers
    The students as hostellers will be covered from class III to X. The rates of scholarships are as under:-
    Class III to VIII - Rs.200/- per month for 10 months
    Class IX to X - Rs.250/- per month for 10 months
  2. Day scholars
    The students as day scholars will be covered from Class I to Class X. The rates of scholarships are as under:- 
    Class I to V - Rs. 25/-per month for 10 months
    Class VI to VIII - Rs. 40/-per month for 10 months
    Class IX to X - Rs. 50/- per month for 10 months
  3. Ad-hoc grant
    An adhoc grant of Rs. 500/- per student per annum to all students i.e. hostellers as well as day scholars.
  4. Additional provisions for students amongst target groups with disabilities
    1. Reader Allowance of Rs.100 per month for blind students in classes IX and X.
    2. Transport allowance of Rs.50 per month for the disabled students not residing in the hostel located within the premises of educational institution. The disability as per the Persons with Disabilities (Equal Opportunities), Protection of Rights and Full Participation Act, 1955 is defined as blindness, low-vision, leprosy-cured, hearing impairment, locomotor disability, mental retardation and mental illness. Transport allowance of Rs.50 per month for the disabled students not residing in the hostel located within the premises of educational institution. The disability as per the Persons with Disabilities (Equal Opportunities), Protection of Rights and Full Participation Act, 1955 is defined as blindness, low-vision, leprosy-cured, hearing impairment, locomotor disability, mental retardation and mental illness.
    3. Special pay of Rs.100 per month be admissible to any employee of the hostel willing to extend help to a severely orthopaedically handicapped student residing in a hostel managed by the educational institution or by the State Government/Union Territory Administration who may need the assistance of a helper.
    4. Escort allowance of Rs.50 per month for severely handicapped day scholars students with lower extremity disability.
    5. Allowance of Rs.100 per month towards extra coaching to mentally retarded and mentally ill students in classes IX and X.
    The provisions proposed in (b) to (d) above also apply to leprosy cured students.
Note 1: The students amongst target groups with disabilities covered under this scheme can, however, also get such additional benefits from other schemes, which are not covered in the above provision.
Note 2 : The disability as defined under the said Act has to be certified by competent medical authority of the State Government/Union Territory Administration.

Whom to contact in case of any difficulty?
Answer: In case of any difficulty, a student/parents should contact the head of the educational institution/District Social Welfare Officer/Director of Social Welfare of the concerned State.

For further details, please contact:
Director (SCD) Ministry of Social Justice and Empowerment,
Shastri Bhavan, New Delhi (India)

Phone: 91-11-23387430

Central Sector Scheme of Special Educational Development Programme for Scheduled Caste girls belonging to very low literacy levels

What is the special educational development programme?
Ans: The programme consists of an all inclusive grant of Rs. 11,340/- per annum/per student for providing direct facilities to students as well as for insfrastructural and other costs. The direct facilities include provision of incentive to parents, meals, uniforms, bedding etc. The infrastructural facilities include payment to teaching and non-teaching staff, rent and other running expenses of the residential complex.
Each schools is required to have 25 girls in class I. The grant under the scheme is for class I only.

Who can be the prospective beneficiary of the scheme?
Ans: The intake shall be from amongst such girls belonging to Scheduled Castes who are first generation learners from families identified for the purpose of the Integrated Rural Development Programme, as being below the poverty line. Priority in intake is given particularly to disadvantaged amongst Scheduled Castes, such as children of scavengers, flayers and tanners. Atleast ninety percent of the intake should be from amongst girls belonging to Scheduled Castes and the rest may be amongst Scheduled Tribes.

Who implements the scheme?
Ans: The concerned Zila Parishads/Panchayats, which receive 100% due grant directly from this Ministry, implement the Scheme. The Zila Parishads/Panchayats can either themselves run the schools or they can utilize the services of credible NGOs of proven integrity, competence and experience.

How can Zila Parishads/Panchayats obtain grants?
Ans: The concerned Zila Parishad/Panchayat is required to apply for grant to this Ministry through the concerned State Government. A proforma has, however been prescribed for inviting such requests.

Type of Schemes
Sl.NoSector/ SchemeImplementing Agency
1.Free Supply of Stationery to SC/ST/OBC/Min. students in school.Department for the Welfare of SC/ST/OBC/Min./ Dte. Of Education
2.Merit Scholarship to SC/ST/OBC/Min. Students.Department for the Welfare of SC/ST/OBC/Min./ Dte. Of Education 
3.Merit scholarship for College & professional institution student belonging to SC/ST/OBC/Min.Department for the Welfare of SC/ST/OBC/Min.
4.Vocational & Tech. Scholarship to SC/ST/OBC/Min. StudentsDte. of Training & Technical Education
5.Dr. B.R. Ambedkar State Award for the Toppers amongst SC/ST/OBC/Min. studentsDepartment for the Welfare of SC/ST/OBC/Min.
6.Reimbursement of tuition fee for SC/ST/OBC/Min. students in public schoolsDepartment for the Welfare of SC/ST/OBC/Min.
7.Hostel for SC/ST/OBC/Min. Boys at Dilshad GardenDepartment for the Welfare of SC/ST/OBC/Min.
8.Hostel for SC/ST/OBC/Min. Girls at Dilshad GardenDepartment for the Welfare of SC/ST/OBC/Min.
9.Pre- Examination coaching for SC/ST/OBC/Min. students.Department for the Welfare of SC/ST/OBC/Min.
10.Health, Housing and Others
Funding of 50% share by the Government towards development charges for electrification of Unelectrified house sites/colonies allotted under twenty point programme (TPP)
Department for the Welfare of SC/ST/OBC/Min.
11.Institutions of Dr. Ambedkar Ratan AwardDepartment for the Welfare of SC/ST/OBC/Min
Schemes being implemented by DSFDC.

11.Educational Loan Scheme for SC/ST/OBC and MinorityDetails available on the website of DSFDC
Economic Development
12.Composite Loan SchemeDetails available on the website of DSFDC
13.Providing Financial Assistance for purchase of light commercial vehicles like DLY Taxis, Tata-407, Tempo, Passenger Vehicles (CNG), Loading Vehicles etc.Details available on the website of DSFDC
14.Providing financial Assistance for purchase of CNG three wheeler scooters.Details available on the website of DSFDC
15.Big loan/industrial/service sector loan project costing upto Rs. 5.00 lacsDetails available on the website of DSFDC
16.Vocational Training to youth belonging to Economically backward classes including SC/ST/OBC/Minority.Details available on the website of DSFDC
17.Financial Assistance to DSFDC.Details available on the website of DSFDC  
Sl. NoSector/ SchemeImplementing Agency
18.Improvement of SC/ST BastiesIrrigation & Flood Department
19Construction of Hostel at Kasturba Balika Vidyalaya, Ishwar Nagar, New DelhiDpt for Welfare of SC/ST/OBC/Min.
Centrally Sponsored Schemes
Sl. NoSector/ SchemeImplementing Agency
1.Implementation of the Protection Civil Rights Act, 1955 and SC/ST (Prevention of atrocities) Act, 1989.Department for the Welfare of SC/ST/OBC/Min.
2.(a)Coaching and allied assistance for weaker sections including SC/OBC/Min. 
(b)Pre-exam Coaching Centers for SC/ST students.
Department for the Welfare of SC/ST/OBC/Min.
3.Post Metric Scholarship to SC students.Dept for the Welfare of SC/ST/OBC/Min.
  (Guidelines on National Scholarship Portal)
3.Post Metric Scholarship to OBC students.Dept for the Welfare of SC/ST/OBC/Min.
  (Guidelines on National Scholarship Portal)
5.Merit-Cum-Means based Scholarship for Students belonging to Minority Communities.Dpt for Welfare of SC/ST/OBC/Min.
(Guidelines on National Scholarship Portal)
6.Post Matric Scholarship for Students belonging to the Minority CommunitiesDpt for Welfare of SC/ST/OBC/Min.
(Guidelines on National Scholarship Portal)
7.Pre-Matric Scholarship for minorityDpt for Welfare of SC/ST/OBC/Min.
(Guidelines on National Scholarship Portal)
7.Pre-Matric Scholarship for SCDpt for Welfare of SC/ST/OBC/Min.
(Guidelines on National Scholarship Portal)
7.Pre-Matric Scholarship for OBCDpt for Welfare of SC/ST/OBC/Min.
8.Incentive to Inter Caste MarriageDivisional Commissioner office
Department for the Welfare of SC/ST/OBC/Minorities
Delhi has the distinction of having a separate department for the Welfare of the SC/ST/OBC/Min. headed by a senior officer. The department facilities accelerated development of the SC/ST/OBC/Min. people and is implementing more than forty plan schemes in the field of educational, social & economic development by way of providing monitory support both as grant and loan.
 “Delhi Safai Karamcharis Commission” has been constituted to look into the grievances of Safai Karamcharis of NCT of Delhi.
In another decision which has benefited lakhs of SC /ST people who have migrated to Delhi from other parts of the country, the guidelines for issue of SC /ST certificates have been liberalized. Earlier, only the people who migrated prior to 1951 were being issued SC/ST certificates as natives of Delhi. For others, there was a tedious process of verification from their home district, which took months. Under the new order issued on July 27, 2005 the applicants who are born in Delhi or who have studied in Delhi or who have resided in Delhi for the last 5 years will be issued the caste certificates without such verification.
Until recently, the benefit of reservation in jobs in Delhi was available only to the native of Delhi and not to the migrated SC/ST people. An order has been issued on June 30, 2005 making all the SC /ST candidates, irrespective of their nativity, eligible for the jobs under the Government of NCT of Delhi. Over the years, thousands of SC /ST people will benefit from this decision.

 The major schemes being implemented by the department during XI five Year Plans are:-
Improvement works in SC /ST Basties.
Merit Scholarship of SC/ST/OBC/Min. students studying in Class VI to XII, College & Professional Institutions.
Free Supply of Stationery to SC/ST/OBC/Min. students.
For the welfare of the SC /ST people, apart from various schemes of different departments which have provision for preferential treatment, we are implementing a special scheme for improvement of SC /ST Bastis. Guidelines of the scheme have been liberalized to benefit the maximum possible people under the scheme by providing infrastructure development works like kharanjas, road and side drains and construction/ repair of Chaupals/Barat Ghar are being carried out in the areas having 33% and above SC population. Earlier, these works were being carried in the Basties having more than 51% SC population.
The Government has enhanced the income ceiling limit from Rs.48000/- per annum to Rs. 1.00 lakh per annum under various educational schemes. The condition of producing income certificate from SDM has also been  dispensed with. Insteed, the parents or guardian of their own would furnish an affidavit in respect of their annual income. Due to enhanced annual income of parents, lakhs of students belonging to SC/ST/OBC/Min. communities would be benefited in getting scholarship under different scholarship schemes.
Under the scheme of “Merit Scholarship to SC/ST/OBC/Min. students studying in Class VI to XII and College & Professional Institutions”, scholarship is being provided to SC/ST/OBC/Min. students scoring 55% and above marks in the previous examination at the school level and at college level 60% and above marks are required.
Under the scheme of “Free Supply of Stationery to SC/ST/OBC/Min. students” an amount of Rs.450/- per annum to Rs.750/- per annum is provided to the poor SC/ST/OBC/Min. students studying in Class VI to XII for purchase of stationery.
The Delhi SC /ST Financial and Development Corporation was set in 1983 to formulate and implement income generating schemes for all around development of the SC /STs. For the purpose, the Corporation is implementing several self employment and training schemes and has also allotted worksheds to the people.
Since inception, the Corporation has been providing loan to only SC/ST category. However, with the passage of the time the Corporation has been assigned the additional task to provide financial aid and assistance to OBC, Minority, Safai Karamcharies and Handicapped category. Apart from loan facility, the Corporation is also providing the

 Vocational training to the students of target group through ATDC and NSIC. Therefore, the DSCFDC is committed for the welfare of downtrodden among the target group i.e. SC/ST/OBC/Min., Handicapped/ Safai KAramcharis.

The details of activities being undertaken by DSFDC are as under:-
Composite Loan upto Rs/ 100,000/- for small trades.
Loan scheme from Apex Corporations, Govt. of India upto an amount of Rs.5.00 lakhs.
For purchase of commercial vehicles.
For purchase of three wheelers.
Arranging vocational training.
Allotment of work sheds.
Allotment of mobile P.C.O.
  The earlier condition of arranging 3 government servants as surety for getting financial assistance from DSFDC for starting of their own small trades has been dispensed with under the Composite Loan Scheme. This will mitigate to great extent the difficulties faced by such communities for arranging them.
Further, DSFDC also launched the mobile PCO/Mobile Booth mounted on tricycle for physically challenged persons for their economic development. The total cost of tricycle with STO/PCO equipment is about Rs.20,000/-.

Scheduled Castes Lists

What is the criteria for listing of a Community as Scheduled Caste or Scheduled Tribe?
Ans: Criteria for inclusion of any community in the list of Scheduled Castes/Scheduled Tribes is as under:
Scheduled Castes: Extreme social, education and economic backwardness arising out of the traditional practice of untouchability.

How to get a Caste certificate?
Ans: A person belonging to Scheduled Castes has to apply to the designated authority, i.e., Sub-Divisional Officer of the area where the applicant resides permanently. The Designated Authority will issue the certificate after verification of the claim of the applicant.

Is there any prescribed format for application?
Ans: It can be obtained from State Government/UT Administration.

What is the status of Scheduled Caste/Scheduled Tribe with regard to religion?
Ans: As per orders issued, only persons professing either Hindu or Sikh or Buddhist religion are deemed to be members of Scheduled Caste.
The Scheduled Tribe may profess any religion.

Whether a person of Scheduled Caste origin who has embraced Christian religion or Islam will he be treated as Scheduled Caste?
Ans: No

Can a non-Scheduled Caste or non-Scheduled Tribe person who marries a Scheduled Caste or Scheduled Tribe person will get the benefits meant for the Scheduled Caste or Scheduled Tribe?
Ans: No. The guiding principle is that no person who was not a Scheduled Castes and Scheduled Tribes by birth will be deemed to be a member of a Scheduled Caste or Scheduled Tribe merely because he or she had married a person belonging to a Scheduled Caste or Scheduled Tribe.

Can a Scheduled Caste or Scheduled Tribe person who marries a non-Scheduled Castes and Scheduled Tribes person will continue to get benefit of Scheduled Castes and Scheduled Tribes.

What shall be the status of the off spring of a couple one of whom is a Scheduled Caste/Scheduled Tribe?
Ans: To decide the status of an off-spring of a couple where one of the spouses is a member of Scheduled Caste/Scheduled Tribe, the crucial test followed is to determine whether the child has been accepted by the Scheduled Caste /Scheduled Tribe community as a member of their community and has been brought up in that surrounding and in that community or not. If the child has been accepted by the Scheduled Caste or Scheduled Tribe Community and has been brought up in the surrounding of Scheduled Caste or Scheduled Tribe spouse then, the child would be treated as Scheduled Caste or Scheduled Tribe ,as the case may be. However, each case is to be examined on its merit. However, in general, the following illustrations are made:
Example I - Father - Scheduled Caste/Scheduled Tribe Mother- non-Scheduled Caste /non-Scheduled Tribe Child- shall be Scheduled Caste/Scheduled Tribe.
Example II - Mother - Scheduled Caste/Scheduled Tribe Father - non-Scheduled Caste/ non-Scheduled Tribe Child - shall be non-Scheduled Caste/non-Scheduled Tribe.
Note: each case will be decided on case to case basis as per its merit.

Is a member of Scheduled Caste or Scheduled Tribe listed in the list of one State eligible for benefits as Scheduled Caste or Scheduled Tribe in another State/U.T.
Ans: The list of Scheduled Castes and Scheduled Tribes is State/UT specific. As such a member of Scheduled Caste or Scheduled Tribe is eligible for benefits in his state of origin only. A member of Scheduled Caste or Scheduled Tribe Community, who migrates to other State/UT is not entitled to get Scheduled Caste/Scheduled Tribe benefits, from the state of migration.
Example:- A Scheduled Caste person who migrates from State of Punjab to Rajasthan will not get the benefits extended to the Scheduled Castes of Rajasthan but he will continue to get benefits of the State of his origin, i.e., Punjab. But he will be eligible for benefits available under Central Government and its agencies in the State of Rajasthan also.

Please give details whether the courts have powers to list a Community as Scheduled Castes and Scheduled Tribes?
Ans: In the Pankaj Kumar Saha Vs. the Sub-Divisional Officer, Islampur in SLP© No. 4680 of 1996 the Supreme Court has observed as under:

"It is now settled law that though evidence may be admissible to the limited extent of finding out whether a caste which claims the status as Scheduled Caste or Tribe was in fact included in the Presidential notification as amended under 1976 Act, the court is devoid of power to include in or exclude from or substitute or declare synonyms to be a Scheduled Caste or Scheduled Tribe. The courts would only look into the notification issued by the President to see whether the name finds place in the notification?

Postal address and fax no. of chairman sc/st commission,india
NATIONAL OFFICE: The National Commission for Scheduled Castes and Scheduled Tribes, Government of India, 5th Floor, Loknayak Bhawan, Khan Market, New Delhi 110 003. Telephone (011) 2462 0435. Fax (011) 2462 5378. REGIONAL OFFICE: The National Commission for Scheduled Castes and Scheduled Tribes, Kendriya Sadan, Sixth floor, Sector-9, Chandigarh. Telephone (0172) 2743784/2742561.



Scheme of Free Coaching for SC and OBC Students

The objective of the Scheme is to provide coaching of good quality for economically disadvantaged Scheduled Castes (SCs) and Other Backward Classes (OBCs) candidates to enable them to appear in competitive examinations and succeed in obtaining an appropriate job in Public/Private Sector.
Implementing Agencies
The Scheme will be implemented through the reputed coaching institutions/centres run by the:
  1. Central Government/State Governments/UT Administrations/PSUs/Autonomous Bodies under Central/State Governments;
  2. Universities (both Central and State) including the Deemed Universities and Private Universities recognized by concerned authority; and
  3. Registered private institutions/NGOs.

The courses for which the Coaching will be imparted shall be as follows:
  1. Group A and B examinations conducted by the Union Public Service Commission (UPSC), the Staff Selection Commission (SSC) and the various Railway Recruitment Boards (RRBs);
  2. Group A and B examinations conducted by the State Public Service Commissions;
  3. Officers’ Grade examinations conducted by Banks, Insurance Companies and Public Sector Undertakings (PSUs);
  4. Premier Entrance Examinations for admission in (a) Engineering (eg. IIT-JEE & AIEEE), (b) Medical (eg. AIPMT), (c) Professional courses like Management (eg. CAT) and Law (eg. CLAT), and (d) Any other such disciplines as Ministry may decide from time to time.
  5. Eligibility tests/examinations like SAT, GRE, GMAT and TOEFL.

Eligibility criteria for applying for Empanelment of Coaching Institutions
  1. The institute should be a registered body or run by any organization registered under the Societies Registration Act, 1860/Companies Act, 2013 or any other relevant Act of the State/Union Territory.
  2. The institute should have been registered at least for a period of 3 years as on date of notification inviting applications from States/UTs/Coaching Institutions for empanelment by the Ministry.
  3. The institute should have been fully functional for a minimum period of 3 years at the time of applying under this Scheme and having a minimum enrolment of 100 students in the courses as indicated at Para-3 here-in-above each year for at least two years, immediately prior to the year in which selected for empanelment.
  4. The institute must have proper infrastructure to meet all requirements for providing coaching in the courses applied for.
List of Institute empanelled under the Scheme 'Free coaching for SC and OBC Students:-
Sl.State/UTCentre AddressName of the InstitutionsCourseContact Number
1Assam182, Chandas Tower, Hatigaon, Guwahati, Kamrup, Assam - 781006.Chitale's Personalized Learning Pvt. Ltd.JEE, MBA Entrance08828435393
2Bihar1st Floor, Near Durga Mandir, Maranpur, Bodhgaya Road, District Gaya, Bihar - 823001.The Gurukul Practice Centre, MumbaiNEET, IIT-JEE09321085949
3ChandigarhSCO No. 90-92, 2nd Floor,
Sector - 8C, Madhya Marg,
Bulls Eye (Mind Tree Education Pvt. Ltd.)CAT, GRE/GMAT0172-4611111
SCO 350-351-352, Ground Floor, Sector 34A, Chandigarh - 160022.MT Educare Ltd.NEET, CA-CPT09888590575
4DelhiSamkalp Bhawan, Jan Kalyan Sikhsha Samiti, Plot No. 15, Sector IV, Institutional Area, New Delhi - 110022Samkalp Jan Kalyan Shiksha Samiti, New DelhiUPSC011-2619665, 26183070
Metis Eduventurs Private Ltd.,
205, 2nd Floor, Roots Tower,
Laxmi Nagar District Centre,
Carrier Power, Laxmi Nagar, New DelhiBanking, SSC09716332976, 011-43061500
301/A-37, 38, 39, 3rd Floor,
Ansal Building, Commercial Complex,
Dr. Mukharjee Nagar,
New Delhi – 110009.
Career Plus Educational Society, New DelhiUPSC, SPSC09811069629
47/12, Radha Nikunj, Pusa Road, Near Rajendra Place Metro Station,
Delhi – 110060.
BSC Academy Pvt. Ltd., New DelhiBank PO, SSC011-22484910
303, Jaina House Extension,
Commercial Complex, Dr. Mukherjee Nagar,
Delhi – 110009.
Dikshant Education CentreUPSC, SCSE011-47082542
B-13, Third Floor, Above HDFC ATM, Dr. Mukherjee Nagar, New Delhi - 110009.Meridian CoursesUPSC, SCSE011-27652131, 9312577533
28-B/7, Jia Sarai, Near IIT Delhi, Hauz Khas, New Delhi - 110016.IES Academy Pvt. Ltd.IES, GATE011-26537570, 09810958290
5Gujrat501, Manas Complex, Opposite Star Bazaar, Near Jodhpur Cross Road, Satellite, Ahmedabad - 380015.Chitale's Personalized Learning Pvt. Ltd.UPSC, MBA Entrance09714789555
R.O. C/16, 17, 3rd Floor, Trident Mall, Near Race Course Circle, Vadodara, Gujarat - 390007.MT Educare Ltd.JEE, CA-CPT09714990100
Taksh Complex -1, 1st Floor-A, Vasna Road, Vadodara - 390007.Aryan Foundation NEET, CA-CPT08828435352
6HaryanaM-24, Old DLF Colony,
Sector – 14,
Gurgoan – 122001.
LILAC Education Services Pvt. Ltd.UPSC, SCSE09899483203
7Jammu and KashmirHospital Road, Near Faziam School,
Ward No. 5, Bandipora,
Jammu & Kashmir- 193502.
Bandipora College of Information TechnologyAIEEE, KAS01957-225546
8KarnatakaNear Kottara Chowki, Bangra Kulur, Mangalore - 575013.Aryan Foundation NEET, JEE07760885338
9MaharashtraA-102, Riddhi-Siddhi Apartment, Plot No. B-7,
Sector-20, Nerul West, Above PNB Bank,
Navi Mumbai-400706.
The Gurukul Practice Centre, MumbaiNEET, IIT JEE07666584292
10ManipurWangjing Bazar, P.O. Wangjing,
Thoubal District,
Manipur – 795148.
Youth Step Forward Centre, ThoubalAIPMT, AIEEE-JEE09436663161
11PunjabSCO 136-141, Near ICICI Bank, Chotti Baradari, Patiala, Punjab - 147001.Chitale's Personalized Learning Pvt. Ltd.UPSC, MBA Entrance09702702666
SCO 135, Above Coke Agency, Near Nabha Gate, Patiala, Punjab - 147001.MT Educare Ltd.JEE, CA-CPT09702709888
12RajasthanB-28, 10-B Scheme,
Gopalpura Bypass, Jaipur,
Rajasthan – 302018.
Career Point, JaipurIIT-JEE, PMT09672977508
B.O. 31, Patanjali Bhawan, Satya Vihar Lalkothi,
Near Jain ENT Hospital,
Jaipur – 302015.
Patanjali IASUPSC, SCSE0141-2741123
13Tamil NaduNo.7, 1st Floor, Rosy Tower, Nungambakkam High Road, Opp. ICAI Institute, Nagambakkam, Chennai, Tamil Nadu - 600034.MT Educare Ltd.NEET, CA-CPT09987567100
14Uttar Pradesh31/56, M.G.Marg,
Opposite Hotel Kapoor,
Lucknow – 226001.
PMT Physics College, LucknowPMT, AIEEE-JEE0522-2616637
Pioneer Classes, 3rd Floor, Ambica Arcade, I.T. Crossing, Faizabad Road,  Lucknow
Uttar Pradesh-226003.
Pioneer FoundationPre-Medical, Pre-Engg.09918337808

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Associated Organisations -

National Commissions

Information about National Commissions
Name of the OrganisationHead of the Organisation (Tel./Fax No./E-mail)
National Commission for Scheduled Castes,
Lok Nayak Bhawan, Khan Market,
New Delhi - 110003
Website website that opens in a new window)
Dr. P.L.Punia,
Tel: 91-11-24632298 / 24620435 (O),
91-11-23795332 (Telefax) (R)
Fax: 91-11-24632298
National Commission for Backward Classes,
Trikoot - 1, Bhikaji Cama Place
New Delhi - 110 066.
Website website that opens in a new window)
Justice M.N.Rao,
Tel: 91-11-26183152
Fax: 91-11-26182388
National Commission for Safai Karamcharis
"B" Wing, 4th Floor, Lok Nayak Bhawan,
Khan Market, New Delhi - 110003
Website website that opens in a new window)
Shri M. Shivanna,
Tel: 91-11-24648924 / 24601707
91-11-24634484 (O)

Other Statutary Bodies

Information about Other Statutary Bodies
Name of the OrganisationHead of the Organisation (Tel./Fax No./E-mail)
Rehabilitation Council of India (RCI),
B-22, Qutab Institutional Area,
New Delhi - 110 016
Website: website that opens in a new window)
Major General (Retd) Ian Cardozo,
Tel: 91 - 11 - 26532408, 26534287
Fax: 91 - 11 - 26534291,
Chief Commissioner for Persons with Disabilities,
Sarojini House, 6, Bhagwan Dass Road,
New Delhi - 110001.
Website: website that opens in a new window)
Shri Prasanna Kumar Pincha
Chief Commissioner for Disabilities
Tel: 91 - 011 - 23383907
Fax: 91 - 011 - 23386006
National Trust for the Welfare of Persons with
Autism, Cerebral Palsy, Mental Retardation
and Multiple Disabilities,
16 B, Old Rajinder Nagar
New Delhi - 110060.
Website website that opens in a new window)
Smt. Poonam Natarajan
16 B, Old Rajinder Nagar
New Delhi - 110060.
Tel: 91 - 11 - 43187805

National Institutes

Name of the OrganisationHead of the Organisation
(Tel./Fax No./E-mail)
Ali Yavar Jung National Institute for the Hearing Handicapped (AYJNIHH),
K.C Marg, Bandra Reclamation, Bandra (West),
Mumbai - 400 050.
Website website that opens in a new window)
Dr. R. Rangasayee
Tel: 022 – 26400215/0228
Fax: 0091–022–2640 4170
Pt. Deendayal Upadhyaya Institute for the Physically Handicapped,
4, Vishnu Digamber Marg,
New Delhi - 110 002.
Website website that opens in a new window)
Dr. Dharmendra Kumar
Tel: 23232403
Fax: 23239690
National Institute of Mentally Handicapped (NIMH),
Manovikas Nagar, Secunderabad,
Andhra Pradesh - 500 009.
Website website that opens in a new window)
Sri T. C. Sivakumar
Tel: 091- 040 – 27759267, 27751741
Ext. - 222
Fax: 091- 040 - 2775 0198
National Institute of Visually Handicapped (NIVH),
116, Rajpur Road, Dehradun,
Uttaranchal – 248001
Ms. Anuradha Mohit
Tel: 91-0135-2744979, 2744387
(PBX) 2744491
Fax: 01-0135-2748147
National Institute for Empowerment of Persons with Multiple Disabilities (NIEPMD),
East Coast Road, Muttukadu,
Kancheepuram (Tamilnadu)
Website website that opens in a new window)
Dr. Neeradha Chandra Mohan
Tel: 91-44-27472101/ 27472113/ 27472389,
National Institute for the Orthopaedically Handicapped (NIOH),
B.T. Road, Bon-Hoogly
Kolkata - 700 090
Website website that opens in a new window)

Tel: 033-2531-3232 / 0279 / 0789
Fax: 033-2531-8379
Swami Vivekanand National Institute of Rehabilitation,Training & Research (SVNIRTAR),
Olatpur, P. O. Bairoi, Distt. Cuttack,
Orissa – 754 010
Website website that opens in a new window)
Dr. Sanjay Kumar Das
Tel: 0671-2805552
Fax: 0671-2805862
National Institute of Social Defence (NISD),
West Block-1, Wing-7, Gr. Floor
R.K. Puram, New Delhi-110066
Website website that opens in a new window)

Tel: 91-11-26100058
91-11- 26106325


Information about Corporations
Name of the OrganisationHead of the Organisation (Tel./Fax No./E-mail)
Artificial Limbs Manufacturing Corporation of India (ALIMCO),
G T Road,
Kanpur - 209217
Website website that opens in a new window)
Sh. G. Narayan Rao
Chairman & Managing Director
Tel: 91 - 0512 - 2770614
Fax: 91 - 0512 - 2770617
National Backward Classes Finance and Development Corporation (NBCFDC),
5th Floor, NCUI Building,
3, Siri Institutional Area, Khel Gaon Marg,
New Delhi-110016
Website website that opens in a new window)
Sh. A. A. Naqvi
Managing Director
Tel: 91 - 11 - 26511027 / 26511028 / 26510923 / 26569378
Fax: 91 - 11 - 26850086
National Safai Karamcharis Finance
Development Corporation (NSKFDC),
Lok Nayak Bhawan, Khan Market,
New Delhi - 110003
Website website that opens in a new window)
Mr. P.K. Bhandari
Deputy Manager (Finance)
Tel: 011 - 29216330 & 29221331
Fax: 011 - 29222708
National Scheduled Castes Finance and Development Corporation (NSCFDC),
14th Floor, Scope Minar, Core '1' & '2',
North Tower, Laxmi Nagar District Centre,
Laxmii Nagar, Delhi - 110092
Website website that opens in a new window)
Shri R. K. Singh
Chairman and Managing Director
Tel: 91 - 011 - 22054347
Fax: 91 - 011 - 22054359
National Handicapped Finance and Development Corporation (NHFDC),
Red Cross Bhawan, Sector-12,
Faridabad - 121007, Haryana.
Website website that opens in a new window)
Sh. P. C. Das
Chairman and Managing Director
Tel: 0129 - 2287512, 2287513, 2280214, 2280335
Fax: 0129 - 2284371


Information about Foundations
Name of the OrganisationHead of the Organisation (Tel./Fax No./E-mail)
Babu Jagjivan Ram National Foundation,
Room Nos. 6,7 and 8, 9th Floor
Jeevan Prakash Building,
Kasturba Gandhi Marg,
New Delhi - 110001
Website: website that opens in a new window)
Ms. Ghazala Meenai
Joint Secretary (BC) & Member Secretary
Tel: 91-11-23354275,23387269,23753403
Fax: 91-11-23354276
Dr. Ambedkar Foundation,
15, Janpath, New Delhi 110001
Website: website that opens in a new window)
Sh. Vinay Kumar Paul
Tel: 91-11-23320571, 23320576
Fax: 91-11-23320582


  • Equity support to NSTFDC/STFDC
  • DBT Scheme for Post Matric Scholarship, TOP Class Education, Rajiv Gandhi National Fellowship
  • R-M : Research Training: Operational Guidelines for the scheme"Grants-in-Aid to TRIs"
  • R-M : Scheme of Centres of Excellence.
  • M&J: Guidelines for the Scheme "Institutional Support for Development and Marketing of Tribal Product"
  • M&J : (A) Revised Guidelines for the Scheme MSP to MFP w.e.f. 31/10/2016
  • M&J : (B) Guidelines for the Scheme MSP to MFP
  • NGO : Vocational Training Centres in Tribal Areas
  • NGO: Schemes of Strengthening education among Scheduled Tribes Girls in a low literacy Districts
  • NGO: Scheme of Development of Particularly Vulnerable Tribal Groups (PTGs)
  • NGO:Scheme of Grant in Aid to Voluntary Organizations working for welfare of STs
  • SG : Eklavya Model Residential Schools (EMRS)
  • SG:Grants under Article 275 (1) of the Constitution of India
  • SG:Special Central Assistance to Tribal Sub Plan(SCA to TSP)
  • EDU : Establishment of Ashram Schools in Tribal Sub-Plan Areas
  • EDU - PRE-MATRIC SCHOLARSHIP (Class IX and X)w.e.f. 01-07-2012 : { NEW}
  • EDU:Centrally Sponsored Scheme of Hostels for ST boys and ST Girls
  • EDU:Post Matric Scholarship (PMS) for ST students
  • EDU:Rajiv Gandhi National Fellowship for ST Students
  • EDU: National Overseas Scholarships for Scheduled Tribe Students
  • EDU:Vocational Training Centres in Tribal Areas
  • EDU:Upgradation of Merit of ST Students
  • EDU:Top Class Education for ST Students

  • Schemes in Short

The SC and the ST ( Prevention of Atrocities) Rules, 1995.

New Delhi 31st March, 1995

G.S.R. No. 316 (E). – In exercise of the powers conferred by sub-section (1) of section 23 of the Scheduled Castes and the Scheduled Tribes (Prevention of Atrocities) Act, 1989 (33 of 1989), the Central Government hereby makes the following rules, namely:-
1. Short title and commencement -

(1) These rules may be called the Scheduled Castes and the Scheduled Tribes (Prevention of Atrocities) Rules, 1995.(2) They shall come into force on the date of their publication in the Official Gazette.

Definitions - In these rules, unless the context otherwise requires–

(a) “Act” means the Scheduled Castes and the Scheduled Tribes (Prevention of Atrocities) Act, 1989 (33 of 1989; “Dependent”, with its grammatical variations and cognate expressions, includes wife, children, whether married or unmarried or unmarried, dependent parents, widowed sister, widow and children of pre-deceased son of a victim of atrocity;

(b) “Identified area” means such area where State Government has reason to believe that atrocity may take place or there is an apprehension of reoccurrence of an offence under the Act or an area prone to atrocities;

(c) “Non-Government Organisation” means as voluntary organization engaged in the welfare activities relating to the Scheduled Castes and the Scheduled Tribes and registration of documents or such organization for the time being in force; “schedule” means the Schedule annexed to these rules; “Section” means section of the Act;

(d) “State Government”, in relation to a Union territory, means the Administrator of that Union territory appointed by the President under article 239 of the Constitution; Words an expressions used herein and not defined but defined in the Act shall have the meaning respectively assigned to them in the Act.
(1) With a view to prevent atrocities on the Scheduled Castes and the Scheduled Tribes, the State Government shall
(c) Identify the areas where it has reason to believe that atrocity may take place or there is an apprehension of reoccurrence of an offence under the Act; Order the District Magistrate and Superintendent of Police or any other officer to visit the identified area and review the law and order situation;
If deem necessary, in the identified area cancel the arms licences of the persons, not being member of the Scheduled Castes or Scheduled Tribes, their near relations, servants or employees and family friends and get such arms deposited in the Government Armoury;
Size all illegal fire arms and prohibit any illegal manufacture of fire arms;
With a view to ensure the safety of person and property, if deem necessary, provide arms licenses to the members of the Scheduled Castes and the Scheduled Tribes;
Constitute a high power State-level committee, district and divisional level committees or such number of other committees as deem proper and necessary for assisting the Government in implementation of the provisions of the Act;
Set-up a vigilance and monitoring committee to suggest effective measures to implement the provisions of the Actt;
Set-up Awareness Centres and organize Workshops in the identified area or at some other place to educate the persons belonging to the Scheduled Castes and the Scheduled Tribes about their rights and the protection available to them under the provisions of various Central and State enactments or rules, regulations and schemes framed thereunder;
Encourage non-Government Organisations for establishing and maintaining Awareness Centres and organizing Workshops and provide them necessary financial and other sort of assistance;
Deploy special police force in the identified area;
By the end of every quarter, review the law and order situation, functioning of different committees, performance of Special Public Prosecutors, Investigation Officers an other officers responsible for implementing the provisions of the Act and the cases regis tered under the Act.
(1) The State Government on the recommendation of the District Magistrate shall prepare for each District a panel of such number of eminent Senior Advocates who have been in practice for not less than seven years, as it may deem necessary for conducting cases in the Special Courts. Similarly, in consultation with the Director of Prosecution in-charge of the prosecution, a panel of such number of Public Prosecutors as it amy deem necessary for conducting cases in the Special Courts, shall be specified. Both these panels shall be notified in the Official Gazette of the State and shall remain in force for a period of the years.
(2) The District Magistrate and the Director of Prosecution/in-charge of the prosecution shall review at least twice in a calendar year, in the months of January and July, the performance of Special Public Prosecutors so specified or appointed and submit a report to the State Government.
(3) If the State Government is satisfied or has reason to believe that a special Public Prosecutor so appointed or
specified has not conducted the case to the best of his ability and with due care and caution, his name may be, for reasons to be recorded in writing, de-notified.
(4) The District Magistrate and the officer in-charge of the prosecution at the District level, shall review the position of cases registered under the Act and submit a monthly report on or before 20th day of each subsequent month to the Director of Prosecution and the State Government. This report shall specify the actions taken/proposed to be taken in respect of investigation and prosecution of each case.
(5) Notwithstanding anything contained in sub-rule (1), the District Magistrate or the Sub-Divisional Magistrate may, if deem necessary or if so desired by the victims of atrocity, engage an eminent Senior Advocate for conduction cases in the Special Courts on such payment of fee as he may consider appropriate.
(6) Payment of fee to the Special Public Prosecutor shall be fixed by the State Government on a scale higher than the other penal advocated in the State.

(1) Every information relating to the commission of an offence under the Act, if given orally to an officer in-charge of a police station shall be reduced to writing by him or under his direction, and be read over to the informant, and every such information, whether given in writing or reduced to writing as aforesaid, shall be signed by the person giving it, and the substance thereof shall be entered in a book to be maintained by that police station.
(2) A copy of the information as so recorded under sub-rule (1) above shall be given forth-with free of cost, to the informant.
(3) Any person aggrieved by a refusal on the part of an officer in-charge of a police station to record the information referred to in sub-rule (1) may send the substance of such information, in writing and writing any by post, to the Superintendent of Police concerned who, after investigation either by himself or by police officer not below the rank of Deputy Superintendent of Police, shall make an order in writing to the officer in-charge of the concerned police station to enter the substance of that information to be entered in the book to be maintained by that police station.

(1) Whenever the District Magistrate or the Sub-Divisional Magistrate or any other Executive Magistrate or any police officer not below the rank of Deputy Superintendent of Police receives an information from any person or upon his own knowledge that an atrocity has been committed on the members of the Scheduled Castes or the Scheduled Tribes within his jurisdiction, he shall immediately himself visit the place of occurrence to assess the extent of atrocity, loss of life, loss and damage to the property and submit a report forthwith to the State Government.
(2) The district Magistrate or the Sub-Divisional Magistrate or any other Executive Magistrate and the Superintendent of Police/Deputy superintendent of Police after inspecting the place or area shall, on the spot: -
(i) Draw a list of victims, their family members and dependents entitled for relief;

(ii) Prepare a detailed report of the extent of atrocity, loss and damage to the property of the victims’

(iii) Order for intensive police patrolling in the area;

(iv) Take effective and necessary steps to provide protection to the witnesses and other sympathizers of the victims;

(v) Provide immediate relief to the victims.

(1) An offence committed under the Act shall be investigated by a police officer not below the rank of a Deputy Superintendent of Police. The investigating officer shall be appointed by the State Government/Director-General of Police/Superintendent of Police after taking into account his past experience, sense of ability and justice to perceive the implications of the case and investigate it along with right lines within the shortest possible time.
(2) The investigating officer so appointed under sub-rule (1) shall complete the investigation on top priority basis within thirty days and submit the report to the Superintendent of Police who in turn will immediately forward the report to the Director-General of Police of the State Government.
(3) The Home Secretary and the Social Welfare Secretary to the State Government, Director of Prosecution/the officer in-charge of prosecution and the Director-General of Police shall review by the end of the every quarter the position of all investigations done by the investigating officer.

(1) The State Government shall set up a Scheduled Castes and the Scheduled Tribes Protection Cell at the State headquarters under the charge of Director-General of Police/Inspector General of Police. This cell shall be responsible for–

(i) Conducting survey of the identified area;

(ii) Maintaining public order and tranquility in the identified area;"

(iii) Recommending to the State Government for deployment of special police force or establishment of special police post in the identified area;

(iv) Making investigations about the probable causes leading to an offenceunder the Act;

(v) Restoring the feeling of security amongst the members of the Scheduled Castes and the Scheduled Tribes;

(vi) Informing the modal officer and special officer about the law and order situation in the identified area;

(vii) Making enquiries about the investigation and spot inspections conducted by various officers;

(viii) Making enquiries about the action taken by the Superintendent of Police in the cases where and officer in-charge of the police station has refused to enter an information in a book to be maintained by that police station under sub-rule (3) or rule 5;

(x) Reviewing the position of cases registered under the Act; and

(xi) Submitting a monthly report on or before 20th day of each subsequent month to the State Government/nodal officer about the action taken/proposed to be taken in respect of the above.
(1) The State Government shall nominate a nodal officer of the level of a Secretary to the State Government, preferably belonging to the Scheduled Castes or the Scheduled Tribes, for coordinating the functioning of the District Magistrates and Superintendent of Police or other officers authorized by them, investigating officers and other officers responsible for implementing the provisions of the Act. By the end of every quarter, the noda officer shall review –

(i) The reports received by the State Government under sub-rules (2) and (4) of rule 4, rule 6, clause (xi) of rule 8,

(ii) The position of cases registered under the Act;

(iii) Law and order situation in the identified area;(iv)Various kinds of measures adopted for providing immediate relief in cash or kind or both to the victims of atrocity or his or her dependant;

(v) Adequancy of immediate facilities like rationing, clothing, shelter, legal aid, traveling allowance, daily allowance and transport facilities provided to the victims of atrocity or his/her dependants;

(vi) Performance of non-Governmental organizations, the Scheduled Castes and the Scheduled Tribes Protection Cell, various committees and the public servants responsible for implementing the provisions of the Act.
10. Appointment of a special Officer:-

 In the identified area a Special Officer not below the rank of a Additional 
District Magistrate shall be appointed to coordinate with the District Magistrate, Superintendent of Police or other officers responsible for implementing the provisions of the Act. Various committees and the Scheduled Castes and the Scheduled Tribes Protection Cell. The special Officer shall be responsible for -
(i) Providing immediate relief and other facilities to the victims of atrocity and initiate necessary measures to prevent or avoid re-occurrence of atrocity;

(ii) Setting up an awareness center and organizing workshop in the identified area or at the district headquarters to educate the persons belonging to the Scheduled Castes and the Scheduled Tribes about their rights and the protection available to them under the provisions of various Central and State enactments or rules and schemes, etc., framed therein;

(iii) Co-ordinating with the non-Governmental organization and providing necessary facilities and financial and other type of assistance to non-Governmental organization for maintaining centers or organizing workshops.
(i) Every victim of atrocity or his/her dependant and witnesses shall be paid to and fro rail fare by second class in express/main/passenger train or actual bus or taxi fare from his/her place of residence or place of stay to the place of investigation or hearing of trial of an offence under the Act.

(2) The District Magistrate or the Sub-Divisional Magistrate or any other ExecutiveMagistrate shall make necessary arrangements for providing transport facilities or reimbursement of full payment thereof to the victims of atrocity and witnesses for visiting the investigating officer, Superintendent of Police/Deputy Superintendent of Police, District Magistrate or any other Executive Magistrate.

(3) Every woman witness, the victim of atrocity or her dependant being a woman or a minor, a person more than sixty years of age, and a person having 40 percent or more disability shall be entitled to be accompanied by an attendant of her/his choice. The attendant shall also be paid traveling and maintenance expenses as applicable to the witness or the victim or atrocity when called upon during hearing, investigation and trial or an offence under the Act.

(4) The witness, the victim of atrocity or his/her dependant and the attendant shall be paid daily maintenance expenses, for the days he/she is away from the place of his/her residence or stay during investigation, hearing and trial of an offence, at such rates but not les than the minimum wages, as may be fixed by the State Government for the agricultural laborers.

(5) In addition to daily maintenance expenses the witness the victim of atrocity (or his/her dependant) and the attendant shall also be paid diet expenses at such rates as may be fixed by the State Government from time to time.

(6) The payment of traveling allowance, daily allowance, maintenance expenses and reimbursement of transport facilities shall be made immediately or not latler than three days by the District Magistrate or the Sub-Divisional Magistrate or any other Executive Magistrate to the victims, their dependants/attendants and witnesses for the days they visit the investigating officer or in-charge or police station or hospital authorities or Superintendent of Police/Deputy Superintendent of Police or District Magistrate or any other officer concerned or the Special Court.

(7) When an offence has been committed under section 3 of the Act, the District Magistrate or the Sub-Divisional Magistrate or any other Executive Magistrate shall reimburse the payment of medicines, special medical consultation, blood transfusion, replacement of essential clothing, meals and fruits provided to the victim(s) of atrocity.

12.Measur 12.Meas es to be taken by the District Administration

(1) The District Magistrate and the Superintendent of Police shall visit the place or area where the atrocity has been committed to assess the loss of life and damage to the properly and draw a list of victims, their family members and dependants entitled for relief.

(2) Superintendent of Police shall ensure that the First Information Report is registered in book of the concerned police station and effective measures for apprehending the accused are taken.

(3) The Superintendent of Police, after spot inspection, shall immediately appoint an investigating officer and deploy such police force in the area and take such other preventive measures, as he may deem proper and necessary.

(4) The District Magistrate or the Sub-Divisional Magistrate or any other Executive Magistrate shall make arrangements for providing immediate relief in cash or in kind or both to the victims of atrocity, their family members and dependants according to the scale as in the Schedule annexed to these rules (Annexure – I read with Annexure –II). Such immediate relief shall also include food, water, clothing, shelter, medical aid, transport facilities and other essential items nec4essary for human beings.

(5) The relief provided to the victim of the atrocity or his/her dependant under sub-rule (4) in respect of death, or injury to, or damage to, property shall be in addition to any other rights to claim compensation in respect thereof under any other law for the time being in force.

(6) The relief and rehabilitation facilities mentioned in sub-rule (4) above shall be provided by the District Magistrate or the Sub-Divisional Magistrate or any other Executive Magistrate in accordance with the scales provided in the Schedule annexed to these Rules.

(7) A report of the relief and rehabilitation facilities provided to the victims shall also be forwarded to the Special Court by the District Magistrate or the Sub-Divisional Magistrate or the Executive Magistrate or Superintendent of Police. In case the Special Court in satisfied that the payment of relief was not made to the victim or his/her dependant in time or the amount of relief or compensation was not sufficient or only a part of payment of relief or compensation was made, It may order for making in full or part the payment of relief or any other kind of assistance.

(1) The State Government shall ensure that the administrative officers and other staff members to be appointed in an area prone to atrocity shall have the right aptitude and understanding of the problems of the Scheduled Castes and the Scheduled Tribes.

(2) It shall also be ensured by the State Government that persons from the Scheduled Castes and the Scheduled Tribes are adequately represented in the administration and in the police force at all levels, particularly at the level of police and police station.

(1) The State Government shall make necessary provisions in its annual budget for providing relief and rehabilitation facilities to the victims of atrocity. It shall review at least twice in a calendar year, in the months of January and July the performance of the Special Public Prosecutor specified or appointed under section 15 of the Act, various reports received, investigation made and preventive steps taken by the District Magistrate, Sub-Divisional Magistrate and Superintendent of Police, relief and rehabilitation facilities provided to the victims and the reports in respect of lapses on behalf of the concerned

(1) The State Government shall prepare a model contingency plan for implementing the provisions of the Act and notify the same in the Official Gazette of the State Government. It should specify the role and responsibility of various departments and their officers at different levels, the role and responsibility of Rural/Urban Local Bodies and non-Government Organizations. Inter alia this plan shall contain a package of relief measures including the following: -

(a) Scheme to provide immediate relief in cash or in kind or both;

(b) Allotment of agricultural land and house sites;

(c) The rehabilitation packages;

(d) Scheme for employment in Government of Government undertaking to the dependant or one of the family members of the victim;

(e) Pensions scheme of widows, dependant children of the deceased, handicapped or old age victims of atrocity;

(f) Mandatory compensation for the victims;

(g) Scheme for strengthening the socio-economic conditions of the victim;

(h) Provisions for providing brick/stone masonary houses to the victims;

(i) Such other elements as health care, supply of essential commodities, electrification, adequate drinking water facility, burial/cremation ground and link roads to the Scheduled Castes and the Scheduled Tribes habitats.(2) The State Government shall forward a copy of the contingency plan or a summary thereof and a copy of the scheme, as soon as may be, to the Central Government in the Ministry of Welfare and to all the District Magistrates, Sub-Divisional Magistrates, Inspectors General of Police and Superintendents of Police.

16.Constitution of State-level vigilance and monitoring committee: -

(1) The State Government shall constitute a high-power vigilance and monitoring commission of not more than 25 members consisting of the following: -
(i) Chief Minister/Administrator – Chairman (in case of a State under President’s

Rule Governor – Chairman);

(ii) Home Minister, Finance Minister and Welfare Minister – Members (in case of a State under the President’s Rule Advisors – Members);

(iii) Some of the Members of the elected Members of Parliament and State Legislative Assembly and Legislative council from the State belonging to the Scheduled Castes and the Scheduled Tribes – Members (not more than 16);

(iv) Chief Secretary, the Home Secretary, the Director – General of Police, Director/Deputy Director National Commission for the Scheduled Castes and the Scheduled Tribes – Members ;

(v) The Secretary in-charge of the welfare and development of the Scheduled Castes and the Scheduled Tribes – Convener.

(2) The high-power vigilance and monitoring committee shall meet at least twice in a calendar year, in the months of January and July to review the implementation of the provision of the Act, relief and rehabilitation facilities provided to the victims and other matters connected therewith, prosecution of cases under the Act, role of different officers/agencies responsible for implementing the provisions of the Act and various reports received by the State Government.

(1) In each district within the State, the District Magistrate shall setup a vigilance and monitoring committee in his district to review the implementation of the provisions of the Act, relief and rehabilitation facilities provided to the victims and other maters connected therewith, prosecution of cases under the Act, role of different officers/agencies responsible for implementing the provisions of the Act and various reports received by the District Administration.

(2)The district-level vigilance and monitoring committee shall consist of the elected Members of Parliament and State Legislative Assembly and Legislative Council. Superintendent of Police, three Group ‘A’ officers/Gazette officers of the State Government belonging to the Scheduled Castes and the Scheduled Tribes, not more than 5 non-official members belonging to the Scheduled Castes and the Scheduled Tribes and not more than 3 members from the categories other than the Scheduled Castes and the Scheduled Tribes having association with non-Government Organizations.

(3) The District-level committee shall meet at least once in three months.
The State Government shall, every year before the 1st July, forward the report to the Central Government about the measures taken for implementing the provisions of the Act and various schemes/plans framed by it during the previous calendar year.

17. Scheduled Castes and the Scheduled Tribes (Prevention of Atrocities) Rules, 1995

18. Scheduled Castes and the Scheduled Tribes (Prevention of Atrocities)  Rules, 1995

19. Scheduled Castes and the Scheduled Tribes (Prevention of Atrocities) Rules, 1995

File No. 11012/1/89-PCR(Desk)

Ganga Das,
Joint Secy. 


Education Of Scheduled Castes & Scheduled Tribes

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Reservation of seats in favour of children belonging to SCs and STs is provided in proportion to their population in the concerned district provided that no such reservation will be less than the national average of 22.5 per cent (15 per cent for SCs and 7.50 per cent for STs) and a maximum of 50 per cent for both the categories (SCs & STs) taken together. These reservations are interchangeable and over and above the students selected under open merit.

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Concession in fee to SC/ST candidates
The SC/ST students are given concession in admission fees to the extent of Rs.450/- for Secondary Courses and Rs.525/- for Senior Secondary Courses.

Under the Scheme of strengthening of Boarding and Hostel Facilities for Girls Students of Secondary and Higher Secondary Schools cent percent financial assistance is given to Voluntary Organisations to improve enrolment of adolescent girls belonging to rural areas and weaker sections. Preference is given to educationally backward districts particularly those predominately inhabited by SCs/STs and educationally backward minorities.

Out of 43,000 scholarships at the secondary stage for talented children from rural areas 13,000 scholarships are awarded to SC/ST students subject to fulfillment of criteria laid down.

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 focuses on the development of textbooks, teacher guides, supplementary reading materials, evaluation of textbooks, vocational education, educational technology, examination reforms, support to Sarva Shiksha Abhiyan (SSA)

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 , education of educationally disadvantaged groups.

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 operates the National Talent Search Scheme for pursuing courses in science and social science up to doctoral level and in professional courses like medicine and engineering up to second-degree level subject to fulfillment of the conditions. Out of 1000 scholarships, 150 scholarships are reserved for SC students and 75 scholarships for ST students.

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Educational development of Scheduled Castes and Scheduled Tribes is an area of major concern of NIEPA
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. It carries out a number of studies relating to educational programmes and schemes for scheduled castes and scheduled tribes. It has also been generating material relating to educational institutions and development of Scheduled Caste and Scheduled Tribe students.

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 provides financial assistance to universities/deemed universities for the establishment of SC/ST cells in Universities to ensure effective implementation of reservation policy for SCs and STs. The UGC has established SC/ST Cells in 113 Universities including Central Universities to ensure proper implementation of the reservation policy. The Standing Committee on SCs/STs monitors and reviews the work undertaken by the universities/colleges.

As per the reservation policy, UGC

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 has earmarked 15 per cent and 7.50 per cent reservation for SCs and STs respectively in appointments, both in teaching and non-teaching posts, admissions, hostel accommodation, etc., in universities/ colleges, professional and technical educational institutions administered by the Central Government. State universities follow reservation policy as prescribed by respective state governments. The commission has been issuing guidelines/directives/instructions from time to time for implementing reservation policy of the Government of India. Apart from reservation, there is also relaxation in the minimum qualifying marks for admission for SC/ST candidates UGC has been implementing the programme of Career Orientation to education (vocationalisation of education) to ensure that the graduates have knowledge, skills and attitudes for gainful employment in the wage sector in general, and self-employment in particular for all including SCs/STs. It also provides financial assistance for Remedial Coaching to SC/ST students. It provides financial assistance to the existing coaching centres to prepare SC/ST candidates for the National Eligibility Test (NET) conducted by UGC/CSIR. The Commission provides financial assistance for extension activities. Under the scheme, all groups of the society are covered including SCs/STs. .

In order to contribute towards social equity and socioeconomic mobility of the under privileged sections of the society, UGC has introduced remedial coaching scheme at UG/PG level. The main objectives of the scheme are:
  1. To improve the academic skills and linguistic proficiency of the students in various subjects.
  2. To raise the level of comprehension of basic subjects so as to provide a strong foundation for further academic work.
  3. To strengthen their knowledge, skills and attitudes in the subjects where quantitative and qualitative techniques and laboratory work are involved
  4. To improve the overall performance of these students in the examination.
The Commission has created a Central Pool Database of eligible SC/ST candidates and recommends their candidature for teaching positions in order to fulfill the prescribed reservation quota in universities and colleges.

Periodic meetings of Registrars of Central Universities are organised to review the implementation of reservation policy in the Central Universities. A Special Monitoring Committee reviews the functioning of existing Cells.


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